Follow-up and Review

29 Feb - 25 Mar 2016
Go back to 2016 ECOSOC discussion – Implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
  • What are the key components of a comprehensive national review process? What capacities will need to be strengthened at the national level in order to conduct the necessary reviews? How can accountability and transparency of the review process be supported?
  • How can the follow-up and review at the regional and global level—including through a strong High-level Political Forum under the auspices of ECOSOC and the newly created ECOSOC Forum on Financing for Development—facilitate the achievement of the SDGs?
  • What steps need to be taken to put in place the evidence base (i.e. established, new and emerging sources of data and monitoring capacities) to help track progress on the 2030 Agenda and inform decision-making where course correction is needed?

 

Moderator's Message

It is my pleasure to welcome you to the thematic window on “Follow up-and review” for the 2016 ECOSOC e-Discussion, organized by UN DESA and UNDP. Our discussion will run from 29 February to 25 March 2016.

This is the first year of implementation for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and for taking action on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).  Although national commitments—complemented by global action—will be essential to the achievement of the SDGs, all stakeholders will need to contribute to the Agenda’s implementation and the follow-up and review of progress to keep things on track.  The 2030 Agenda is everyone’s agenda; therefore everyone, including citizens, development practitioners, policy makers, academics and representatives from the public and private sectors, will need to be involved. 

The e-Discussion is designed as an open but focused space for dialogue with people from around the world on these important issues.  It is one of several milestones related to the work of the UN Economic and Social Council in 2016, as it focuses on the overall theme “Implementing the post-2015 agenda: moving from commitments to results”.

All Participants will be able to input their views—based on their experiences, and regardless of their perspectives—into ECOSOC’s work during this important year.  Your engagement in this discussion provides a unique opportunity to shape critical policy messages and recommendations for ECOSOC. These will be included in a summary of the e-Discussion and reflected in the report of the UN Secretary-General on the ECOSOC theme.  The Council is keen that its high level meetings with global decision-makers in July reflect a broader range of stakeholder views such as yours.

For those participants not familiar with the “Follow-up and review” provisions in the 2030 Agenda, I’ve included a few reference materials in this window.

As the moderator for this discussion, I would like to kick things off with the above three questions.  We’re eager to hear about concrete examples and specific recommendations which you might have in relation to the theme.

These questions are meant as general guidance; I hope that you will not be too constrained by them in your responses while remaining focused and concise in your contributions. Please indicate in your responses which question you are addressing.

I look forward to reading and reacting to your thoughts, insights and concrete examples.  Let’s get started!

Neil Pierre
Chief, Policy Coordination Branch
Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination
UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs

 

Key links for "Follow-up and review":

Comments (33)

Abdurazak Mohamed Hassan (not verified)

The key components of a comprehensive national review process is the existence of a  relevant programme design, which is effective and efficient, in terms of management and implementation, programmes that are based on facts on the ground and on initial baseline data and not on a copy and paste programme documents from other places, it should be country specific. At national level there should a minimum level of data base sysytems and M&E, minimum level of accountability mechanism on how to follow a procedure of value for money and to spend public funds. To make the review process transparent then the review process should focus more on the beneficiaries, conducted by independent review teams on different outcomes, with a minimum involvement of the national officers, in some places such as where I work it is best to have review teams that are outsiders to make the outcome fair. A national development framework with objectives and indicators that encompass the regional, district and village level priorities can be a good tool, to help track progress on the 2030 Agenda and inform decision-makers. I may sound too theoretical, but this reflects on what I have experienced, so many working documents, policies, guidelines and regulations and the review process cannot measure the extent of implementation and how these have actually helped the citizens, the poor and the marginalized. 

Kimbowa Richard • Country Programme Manager at Uganda Coalition for Sustainable Development

Based on experiences from a regional civil society Watchdog – the East African Sustainability Watch Network, I would like to contribute to possible key components of a comprehensive national review process, capacities needed that need to be strengthened at the national level in order to conduct the necessary reviews, and how accountability and transparency of the review process can be supported. These are based on our contribution to Participatory Monitoring and Accountability consultation under auspices of the World We Want, hosted by the governments of Canada, Peru and the Republic of Korea titled ‘Monitoring a Regional Environmental Project for Accountability: Lessons from the Lake Victoria Environment Management Project Phase II (LVEMPII) Civil Society Watch Project (2009 – 2014) of the East African Sustainability Watch Network to the Post‐2015 Agenda’.

1. Invest in popularising Agenda 2030: A starting point always ignored

Global and regional sustainable development processes usually invest heavily in preparatory processes leading to adoption of important commitments, projects and action plans. These need to be translated into simple accessible forms (non-technical, translated in widely spoken languages).

Our experiences shows that though this takes time, it eventually pays off because with time, more actors, policy makers and general public get to know about these commitments and what is expected of them.

For example, EA SusWatch Network publicised the hitherto publicly little known East African Community Climate Change Policy (2011)  by preparing a popular versionof it, translating it into Kiswahili (spoken widely in East Africa) and widely disseminating it through the Lake Victoria region and elsewhere in East Africa alongside the Lake Victoria Climate Change Readiness Briefs.

2. Regular reviews and assessments based on locally generated benchmarks: Progress as seen by the beneficiaries

Periodic (annual) studies and documentation that involves community beneficiary experiences are very vital. However, this needs a robust baseline of the situation to be monitored. This must have both qualitative and quantitative information (drawing from both beneficiaries and technocrats). Subsequent participatory monitoring cycles enable the M&E teams to record, analyse and present progress based on this.

This will act as a catalyst for steady implementation of Agenda 2030 while empowering beneficiaries to regularly learn, track own progress and yearn for corrective actions on dismal performance in key sectors like climate change, water governance, sustainable land management as well as poverty eradication. Equally, these alternative civil society reports act as a wakeup call for development agencies to address the weak areas and scale up good practices.

3. Information, Communication, Public awareness and Education are key

Information, communication, public awareness and education is the only effective way to close the feedback loop in gauging progress in achievement of Agenda 2030.

This can be achieved through ways that take into account community preferences, cost, level of education, technology available, potential partnerships among other factors. These can take the form of community information sheets, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), newsletters, radio and TV programmes, community meetings, exhibitions during global thematic days, and making use of a range of social media (sharing and networking).

One lesson for us is that, a gradual investment in information, communication, public awareness and education eventually pays off in terms of strengthening community empowerment to influence implementation of activities in a cost effective and efficient way while strengthening their stake in such interventions.

Furthermore contextualising global campaigns are one sure way to ensure implementation of Agenda 2030. This calls for partnership with radio, TV and print media.

4. The Power of Citizen stories

Citizen stories can be a powerful way to ‘unexpectedly’ capture information and data from even the remotest areas. With the increase in diffusion of mobile phones, access to computers and uptake of networking and sharing social media tools, there is likely to be an additional need to sharpen skills and support citizen monitoring through established centres within their own localities (individuals or group).

This could range from collection and aggregation of information to capturing and sharing of still pictures and short videos in real time.

5. Collaboration within related sectors; agencies and processes involved

Successful monitoring of Agenda 2030 requires collaboration with related sectors; agencies and processes involved. For example, in case of monitoring watershed management actors involved in water supply, sanitation, tree-farming, agriculture / land management, small-holder farmers and fishers are key, depending on the agreed benchmarks.

In the same way, development agencies need to be open to sharing information, methodologies, date and approaches to monitoring Agenda 2030 (agreement on the national indicator framework), in order to generate a common development vision to improve interventions within a particular locality or region.

Furthermore, relevant national processes provide useful moments for raising the profile of Agenda 2030. For example the Joint Sector Reviews, policy revisions, project reviews etc.More about this contribution from the link: http://www.worldwewant2015.org/file/462565/download/503854

 

BNEIJARA (not verified)

Bonjour tous,

Le processus de suivi et d’examen procède d’une intention complètement volontaire, depuis le niveau national jusqu’au niveau mondial. Les ODD auraient pu atteindre un degré d’ambition plus élevé, en particulier en matière de suivi et d’examen, en faisant appel à des engagements contraignants basés sur les normes internationales existantes pour les Gouvernants. Avoir un langage commun PNUD pour un suivi évaluation conjoint qui suppose une évaluation avant (ou une situation de référence) une analyse multisectorielle.

Formuler un suivi qui prend en compte les individus et les ménages qui ne reste pas des chiffres que les gouvernants publient unilatéralement et selon un jargon que les populations ne peuvent comprendre ni vérifier. Il doit s’agir d’un  processus participatif au niveau national. Il doit être le résultat d’un  dialogue inclusif, qui réunit les partenaires, les organisations de la SC les communes les organisations de socioprofessionnelles de manière à garantir l’appropriation des processus de suivi au niveau national.

BNEIJARA (not verified)

Bonjour,

Nous connaissons les problèmes que rencontre les gouvernements, l’insécurité la menaces terroristes, la flambée des prix ; le chômage des jeunes dépassant parfois les 40%,  les changements climatiques ; les échecs des expériences de développement durant les cinquante dernière années en Afrique. Les nations unis par le FPHN sont sollicité pour faire avancer  les ODD et veiller sur leur qualité par cette plate forme qui doit vulgariser les ODD dans chaque pays elle doit être présente dans chaque pays et immédiatement (avant la fin 2016) pour suivre appuyer les pays pour l’élaboration des plans nationaux de développement durable. Si non ces ODD ne seront ni connu ni approprié avant 2030 surtout par les pays fragiles. Cela n’est pas en contradiction avec la souveraineté des Etat à conduire leur processus. Les chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement se sont engagés à procéder à un suivi et un examen systématique de la mise en œuvre du programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030. Le suivi et l'examen seront basés sur des examens du progrès au niveau national qui seront réguliers, volontaires, inclusifs et pilotés par les pays, et qui contribueront aux examens aux niveaux régional et globaux. Mai cela ne peut se faire que sur la base des PNDD inclusif et commun entre l’Etat et ses partenaires donc sous l’Egide des NU (FPHN).

Rita Luthra

Follow-up and Review

Better information helps us to make better decisions. Investing in wireless Internet technology is the way forward to tackle maternal mortality and morbidity in the developing countries. E-learning is the most cost-effective way of transmitting evidence-based medicine to the developing countries. Imagine sitting in office or at home in USA or Europe, and by interacting with different cultures we will be able to understand different customs and learn to respect the diversity. Imagine students in developing countries and the United States simultaneously reviewing the same medical curriculum and learning from each other. This is e-learning at its best in an Internet classroom, and it is the goal of our initiative in Women’s Health and Development, title: http://www.WomensHealthSection.com; which was launched in collaboration with the United Nations is serving about 14 million subscribers in 227 countries and it is available in six official languages of the United Nations.

 

It is indeed my pleasure to submit to you UN Documents E/2015/NGO/2 and E/2014/NGO/53

Over the years, the United Nations, governments, civil societies, and individuals have put forth countless plans of action for reducing maternal mortality and morbidity. According to the World Health Organization, at least 1,600 women will die today from a complication of pregnancy and childbirth, most of them in developing countries. No technical or political approach – no matter how well intentioned – has ever conquered this enormous problem. What is needed is broader dissemination of medical knowledge. And Internet classrooms and initiatives such as WomensHealthSection.com, can help that goal.

 

Please join our efforts; we welcome everyone.

 

Thank you for this opportunity

 

Rita Luthra, MD

President

Women’s Health and Education Center (WHEC)

NGO in Special Consultative Status with ECOSOC of the United Nations

Editor-in-Chief of e-Health Publication

http://www.WomensHealthSection.com

Yvan Trésor (not verified)

Hello dear friends,

The key elements of a comprehensive national review process can be obtained of my side by the actors, individuals and organizations involved in the implementation of Agenda 2030 on sustainable development by measuring their commitment and the quality of their levels of responsibility, it is the UN that back the task of choosing the most of their senior staff for the implementation of the 2030 agenda on sustainable development by requiring their shares practical and well-defined reports on the process evolution of Action plans to achieve the 2030 agenda on sustainable development.

It's these reports that could in turn clarify the sequence of objectives, areas to strengthen and initiatives to finally multiply to maintain good progress in achieving the 2030 agenda on sustainable development.

The capacities to finally perform the necessary examinations would be first to produce an expanded communication between all the actors, individuals and organizations in achieving the 2030 agenda on sustainable development, sharing their results and discuss on their action plans with the public concern on different media supports.  

I think the accountability and transparency of the review process can be supported by allowing everyone can bring his opinion on the process of developing this agenda at national, regional and international level, maintaining a wider propaganda of the vision of the 2030 agenda on sustainable development and raising awareness nations share the results and experience obtained by implementing the 2030 agenda on sustainable development.                       

Thank You

 

Best Regards    

Adrian Hassler (not verified)

Dear colleagues,

the Danish Institute for Human Rights has developed a paper in which we systematically explore the best possible design of efficient Follow-up and Review mechanisms that build on a human rights-based approach to sustainable development. The paper combines an overview of existing and emerging institutional arrangements at national, regional, and global levels with an analysis of experiences and potential contributions of the human rights system to Follow-up and Review of the SDGs.

The bedrock of our human rights-based approach to the SDGs is formed by the DIHR Human Rights Guide to the SDGs that provides concrete links between core human rights instruments and all SDG targets. Our analysis shows that more than 90% of SDG targets are inextricably linked to international human rights and labour standards. Therefore, we argue that human rights and the SDGs are tied together in a mutually reinforcing way: human rights offer guidance for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, while the SDGs will in turn contribute substantially to the realization of human rights. Our guide will soon be available as a searchable database in five languages. More information on the Guide and the link to our work can be found in our attached paper.

We deem the guiding questions of this discussion highly relevant, and we think that a human rights-based approach can contribute important insights and synergies to all of the three issues at hand.

An inclusive and transparent process at the national level clearly constitutes the backbone of the FUR architecture. It is at the national level that the connection between rights-holders and duty-bearers is most direct, and where States are directly accountable to their citizens. We argue that human rights principles can guide the development of inclusive national processes, including by building on experiences from the Universal Periodic Review. Furthermore, human rights treaty bodies and other human rights mechanisms offer a wealth of qualitative analysis and concrete recommendations that can serve to inform national planning and review processes. The human rights system can also contribute substantially both to the thematic debates as well as the voluntary state review at the High-Level Political Forum in order to ensure that the principle of “leaving no one behind” is upheld. Finally, our paper offers an analysis of the opportunities and limitations of the global indicator framework based on a human rights-based approach to data. Full data disaggregation for particular rights-holder groups and participatory data collection are explored as promising avenues to promote human rights through Follow-up and Review to the SDGs.

Best regards,

Adrian Hassler

Dosse SOSSOUGA • Executive Director at UN SDGs NGO Major Group d'or Africa: Amis des Étrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

Le suivi et  l'evaluation global des ODD reposent sur le" HLPF" qui doit travailler de façon inclusive avec les représentants des Etats, de la société civile,la CNDH et du secteur scientifique et technologique et sous les auspices de l'ECOSOC. Le suivi et l'évaluation régional se fera par les commissions régionales qui sont déjà compétentes dans le suivi et évaluation. Sur le plan national, les Gouvernements doivent développer une politique inclusive et participative avec les agences spécialisées des Nations Unies, des représentants de la société civile, surtout la société civile qui a des compétences dans le domaine, du secteur privé et du monde scientifique et technologique.

Nasir Iqbal (not verified)

Hi to evry one of this group i am new in this group and I would like to comment on Social and sutainable development which can only be take place by empowering rural communities through enhancing their market and business skills in collective marketing that can create the descion power and leadership qualities and bargaining of their agro products.  

Melaku Geleta Wakjira (not verified)

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications

By Melaku Geleta Wakjira

Dear Moderator,

This is very useful platform to the UNECOSOC & UNDP to get global reflections towards the UN global support in the context of a ground and national realities. I believe, within these contexts, practical examples would be forwarded in order to address the subject under discussions. My commentary and advices in the three pints flagged by you are spinning around such perspectives. Thank you very much for this early stage chances and e-discussions which I think are critically important to influence the SDG’s 2016-2030 directions;

  1. How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.)?
  2. At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?
  3. How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?

 

  • Least developed countries: for these nations the “Leave no one behind” principle applied through working for inclusive development where the basic needs of the entire nations would to be fulfilled by taking forward the 17 SDG’s  and 169 specific activities. For these nations, having a development model striving for a middle income society must be a priority task. As we all know, under this category cheap labor and abundantly found NR is easily available. However, there is scarcity of foreign direct investments, most of the productions systems are yet at primitive level, technological advancement & opportunities for innovation are at infancy level, research and scientific discoveries are unthinkable, industrialization is not yet reached to the levels of full scale development and the economy is mainly dependent on foreign aid and high loan burden. In contrary to this, the available human and natural resources potential can be converted to economic use, to be tapped to improve the life of the multitudes. This shows that, the availability of a glimmer of hope for successful implementations of SDG’s during 2016-2030. What is required is, to have a clear vision working towards inclusive economic, political and social transformation, lead and guided by democratic political and good governance system. To this category, an inclusive development path is highly recommended because, the issues of marginalization, the rights of indigenous people, resource based conflicts, illicit economic/ financial flow, trans-boundary crimes, the impacts of climate change, population growth, radicalism and terrorism, absences of good governance and corruptions are mainly sourced from the absences of inclusive development approaches.  Unless these issues are properly captured in the due courses of utilizing the available NR and human resources,  followed by improving the life livelihoods of the nation, finally targeted to reach to middle income society , therefore, the vision for 2016-2030 'Leave no one behind' is inconceivable. The primary assignments of the least developing countries should be, first to be ready to provide inclusive and highly prioritized development plan to the nation, second get a national consent & endorsement of their people on the plan, third adhere to the democratic rules of law, fourth mobilize a required resources for the implementation, fifth do the implementation in accountable ways under established good governance system & monitoring & evaluation instruments.  

                

  • Middle-income countries: Take parts of  what has been said above from  least developed countries  and yet, within the middle income countries;

 

  • Improved and quality job creation is still what is required 

 

  • Improved & sustainable sources of income needed

 

  • Improved technology and full scale IT utilization for technological  advancement is very critical  

 

  • Improved,  resilient and diversified economic system must lead the pave to a rod of  high income countries is critical towards SDG’s implementations    

 

 

  • High-income countries: Everyone must be clear that no one can leave in isolated world without understanding the other corner of the globe. If we try, we are driving unsustainable boat may sink at some point or crash at some time. The developing worlds are very important to the existences of high income counties. In this case, the following points are highly recommended to this category;

 

  • It has to start with maintaining what has been achieved in the past and followed by having  a visionary plan for inclusive and sustainable world. There are issues becoming trans-national, trans-boundary, trans-economy, trans-culture, trans-religion that potentially threatening the sustainability of our planet including the high income society. The responsibility of the developed world is threefold compared to the remaining world in implementing SDG’s. This nation needs to improve their national population growth policy for sustainable national development. These nations are on missing of the middle age generation. There are two ways to sustain what has been done by their forefathers; improve their internal population growth policy or support the middle income society to have improved human development policy that strategically can be absorbed by the economy of high income society. Using the fully nurtured and practically proofed democratic system in the highly developed nations, the high income courtiers should support the development of the remaining world as they able to have secured and protected political and economic system. The more fragile stats we are having in the world, the less the international security existing. Improving this context would guarantee the strategic, economic and development needs & alliances of high income counties with other nations usually cross boundary alliances. The 17 SDG’s and 169 activities are effective instruments to practically exercising the above facts for the interest of both high & low-income countries.

 

  • Encourage international companies to go to the developing countries to promote foreign direct investments. This would strategically help the highly developed countries to decrease issues related to human trafficking, cross border crimes, illegal migrations, and terrorism. In additions, highly developed countries are equally responsible to decrease a climate change impacts in low income countries through supporting green economy initiatives. More than 50% of SDG’s agendas are crafted to address challenges directly related to climate change impacts which were primarily caused by industrialized world, keep suffering economies of poor world under chronic food and human security. The way the high income countries support the agenda should emanate from the global goal for having sustainable and safe world. Hence, the resources for investment, the strategic support expected for 2016-2030 SDG’s implementation must be injected from high income countries for mutual & global accountability.      

 

 

  • Fragile states; Most problems observed in fragile stats are resulted from failure to deliver on national security and needs for development. This failure is growing to another and a new religion-political ideology. Fundamentalism, radicalism, its associated impacts are becoming international concerns. Because of poor handling of the problems at early stages, so many crises flourished and affecting the world in many directions.  If we conduct a strategic impact inquiry in the fragile countries, we can see a critical association between politics, economy and religion (these have become inseparable ideologies). The SDG’s was announced where this agenda was reached at its pick in the failed states and already understood as global challenge. The fate of the implementation of the SDG’s is primarily falling on the shoulder of politics, tolerance, peace and security. The peace and security issues are still a problem for leaders of the fragile states to come together to have a national vision. Most of the failed state and potentially failed states leaders are motivated by attitudes of narrow nationalism & narrow economic interests. The national vision is secondary matter to them. They have failed to think inclusively. SDG’s begin with thinking’s of inclusive development with a motto saying “no one left behind” at the end of 2030. Inclusivity wouldn’t be achieved without national reconciliation. What can be done to implement SDG’s in the fragile states is that, the problems related to peace and security must get a full attention of the UN and its alliances. Once the fragile and potentially at margin fragile states leaders make a clear demarcation between ideologies, local interests and national interests, then, they will have a national vision which is a precondition to deliver on SDG’s. A practical role of the UN must be on assuring how to bring stability through the participation of the local community and political vanguards of each failed & potentially failed states. But we should not forget that each year the number of countries on the borderline of failed sates is increasing. Unless the world able to manage the existing one, we shall have more fragile sates sooner or later. We are on the age of easy communication of cross boundary crisis. We have a very a good lesson for the UN and it alliances to be taken as example. We all remember the Arab spring invaded so many countries in a very few months. All involved national are sharing certain things in common. We know what happing across those countries. Similarly, such cross country crisis could ignite any time in any parts of the world that could potentially invade so many countries. Therefore, in a context of fragile states, the chance for the successful SDG’s 2016-2030 implementation is based on delivering on required political reforms followed by provision of inclusive political and economic policies.

 

 

Priscilla (not verified)

Thank you all for this very rich discussion of an area that i regard as very necessary in the programming! Areas that will require to be looked up in the follow up and review process are the aspects of data management as whole and of acknowledging failure in the lesson planning process.  As long as we keep focusing only on the positive aspects and failing to recognize failures, so as to learn, then the aspect of transparency will never be achieved in full? The involvement of institutions of higher learning in defining and acknowledging good and promising implementation practices that are guided by the basis of programming , should be sought after. The implementation of programmes have to be supported by Monitoring, evaluation and learning frameworks that are embedded within independent structures at the national level and heavily supported by specific UN mandated agency .Currently implementation and action evaluations are usually biased first to implementing what the organization know best, and not based on the needs of the people , the problem identification phase is usually rushed due to this reason and programmes designed may not be fit for the purpose, and therefore lack interest from the communities being supported. this too has an effect on the data collection process that is very limited as it serves only that particular project and may not be useful after the project timeline.The other aspect is on the recommendations, most of the evaluations end with the evaluators as no follow up is done of what was proposed to improve the programming, just as we have various technical working groups per sector of intervention, then inclusion of a role in M,E and learning  has to be part of their terms and should be coordinated by at the National level with link to the Region level.

Thank you . Priscilla.

Barbara Rogers • from United Kingdom

I am concerned that the recommendations on women's participation in development, and particularly the need to decide freely whether or when to have children, are too easily put into a separate "ghetto" and not applied to the whole of the development agenda.

   Work on family planning has been left to UNFPA, a small and not well-funded agency which does excellent work but cannot hope to get the resources available to the big international agencies. UNFPA is also required to do other important work, including census development, which further restricts the resources available for family planning. Even Unicef, whose whole purpose is the welfare of mothers and children, have a block on supplying much-needed contraceptiuon from their own resources. Similarly, the World Health Organisation does not help directly (although it does useful regulatory work in this field). Modern contraception, provided obviously oin a voluntary basis,  has to be one of the most cost-effective interventions in the development field and they should all be putting their money into it.

    The solution I propose is for Ecosoc or individual groups of governments to present a resolution to the General Assembly instructing all the specialised agencies to work with UNFPA to develop greatly expanded programmes of family planning.

Antonio Roque (not verified)

In the future world, we all care about each other, nations and people in a dynamic wheel of intelligently and strategically sharing each others burdens, the brotherhood of humanity in a gigantic wheel of affection and balance, no one shall be left behind due to the gravity of love and shared resources that are get technologically being acquired preserving the planet. Maybe reaching the point where everyone in the planet is entitled to a very small and basic monthly salary to guarantee minimum survival, continuity, spiritual and human evolution and economical activation, unlocking an intelligent growth engine, by sovereignty enforcement or donated funds. Poverty is everywhere in this planet in rich or poor countries.

Legal and technological systems can be used to channel diplomatic, security, political, institutional and business resolutions via the UN SDG and to achieve this we would need:

1. The self-government – freedom, spirituality, self-control, sense of duty, wisdom, openness and moral from citizens.

2. The local government-supportive to NGOs

3. The regional government-countries

4. The United Nations Parliamentary system of the people for earth, space and universal affairs, en.unpacampaign.org

5. The supporting NGOs from all over the world

6. The United nations organizations

7. The United Nations – for the nations

8. Supporting groups of countries by their status:

– G20

– Fragile state groups

– BRICS

– Commercial state groups

–         And others…

 

The UN with the SDG is able to ensure balanced policy coherence by diversity and understanding strategic country needs as a pickup for future progress and frame, each country and UN organisation with a specific studied case of integration of the SDG.

The United nations and each of the UN organisations would present and negotiate a designed program with each government under the SDG. What are the most important SDG to that country? How can we integrate the SDG in a win-win situation; key pickup points are important to value and integrate the SDG program.

The UN could also operate a quantum computer ex:www.dwavesys.com to analyse and monitor trade, data from several sources for example analysing the traffic of commodities like in a traffic light system, monitoring the progress of the SDG worldwide by all the sources etc… having more efficient view and transparency of what is happening.

 

Country integration should be done by jointly UN, UN organisations and governments work together side by side to understand the main key points of action and the main key SDG more important to that country; the country would nominate some body or person to lead the negotiations and create this joint project and study. Starting by a proposal from the UN. Probably the UN could have a representative in the parliament of that country.

Exchanging and communicating via a cloud platform with video, chat, messaging, documents exchange etc..

The program for the types of country would have to be deeply analyzed having all factors in case, economical development, levels of poverty, technological awareness, cultural and spiritual orientation, environmental and industrial progress etc…studies have to be made and global opinions have to be collected and final decisions with countries for joint project development to target local areas have to be made.

 

At local level the UN would have to have in reference the government to work with the local private and public organisations of the country, the NGOs and ECOSOC NGOS would be able to help and integrate as well and and this local organisations are the ones that should report progress directly to the UN with the government awareness.

All this can be done with joint government development and diplomacy, creating and integrating the needs of the country with SDG, getting reports and monitoring with local private-public organizations, creating awareness campaigns to the people and using technologically quantum computing power, cloud solutions and platforms

www.wapo-int.org

wapohq@gmail.com

Dosse SOSSOUGA • Executive Director at UN SDGs NGO Major Group d'or Africa: Amis des Étrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

Sans financement de la société civile rien ne peut démarer. Mais il faut que la société civile soit compétente et responsable pour la gestion des fonds et des initiatives.

Jordi Baltà (not verified)

Improving monitoring mechanisms and indicators is indeed fundamental to ensure effective implementation of the 2030 Agenda and of national review processes. At the same time, the difficulties encountered to design suitable indicator frameworks adapted to the complexity of the 2030 Agenda point to the need to re-think some existing assessment approaches.

One important step in this respect involves the localisation of the 2030 Agenda and the strengthening of local capacities to measure and make use of data at sub-national level, including through the increased availability of disaggregated data.

On the other hand, as indicated by the UN Secretary-General in 2014, ‘alternative measures of progress, beyond GDP’ are necessary, and ‘new measures of subjective wellbeing are potentially important new tools for policy-making’ (“The Road to Dignity by 2030”, para 135). One important area where further investment is necessary is the improvement of capacities and methodologies for the collection of data on cultural aspects related to sustainable development at local and national level. Important initiatives have been established in recent years (e.g. UNESCO’s Culture for Development Indicators Programme), but the required understanding and data collection capacities are missing in many countries – the non-availability of appropriate data ends up becoming a major hindrance to better integrating cultural aspects in sustainable development strategies, despite the increasing recognition that culture is a driver and an enabler of sustainable development. Therefore, investment in this area should be considered in the coming years.

Ayse Yesim Erkan Yetiser (not verified)

We welcome the Secretary General’s report to CSW60, which specifically refers to “the key role of women’s leadership and women’s civil society organizations” in all aspects and levels of 2030 Agenda. We would like to note our suggestions for equal, effective, transparent and well-resourced participation of women and feminist organizations, at all levels, to ensure a gender – responsive and human rights based sustainable development.

Our suggestion for the optimization of this process is the inclusion of women, throughout their life course, and women’s and feminist organizations at every step and level of the implementation, monitoring, follow up and review of the SDGs and the Beijing PfA. 

 

Alex Warren-Rodriguez (not verified)

Dear Neil

On your first question – I believe it will be critical to approach national SDG reviews as forward-looking, policy dialogue exercises, not simply as the production of a stand-alone SDG Monitoring Report.

Taking such an approach can help governments and national stakeholders identify drivers and bottlenecks to the implementing the 2030 Agenda in an open, evidence-based and inclusive way, and identify interventions that can help accelerate progress towards achieving the SDGs by 2030. It can also help assess SDG progress in a more system-wide and integrated way, and avoid ending in a goal-by-goal review of the SDGs that fails to capture the interconnections between the different dimensions of sustainable development.

A number of capacities and conditions need to be in place to make such an approach possible and make it work:

-       Ensuring that national stakeholders have full understanding and buy-in of the integrated and interconnected nature of the SDGs. This is to a large extend about advocacy around the SDGs. Advocacy not only to raise awareness about the 2030 Agenda, but also about the concept and principles of Sustainable Development and what they involve.

-       Providing the analytical tools and resources that can inform system-wide thinking around issues of sustainable development. This is partly about building or strengthening analytical capacities in government and academic/research institutions. But also about fostering local community of practices around SDG analytics, that contribute to knowledge generation and sharing.

-       Finally, it is critical to approach this from a policy dialogue and policy learning perspective, in terms of enriching the analysis and understanding of sustainable development trends in a given country by bring in the views, perspective and knowledge of all stakeholders, and doing so in an iterative way.

I hope these thoughts are useful and can help in the design of comprehensive national SDG review exercises.

Best regards

 

Alex Warren-Rodríguez

 

Ruzanna Tarverdyan • Founding President at The Geneva Consensus Foundation

We submit that the solutions for Sustainable development in the interconnected Global world- two multiple dimensional phenomenon, entail a significant paradigm shift towards systems analysis and matrix thinking to address inter-temporal effectiveness-efficiency-equity challenges for future generations. 

Ruzanna Tarverdyan • Founding President at The Geneva Consensus Foundation

We propose Data Envelopment Analysis, as the:• Participatory: interactive-iterative performance evaluation system that expands the notion of competitiveness beyond the economic dimension,• Basis for integrated-packages of policy advice for comprehensive global, regional and industry agendas,• Surveillance instrument track development progress; to achieve consensus on how to simultaneously maximize benefits and minimize the costs of globalizationWe submit that the only legitimate means to ensure transparency and ownership over the development process are interconnected mechanisms of policy dialogue and consensus-building. We argue that attaining sustainable development is a social movement entailing social dialogue to elicit consensus. Achieving sustainable development calls for synergies and coherence of three pillars of social, economic and environmental development, based on principles of: democracy, solidarity, and gender justice.

Rosemary KALAPURAKAL • Deputy Director at UNDP

How do we identify ways in which the most innovative ways of monitoring and follow-up are undertaken? How will these be shared with other countries in similar settings? This may be effective through regional discussions but often, there are issues that cut across reginoal groupings. For instance, what does effective monitoring look like in fragile and conflict affected settings? If no credible data and statistics exist for groups on the margin (at most risk of being left behind), what role do networks of partners, technologies, volunteers have to play in ensuring that this gap is addressed in the monitoring process?

N'diaye (not verified)

Bonjour , j'apprécie le travail qui a été abattu, mais j'ai quelques observations à faire pour que les objectifs soient atteints en 2030.

Premièrement, il faut chercher à outiller les hommes de medias sur les notions et techniques d'investigation sur les thematiques de bonne gouvernance, du developpement durable et  la justice pour tous les maux qui peuvent faire freiner le developper les objectifs soit connus.

 Deuxiement exiger des dedecideurs de publier les conventions, contrats et genres....

troisièmement faire la vulgarisation des textes et les contrats dans les langues du terroir pour que les communautés puissent cerner à mieux les problèmes et les dificultés auxquelles, elles sont confrontés....

 

quatrièmement, mettre les moyens à disposition des ONG pour la spécialisation des medias en Afrique...

En fin, créer des organes spécialisés....

Je vous remercie

 

 

Nasir Iqbal (not verified)

Dear E-members

I believe that there is a need to up scake and stregthen the marketing skills of marganilised and rural communities who have no cotacts for saleing their bulk production on collectivilly especially for the developing countries. The concept of collective marketing will helps in declining the role of middle man who engoyes the maximum profit of the products of small and middle level farmers by provising the loans to them. I think the policy makers should realize the difficulties of small and mid level farmers and develop a policy and als stregthen the role of Agriculture Marketing Action. The concept of formation of  Farmers Marketing Collective should be administer which reflects the involvement of small farmers in building  market linkages, collective purchasing power, timely access to market which will be a step in: In creation of network at national and international level.    

Abdurazak Mohamed Hassan (not verified)

Dear Moderator few last comments I would like add are: 

Coordinating aid programme in developing and least developed countries: This can be done through joint programming with coordination committees, even if some kind of joint programming is established it will be futile unless proper structure and coordination unit with some sort of managerial role is established. This is one way of avoiding double dipping, value for money, consolidated reporting system per sector and will later make easier the review process.

Building on existing capacities: If national programme is to be started in a country then that programme should build on the outcomes of the previous programme, if for example UNDP has supported the development of the planning, budgeting  and accountability programme in a country then the World Bank can step in to support the funding of development projects.

Case studies of both successes and failures can also help the review process, they can show the lessons learnt from both the successes and the failures, so establishing a case study systems and selecting few of them for building up on changing approaches or new approaches can be helpful.  Case studies can be very enlightening when they are written by nationals or by the locals, I mean people who live in the area, who knew what existed before, what changed and how the life of the people has improved after the intervention.  

Abdurazak Mohamed Hassan (not verified)

Dear Moderator few last comments I would like add are: 

Coordinating aid programme in developing and least developed countries: This can be done through joint programming with coordination committees, even if some kind of joint programming is established it will be futile unless proper structure and coordination unit with some sort of managerial role is established. This is one way of avoiding double dipping, value for money, consolidated reporting system per sector and will later make easier the review process.

Building on existing capacities: If national programme is to be started in a country then that programme should build on the outcomes of the previous programme, if for example UNDP has supported the development of the planning, budgeting  and accountability programme in a country then the World Bank can step in to support the funding of development projects.

Case studies of both successes and failures can also help the review process, they can show the lessons learnt from both the successes and the failures, so establishing a case study systems and selecting few of them for building up on changing approaches or new approaches can be helpful.  Case studies can be very enlightening when they are written by nationals or by the locals, I mean people who live in the area, who knew what existed before, what changed and how the life of the people has improved after the intervention.  

Yogesh Sharma (not verified)

As the policies are implemented regularaudits should be done. Required changes to be made accordingly.We should accept and recognise where we failed. And work towards improving and making the required changes.  Transparent and bold discussions to be encouraged and motivated. Stake holders need to be provided with the atmosphere where they cans hare their viewsa and ideas courageously..

Local capacities to be strengthened and encouraged for follow-up and review. Efforts to localise and align the local sustainable and developmnet programmes with the global level.  To make sure that the recommendations made are implemented and put into place. 

Technology should be taken help of. Softwares to be developed and put into place whereas keeping in touch with the stakeholders is made easier and practical. The sotware to remind about the deadlines and suggestions to ne developed.

The citizens should be made well aware  of allthat is happening in the area. And they should be asked and encouraged to take part in the process by means of suggestions, critique etc.

The perosn/dept to be madea accountable for the work and the policies implementation. Show cause notices etc to be issued as when required.

As on the global level the UN and similar authorities may be formulating and implementing several poliicies but the local leaders and politicians need to take ownership too by putting aside thei personal agendas and corruption. 

Education and awareness to be done on a massive scale for any policy to be implemented successfully.

Yogesh Sharma

President, Human Rights Sanrakshan Sansthaa

India.

James Powell (not verified)

Dear moderator.

I write to you with an approach designed to enable millions of community members to be part of the SDG process from the hardest to reach areas.  

UNICEF is running a mobile messaging project called U-Report across 21 countries with a growing community of around 2 million citizens that we believe could become a ubiquitous tool for Follow-up and Review where citizen feedback and data is important.  18 more countries are scheduled to launch in the next 6-8 months.  At UNICEF, along with the NGO/CSO partners we work with, we've used the tool primarily to make sure we take a participatory approach to our own programmes and also as a feedback tool for NGO projects and local or sometimes national government initiatives.  Members (or 'U-Reporters') receive messages each week.  Sometimes they are polls e.g Do you know you HIV/AIDS status?  and sometimes they are alerts with potentially life-saving information e.g How to protect yourself from Ebola.  Responses are analysed in real-time and mapped to a district or state level.  Data is then used to inform programmes, policy and strategic decision making.   A lot of the information we collect already feeds into the SDGs from a citizen perspective.  ODI refers to this as perception data.  

A tool such as U-Report, when used in partnership with states, can help governments & UN Agencies to quickly understand and respond to community barriers and challenges on goal attainment in a way where the data is actionable. The tool is transparent and all poll data is public (see https://sierraleone.ureport.in/polls/ for example) so it has the potential to connect millions of people to their governments and could be a relatively low-cost, fast and ubiquitous way of fulfilling the pledges made in Follow Up & Review.  Specifically in relation to commitments made to participation and transparency e.g. 72 " We commit to engage in systematic follow-up and review of implementation of this Agenda over the next fifteen years. A robust, voluntary, effective, participatory, transparent and integrated follow-up and review framework will make a vital contribution to implementation and will help countries to maximize and track progress in implementing this Agenda in order to ensure that no one is left behind." and  74 (d).  Follow-up and review processes at all levels will be guided by the following principles...They will be open, inclusive, participatory and transparent for all people and will support the reporting by all relevant stakeholders.

If you'd like more information feel free to contact me: jpowell@unicef.org.  UNICEF's Global Innovation Centre would be glad to be of assistance if there is interest.

 

Priya Kanayson (not verified)

Technically sound indicators that accurately measure progress will provide the baseline for holding Member States accountable to achieving the new goals and targets by 2030. Member States and Civil Society should continue to engage with the UN Statistical Commission’s Inter-agency Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goals (IAEG-SDGs) as they continue their work to further refine the agreed set of global indicators. Global indicators should align with existing indicator frameworks, such as the Global Monitoring Framework for Non-communicable diseases and the global monitoring framework for universal health coverage (UHC). Ensuring indicators align will minimize reporting burden on countries and capitalise on existing reporting mechanisms. The role of civil society as providers of technical expertise, capacity building, and needed resources must be preserved.

A robust accountability mechanism at global, regional, and national levels will be critical for health in the post-2015 era. In many ways the RMNCH and HIV/AIDS communities have been trail-blazers in this regard, with initiatives such as the reporting framework developed for the 2001 Declaration of Commitments on HIV/AIDS, the Commission on Information and Accountability (CoIA), the Independent Expert Review Group (IERG) for women’s and children’s health, and Countdown to 2015 demonstrating accountability as a force for political and programmatic change. Indeed there are now efforts to adapt these accountability efforts for the NCD response.

Progress in the post-2015 era will be dependent on stronger monitoring and evaluation at all levels, substantial improvements in health surveillance and data collection, and clear channels for all people to access information, scrutinise and demand answers with a view to influencing progress in health and NCDs. It will be important to have an element of independent monitoring, perhaps through the creation of an independent group mandated and authorised to gather and analyse data to assess and regularly report on progress made to the highest multilateral authority. 

The High-Level Political Forum plays a key role in effective follow up and review of the 2030 Agenda, and Member States must agree the working methods prior to July. The initiative taken by the 21 countries who volunteered to present national reviews at the first HLPF following adoption of the 2030 Agenda in July is commendable. In order to facilitate review of progress, Member States should agree a suggested format to enable coherence in reporting of data. Furthermore, the Financing for Development Forum plays an important role in reviewing the means of implementation targets of the Agenda, and the two processes must be viewed as complementary.

BNEIJARA (not verified)

Bonjour,Il faut obligatoirement un engagement des communautés et des gouvernements pour assure une veritable prises de consciences des  problèmes de developpement pour les ODD. En effet ces problèmes augmentent liés aux changements climatiques aux individus et animaux qui augmentent par les effets de la siences et demandent plus de paturages de services  en afrique on double tous les20 ans. Le chomages augmente et la jeunesse augmente donc que faire?2016-03-25 15:10 GMT+00:00 <notification@unteamworks.org>:

You ca

Rita Luthra

Please Remove me from your Mailing list

 

Thank you

 

 

Rita Luthra, MD

President

Women's Health and Education Center (WHEC)

NGO in Special Consultative Status with Economic and Social Council of the United Nations

Editor-in-Chief of e-Health Publication

http://www.WomensHealthSection.com

 

From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org] Sent: Friday, March 25, 2016 3:06 PMTo: rita@womenshealthsection.comSubject: [World We Want 2030] BNEIJARA commented on the Discussion "Follow-up and Review"

 

Jo Howard (not verified)

Dear all

I am concerned in particular with Question 3. As I read through the discussion I see many points of coincidence with our own – those of us who are currently engaged in a ‘Participatory Monitoring & Accountability’ programme which is piloting ways of using participatory approaches to strengthen those accountability relationships that are necessary at all levels in order for the SDGs to be achieved, and to ensure that the principle of “leaving no one behind” is upheld.

In agreement with the perspective of the colleague from the DIHR: we believe that the Follow Up and Review process will be stronger and more meaningful if it draws on fully disaggregated data for particular rights-holder groups, and on participatory data collection to complement big household survey data collection. Participatory approaches can bring citizen stories (as Richard Kimbowa suggests in his post) through a range of media, such as photos, collective films, community radio and so on.

These can be effective if they are part of a collaborative effort to build accountability relationships between states and citizens. Part of this effort needs to be the promotion of Agenda 2030 in all countries (the universal agenda) and civil society must play a role in this, but also parliamentarians, as discussed at the recent International Parliamentarians Conference in London, who can and must play a key role and must be supported to do so through national and global efforts. Goal 16 is central to most of the other goals, and so building accountable and responsive government is critical. Participatory approaches play a key role in improving dutybearers understanding and sensibilities of the complex realities of people’s lives, especially people living in extreme poverty and marginalization, as well as building the skills and confidence of the latter.

Finally, SDGs will need to be monitored using locally defined benchmarks that reflect how people themselves understand progress, and particularly those living in extreme poverty and marginalisation. UN and other support at the global and national level should encourage the opening up of spaces for dialogue, collaboration and learning between state and non-state actors, and support the participation of civil society. 

Roberto Borrero (not verified)

1.) What are the key components of a comprehensive national review process? What capacities will need to be strengthened at the national level in order to conduct the necessary reviews? How can accountability and transparency of the review process be supported? The International Indian Treaty Council, an organizing partner for the Indigenous Peoples Major Group calls for a transparent, inclusive, and fully participatory process at the National Level. We agree with others who have proposed that building on experiences from the Universal Periodic Review and other human rights treaty bodies and rights mechanisms can offer a wealth of qualitative analysis and concrete recommendations that can serve to inform national planning and review processes. The IITC also agrees that human rights system, which includes the collective rights of Indigenous Peoples, can also contribute substantially the thematic debates and the voluntary state reviews at the High-Level Political Forum.  As noted by the Indigenous Peoples Major Group, there is a high degree of convergence between the SDG targets and the range of international human rights and labour standards, including the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.  In addition, the SDG targets reinforce the commitments already made by States under the 2014 World Conference on Indigenous Peoples.

 

2.) How can the follow-up and review at the regional and global level—including through a strong High-level Political Forum under the auspices of ECOSOC and the newly created ECOSOC Forum on Financing for Development—facilitate the achievement of the SDGs?

 

Follow-up and review can facilitate the achievement of the SDGs if a human rights based approach (HRBA) to implementation is ensured. For example, according to the Common Understanding of the Human Rights-Based Approach to Development adopted by the UN Development Group in 2003: *All programmes of development co-operation, policies and technical assistance should further the realisation of human rights as laid down in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights instruments.

 

*Human rights standards contained in, and principles derived from, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights instruments guide all development cooperation and programming in all sectors and in all phases of the programming process.

 

*Development cooperation contributes to the development of the capacities of ‘dutybearers’ to meet their obligations and/or of ‘rights-holders’ to claim their rights.

In addition, a human rights-based approach to the targets and indicators can serve to identify cross-linkages and, consequently, help simplify the indicators framework. Here the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples must be specifically referenced as an instrument for equality, which reflects universal human rights as they pertain to Indigenous Peoples.

3.) What steps need to be taken to put in place the evidence base (i.e. established, new and emerging sources of data and monitoring capacities) to help track progress on the 2030 Agenda and inform decision-making where course correction is needed?

 

It is important to note that aside from rare exceptions (e.g. Bolivia), the implementation of the MDGs hardly included Indigenous Peoples and their issues in processes, or in programs at the national level. Among the various MDG lessons and gaps, which can help track progress of the SDGs and 2030 Agenda as well as inform decision-making where course correction is needed, the following can be taken into account:

a) The lack of specific language on Indigenous Peoples contributed to the invisibility of Indigenous Peoples and their issues, as well as to their nonparticipation in MDG processes of governments as well as of UN agencies.

 

b) The emphasis on national averages and the eagerness of national and international actors to show progress on MDGs at a national level, left Indigenous Peoples’ realities in the shadow. Data collection and disaggregation as per Indigenous Peoples was basically absent.

 

c) The absence of indicators specific to Indigenous Peoples similarly contributed to the invisibility of Indigenous Peoples and their issues.

 

The lessons drawn from the MDGs experience regarding Indigenous Peoples clearly reveal that indigenous-specific indicators are a critical entry point for the implementation of the SDGs and the inclusion of Indigenous Peoples and their issues.

Clesensio Tizikara (not verified)

The achievement of the SDGs and any other meaningful national development goals will depend on planned interventions having the right impact in the right places at the rigfht time. This requires the systematic creation of innovation partnerships and empowering populations to develop their capacities to innovate. Innevitebly strong follow up and evaluation using robust frameworks is necessary.

Pelayo del Riego Artigas

Hablar de sostenibilidad y obviar los 70.000.000 de vuelos anuales, quemando sucio queroseno, en el peor escenario posible, y cada vez más barato, sin estudiar siquiera precios disuasorios, es absurdo. Los intereses económicos de esta generación, se superponen al interés de las generaciones futuras, sin remisión.

Pelayo del Riego. Secretario General

Fundación DEYNA Madrid España