Follow-up and Review

29 Feb - 25 Mar 2016
Go back to 2016 ECOSOC discussion – Implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
  • What are the key components of a comprehensive national review process? What capacities will need to be strengthened at the national level in order to conduct the necessary reviews? How can accountability and transparency of the review process be supported?
  • How can the follow-up and review at the regional and global level—including through a strong High-level Political Forum under the auspices of ECOSOC and the newly created ECOSOC Forum on Financing for Development—facilitate the achievement of the SDGs?
  • What steps need to be taken to put in place the evidence base (i.e. established, new and emerging sources of data and monitoring capacities) to help track progress on the 2030 Agenda and inform decision-making where course correction is needed?

 

Moderator's Message

It is my pleasure to welcome you to the thematic window on “Follow up-and review” for the 2016 ECOSOC e-Discussion, organized by UN DESA and UNDP. Our discussion will run from 29 February to 25 March 2016.

This is the first year of implementation for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and for taking action on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).  Although national commitments—complemented by global action—will be essential to the achievement of the SDGs, all stakeholders will need to contribute to the Agenda’s implementation and the follow-up and review of progress to keep things on track.  The 2030 Agenda is everyone’s agenda; therefore everyone, including citizens, development practitioners, policy makers, academics and representatives from the public and private sectors, will need to be involved. 

The e-Discussion is designed as an open but focused space for dialogue with people from around the world on these important issues.  It is one of several milestones related to the work of the UN Economic and Social Council in 2016, as it focuses on the overall theme “Implementing the post-2015 agenda: moving from commitments to results”.

All Participants will be able to input their views—based on their experiences, and regardless of their perspectives—into ECOSOC’s work during this important year.  Your engagement in this discussion provides a unique opportunity to shape critical policy messages and recommendations for ECOSOC. These will be included in a summary of the e-Discussion and reflected in the report of the UN Secretary-General on the ECOSOC theme.  The Council is keen that its high level meetings with global decision-makers in July reflect a broader range of stakeholder views such as yours.

For those participants not familiar with the “Follow-up and review” provisions in the 2030 Agenda, I’ve included a few reference materials in this window.

As the moderator for this discussion, I would like to kick things off with the above three questions.  We’re eager to hear about concrete examples and specific recommendations which you might have in relation to the theme.

These questions are meant as general guidance; I hope that you will not be too constrained by them in your responses while remaining focused and concise in your contributions. Please indicate in your responses which question you are addressing.

I look forward to reading and reacting to your thoughts, insights and concrete examples.  Let’s get started!

Neil Pierre
Chief, Policy Coordination Branch
Office for ECOSOC Support and Coordination
UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs

 

Key links for "Follow-up and review":

Comments (76)

Neil Pierre • Chief at UN

Thematic Window 3: Follow-up and ReviewSummary of final week (21-27 March)We are finishing this year’s e-Discussion on a high note.  The volume of comments we received in recent days attests to the fact that there is still a lot to discuss with respect to the follow-up and review architecture for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.  I won’t be able to adequately reflect the comments of all contributors, so let me thank all of you who contributed for your participation.  Clearly there is a lot of work already being done by you and your respective organisations, and I hope that you will remain engaged with these issues and alert to any future possibilities to engage further with SDG implementation, follow-up and review.  We look forward to integrating some of your ideas into the ECOSOC discussions taking place in the coming weeks and months.Some of the key points raised in the last week include the following:Question 1:  What are the key components of a comprehensive national review process? What capacities will need to be strengthened at the national level in order to conduct the necessary reviews? How can accountability and transparency of the review process be supported?

  • Multi-stakeholder engagement was identified repeatedly as a key component of a comprehensive national (and global) review process.  This is essential as the overwhelming emphasis of the SDGs has been on the need for collective efforts and strong partnerships among different development stakeholders. 
  • National reviews should facilitate frequent consultations and mechanisms for participation of different, relevant groups from civil society, the private sector, academia and other sectors Technology are a key instrument for achieving this purpose, as well as people's engagement and ownership of this process.
  • There are other tools and mechanisms for integration and coherence that could be put in place to support comprehensive national review processes, such as integrated planning and budgeting frameworks, and the creation of an SDG coordinating function or office at the centre of Government.
  • The national review process should strengthen and build on existing capacities within countries.  In many countries, there are a variety of policies and programmes already in place which could be used to elaborate a new system of follow-up and review of the Agenda.  These should be looked at in the broader context of overall localisation and alignment of national development plans with the 2030 Agenda. 
  • As pointed out by several contributors, general awareness of the SDGs and an understanding of the concept and principles of sustainable development are critical at this early stage of implementation. This will build strong follow-up and review processes in the future.  This concerns everyone within societies – Government ministers, public servants, local communities, etc. 

Question 2:  How can the follow-up and review at the regional and global level—including through a strong High-level Political Forum under the auspices of ECOSOC and the newly created ECOSOC Forum on Financing for Development—facilitate the achievement of the SDGs?

  • The regional and global processes for follow-up and review, especially those overseen by the UN system, should lead by example by keeping their “doors open” to civil society and other development actors working towards implementation.  Platforms such as the HLPF and ECOSOC Forum on FfD need to be as inclusive as those at the national level.
  • Global-level follow-up and review platforms and processes have a special responsibility to put the spotlight on countries facing special situations and their progress on the SDGs.  This includes the LDCs, as well as conflict-affected states, LLDCs and SIDS, among others. 
  • As is the case at the national level, there are a number of resources already in place on which the current follow-up and review architecture at the global level can be built.  This was a point made earlier in the discussion and was reflected in the recent Report of the Secretary-General on this subject. 
  • Contributors this past week pointed to various examples of platforms or processes already in place to review progress in different development sectors, including the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation (GPEDC), the Universal Periodic Review and other human rights treaty bodies and rights mechanisms, and other initiatives such as the reporting framework developed for the 2001 Declaration of Commitments on HIV/AIDS, the Commission on Information and Accountability (CoIA), the Independent Expert Review Group (IERG) for women’s and children’s health.

Question 3:  What steps need to be taken to put in place the evidence base (i.e. established, new and emerging sources of data and monitoring capacities) to help track progress on the 2030 Agenda and inform decision-making where course correction is needed?

  • The ambition of the 2030 Agenda has important implications for the elaboration of an evidence base for follow-up and review of progress.  The challenge to demonstrate results will need to be met alongside an increasingly complex and interconnected Agenda.  Integrated approaches and systems-based thinking can help to ensure that analysis is sufficiently results-oriented and capable of tracking progress across different policies and programmes. 
  • Thematic reviews will need to be based on solid thematic reports, providing sufficient information for all stakeholders to monitor and evaluate progress towards each of the SDGs.
  • A lot of reporting on progress related to various aspects of the new Agenda is already being done and could be built on.  In 2015, UN DESA did an initial mapping of existing reporting efforts within the UN system against each SDG and one additional report not mentioned there is the Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report.  This is the reference document for monitoring the global Education for All goals and education-related targets from the MDG framework.  Such a report could be built on as part of the overall reporting and monitoring of progress in the post-2015 context. 
  • In the same vein, global indicators could benefit from existing indicator frameworks for SDG-relevant measurements such as the Global Monitoring Framework for Non-communicable diseases and the global monitoring framework for universal health coverage.  Ensuring that these align will minimise the reporting burden on countries and capitalise on existing reporting mechanisms. 
  • To ensure that no one is left behind, there is a significant demand for increased availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts.  We need to be able to monitor where and among which groups’ progress isn’t being made as part of our overall efforts.
  • As further support to inclusive, equitable development, citizens and other stakeholders need to be involved through participatory approaches in tracking progress, including through contributing to the evidence base with appropriate and relevant data.  Data should be open and accessible to all users in order to review trends and challenges to the achievement of the Agenda.   
  • A staff member from UNICEF provided an interesting example of one of its own projects, a mobile messaging service for citizen feedback and data called U-Report (in place across 21 countries with a growing community of around 2 million people).  In collaboration with its partners, UNICEF has used the tool primarily to ensure a participatory in programming and as a feedback tool for NGO projects and local and national government initiatives.  Members’ responses are analysed in real-time and mapped to a district or state level, with data used to inform programmes, policy and strategic decision-making.   When used in partnership with states, such a tool can help governments and UN Agencies to quickly understand and respond to community barriers and challenges on goal attainment. 
  • Other examples of user-generated data for follow-up and review were put forward such as the articulation of case studies by local communities; the use of wiki or content-sharing solutions for sharing knowledge on the SDGs; etc.  
Javier Romañach Cabrero • from Spain

Hello Neil.First of all, I've no been able to see "a few reference materials in this window". I write then with limted knowledge on the subject.On the third issue, I'm a fan of Han's Rosling's Gapminder web on world statistics (mostly UN statistics). I was wondering if any steps have been taken to make him and his team participate in the 2030 agenda follow-up using his wonderful tools, and promoting the follow-up as he is already doing with other world issues.I have no relation whatsoever with him or his team. I just think they're doing a great job. Best regards from Madrid, Spain,Javier

Neil Pierre • Chief at UN

Hi Javier,Thank you for your comment (and for letting us know that the references weren't appearing; the problem should be fixed!).I am familiar with Hans Rosling's work and have seen one of his TED Talks.  I'm not sure whether he or his team has participated in the discussions to date, but will ask a colleague from DESA's Statistics Division.  They are currently helping to steer the process of developing indicators for measuring progress on the new Sustainable Development Goals and targets.The link above--on SDG indicators--provides a good entry point on how those are being developed.  There's a lot of work ahead in the realm of indicator development and building statistical capacity, especially at the national level. 

Javier Romañach Cabrero • from Spain

Thank you for your quick response Neil,I'll follow the links and learn :-).If I may, as a european citizen, I have another quiestion... Does Eurostat data provide compatible information with SDG's indicators?Best regards,Javier

Abdurazak Mohamed Hassan (not verified)

The key components of a comprehensive national review process is the existence of a  relevant programme design, which is effective and efficient, in terms of management and implementation, programmes that are based on facts on the ground and on initial baseline data and not on a copy and paste programme documents from other places, it should be country specific. At national level there should a minimum level of data base sysytems and M&E, minimum level of accountability mechanism on how to follow a procedure of value for money and to spend public funds. To make the review process transparent then the review process should focus more on the beneficiaries, conducted by independent review teams on different outcomes, with a minimum involvement of the national officers, in some places such as where I work it is best to have review teams that are outsiders to make the outcome fair. A national development framework with objectives and indicators that encompass the regional, district and village level priorities can be a good tool, to help track progress on the 2030 Agenda and inform decision-makers. I may sound too theoretical, but this reflects on what I have experienced, so many working documents, policies, guidelines and regulations and the review process cannot measure the extent of implementation and how these have actually helped the citizens, the poor and the marginalized. 

Kimbowa Richard • Country Programme Manager at Uganda Coalition for Sustainable Development

Based on experiences from a regional civil society Watchdog – the East African Sustainability Watch Network, I would like to contribute to possible key components of a comprehensive national review process, capacities needed that need to be strengthened at the national level in order to conduct the necessary reviews, and how accountability and transparency of the review process can be supported. These are based on our contribution to Participatory Monitoring and Accountability consultation under auspices of the World We Want, hosted by the governments of Canada, Peru and the Republic of Korea titled ‘Monitoring a Regional Environmental Project for Accountability: Lessons from the Lake Victoria Environment Management Project Phase II (LVEMPII) Civil Society Watch Project (2009 – 2014) of the East African Sustainability Watch Network to the Post‐2015 Agenda’.1. Invest in popularising Agenda 2030: A starting point always ignoredGlobal and regional sustainable development processes usually invest heavily in preparatory processes leading to adoption of important commitments, projects and action plans. These need to be translated into simple accessible forms (non-technical, translated in widely spoken languages).Our experiences shows that though this takes time, it eventually pays off because with time, more actors, policy makers and general public get to know about these commitments and what is expected of them.For example, EA SusWatch Network publicised the hitherto publicly little known East African Community Climate Change Policy (2011)  by preparing a popular versionof it, translating it into Kiswahili (spoken widely in East Africa) and widely disseminating it through the Lake Victoria region and elsewhere in East Africa alongside the Lake Victoria Climate Change Readiness Briefs.2. Regular reviews and assessments based on locally generated benchmarks: Progress as seen by the beneficiariesPeriodic (annual) studies and documentation that involves community beneficiary experiences are very vital. However, this needs a robust baseline of the situation to be monitored. This must have both qualitative and quantitative information (drawing from both beneficiaries and technocrats). Subsequent participatory monitoring cycles enable the M&E teams to record, analyse and present progress based on this.This will act as a catalyst for steady implementation of Agenda 2030 while empowering beneficiaries to regularly learn, track own progress and yearn for corrective actions on dismal performance in key sectors like climate change, water governance, sustainable land management as well as poverty eradication. Equally, these alternative civil society reports act as a wakeup call for development agencies to address the weak areas and scale up good practices.3. Information, Communication, Public awareness and Education are keyInformation, communication, public awareness and education is the only effective way to close the feedback loop in gauging progress in achievement of Agenda 2030.This can be achieved through ways that take into account community preferences, cost, level of education, technology available, potential partnerships among other factors. These can take the form of community information sheets, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), newsletters, radio and TV programmes, community meetings, exhibitions during global thematic days, and making use of a range of social media (sharing and networking).One lesson for us is that, a gradual investment in information, communication, public awareness and education eventually pays off in terms of strengthening community empowerment to influence implementation of activities in a cost effective and efficient way while strengthening their stake in such interventions.Furthermore contextualising global campaigns are one sure way to ensure implementation of Agenda 2030. This calls for partnership with radio, TV and print media.4. The Power of Citizen storiesCitizen stories can be a powerful way to ‘unexpectedly’ capture information and data from even the remotest areas. With the increase in diffusion of mobile phones, access to computers and uptake of networking and sharing social media tools, there is likely to be an additional need to sharpen skills and support citizen monitoring through established centres within their own localities (individuals or group).This could range from collection and aggregation of information to capturing and sharing of still pictures and short videos in real time.5. Collaboration within related sectors; agencies and processes involvedSuccessful monitoring of Agenda 2030 requires collaboration with related sectors; agencies and processes involved. For example, in case of monitoring watershed management actors involved in water supply, sanitation, tree-farming, agriculture / land management, small-holder farmers and fishers are key, depending on the agreed benchmarks.In the same way, development agencies need to be open to sharing information, methodologies, date and approaches to monitoring Agenda 2030 (agreement on the national indicator framework), in order to generate a common development vision to improve interventions within a particular locality or region.Furthermore, relevant national processes provide useful moments for raising the profile of Agenda 2030. For example the Joint Sector Reviews, policy revisions, project reviews etc.More about this contribution from the link: http://www.worldwewant2015.org/file/462565/download/503854  

Robert Ruitenbeek • Managing Director / Owner at iNVENTUR! from Netherlands

 What are the key components of a comprehensive national review process? What capacities will need to be strengthened at the national level in order to conduct the necessary reviews? How can accountability and transparency of the review process be supported?"A robust follow-up and review mechanism for the implementation of the new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development will require a solid framework of indicators and statistical data to monitor progress, inform policy and ensure accountability of all stakeholders"National involvement and compliance requires a uniform set of uniformed indicators; automated processes based on identified business rules and workflows; rule/workflow based push messages to subscribers to get and keep their attention regardless their role; an Application Program Interface (API) for third parties to integrate (loosly coupled) with ECOSOC systems; cloud based datastore for maximum coverage and useability;  How can the follow-up and review at the regional and global level—including through a strong High-level Political Forum under the auspices of ECOSOC and the newly created ECOSOC Forum on Financing for Development—facilitate the achievement of the SDGs?Using big data resulting from the former stated approach and transforming it into multi viewpoint visualizations of progress on SDG achievements relative to targets in time, means and cost; exposing the underlying data using an API and/or webservices enables the use of third party solutions  What steps need to be taken to put in place the evidence base (i.e. established, new and emerging sources of data and monitoring capacities) to help track progress on the 2030 Agenda and inform decision-making where course correction is needed?Identify indicators and construct indicator framework; Identify processes, business rules and workflow; Design, build & implement multiplatform web/app based information system using a cloud based datastore and facilitate third party integration and interaction using an Application Program Interface (API) and/or webservices exposing the required functions and interfaces; Implement processes, business rules, workflow and IAM for effective interaction with subscribers

Priscilla (not verified)

Thank you Robert for mentioning the indicators aspect, the construction of the indicators to measure achivement have been very process based, we meaure more input and the individual activities/processes and not the outcome expected. I see the UN role here in leading country level programming process ensuring set of indicators for the national livelihood zones(similar contexts) that the stakeholders could adapt into their programming to enable a common vision/objective. Prioritization of actions to be implemented would be crucial to enable stakeholders move together in environments that are similar.Thank you. Priscilla 

BNEIJARA (not verified)

Bonjour tous,Le processus de suivi et d’examen procède d’une intention complètement volontaire, depuis le niveau national jusqu’au niveau mondial. Les ODD auraient pu atteindre un degré d’ambition plus élevé, en particulier en matière de suivi et d’examen, en faisant appel à des engagements contraignants basés sur les normes internationales existantes pour les Gouvernants. Avoir un langage commun PNUD pour un suivi évaluation conjoint qui suppose une évaluation avant (ou une situation de référence) une analyse multisectorielle.Formuler un suivi qui prend en compte les individus et les ménages qui ne reste pas des chiffres que les gouvernants publient unilatéralement et selon un jargon que les populations ne peuvent comprendre ni vérifier. Il doit s’agir d’un  processus participatif au niveau national. Il doit être le résultat d’un  dialogue inclusif, qui réunit les partenaires, les organisations de la SC les communes les organisations de socioprofessionnelles de manière à garantir l’appropriation des processus de suivi au niveau national.

Neil Pierre • Chief at UN

Thanks to all of you for your comments thus far. I know that discussion of follow-up and review can be a little technical in nature, but think our first few days of discussion is already presenting an interesting mix of topics and ideas. There seems to be wide agreement on the importance of putting in place strong follow-up and review processes at the national level, which is in line with the emphasis given in the 2030 Agenda (see paras 72-91 of the 2030 Agenda for more on the broad parameters of follow-up and review at the national, regional and global levels). The contributions from Abdurazak, Kimbowa Richard and BNEIJARA have deepened the discussion on the importance of localising the Agenda by working in an inclusive, transparent and participatory way at the sub-national and local levels. This way progress could be measured on the priorities that matter most to people (or "beneficiaries") on the ground. I was also struck by the sense among some contributors that follow-up and review will be futile if more isn't done to raise awareness on the 2030 Agenda and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals within countries. Information on the Agenda, and data in support of monitoring progress, need to be accessible and usable by communities, civil society groups and other partners. Robert made a reference of the potential of big data for producing "multi-viewpoint visualizations of progress on SDG achievements relative to targets in time, means and cost". I'd be interested to hear from users about concrete examples that they think could serve as useful models or points of inspiration for this kind of work in the UN. UN Global Pulse is already doing some great work in this direction.

BNEIJARA (not verified)

BonjourSi les ODD  visent à parvenir à un degré zéro de pauvretéet de faim, à la santé, à une éducation de qualité pour tous, à l’égalité dessexes, à l’accès pour tous à de l’eau propre et à des installations sanitaires,et à des sources d’énergie, à un emploi décent et à la croissance économique, àl’innovation, à la réduction des inégalités, à des villes viables, à uneconsommation responsable, à une action sur le climat, à des océans et desterres non pollués, et à des partenariats pour parvenir à ces objectifs. Celasuppose un engagement à un suivi commun NU gouvernement impliquant lespersonnes cibles des ODD que le monde cherche à aider et être à l’écoute de leurs aspirations.  Un système de suivi, efficace et transparentest capital pour assurer la mise en œuvre des ODD. Il est le seul outilpermettant  de suivre les progrès etd’identifier les réalisations, les défis et les facteurs critiques de la miseen œuvre des ODD. Ce suivi doit être logé au PNUD et aura à appuyer lesdécideurs politiques dans leurs choix stratégiques et les aider à prioriser lesmesures et les investissements. Ce suivi des ODD doit obligatoirement avoirpour qu’il soit efficace un ancrage mondial,  régionale et national.Ildoit être  inclusif et transparent etpermet  la participation de toutesles  parties prenantes, lesparlementaires, les autorités locales, les milieux universitaires etscientifiques, le secteur privé, la société civile, les ONG etc2016-03-03 17:36 GMT+00:00 <notification@unteamworks.org>:

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Robert Ruitenbeek • Managing Director / Owner at iNVENTUR! from Netherlands

Dear Neil,Thanks for your comments.Behind my remarks on visualizations of progress on SDG achievements relative to targets in time, means and cost is a formal methodology called Earned Value Management (EVM) used to measure progress on goals relative to project management indicators such as time and budget.As suggested I've looked into the UN Global Pulse programme and found several relevant examples of using mobile phones for big data mining purposes. The TWW2030 programme can use the samen techniques for monitoring international and national involvement coverage.One specific UN Global Pulse project is concerned with mining citizen feedback data supporting (local) government decision making wich could be reused by the TWW2030 programme. Using indicator Framework based questionaires pushed to involved actors (citizens, goverment officials, NGO's, ...) using mobile technoligy (network and a to be developed TWW2030 app) data needed for monitoring, reporting and decision making can be acquired real time.From a Project Management perspective I would like to suggest to organize the TWW2030 programme using the Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) enabling a short cycled approach with direct feedback, requirements and quality to be delivered on any level of the programme, projects and related tasks.On a national level I have contacted some (political) parties and awaiting their response to learn where the stand on the TWW2030 challenge.On a local level I started to share TWW2030 information as offered through TWW2030 websites.

BNEIJARA (not verified)

Bonjour,Nous connaissons les problèmes que rencontre les gouvernements, l’insécurité la menaces terroristes, la flambée des prix ; le chômage des jeunes dépassant parfois les 40%,  les changements climatiques ; les échecs des expériences de développement durant les cinquante dernière années en Afrique. Les nations unis par le FPHN sont sollicité pour faire avancer  les ODD et veiller sur leur qualité par cette plate forme qui doit vulgariser les ODD dans chaque pays elle doit être présente dans chaque pays et immédiatement (avant la fin 2016) pour suivre appuyer les pays pour l’élaboration des plans nationaux de développement durable. Si non ces ODD ne seront ni connu ni approprié avant 2030 surtout par les pays fragiles. Cela n’est pas en contradiction avec la souveraineté des Etat à conduire leur processus. Les chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement se sont engagés à procéder à un suivi et un examen systématique de la mise en œuvre du programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030. Le suivi et l'examen seront basés sur des examens du progrès au niveau national qui seront réguliers, volontaires, inclusifs et pilotés par les pays, et qui contribueront aux examens aux niveaux régional et globaux. Mai cela ne peut se faire que sur la base des PNDD inclusif et commun entre l’Etat et ses partenaires donc sous l’Egide des NU (FPHN).

Rita Luthra

Follow-up and ReviewBetter information helps us to make better decisions. Investing in wireless Internet technology is the way forward to tackle maternal mortality and morbidity in the developing countries. E-learning is the most cost-effective way of transmitting evidence-based medicine to the developing countries. Imagine sitting in office or at home in USA or Europe, and by interacting with different cultures we will be able to understand different customs and learn to respect the diversity. Imagine students in developing countries and the United States simultaneously reviewing the same medical curriculum and learning from each other. This is e-learning at its best in an Internet classroom, and it is the goal of our initiative in Women’s Health and Development, title: http://www.WomensHealthSection.com; which was launched in collaboration with the United Nations is serving about 14 million subscribers in 227 countries and it is available in six official languages of the United Nations. It is indeed my pleasure to submit to you UN Documents E/2015/NGO/2 and E/2014/NGO/53Over the years, the United Nations, governments, civil societies, and individuals have put forth countless plans of action for reducing maternal mortality and morbidity. According to the World Health Organization, at least 1,600 women will die today from a complication of pregnancy and childbirth, most of them in developing countries. No technical or political approach – no matter how well intentioned – has ever conquered this enormous problem. What is needed is broader dissemination of medical knowledge. And Internet classrooms and initiatives such as WomensHealthSection.com, can help that goal. Please join our efforts; we welcome everyone. Thank you for this opportunity Rita Luthra, MDPresidentWomen’s Health and Education Center (WHEC)NGO in Special Consultative Status with ECOSOC of the United NationsEditor-in-Chief of e-Health Publicationhttp://www.WomensHealthSection.com

Yvan Trésor (not verified)

Hello dear friends,The key elements of a comprehensive national review process can be obtained of my side by the actors, individuals and organizations involved in the implementation of Agenda 2030 on sustainable development by measuring their commitment and the quality of their levels of responsibility, it is the UN that back the task of choosing the most of their senior staff for the implementation of the 2030 agenda on sustainable development by requiring their shares practical and well-defined reports on the process evolution of Action plans to achieve the 2030 agenda on sustainable development. It's these reports that could in turn clarify the sequence of objectives, areas to strengthen and initiatives to finally multiply to maintain good progress in achieving the 2030 agenda on sustainable development.The capacities to finally perform the necessary examinations would be first to produce an expanded communication between all the actors, individuals and organizations in achieving the 2030 agenda on sustainable development, sharing their results and discuss on their action plans with the public concern on different media supports.  I think the accountability and transparency of the review process can be supported by allowing everyone can bring his opinion on the process of developing this agenda at national, regional and international level, maintaining a wider propaganda of the vision of the 2030 agenda on sustainable development and raising awareness nations share the results and experience obtained by implementing the 2030 agenda on sustainable development.                       Thank You Best Regards    

Adrian Hassler (not verified)

Dear colleagues,the Danish Institute for Human Rights has developed a paper in which we systematically explore the best possible design of efficient Follow-up and Review mechanisms that build on a human rights-based approach to sustainable development. The paper combines an overview of existing and emerging institutional arrangements at national, regional, and global levels with an analysis of experiences and potential contributions of the human rights system to Follow-up and Review of the SDGs.The bedrock of our human rights-based approach to the SDGs is formed by the DIHR Human Rights Guide to the SDGs that provides concrete links between core human rights instruments and all SDG targets. Our analysis shows that more than 90% of SDG targets are inextricably linked to international human rights and labour standards. Therefore, we argue that human rights and the SDGs are tied together in a mutually reinforcing way: human rights offer guidance for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, while the SDGs will in turn contribute substantially to the realization of human rights. Our guide will soon be available as a searchable database in five languages. More information on the Guide and the link to our work can be found in our attached paper.We deem the guiding questions of this discussion highly relevant, and we think that a human rights-based approach can contribute important insights and synergies to all of the three issues at hand.An inclusive and transparent process at the national level clearly constitutes the backbone of the FUR architecture. It is at the national level that the connection between rights-holders and duty-bearers is most direct, and where States are directly accountable to their citizens. We argue that human rights principles can guide the development of inclusive national processes, including by building on experiences from the Universal Periodic Review. Furthermore, human rights treaty bodies and other human rights mechanisms offer a wealth of qualitative analysis and concrete recommendations that can serve to inform national planning and review processes. The human rights system can also contribute substantially both to the thematic debates as well as the voluntary state review at the High-Level Political Forum in order to ensure that the principle of “leaving no one behind” is upheld. Finally, our paper offers an analysis of the opportunities and limitations of the global indicator framework based on a human rights-based approach to data. Full data disaggregation for particular rights-holder groups and participatory data collection are explored as promising avenues to promote human rights through Follow-up and Review to the SDGs.Best regards,Adrian Hassler

SOSSOUGA DOSSE Victor • Deputy Project Manager at ONG: Amis des Etrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

Le suivi et  l'evaluation global des ODD reposent sur le" HLPF" qui doit travailler de façon inclusive avec les représentants des Etats, de la société civile,la CNDH et du secteur scientifique et technologique et sous les auspices de l'ECOSOC. Le suivi et l'évaluation régional se fera par les commissions régionales qui sont déjà compétentes dans le suivi et évaluation. Sur le plan national, les Gouvernements doivent développer une politique inclusive et participative avec les agences spécialisées des Nations Unies, des représentants de la société civile, surtout la société civile qui a des compétences dans le domaine, du secteur privé et du monde scientifique et technologique.

Neil Pierre • Chief at UN

Thematic Window 3: Follow-up and ReviewSummary of Week 1 (29 February – 6 March 2016)This is a brief summary of the first week’s highlights on follow-up and review.  The broad topic included contributions on issues ranging from transparency and accountability measures to programme evaluation and global processes such as the High-level Political Forum. Thank you for your ideas and inputs so far!  I hope you will continue to engage further on these important issues and perhaps we can start to connect the threads between the different aspects of the discussion in the weeks ahead.Question 1:  What are the key components of a comprehensive national review process? What capacities will need to be strengthened at the national level in order to conduct the necessary reviews? How can accountability and transparency of the review process be supported?It was clear from the discussion that there is a lot of work ahead for putting in place the necessary pieces for a comprehensive national process for follow-up and review.  Fortunately, participants referred to concrete experiences, some of them from the MDG era, in discussing the questions. Key components of a comprehensive national review process include the following:

  • A clear, consensus-based plan of action and relevant programme design through which to manage implementation, follow-up and review;
  • Context- and country-specific programmes and processes which respond to “facts on the ground” and do not “copy and paste programme documents” from elsewhere;
  • Necessary level of national capacities for monitoring and evaluation and analysis of public spending;
  • Collaboration with key partners in implementation (civil society and local communities were mentioned predominantly, but also technical experts, development agencies, etc.);
  • Good-quality baseline data for measuring progress;
  • Both qualitative and quantitative data, derived from “beneficiaries as well as technocrats” to inform review.

Transparency and accountability were prioritised by many participants.  There was strong agreement and a useful exchange of examples on the importance of involving beneficiaries, service users and local communities to ensure transparency in follow-up and review. In one participant’s experience, many review processes do not adequately measure the extent of implementation and the degree to which citizens have actually been helped by a given policy intervention.  The involvement of local beneficiaries and their communities can also help to ensure that benchmarks are relevant to local contexts, and this is something that will be important at the next stage of indicator development for the 2030 Agenda at the national level.  Supplementary reporting and review from civil society organisations can lend an important perspective to these processes and ensure best practices are followed for citizen participation.There was some concern expressed about the fact that the SDGs—ambitious as they are—do not reflect a binding commitment on Member States, which could translate into weak implementation efforts and limited benefits from follow-up and review.  However, this line of discussion pointed to the need for increased national ownership—across all stakeholder groups—throughout the process to ensure that States were held accountable by their citizens for progress.Question 2:  How can the follow-up and review at the regional and global level—including through a strong High-level Political Forum under the auspices of ECOSOC and the newly created ECOSOC Forum on Financing for Development—facilitate the achievement of the SDGs?Some of the contributions of national-level needs implied the need for support from regional and global levels.  One participant stated that publicizing and “popularizing” the 2030 Agenda was critical to ensuring an effective follow-up and review process, and investment would be needed for this.  Improving public awareness around global development commitments is typically “a starting point always ignored” in translating global commitments to the national level.  Global and regional sustainable development processes usually invest heavily in preparatory processes leading to adoption of important commitments, projects and action plans. These need to be converted into simple, accessible forms (i.e., non-technical, translated into local languages, etc.).  The EA SusWatch Network was able to raise awareness among the general public and local policymakers about the East African Community Climate Change Policy (2011) by translating and disseminating information about the policy at the local level.    One participant also suggested that external (non-national) actors and processes can bring certain advantages to national review processes by providing independent, unbiased assessment of a country’s progress.  However, any such assessment would still need to be complementary to a nationally led implementation, follow-up and review. Question 3:  What steps need to be taken to put in place the evidence base (i.e. established, new and emerging sources of data and monitoring capacities) to help track progress on the 2030 Agenda and inform decision-making where course correction is needed?Continuing an earlier theme developed in response to Question 1, participants promoted the enhancement of information, communication, public awareness and education vis-à-vis the 2030 Agenda as necessary steps to ensuring that decision-making was informed, evidence-based and accountable.   One participant said that in his organization’s development work, “One lesson [has been] that a gradual investment in information, communication, public awareness and education eventually pays off in terms of strengthening community empowerment to influence implementation of activities in a cost effective and efficient way, while strengthening their stake in such interventions.”In particular, participatory monitoring and review will act as a catalyst for implementation of the new Agenda and provide regular feedback for implementation.  This would guide corrective actions in areas where bottlenecks are preventing progress. One participant described how citizen stories can be powerful ways to capture information and data from even the remotest areas. With the diffusion of mobile phones, computers, networking and social media tools, there is likely to be an additional need to sharpen skills and support citizen monitoring. This could include the collection and aggregation of information through the exchange of photos and videos in real time.Other citizen mobilization tools suggested include: “community information sheets, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) [documents], newsletters, radio and TV programmes, community meetings, exhibitions during global thematic days, and making use of a range of social media”It was suggested that using big data to inform the follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda could prove beneficial at the national level.  However, given the capacity gaps in many countries, its effective use would need to be supported by regional and global efforts. Linking big data to the visualization of data measuring progress and other variables, one participant—at the moderator’s suggestion—looked at the work of UN Global Pulse and found several relevant examples that could inform follow-up and review (e.g., monitoring international and national coverage of implementation; incorporating feedback through mobile technology to inform planning and decision-making in real time). 

Nasir Iqbal (not verified)

Hi to evry one of this group i am new in this group and I would like to comment on Social and sutainable development which can only be take place by empowering rural communities through enhancing their market and business skills in collective marketing that can create the descion power and leadership qualities and bargaining of their agro products.  

Melaku Geleta Wakjira (not verified)

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implicationsBy Melaku Geleta WakjiraDear Moderator,This is very useful platform to the UNECOSOC & UNDP to get global reflections towards the UN global support in the context of a ground and national realities. I believe, within these contexts, practical examples would be forwarded in order to address the subject under discussions. My commentary and advices in the three pints flagged by you are spinning around such perspectives. Thank you very much for this early stage chances and e-discussions which I think are critically important to influence the SDG’s 2016-2030 directions;

  1. How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.)?
  2. At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?
  3. How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?

 

  • Least developed countries: for these nations the “Leave no one behind” principle applied through working for inclusive development where the basic needs of the entire nations would to be fulfilled by taking forward the 17 SDG’s  and 169 specific activities. For these nations, having a development model striving for a middle income society must be a priority task. As we all know, under this category cheap labor and abundantly found NR is easily available. However, there is scarcity of foreign direct investments, most of the productions systems are yet at primitive level, technological advancement & opportunities for innovation are at infancy level, research and scientific discoveries are unthinkable, industrialization is not yet reached to the levels of full scale development and the economy is mainly dependent on foreign aid and high loan burden. In contrary to this, the available human and natural resources potential can be converted to economic use, to be tapped to improve the life of the multitudes. This shows that, the availability of a glimmer of hope for successful implementations of SDG’s during 2016-2030. What is required is, to have a clear vision working towards inclusive economic, political and social transformation, lead and guided by democratic political and good governance system. To this category, an inclusive development path is highly recommended because, the issues of marginalization, the rights of indigenous people, resource based conflicts, illicit economic/ financial flow, trans-boundary crimes, the impacts of climate change, population growth, radicalism and terrorism, absences of good governance and corruptions are mainly sourced from the absences of inclusive development approaches.  Unless these issues are properly captured in the due courses of utilizing the available NR and human resources,  followed by improving the life livelihoods of the nation, finally targeted to reach to middle income society , therefore, the vision for 2016-2030 'Leave no one behind' is inconceivable. The primary assignments of the least developing countries should be, first to be ready to provide inclusive and highly prioritized development plan to the nation, second get a national consent & endorsement of their people on the plan, third adhere to the democratic rules of law, fourth mobilize a required resources for the implementation, fifth do the implementation in accountable ways under established good governance system & monitoring & evaluation instruments.  

                

  • Middle-income countries: Take parts of  what has been said above from  least developed countries  and yet, within the middle income countries;

 

  • Improved and quality job creation is still what is required 

 

  • Improved & sustainable sources of income needed

 

  • Improved technology and full scale IT utilization for technological  advancement is very critical  

 

  • Improved,  resilient and diversified economic system must lead the pave to a rod of  high income countries is critical towards SDG’s implementations    

  

  • High-income countries: Everyone must be clear that no one can leave in isolated world without understanding the other corner of the globe. If we try, we are driving unsustainable boat may sink at some point or crash at some time. The developing worlds are very important to the existences of high income counties. In this case, the following points are highly recommended to this category;

 

  • It has to start with maintaining what has been achieved in the past and followed by having  a visionary plan for inclusive and sustainable world. There are issues becoming trans-national, trans-boundary, trans-economy, trans-culture, trans-religion that potentially threatening the sustainability of our planet including the high income society. The responsibility of the developed world is threefold compared to the remaining world in implementing SDG’s. This nation needs to improve their national population growth policy for sustainable national development. These nations are on missing of the middle age generation. There are two ways to sustain what has been done by their forefathers; improve their internal population growth policy or support the middle income society to have improved human development policy that strategically can be absorbed by the economy of high income society. Using the fully nurtured and practically proofed democratic system in the highly developed nations, the high income courtiers should support the development of the remaining world as they able to have secured and protected political and economic system. The more fragile stats we are having in the world, the less the international security existing. Improving this context would guarantee the strategic, economic and development needs & alliances of high income counties with other nations usually cross boundary alliances. The 17 SDG’s and 169 activities are effective instruments to practically exercising the above facts for the interest of both high & low-income countries.

 

  • Encourage international companies to go to the developing countries to promote foreign direct investments. This would strategically help the highly developed countries to decrease issues related to human trafficking, cross border crimes, illegal migrations, and terrorism. In additions, highly developed countries are equally responsible to decrease a climate change impacts in low income countries through supporting green economy initiatives. More than 50% of SDG’s agendas are crafted to address challenges directly related to climate change impacts which were primarily caused by industrialized world, keep suffering economies of poor world under chronic food and human security. The way the high income countries support the agenda should emanate from the global goal for having sustainable and safe world. Hence, the resources for investment, the strategic support expected for 2016-2030 SDG’s implementation must be injected from high income countries for mutual & global accountability.      

  

  • Fragile states; Most problems observed in fragile stats are resulted from failure to deliver on national security and needs for development. This failure is growing to another and a new religion-political ideology. Fundamentalism, radicalism, its associated impacts are becoming international concerns. Because of poor handling of the problems at early stages, so many crises flourished and affecting the world in many directions.  If we conduct a strategic impact inquiry in the fragile countries, we can see a critical association between politics, economy and religion (these have become inseparable ideologies). The SDG’s was announced where this agenda was reached at its pick in the failed states and already understood as global challenge. The fate of the implementation of the SDG’s is primarily falling on the shoulder of politics, tolerance, peace and security. The peace and security issues are still a problem for leaders of the fragile states to come together to have a national vision. Most of the failed state and potentially failed states leaders are motivated by attitudes of narrow nationalism & narrow economic interests. The national vision is secondary matter to them. They have failed to think inclusively. SDG’s begin with thinking’s of inclusive development with a motto saying “no one left behind” at the end of 2030. Inclusivity wouldn’t be achieved without national reconciliation. What can be done to implement SDG’s in the fragile states is that, the problems related to peace and security must get a full attention of the UN and its alliances. Once the fragile and potentially at margin fragile states leaders make a clear demarcation between ideologies, local interests and national interests, then, they will have a national vision which is a precondition to deliver on SDG’s. A practical role of the UN must be on assuring how to bring stability through the participation of the local community and political vanguards of each failed & potentially failed states. But we should not forget that each year the number of countries on the borderline of failed sates is increasing. Unless the world able to manage the existing one, we shall have more fragile sates sooner or later. We are on the age of easy communication of cross boundary crisis. We have a very a good lesson for the UN and it alliances to be taken as example. We all remember the Arab spring invaded so many countries in a very few months. All involved national are sharing certain things in common. We know what happing across those countries. Similarly, such cross country crisis could ignite any time in any parts of the world that could potentially invade so many countries. Therefore, in a context of fragile states, the chance for the successful SDG’s 2016-2030 implementation is based on delivering on required political reforms followed by provision of inclusive political and economic policies.

  

Neil Pierre • Chief at UN

Thematic Window 3: Follow-up and ReviewSummary of Week 2 (7 to 13 March)Thanks to everyone who participated this past week.  I have been reading with interest your respective contributions and am looking forward to seeing where the discussion takes us next.  Ultimately, our goal is to collect good ideas and concrete recommendations for effectively supporting follow-up and review of actions in support of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development at each level – national, regional and global. Here are a few of the main points I took from your contributions in the second week:

  • This week was interesting, in part, because of the focus put by multiple contributions on the synergies between the 2030 Agenda and international human rights norms, as well as potential options for learning from follow-up and review processes in the human rights sphere.  The central principle from the 2030 Agenda of “no one left behind” has animated much of the discussion on these synergies.  A contributor from the Danish Institute for Human Rights shared a paper they have released on design options for efficient follow-up and review mechanisms that build on a human rights-based approach to sustainable development, which I look forward to reading.  Their analysis argues that more than 90 per cent of the SDGs and targets are linked to international human rights and labour standards, and there are clearly a number of examples showing that strong commitments to human rights and sustainable development can be mutually supportive.  In this regard, it was proposed that the human rights system could contribute substantially both to the thematic debates as well as the voluntary national reviews at the High-Level Political Forum in order to ensure that the principle of “leaving no one behind” is upheld.  For more on some of the internal UN thinking on these synergies, I’d recommend looking at the Report of the Secretary-General on the architecture for follow-up and review (see link my original post).

 

  • National level actions are the backbone of the follow-up and review architecture.  However, the UN will need to contribute substantially by providing a space for the exchange of knowledge and experiences on implementation trends and challenges within countries, and by defining well the process for reporting on progress within countries.  Having clear guidance on reporting to the global level could help to ensure clarity on the sequencing of objectives, areas to strengthen and initiatives needed to improve results.

 

  • The importance of universal follow-up and review was underlined by one contributor as having various implications at both the national level and for the United Nations system.  Under a universal agenda, the UN system will be called on to provide differentiated support for sustainable development according to different country needs.  There should be broad parameters for reporting that are laid out for all participants in the Agenda alongside built in methods for supporting follow-up and review in the varied contexts and realities of different countries (whether fragile states, the least developed countries, middle-income countries or advanced economies).

 

  • Better information helps us to make better decisions, which highlights the need for quality data in support of evidence-based decision-making, follow-up and review.  One participant focused on the potential of digital technologies, Internet communication and e-learning as tools for promoting high-quality knowledge-sharing and analysis on sustainable development progress (e.g., in the areas of maternal mortality and morbidity, education).  Linked to this, full data disaggregation and participatory data collection were put forward as essential for ensuring accurate measurement of progress on the SDGs.

 

  • Improving awareness and increasing channels of communication between the various SDG stakeholders were mentioned as key areas needing improvement, especially during this early period of the new Agenda.  As was emphasised in the first week of the e-Discussion, improvements in these areas can ensure transparency and accountability.
Lanre Rotimi (not verified)

Dear e-Discussion Facilitator,We commend all contributors whose ideas and suggestions have been included in Week 3 Summary in this 2030 Follow Up and Review Theme.This e-Discussion has Three Themes, at the time of this Post Follow Up and Review had 28 Comments; National Implementation has 187 Comments and 2030 Agenda: Scope and Implications had 120 Comments. It is ONLY in National Implementation Theme that the e-Discussion Facilitators are ACTIVE and its Facilitator from Brazil particularly Skilled in drafting appropriate follow up How questions. Is there a Link between the higher interaction in National Implementation Theme and its higher Comments Volume?Records show that only NEHAP/ISPE/EAG set out answers to How questions and that answers intended for How questions were in reality answers to What questions and that What questions have been over-answered. It is clear that there are many Cross Cutting Issues in the Three Themes. Is there a Link between Lack of Competences to answer How questions and lower Comments Volume in Follow Up and Review Theme?Please find attached two Focused Points Papers. We have in these two Papers which should be read together, provided clarification and information on the MASTER KEYS of How To(s) and Know How(s) at minimum certain levels required from Village to Global Stakeholders, if National Goals aligned and harmonized to Global Goals Vision Ambitions are to be achieved by 2030 Target date.It is our hope that this submission would stimulate more interactive discussion between e-Discussion Facilitator and Participants that would enrich the Follow Up and Review component of the UNDP and UNDESA Reoprt on e-Discussion 2016 Outcome that would be presented to ECOSOC.Best wishes

Gleh Appleton

Certainly, I agree with the many points made around sustaining the actions around a successful follow-up and the role of micro, meso, macro and meta level stakeholders involvement in implementation of the SDG/Agenda 2030. Indeed, Civil Society at the grassroots, local, national, regional and global level has a key role to play in independent follow-up actions.  But, lets not forget that while national planing is linked to the global indicators, national systems have the highest responsibilities (adoptinig, financing and reporting) to drive, lead and deliver against those indicators they integrate at the national level. While we have experienced some level of challenges in this role, in my opinion, the core of the problem; taking cues from the MDGs implementation, has been the lack of an effective national "Monitoring and Evaluation Framework" that tracks the efficiency, effectiveness, quality and most impoetantly verifies the  accuracy of the information on deliverables that were reported against by countries in the MDGs implementation. As is always the case in policy/programme analysis, there has been a big difference between the policy level reports provided by Governments and the practice on the grounds. This gap must be strategically bridged in the implementation of the Agenda 2030 framework to attain "Real Global Success".  I would like to hypothesize at this stage that "The degree of real global sucess attained in advancing human development against Agenda 2030 implementation is directly propotional to the degree by which the gap between the Agenda 2030 policy and practice implementation is bridged in the next 15 years". It is my argument that only a robust global approcah toward strengthening regional and national level M&E and Results-based system that we can truely achieve the Aganda 2030. Hence, I am proposing a model. Please see attached my specific recommendations. I am sure some of the ideas may be conflict with already existing systems, but the concept remains my point.  Should this claim your interest in any way, I am available for further discussions. Gleh Huston Appletongleh.appleton@one.un.org+256771022861

Lanre Rotimi (not verified)

Dear e-Discussion Facilitator,Further to points made in yesterday's Post,  as the Facilitators on the Three Themes are expected to send UNDP and UNDESA Report on e-Discussion 2016 Outcome to ECOSOC that are expected to focus on action-oriented recommendations for steps and measures to close remaining gaps, meet challenges and accelerate implementation, to be taken by Governments, relevant intergovernmental bodies, mechanisms and entities of the United Nations system and other stakeholders" we wish to make the following recommendations:

  1. Promote immediate selection of One Worldwide Approach, Whole of the UN System including WBG and IMF Approach
  2. Promote immediate Shift from silos to synergy and fragmentation to Multi Stakeholder Partnership, MSP
  3. Promote Innovative Use of Science and Technology
  4. Promote Innovative Use of Monitoring and Evaluation for Result
  5. Promote Innovative Use of Finance for Development Result
  6. Promote Change and Modernization in the UN System including WBG and IMF to become Fit for the 21st Century and to become more cost effective and deliver better.
  7. Promote Attitudinal, Behavioural and Cultural Change within the UN System including WBG and IMF
  8. Immediately address the current lack of clarity with regard to an overall point of integration to synthesize and oversee the implementation effort in its entirety.
  9. Immediately address all How To(s) and Know How(s) within (1) – (8)

To DO this Stakeholders need more detailed information that we have set out in UNDP and UNDESA e-Discussion 2016 Focused Points Paper Series, Papers 1 - 4.Papers 2 and 3 have been Posted.Paper 1 is attached herewith.Also Paper 4 attached herewith, has been produced from UN Chief Executives Board fro Coordination, CEB November 2015 Summary of Conclusions.Best wishes,Lanre RotimiDirector GeneralInternational Society for Poverty Elimination /Economic Alliance Group andDirector NEHAP (New End Hunger and Poverty)

Priscilla (not verified)

Thank you all for this very rich discussion of an area that i regard as very necessary in the programming! Areas that will require to be looked up in the follow up and review process are the aspects of data management as whole and of acknowledging failure in the lesson planning process.  As long as we keep focusing only on the positive aspects and failing to recognize failures, so as to learn, then the aspect of transparency will never be achieved in full? The involvement of institutions of higher learning in defining and acknowledging good and promising implementation practices that are guided by the basis of programming , should be sought after. The implementation of programmes have to be supported by Monitoring, evaluation and learning frameworks that are embedded within independent structures at the national level and heavily supported by specific UN mandated agency .Currently implementation and action evaluations are usually biased first to implementing what the organization know best, and not based on the needs of the people , the problem identification phase is usually rushed due to this reason and programmes designed may not be fit for the purpose, and therefore lack interest from the communities being supported. this too has an effect on the data collection process that is very limited as it serves only that particular project and may not be useful after the project timeline.The other aspect is on the recommendations, most of the evaluations end with the evaluators as no follow up is done of what was proposed to improve the programming, just as we have various technical working groups per sector of intervention, then inclusion of a role in M,E and learning  has to be part of their terms and should be coordinated by at the National level with link to the Region level.Thank you . Priscilla.

Barbara Rogers • from United Kingdom

I am concerned that the recommendations on women's participation in development, and particularly the need to decide freely whether or when to have children, are too easily put into a separate "ghetto" and not applied to the whole of the development agenda.   Work on family planning has been left to UNFPA, a small and not well-funded agency which does excellent work but cannot hope to get the resources available to the big international agencies. UNFPA is also required to do other important work, including census development, which further restricts the resources available for family planning. Even Unicef, whose whole purpose is the welfare of mothers and children, have a block on supplying much-needed contraceptiuon from their own resources. Similarly, the World Health Organisation does not help directly (although it does useful regulatory work in this field). Modern contraception, provided obviously oin a voluntary basis,  has to be one of the most cost-effective interventions in the development field and they should all be putting their money into it.    The solution I propose is for Ecosoc or individual groups of governments to present a resolution to the General Assembly instructing all the specialised agencies to work with UNFPA to develop greatly expanded programmes of family planning.

Antonio Roque (not verified)

In the future world, we all care about each other, nations and people in a dynamic wheel of intelligently and strategically sharing each others burdens, the brotherhood of humanity in a gigantic wheel of affection and balance, no one shall be left behind due to the gravity of love and shared resources that are get technologically being acquired preserving the planet. Maybe reaching the point where everyone in the planet is entitled to a very small and basic monthly salary to guarantee minimum survival, continuity, spiritual and human evolution and economical activation, unlocking an intelligent growth engine, by sovereignty enforcement or donated funds. Poverty is everywhere in this planet in rich or poor countries.Legal and technological systems can be used to channel diplomatic, security, political, institutional and business resolutions via the UN SDG and to achieve this we would need:1. The self-government – freedom, spirituality, self-control, sense of duty, wisdom, openness and moral from citizens.2. The local government-supportive to NGOs3. The regional government-countries4. The United Nations Parliamentary system of the people for earth, space and universal affairs, en.unpacampaign.org5. The supporting NGOs from all over the world6. The United nations organizations7. The United Nations – for the nations8. Supporting groups of countries by their status:– G20– Fragile state groups– BRICS– Commercial state groups–         And others… The UN with the SDG is able to ensure balanced policy coherence by diversity and understanding strategic country needs as a pickup for future progress and frame, each country and UN organisation with a specific studied case of integration of the SDG.The United nations and each of the UN organisations would present and negotiate a designed program with each government under the SDG. What are the most important SDG to that country? How can we integrate the SDG in a win-win situation; key pickup points are important to value and integrate the SDG program.The UN could also operate a quantum computer ex:www.dwavesys.com to analyse and monitor trade, data from several sources for example analysing the traffic of commodities like in a traffic light system, monitoring the progress of the SDG worldwide by all the sources etc… having more efficient view and transparency of what is happening. Country integration should be done by jointly UN, UN organisations and governments work together side by side to understand the main key points of action and the main key SDG more important to that country; the country would nominate some body or person to lead the negotiations and create this joint project and study. Starting by a proposal from the UN. Probably the UN could have a representative in the parliament of that country.Exchanging and communicating via a cloud platform with video, chat, messaging, documents exchange etc..The program for the types of country would have to be deeply analyzed having all factors in case, economical development, levels of poverty, technological awareness, cultural and spiritual orientation, environmental and industrial progress etc…studies have to be made and global opinions have to be collected and final decisions with countries for joint project development to target local areas have to be made. At local level the UN would have to have in reference the government to work with the local private and public organisations of the country, the NGOs and ECOSOC NGOS would be able to help and integrate as well and and this local organisations are the ones that should report progress directly to the UN with the government awareness.All this can be done with joint government development and diplomacy, creating and integrating the needs of the country with SDG, getting reports and monitoring with local private-public organizations, creating awareness campaigns to the people and using technologically quantum computing power, cloud solutions and platformswww.wapo-int.orgwapohq@gmail.com

Henry Nnadozie Ekwuruke • Executive Director and Chief Consultant at Development Generation Africa International from Nigeria

<p>Evaluation and promotion makes a project life cycle complete and impactful. We think that accountability and transparency of the review processes be supported at the legislative organs of our government and get the judiciary involved too. Nigeria needs capacity building in our executive on governance and effective transition from traditional military mentality to democracy "people government equals people sustainable development." Leaving no one behind and reaching the furthest in our rural areas. UNECA have to help align the Agenda 2063 with Agenda 2030 so that Africa will not be left behind the more.</p><p>Africa should have money work for us because the Financing for Development Conference was held in our home soil. The civil society must be financed and supported to wake up with better financing and capacity to serve as #SDGs watch-dogs at the national, regional and international level; the government should adopt peer-review maybe Nigeria learning from and working with and teaching Rwanda. Does it work NEPAD? Kindly read my article as attached. Thank you.</p>

Henry Nnadozie Ekwuruke • Executive Director and Chief Consultant at Development Generation Africa International from Nigeria

Evaluation and promotion makes a project life cycle complete and impactful. We think that accountability and transparency of the review processes be supported at the legislative organs of our government and get the judiciary involved too. Nigeria needs capacity building in our executive on governance and effective transition from traditional military mentality to democracy "people government equals people sustainable development." Leaving no one behind and reaching the furthest in our rural areas. UNECA have to help align the Agenda 2063 with Agenda 2030 so that Africa will not be left behind the more.</p><p>Africa should have money work for us because the Financing for Development Conference was held in our home soil. The civil society must be financed and supported to wake up with better financing and capacity to serve as #SDGs watch-dogs at the national, regional and international level; the government should adopt peer-review maybe Nigeria learning from and working with and teaching Rwanda. Does it work NEPAD? Kindly read my article as attached. Thank you.

SOSSOUGA DOSSE Victor • Deputy Project Manager at ONG: Amis des Etrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

Sans financement de la société civile rien ne peut démarer. Mais il faut que la société civile soit compétente et responsable pour la gestion des fonds et des initiatives.

Jordi Baltà (not verified)

Improving monitoring mechanisms and indicators is indeed fundamental to ensure effective implementation of the 2030 Agenda and of national review processes. At the same time, the difficulties encountered to design suitable indicator frameworks adapted to the complexity of the 2030 Agenda point to the need to re-think some existing assessment approaches.One important step in this respect involves the localisation of the 2030 Agenda and the strengthening of local capacities to measure and make use of data at sub-national level, including through the increased availability of disaggregated data.On the other hand, as indicated by the UN Secretary-General in 2014, ‘alternative measures of progress, beyond GDP’ are necessary, and ‘new measures of subjective wellbeing are potentially important new tools for policy-making’ (“The Road to Dignity by 2030”, para 135). One important area where further investment is necessary is the improvement of capacities and methodologies for the collection of data on cultural aspects related to sustainable development at local and national level. Important initiatives have been established in recent years (e.g. UNESCO’s Culture for Development Indicators Programme), but the required understanding and data collection capacities are missing in many countries – the non-availability of appropriate data ends up becoming a major hindrance to better integrating cultural aspects in sustainable development strategies, despite the increasing recognition that culture is a driver and an enabler of sustainable development. Therefore, investment in this area should be considered in the coming years.

Neil Pierre • Chief at UN

Weekly summary of Thematic Window 3 (14-20 March)Thanks again for all of the contributions this past week on the discussion of the follow-up and review architecture for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.  We only have a few days left in the e-Discussion, but some of the messages I’m taking away from the past week include the following:1. Acknowledge failure:  One contributor mentioned something that will be a big challenge for SDG follow-up and review at all levels -- “As long as we keep focusing only on the positive aspects and failing to recognize failures, so as to learn, then the aspect of transparency will never be achieved in full” the contributor wrote.  Indeed, acknowledging failure has been a challenge in the context of MDG follow-up and review, though there are some examples of knowledge sharing/exchanges among States on their progress (e.g., the National Voluntary Presentations in the UN Economic and Social Council).  At the global level, it is hoped that the proper conditions and incentives can be put in place—especially as part of the global High-level Political Forum—to encourage frank, transparent discussions among States and other stakeholders on overcoming setbacks and bottlenecks to SDG progress.2.  Bottom-up, instead of top-down:  There are persistent concerns that implementation is often very top-down and does not sufficiently engage with the needs and realities of local communities.  Programme design can therefore be unfit for purpose.  Follow-up and review will be fruitless if the 2030 Agenda has not been effectively localised within countries.  Successful localisation includes the need to strengthen local capacities for follow-up and review, such as skills for measuring and making use of data at national and sub-national levels.3.  Coherence with regional processes:  Efforts to localise and align will need to be done on a regional basis as well.  One contributor highlighted that within certain regions, such as Africa, there are fairly advanced sustainable development plans already in place (e.g., Agenda 2063), which need to be aligned coherently with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.4.  Following up on recommendations:  A contributor who specialises in monitoring and evaluation stated that too often—in the evaluation of development programmes—recommendations are made but little else happens to ensure they are absorbed and/or responded to.  This will also be an important component of the follow-up and review process for the 2030 Agenda, and it arguably has received less attention in many discussions on architecture than has the “input” side. 5.  Enabling civil society:  Finally, an important reminder was made about the need for civil society to be fully enabled to fulfil its role as a major stakeholder in the follow-up and review process.  Particularly in developing countries, civil society organisations often operate in an environment of scarce resources which can make it difficult to engage with complex processes requiring specific capacities. This needs greater consideration in the discussion of follow-up and review for the 2030 Agenda.  

Olga Speranskaya

Dear e-Discussion Facilitator, I fully agree with point 5 made in today's Post "Weekly summary". I represent IPEN which is a network of more than 700 civil society organizations in more than 100 countries. Itsactivities contribute to the achievement of a number of SDGs, including Goals 1,2,3,6, and 14. IPEN contributes to Goal 1 by working in developing economies on non-toxic production processes, safe waste disposal, environmental and health justice and community right to know. IPEN contributesto Goal 2 to ensure sustainable food production systems by calling for substituting highly hazardous pesticides with an ecosystem-based approach. IPEN’s Global Lead Paint Elimination Campaign contributes to Goal 3 by succeeding in the reduction of lead exposure on the health of children. IPEN’s Mercury-Freecampaign provides input to the implementation of Goals 6 and 14. It identified oceans as reservoirs for mercury and supports efforts to implement the Minamata mercury treaty. IPEN continues working with stakeholders to ensure that chemical safety is part of national targets, development agendas and poverty eradication strategies. IPEN does its best to ensure that civil society groups, especially those from developing and transition economies are fully involved in SDG implementation in their respective countries and regions and works with other stakeholders and governments to facilitate their dialogue with the civil society groups.    

Huwayda Mohamed Ibrahim Ali

Dear Facilitator, I strongly agree with point 2 where it is necessary to strengthening the local community  for review and follow up. Localization of the needs and its bottom recognition are the important factors for sustainable development. Also point 5,yes,  civil sociey participation or enrollment is important but this will be acheived when civil society is capable enough.

Abdurazak Mohamed Hassan (not verified)

Dear ModeratorI would like to add few other points before this discussion is concluded:Coordinating aid programme in developing and least developed countries: This can be done through joint programming with coordination committees, even if some kind of joint programming is established it will be futile unless proper structure and coordination unit with some sort of managerial role is established. This is one way of avoiding double dipping, value for money, consolidated reporting system per sector and will later make easier the review process.Building on existing capacities: If national programme is to be started in a country then that programme should build on the outcomes of the previous programme, if for example UNDP has supported the development of the planning, budgeting  and accountability programme in a country then the World Bank can step in to support the funding of development projects.Case studies of both successes and failures can also help the review process, they can show the lessons learnt from both the successes and the failures, so establishing a case study systems and selecting few of them for building up on changing approaches or new approaches can be helpful.  Case studies can be very enlightening when they are written by nationals or by the locals, I mean people who live in the area, who knew what existed before, what changed and how the life of the people has improved after the intervention.  Abdurazak 

Carolina Beatriz Venegas Martinez • Academic Operations Manager at Northeastern University

Dear Abdurazak,I completely agree with you, specially on case of studies. Having testimonies of locals who really know, suffer and benefit from the implementation and changes is key. Having analysis from the goverment side is fine, but at the end in those entities the indicator is more important that the live experience. Many times in developing countries (and here I am speaking about my home country, Colombia) many indicators show a very different reality and at the end the solution never arrives to the really in need. In fact, there are many useful methodologies to measure change (positive or negative) and life quality improvement but sometimes are not properly implemented or are completely out of context.  Some ex-ante and ex-post assessment technologies should be developed and implemented according to each scenario. That is another existing problem. So many times the change is measured by using methodologies and indicators that are completely out of context. Those results say nothing but a fake reality that again, the most affected ones are the people who live in the area, and as you mentioned in your post, they are the real actors "who knew what existed before and what changed and how the life of the people has improved after the intervention". This makes the general monitoring a bit more complicated, but more effective indeed. In addition, when failure is reported many people think that it is not good, when in fact that is the most useful result. In general terms, people fear failure. However, we have more to be learnt from failure -as changes are needed- than from the positive or expected results. Failure opens up the opportunity for change, improvement, growth. Failure makes everything susceptible to change to evolve, and in terms of sustainability nothing is written in stone. 

Abdurazak Mohamed Hassan (not verified)

Dear ModeratorI would like to add few other points before this discussion is concluded:Coordinating aid programme in developing and least developed countries: This can be done through joint programming with coordination committees, even if some kind of joint programming is established it will be futile unless proper structure and coordination unit with some sort of managerial role is established. This is one way of avoiding double dipping, value for money, consolidated reporting system per sector and will later make easier the review process.Building on existing capacities: If national programme is to be started in a country then that programme should build on the outcomes of the previous programme, if for example UNDP has supported the development of the planning, budgeting  and accountability programme in a country then the World Bank can step in to support the funding of development projects.Case studies of both successes and failures can also help the review process, they can show the lessons learnt from both the successes and the failures, so establishing a case study systems and selecting few of them for building up on changing approaches or new approaches can be helpful.  Case studies can be very enlightening when they are written by nationals or by the locals, I mean people who live in the area, who knew what existed before, what changed and how the life of the people has improved after the intervention.  Abdurazak 

Lanre Rotimi (not verified)

Dear e-Discussion Facilitator,Further to points made in yesterday's Post,  as the Facilitators on the Three Themes are expected to send UNDP and UNDESA Report on e-Discussion 2016 Outcome to ECOSOC that are expected to focus on action-oriented recommendations for steps and measures to close remaining gaps, meet challenges and accelerate implementation, to be taken by Governments, relevant intergovernmental bodies, mechanisms and entities of the United Nations system and other stakeholders" please find attached Focused Points Paper 5.We urge Stakeholders to please recognize that the detailed information that we have set out in UNDP and UNDESA e-Discussion 2016 Focused Points Paper Series, Papers 1 - 5 need to be taken together for Best Results.Best wishes,Lanre RotimiDirector GeneralInternational Society for Poverty Elimination /Economic Alliance Group andDirector NEHAP (New End Hunger and Poverty)

Spanda Foundation • Chair of the Board at Spanda Foundation

Dear e-Discussion Facilitator,
Further to point 2 made in today's Post "Weekly summary", our experience in programme designing re: implementation, follow-up and review, strongly suggests the adoption of Spanda’s "Middle Council" methodology consisting of a multi-stakeholder participatory process merging the bottom-up and the top-down approaches to reach a shared "Middle Outcome" comprising both perspectives.

Best wishes,

Sahlan Momo
Chair of the Board
Spanda Foundation

Ayse Yesim Erkan Yetiser (not verified)

We welcome the Secretary General’s report to CSW60, which specifically refers to “the key role of women’s leadership and women’s civil society organizations” in all aspects and levels of 2030 Agenda. We would like to note our suggestions for equal, effective, transparent and well-resourced participation of women and feminist organizations, at all levels, to ensure a gender – responsive and human rights based sustainable development.Our suggestion for the optimization of this process is the inclusion of women, throughout their life course, and women’s and feminist organizations at every step and level of the implementation, monitoring, follow up and review of the SDGs and the Beijing PfA.  

Alex Warren-Rodriguez (not verified)

Dear NeilOn your first question – I believe it will be critical to approach national SDG reviews as forward-looking, policy dialogue exercises, not simply as the production of a stand-alone SDG Monitoring Report.Taking such an approach can help governments and national stakeholders identify drivers and bottlenecks to the implementing the 2030 Agenda in an open, evidence-based and inclusive way, and identify interventions that can help accelerate progress towards achieving the SDGs by 2030. It can also help assess SDG progress in a more system-wide and integrated way, and avoid ending in a goal-by-goal review of the SDGs that fails to capture the interconnections between the different dimensions of sustainable development.A number of capacities and conditions need to be in place to make such an approach possible and make it work:-       Ensuring that national stakeholders have full understanding and buy-in of the integrated and interconnected nature of the SDGs. This is to a large extend about advocacy around the SDGs. Advocacy not only to raise awareness about the 2030 Agenda, but also about the concept and principles of Sustainable Development and what they involve.-       Providing the analytical tools and resources that can inform system-wide thinking around issues of sustainable development. This is partly about building or strengthening analytical capacities in government and academic/research institutions. But also about fostering local community of practices around SDG analytics, that contribute to knowledge generation and sharing.-       Finally, it is critical to approach this from a policy dialogue and policy learning perspective, in terms of enriching the analysis and understanding of sustainable development trends in a given country by bring in the views, perspective and knowledge of all stakeholders, and doing so in an iterative way.I hope these thoughts are useful and can help in the design of comprehensive national SDG review exercises.Best regards Alex Warren-Rodríguez 

Ruzanna Tarverdyan • Founding President at The Geneva Consensus Foundation

We submit that the solutions for Sustainable development in the interconnected Global world- two multiple dimensional phenomenon, entail a significant paradigm shift towards systems analysis and matrix thinking to address inter-temporal effectiveness-efficiency-equity challenges for future generations. 

Ruzanna Tarverdyan • Founding President at The Geneva Consensus Foundation

We propose Data Envelopment Analysis, as the:• Participatory: interactive-iterative performance evaluation system that expands the notion of competitiveness beyond the economic dimension,• Basis for integrated-packages of policy advice for comprehensive global, regional and industry agendas,• Surveillance instrument track development progress; to achieve consensus on how to simultaneously maximize benefits and minimize the costs of globalizationWe submit that the only legitimate means to ensure transparency and ownership over the development process are interconnected mechanisms of policy dialogue and consensus-building. We argue that attaining sustainable development is a social movement entailing social dialogue to elicit consensus. Achieving sustainable development calls for synergies and coherence of three pillars of social, economic and environmental development, based on principles of: democracy, solidarity, and gender justice.

Rosemary KALAPURAKAL • Deputy Director at UNDP

How do we identify ways in which the most innovative ways of monitoring and follow-up are undertaken? How will these be shared with other countries in similar settings? This may be effective through regional discussions but often, there are issues that cut across reginoal groupings. For instance, what does effective monitoring look like in fragile and conflict affected settings? If no credible data and statistics exist for groups on the margin (at most risk of being left behind), what role do networks of partners, technologies, volunteers have to play in ensuring that this gap is addressed in the monitoring process?

Olga Speranskaya

I believe global networks of civil society groups could play a significant role in generating new data and working with marginalised communities. For developing countries working through such networks is some times the only way to monitor the implementation of the national and international regulations and agreements. For example data generated by IPEN participating organisations on mercury in human hair, fish and cosmetics as well as lead in paints was appreciated and used by many governments as the basis for their work on the national regulations. 

Marcotulio Humberto Cardona

para un buen seguimiento y revision de los ODS, debe haber comunicacion y dialogo entre gobierno y sociedad civil, movimiento sociales; se debe conformar o crear una coordinacion nacional o Foro intersectorial con apoyo de Pnud, agencia de la Onu para el desarrollo, donde esten involucrados todos los movimiento sociales, adultos mayores, mujeres, jovenes, niño y niñas, migrantes, academicos, profesionales, donde se vaya observando y monitoriado el proceso de los objetivos, cmo cada uno tienes metas e indicadores, esos los que se deben tomar en cuenta al momento de evaluar, a corto, mediano y largo plazo

N'diaye (not verified)

Bonjour , j'apprécie le travail qui a été abattu, mais j'ai quelques observations à faire pour que les objectifs soient atteints en 2030.Premièrement, il faut chercher à outiller les hommes de medias sur les notions et techniques d'investigation sur les thematiques de bonne gouvernance, du developpement durable et  la justice pour tous les maux qui peuvent faire freiner le developper les objectifs soit connus. Deuxiement exiger des dedecideurs de publier les conventions, contrats et genres....troisièmement faire la vulgarisation des textes et les contrats dans les langues du terroir pour que les communautés puissent cerner à mieux les problèmes et les dificultés auxquelles, elles sont confrontés.... quatrièmement, mettre les moyens à disposition des ONG pour la spécialisation des medias en Afrique...En fin, créer des organes spécialisés....Je vous remercie  

Rick Orser • from Canada

Parliamentary Representation on High Level Political Forum (HLPF)Dear All,I am concerned the HLPF "Major Groups" (silo) form of representation is not sufficient in order to really address the many challenges and issues you are raising here.  I would like to articulate a proposal (a vision) that might help with the entire SDG follow-up and review process.  I would like to propose that  - Parliamentary Representatives - be able to serve on the HLPF.  These representatives could be elected by and from their National Assemblies (legislatures) and would not necessarily be members of their country's national governing party.  Such Parliamentary Representatives would serve alongside HLPF Major Group members and would further bolster and enhance the effectiveness of the HLPF.  The aim would be to strike a balance between - specific issues verses geographic realities - and better represent people and their issues right down to their local geographic area, which in turn would better enable viable progress and solutions to be found.   This effort should not just be about "measuring" Problems, but also in finding Solutions.... for this we need all hands on deck !National Parliamentary Representatives serving in a Global Assembly is a recommendation proposed by the Campaign for a UN Parliamentary Assembly (UNPA) (http://www.unpacampaign.org/).   We need to think of the world as one entity and counties (with their local geographies) as being a part of that whole.  "The whole is greater than the sum of its parts".  This year - 2016 - is the 500th aniversery of the term "Utopia" - Isn't it itme we start building it  ?  Consider this our opportunity !  Global Citizens should expect nothing less.Best regards,Rick--------------------------------------------------Rick Orser, Vancouver CANADAVolunteer Member - World Federalist Movement Canada - UN Association Canada - WFUNA TAP Network - "the first step to building a Utopia is wanting it".P:  604-325-0725W: http://www.globalpanelonworldparliament.org/E:  rick.orser@buildingutopia.ca

Swadeka Ahsun

In response to the Secretary General's report to CSW60 in reference to the keynote of Women's Ledership in all aspects and the 2030 Agenda, We here in the United Kindom stood stronger and our government provided valued opportunity to share successes and learn from those of others.As all around the world, women are constantly making progress, running multinational corporations, becoming head of state, some are even exploring space and the underworld, it is important to co-ordinate, collaborate and work together to reach international agendas.Gender Equality is at the heart of Global Goals for Sustainable Development and those goals are first the beginning of what has been described by UN Women, ' a massive and relentless drive towards a world of equality, a Planet 50-50 by 2030.Here in the UK, we have worked towards maximising women's chances in the workplace and as such more women are in the workplace and more women-led businesses, as well as helping to achieve the lowest ever gender pay gap on record.  This has increase wmen's representation in public life and women's representation on board of companies have doubled.As the government priority to  economic freedom working hand in hand with social freedom, in particular the right to live without fear, the new cross-government violence against women and girls strategy that has been launched set out ambition plans for building works to prevent violence to support victims and taking action against perpetrators, including challenges facing women in the age of technology and social norms as well as extending the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of discrimination against women, as well as collaborating and working with international partners and sharing with their works, looking for fresh ideas, new ways of thinking, creative risk taking, ways to raise girls and boys from shifting stereotypes, ways of unlocking the power and resourcefulness of women, therefore  work to show determination against forces that are hindering progress, discrimination, regressiv e ideas and harmful social norms.   

Nasir Iqbal (not verified)

Dear E-membersI believe that there is a need to up scake and stregthen the marketing skills of marganilised and rural communities who have no cotacts for saleing their bulk production on collectivilly especially for the developing countries. The concept of collective marketing will helps in declining the role of middle man who engoyes the maximum profit of the products of small and middle level farmers by provising the loans to them. I think the policy makers should realize the difficulties of small and mid level farmers and develop a policy and als stregthen the role of Agriculture Marketing Action. The concept of formation of  Farmers Marketing Collective should be administer which reflects the involvement of small farmers in building  market linkages, collective purchasing power, timely access to market which will be a step in: In creation of network at national and international level.    

Karol Arámbula • from Mexico

What are the key components of a comprehensive national review process? What capacities will need to be strengthened at the national level in order to conduct the necessary reviews? How can accountability and transparency of the review process be supported?Throughout the construction of the 2030 Agenda, citizens emphasized the importance of collective efforts. As such, national reviews should fully engage all development stakeholders through strong partnerships, effective and efficient institutions, and open processes. Information should be open and accessible for strong reporting and monitoring systems. As such, governments should open the discussion throughout the implementation processes at the national and local levels, not only for those agents working and following-up directly, but also for individuals. As such, national reviews should undertake frequent consultations and mechanisms for participation. Technology will be a key instrument for achieving this purpose, as well as people's engagement and ownership of this process. How can the follow-up and review at the regional and global level—including through a strong High-level Political Forum under the auspices of ECOSOC and the newly created ECOSOC Forum on Financing for Development—facilitate the achievement of the SDGs?These platforms will be key for revisions, but should at all times also focus on opening the doors for discussion to all development stakeholders, especially for Civil Society Organizations working along in the implementation processes. A wider, transparent and accountable process must take place for all stakeholders during these global and regional revisions. We believe that these revision mechanisms should also focus on promoting the inclusion of the private sector and others capable of strengthening implementation, especially in least developed countries. These platforms will only be successful if enabling environments for all stakeholders take place and consider all aspects of revision in a fair, clear, concise and democratically adopted discussion and outcomes. What steps need to be taken to put in place the evidence base (i.e. established, new and emerging sources of data and monitoring capacities) to help track progress on the 2030 Agenda and inform decision-making where course correction is needed? Citizens and non-stake actors must also be involved in this process, through the use of open data accessible to all to review the real and tangible achivements of the 2030 Agenda. Progress should be as accurate and open as possible but will require from the participation of all development stakeholders. 

Karol Arámbula • from Mexico

What are the key components of a comprehensive national review process? What capacities will need to be strengthened at the national level in order to conduct the necessary reviews? How can accountability and transparency of the review process be supported?Throughout the construction of the 2030 Agenda, citizens emphasized the importance of collective efforts. As such, national reviews should fully engage all development stakeholders through strong partnerships, effective and efficient institutions, and open processes. Information should be open and accessible for strong reporting and monitoring systems. As such, governments should open the discussion throughout the implementation processes at the national and local levels, not only for those agents working and following-up directly, but also for individuals. As such, national reviews should undertake frequent consultations and mechanisms for participation. Technology will be a key instrument for achieving this purpose, as well as people's engagement and ownership of this process. How can the follow-up and review at the regional and global level—including through a strong High-level Political Forum under the auspices of ECOSOC and the newly created ECOSOC Forum on Financing for Development—facilitate the achievement of the SDGs?These platforms will be key for revisions, but should at all times also focus on opening the doors for discussion to all development stakeholders, especially for Civil Society Organizations working along in the implementation processes. A wider, transparent and accountable process must take place for all stakeholders during these global and regional revisions. We believe that these revision mechanisms should also focus on promoting the inclusion of the private sector and others capable of strengthening implementation, especially in least developed countries. These platforms will only be successful if enabling environments for all stakeholders take place and consider all aspects of revision in a fair, clear, concise and democratically adopted discussion and outcomes. What steps need to be taken to put in place the evidence base (i.e. established, new and emerging sources of data and monitoring capacities) to help track progress on the 2030 Agenda and inform decision-making where course correction is needed? Citizens and non-stake actors must also be involved in this process, through the use of open data accessible to all to review the real and tangible achivements of the 2030 Agenda. Progress should be as accurate and open as possible but will require from the participation of all development stakeholders. 

Abdurazak Mohamed Hassan (not verified)

Dear Moderator few last comments I would like add are: Coordinating aid programme in developing and least developed countries: This can be done through joint programming with coordination committees, even if some kind of joint programming is established it will be futile unless proper structure and coordination unit with some sort of managerial role is established. This is one way of avoiding double dipping, value for money, consolidated reporting system per sector and will later make easier the review process.Building on existing capacities: If national programme is to be started in a country then that programme should build on the outcomes of the previous programme, if for example UNDP has supported the development of the planning, budgeting  and accountability programme in a country then the World Bank can step in to support the funding of development projects.Case studies of both successes and failures can also help the review process, they can show the lessons learnt from both the successes and the failures, so establishing a case study systems and selecting few of them for building up on changing approaches or new approaches can be helpful.  Case studies can be very enlightening when they are written by nationals or by the locals, I mean people who live in the area, who knew what existed before, what changed and how the life of the people has improved after the intervention.  

Abdurazak Mohamed Hassan (not verified)

Dear Moderator few last comments I would like add are: Coordinating aid programme in developing and least developed countries: This can be done through joint programming with coordination committees, even if some kind of joint programming is established it will be futile unless proper structure and coordination unit with some sort of managerial role is established. This is one way of avoiding double dipping, value for money, consolidated reporting system per sector and will later make easier the review process.Building on existing capacities: If national programme is to be started in a country then that programme should build on the outcomes of the previous programme, if for example UNDP has supported the development of the planning, budgeting  and accountability programme in a country then the World Bank can step in to support the funding of development projects.Case studies of both successes and failures can also help the review process, they can show the lessons learnt from both the successes and the failures, so establishing a case study systems and selecting few of them for building up on changing approaches or new approaches can be helpful.  Case studies can be very enlightening when they are written by nationals or by the locals, I mean people who live in the area, who knew what existed before, what changed and how the life of the people has improved after the intervention.  

kate redman

Thank you for giving us the chance to participate in this consultation. Thematic reviews will need to be based on solid thematic reports, providing sufficient information for all stakeholders to monitor and evaluate progress towards each of the Sustainable Development Goals. The 2015 edition of the Global Sustainable Development Report prepared by UNDESA made a good attempt to map existing reporting efforts within the UN System against each goal. However, it was a surprise that the report matched each goal against a regular report except SDG 4 on education. It is important to correct this omission.The Global Education Monitoring (GEM) Report is the reference document of the international education community since 2002. It was set up to monitor the six Education for All goals and the education-related targets of the Millennium Development Goal agenda. It is prepared by an editorially independent team based at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris and has been funded by more than 15 government and non-government donors. It has undergone three external evaluations, the last of which in 2014 confirmed that it “has become a must-have reference”. Indeed, its findings set the stage for the World Education Forum last May in Incheon, Republic of Korea.The report received a renewed mandate at Incheon and through the Education 2030 Framework for Action adopted by 184 governments in November. Paragraph 101 of the document states that “the GEM Report will be the mechanism for monitoring and reporting on SDG 4 and on education in the other SDGs, with due regard to the global mechanism to be established to monitor and review the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development … to help hold all relevant partners to account for their commitments as part of the overall SDG follow-up and review”.The 2016 edition of the report which will be published in September will focus on the inter-relationship between education and the other sustainable development goals. It will also map the steps that are needed to monitor SDG 4.This initiative serves precisely the objectives that you seek to achieve through the follow-up and review mechanisms currently under preparation. Its contributions should be recognised, and included– alongside related thematic reports from other sectors – in the new architecture.

Adinda Ceelen

Given that the 2030 Agenda is grounded in the principle of partnership and participation, the Task Team on CSO Development Effectiveness and Enabling Environment believes a key component of a comprehensive national review process is multi-stakeholder engagement. The importance of engaging various stakeholders, including civil society amongst others, is reflected in various parts of the 2030 Agenda. In terms of implementation, this is clearly reflected in Goal 17 on the Means of Implementation. Yet the call for multi-stakeholder engagement extends beyond implementation to follow-up and review. As noted in the Report of the Secretary General on Follow-Up and Review, ‘[follow-up and review] must carry forward the spirit of partnership and the enthusiastic civil society and business sector engagement’ and inspire a multi-stakeholder approach to implementation (para. 3). The report also notes that review of the 2030 Agenda will support reporting by all relevant stakeholders, that it is critical to engage major groups and other stakeholders throughout review at all levels, and that multi-stakeholder engagement will contribute to accountability and transparency of the process.  As regards the ‘how to’ of conducting multi-stakeholder follow-up and review, the Task Team recommends looking at the monitoring framework of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation (GPEDC). This monitoring framework can be used as a source of inspiration in light of its emphasis on multi-stakeholder engagement and mutual accountability across stakeholders in reviewing progress at country-level. Like follow-up and review for the 2030 Agenda, the GPEDC’s biennial monitoring exercise is voluntary and state-led. As such, it offers a complement to follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda that would not create an additional reporting burden on the many participating GPEDC governments.Note that the GPEDC monitoring framework – or particular elements thereof – can also be used to monitor elements of the 2030 Agenda. For example, Indicator Two of the GPEDC monitoring framework reads ‘civil society operates in an environment which maximizes its engagement in and contribution to development’. This indicator could be used as a multi-purpose indicator that addresses the engagement of civil society as part of Goal 16 on peaceful and inclusive societies and Goal 17 on civil society partnerships as a means of implementation.With respect to what is needed to enable multi-stakeholder engagement in follow-up and review, the Task Team underlines the need for an environment that is conducive to the engagement of various stakeholders. This is particularly relevant for civil society, in light of major challenges civil society faces in many countries where the space in which they can operate is shrinking. An enabling environment for civil society must be established in law, policy and practice. Such an enabling environment must be consistent with internationally agreed rights and fundamental freedoms on which the 2030 Agenda is grounded and as encompassed in Goal 16 Target 10. Multi-stakeholder engagement in follow-up and review is a most welcome approach, but can only be realized if civil society freedoms are protected thereby enabling civil society to perform its critical role as independent development actor. * www.taskteamcso.com

Sylvia Beales • Head of Strategic Alliances at HelpAge International

The Stakeholder Group on ageing believes that follow up and review must be based on improved and age inclusive evidence and data, transparency, and full representation and participation of all stakeholder groups, including older persons and persons with disabilities. Some factors to consider are:   The scale and speed of population ageing is a success, not a burden. It is a triumph of humanity and of development.  National planning which factors in ageing must take place in all countries. This will enable analysis, preparation and investment  in population ageing and older people, and the creation and financing of programmes that address the needs of older persons and protection of human rights of all ages. Age discrimination and ageism is rife. This must end, and eradicating poverty in old age, ensuring decent health care, pensions, opportunities for jobs and life-long learning must be national and global priorities.    Older people are organized and ready to take part in national, regional and global mechanisms set up to implement the sustainable development framework. Demand for data and statistics on older persons has been strengthened by the negotiations on the Sustainable Development Goal framework. Disaggregation is more than just a technical discussion. It goes to the heart of the human rights approach to achieve universality and leave no one behind. The Stakeholder Group on Ageing strongly supports the commitment to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by age and other characteristics outlined in target 17.18. Investment and building capacity to fill the gaps on missing data is a pressing priority. Poverty data in old age is missing for 93 countries, especially in Africa.  Data sets exist that impose age limits of 49 or 64 years; they were not developed to record and measure issues of sustainable development; the age limits mean they are not fit for purpose for the framework. However, while the Sustainable Development goals and targets have given timely attention to the rights and needs of older persons, and age brackets have been removed from some key indicators, some issues of critical concern for older persons are not easily captured or quantifiable using mainstream statistics. New and innovative approaches to data collection are needed. Attention must now be paid to ensure that the data systems which underpin the indicators collect, analyse and report data across the life course. Age exclusive surveys must be changed. For example, target 3.8 on universal health coverage has an indicator to measure coverage of tracer interventions including hypertension and diabetes which are key health concerns for older people. However, the current data source for these measures is population based surveys which have upper age limits. Our recommendations:    

  • Specific measurable approaches to reach out to and include older people and other marginalised groups in policy making, planning, budgets, capacity building.
  • Formal recognition and participation of older persons and person with disabilities in national reporting, regional responses and global SDG review mechanisms, including systematic inclusion of ageing issues in the thematic review programme of work of the High Level Political Forum.
  • Strengthened cross-sector accountability within the review process to maintain a broad assessment of the extent to which each goal and target is being achieved for older persons and other social groups.
  • Visible, substantial and sustainable increase in funding for older people and persons with disabilities
  • Full universal social protection, universal access to health, end to violence and discrimination and support to social inclusion
  • Substantive investment in and adaptation of global and national statistical and reporting capacity and systems, to disaggregate data not only by gender but also by age and disability across the lifecourse. 
  • Cross cutting life course indicators across the goals and targets are needed to pick up shared issues of ageing, gender, disability and other issues and review them through ongoing and open statistical dialogues.
  • Regular dialogue and review at national, regional and global levels to strengthen information sharing and collaboration, bringing together Government, statistical bodies civil society and other stakeholders including the private sector for review of progress and tools can be done.
  • All UN agencies to incorporate ageing actively in their work and research and publish what they know, and what they are doing.
  • HLPF repeorting to clearly show how all groups and all aagesa re being reached
Henry Nnadozie Ekwuruke • Executive Director and Chief Consultant at Development Generation Africa International from Nigeria

How can women be partners in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda? DGAI asked on #IWD2016. We got reply from UN Women: Step it up for gender equality. On March 8, we installed six(6) women in Nigeria as Champions of Gender Equality and Women Empowerment. We also empowered the as "Torchbearers of #SDGsMay our works not be in vain. One of the awardees is a leader of women in Agriculture at National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), Dr. (Mrs.) Nwanyieze Njoku - she want "consistency" with enabling rural women in agriculture get fertilizer and other suppliments." Another is Princess V. U. Anosike a woman champion in health at Ikwuano LGA, "women must be protected to give live births and provided with better opportunities." she said. Lady Cecilia Ekwuruke, my mother was also installed a "Champion." She will like local women traders protected and empowered to promote family futures" Another is Mrs. Chinwe V. Opara in ITF Awka, empowering young women through skill-based training and mentorship. Mrs. Temitope is the Operations Manager of GTBank in Umuahia, Nigeria. She is a 'little' afraid that gender equality is a dream too big. As a Young Champion, she accepted our challenge to mentor some three young girls going into entrepreneurship training supported by our organization as their "role model" We welcome the SDGs and celebrate with them!

Yogesh Sharma (not verified)

As the policies are implemented regularaudits should be done. Required changes to be made accordingly.We should accept and recognise where we failed. And work towards improving and making the required changes.  Transparent and bold discussions to be encouraged and motivated. Stake holders need to be provided with the atmosphere where they cans hare their viewsa and ideas courageously..Local capacities to be strengthened and encouraged for follow-up and review. Efforts to localise and align the local sustainable and developmnet programmes with the global level.  To make sure that the recommendations made are implemented and put into place. Technology should be taken help of. Softwares to be developed and put into place whereas keeping in touch with the stakeholders is made easier and practical. The sotware to remind about the deadlines and suggestions to ne developed.The citizens should be made well aware  of allthat is happening in the area. And they should be asked and encouraged to take part in the process by means of suggestions, critique etc.The perosn/dept to be madea accountable for the work and the policies implementation. Show cause notices etc to be issued as when required.As on the global level the UN and similar authorities may be formulating and implementing several poliicies but the local leaders and politicians need to take ownership too by putting aside thei personal agendas and corruption. Education and awareness to be done on a massive scale for any policy to be implemented successfully.Yogesh SharmaPresident, Human Rights Sanrakshan SansthaaIndia.

James Powell (not verified)

Dear moderator.I write to you with an approach designed to enable millions of community members to be part of the SDG process from the hardest to reach areas.  UNICEF is running a mobile messaging project called U-Report across 21 countries with a growing community of around 2 million citizens that we believe could become a ubiquitous tool for Follow-up and Review where citizen feedback and data is important.  18 more countries are scheduled to launch in the next 6-8 months.  At UNICEF, along with the NGO/CSO partners we work with, we've used the tool primarily to make sure we take a participatory approach to our own programmes and also as a feedback tool for NGO projects and local or sometimes national government initiatives.  Members (or 'U-Reporters') receive messages each week.  Sometimes they are polls e.g Do you know you HIV/AIDS status?  and sometimes they are alerts with potentially life-saving information e.g How to protect yourself from Ebola.  Responses are analysed in real-time and mapped to a district or state level.  Data is then used to inform programmes, policy and strategic decision making.   A lot of the information we collect already feeds into the SDGs from a citizen perspective.  ODI refers to this as perception data.  A tool such as U-Report, when used in partnership with states, can help governments & UN Agencies to quickly understand and respond to community barriers and challenges on goal attainment in a way where the data is actionable. The tool is transparent and all poll data is public (see https://sierraleone.ureport.in/polls/ for example) so it has the potential to connect millions of people to their governments and could be a relatively low-cost, fast and ubiquitous way of fulfilling the pledges made in Follow Up & Review.  Specifically in relation to commitments made to participation and transparency e.g. 72 " We commit to engage in systematic follow-up and review of implementation of this Agenda over the next fifteen years. A robust, voluntary, effective, participatory, transparent and integrated follow-up and review framework will make a vital contribution to implementation and will help countries to maximize and track progress in implementing this Agenda in order to ensure that no one is left behind." and  74 (d).  Follow-up and review processes at all levels will be guided by the following principles...They will be open, inclusive, participatory and transparent for all people and will support the reporting by all relevant stakeholders.If you'd like more information feel free to contact me: jpowell@unicef.org.  UNICEF's Global Innovation Centre would be glad to be of assistance if there is interest. 

Katherine D. Firmeza

Dear Colleagues:In the latest Weekly Summary of Neil, item #5 Achnowledging Failure seems a novelty.  While it is important that a consensus should be reached on a common visual Results Framework Map to ensure  appreciation of interralationships of the many results and how combining results allow us to move up in the ladder to ensure wellbeing outcomes, this suggestion, however may be more appropriate under support for national implementation.The point of Acknowledging Failure should be further explored.  If we adopted "no one should be left behind,"  those not included in the progress report as accomplishment would be our "central subject, i.e., those who were left behind."  Our reporting should be able to capture who are they, where are they, how and why did our interventions failed them.  These additional questions may be able to improve our strategies and adjust our interventions to be able to include those who are left behind.  It would be good if success stories are complemented with stories of failures, wherein we solicit feedback from the communities that are left behind.  Maybe there may be cultural practices that should be considered in delivering the intervention, maybe there are external factors such as constant absorption of damages and losses from climate variability and extreme weather events.  Hearing their stories for a change would allow us to understand why we are failing to deliver results. Understanding the situation may be able to make us more effective, and if we increase our effectiveness we may be able to realize our aspiration that "no one is left behind." For follow up and review, we should be able to utilize data to enable us to come up with policy/program decisions to make us more effective in delivering the desired results we all are working for.  The Philippines has the community base monitoring system (CBMS) that provides data down to the household levels.  This is a powerful tool as the community themselves monitor their progress.  If we focus on failure, we just might understand how we can be better development implemenors.

Chanzo Greenidge • from Canada

A core element of an effective national review process is gender-sensitive transnational network mapping, data collection and analysis. Many, if not all, states have a transnational dimension to their societies and economies. This is important for understanding a country's historical development, evolving relationships with other spaces (cities, states and regions) and policy outcomes.  We continue to ignore this level of analysis, and it has reduced our ability to identify drivers of change and predict responsiveness to policy initiatives at the national level.  We will not deliver on the 2030 agenda without this.

Rita Luthra

Please Remove me from your mailing list Thank you  Rita Luthra, MDPresidentWomen's Health and Education Center (WHEC)NGO in Special Consultative Status with Economic and Social Council of the United NationsEditor-in-Chief of e-Health Publicationhttp://www.WomensHealthSection.com From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org] Sent: Friday, March 25, 2016 11:09 AMTo: rita@womenshealthsection.comSubject: [World We Want 2030] Chanzo Greenidge https://www.linkedin.com/in/chanzogreenidge from Canada commented on the Discussion "Follow-up and Review" 

Priya Kanayson (not verified)

Technically sound indicators that accurately measure progress will provide the baseline for holding Member States accountable to achieving the new goals and targets by 2030. Member States and Civil Society should continue to engage with the UN Statistical Commission’s Inter-agency Expert Group on Sustainable Development Goals (IAEG-SDGs) as they continue their work to further refine the agreed set of global indicators. Global indicators should align with existing indicator frameworks, such as the Global Monitoring Framework for Non-communicable diseases and the global monitoring framework for universal health coverage (UHC). Ensuring indicators align will minimize reporting burden on countries and capitalise on existing reporting mechanisms. The role of civil society as providers of technical expertise, capacity building, and needed resources must be preserved.A robust accountability mechanism at global, regional, and national levels will be critical for health in the post-2015 era. In many ways the RMNCH and HIV/AIDS communities have been trail-blazers in this regard, with initiatives such as the reporting framework developed for the 2001 Declaration of Commitments on HIV/AIDS, the Commission on Information and Accountability (CoIA), the Independent Expert Review Group (IERG) for women’s and children’s health, and Countdown to 2015 demonstrating accountability as a force for political and programmatic change. Indeed there are now efforts to adapt these accountability efforts for the NCD response.Progress in the post-2015 era will be dependent on stronger monitoring and evaluation at all levels, substantial improvements in health surveillance and data collection, and clear channels for all people to access information, scrutinise and demand answers with a view to influencing progress in health and NCDs. It will be important to have an element of independent monitoring, perhaps through the creation of an independent group mandated and authorised to gather and analyse data to assess and regularly report on progress made to the highest multilateral authority. The High-Level Political Forum plays a key role in effective follow up and review of the 2030 Agenda, and Member States must agree the working methods prior to July. The initiative taken by the 21 countries who volunteered to present national reviews at the first HLPF following adoption of the 2030 Agenda in July is commendable. In order to facilitate review of progress, Member States should agree a suggested format to enable coherence in reporting of data. Furthermore, the Financing for Development Forum plays an important role in reviewing the means of implementation targets of the Agenda, and the two processes must be viewed as complementary.

BNEIJARA (not verified)

Bonjour,Il faut obligatoirement un engagement des communautés et des gouvernements pour assure une veritable prises de consciences des  problèmes de developpement pour les ODD. En effet ces problèmes augmentent liés aux changements climatiques aux individus et animaux qui augmentent par les effets de la siences et demandent plus de paturages de services  en afrique on double tous les20 ans. Le chomages augmente et la jeunesse augmente donc que faire?2016-03-25 15:10 GMT+00:00 <notification@unteamworks.org>:

You ca

Rita Luthra

Please Remove me from your Mailing list Thank you  Rita Luthra, MDPresidentWomen's Health and Education Center (WHEC)NGO in Special Consultative Status with Economic and Social Council of the United NationsEditor-in-Chief of e-Health Publicationhttp://www.WomensHealthSection.com From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org] Sent: Friday, March 25, 2016 3:06 PMTo: rita@womenshealthsection.comSubject: [World We Want 2030] BNEIJARA commented on the Discussion "Follow-up and Review" 

Jo Howard (not verified)

Dear allI am concerned in particular with Question 3. As I read through the discussion I see many points of coincidence with our own – those of us who are currently engaged in a ‘Participatory Monitoring & Accountability’ programme which is piloting ways of using participatory approaches to strengthen those accountability relationships that are necessary at all levels in order for the SDGs to be achieved, and to ensure that the principle of “leaving no one behind” is upheld.In agreement with the perspective of the colleague from the DIHR: we believe that the Follow Up and Review process will be stronger and more meaningful if it draws on fully disaggregated data for particular rights-holder groups, and on participatory data collection to complement big household survey data collection. Participatory approaches can bring citizen stories (as Richard Kimbowa suggests in his post) through a range of media, such as photos, collective films, community radio and so on.These can be effective if they are part of a collaborative effort to build accountability relationships between states and citizens. Part of this effort needs to be the promotion of Agenda 2030 in all countries (the universal agenda) and civil society must play a role in this, but also parliamentarians, as discussed at the recent International Parliamentarians Conference in London, who can and must play a key role and must be supported to do so through national and global efforts. Goal 16 is central to most of the other goals, and so building accountable and responsive government is critical. Participatory approaches play a key role in improving dutybearers understanding and sensibilities of the complex realities of people’s lives, especially people living in extreme poverty and marginalization, as well as building the skills and confidence of the latter.Finally, SDGs will need to be monitored using locally defined benchmarks that reflect how people themselves understand progress, and particularly those living in extreme poverty and marginalisation. UN and other support at the global and national level should encourage the opening up of spaces for dialogue, collaboration and learning between state and non-state actors, and support the participation of civil society. 

Roberto Borrero (not verified)

1.) What are the key components of a comprehensive national review process? What capacities will need to be strengthened at the national level in order to conduct the necessary reviews? How can accountability and transparency of the review process be supported? The International Indian Treaty Council, an organizing partner for the Indigenous Peoples Major Group calls for a transparent, inclusive, and fully participatory process at the National Level. We agree with others who have proposed that building on experiences from the Universal Periodic Review and other human rights treaty bodies and rights mechanisms can offer a wealth of qualitative analysis and concrete recommendations that can serve to inform national planning and review processes. The IITC also agrees that human rights system, which includes the collective rights of Indigenous Peoples, can also contribute substantially the thematic debates and the voluntary state reviews at the High-Level Political Forum.  As noted by the Indigenous Peoples Major Group, there is a high degree of convergence between the SDG targets and the range of international human rights and labour standards, including the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.  In addition, the SDG targets reinforce the commitments already made by States under the 2014 World Conference on Indigenous Peoples. 2.) How can the follow-up and review at the regional and global level—including through a strong High-level Political Forum under the auspices of ECOSOC and the newly created ECOSOC Forum on Financing for Development—facilitate the achievement of the SDGs? Follow-up and review can facilitate the achievement of the SDGs if a human rights based approach (HRBA) to implementation is ensured. For example, according to the Common Understanding of the Human Rights-Based Approach to Development adopted by the UN Development Group in 2003: *All programmes of development co-operation, policies and technical assistance should further the realisation of human rights as laid down in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights instruments. *Human rights standards contained in, and principles derived from, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights instruments guide all development cooperation and programming in all sectors and in all phases of the programming process. *Development cooperation contributes to the development of the capacities of ‘dutybearers’ to meet their obligations and/or of ‘rights-holders’ to claim their rights.In addition, a human rights-based approach to the targets and indicators can serve to identify cross-linkages and, consequently, help simplify the indicators framework. Here the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples must be specifically referenced as an instrument for equality, which reflects universal human rights as they pertain to Indigenous Peoples. 3.) What steps need to be taken to put in place the evidence base (i.e. established, new and emerging sources of data and monitoring capacities) to help track progress on the 2030 Agenda and inform decision-making where course correction is needed? It is important to note that aside from rare exceptions (e.g. Bolivia), the implementation of the MDGs hardly included Indigenous Peoples and their issues in processes, or in programs at the national level. Among the various MDG lessons and gaps, which can help track progress of the SDGs and 2030 Agenda as well as inform decision-making where course correction is needed, the following can be taken into account:a) The lack of specific language on Indigenous Peoples contributed to the invisibility of Indigenous Peoples and their issues, as well as to their nonparticipation in MDG processes of governments as well as of UN agencies. b) The emphasis on national averages and the eagerness of national and international actors to show progress on MDGs at a national level, left Indigenous Peoples’ realities in the shadow. Data collection and disaggregation as per Indigenous Peoples was basically absent. c) The absence of indicators specific to Indigenous Peoples similarly contributed to the invisibility of Indigenous Peoples and their issues. The lessons drawn from the MDGs experience regarding Indigenous Peoples clearly reveal that indigenous-specific indicators are a critical entry point for the implementation of the SDGs and the inclusion of Indigenous Peoples and their issues.

Jan Goossenaerts, PhD

Thank you for giving me an opportunity to contribute to the consultation.Others' contributions and the summaries by the moderator allow me to focus on a few remarks related to Q1 (topics from moderator's summary are in italic, my remarks for consideration are added).These remarks are from the perspective of an "enterprise architect" , the enterprise being the  Agenda 2030. We are all stakeholders in this enterprise.Ref. Q1 : key components of a comprehensive national review process to include the following:consensus-based plan of action  >> work packages at different levels of scope as depicted in this figure:  see attachmentrespond to “facts on the ground” and not “copy and paste programme documents” from elsewhere - >> Consider

  • Those facts affect stakeholder journeys of various types  (see the landscape figure at link in attachment ) -among all stakeholders some reuse will be beneficial:    (a) methodological alignment as explained in the Collaborative Planning Methodology of US FEAF - references  on the same page   (b) sharing among peers - actors working in the same sector of industry/function of government in other countries with a comparable development status  (c) all better adhere to principles of lean communications, in order not to waste resources  link in attachment )

Necessary level of national capacities for monitoring and evaluation and analysis of public spending >  Melaku Geleta Wakjira differentiates what is needed in accordance with  the "development status" of countries - this approach should be broadened (ref. bullet (b) under facts on the ground)Collaboration with key partners in implementation >> private sector should be considered as key partner to bring sustainability to scale  - see in this context the "principles for private sector journeys" included in link in attachment - ( I plan to address these principles on the page link in attachment )Good-quality baseline data for measuring progress, yet differentiate in accordance with development status and scope of the work - align for what concerns method and lean communications, but focus in baseline data must be informed by the scope of work packages, not by "international reporting desires" -  after all what is the relevance of data that is not driving action?Both qualitative and quantitative data, derived from “beneficiaries as well as technocrats” to inform review. Ref lean communicationsUN providing a space for the exchange of knowledge and experiences on implementation trends and challenges within countries >> (in addition to planned and ongoing initiatives consider these:

  • make use of wiki or content sharing solutions with much finer granularity than is currently practised - see for instance the work by Danish Institute for Human Rights or the wiki presentation of SDGs, SDTs and indicators as part of the Actor Atlas  (e.g. link in attachment ) -
  • Define and promote topical but language independent #tags for social sharing such as the tags defined in link in attachment ( French, pivot available  in 8 languages :UN official + German and Japanese)
  • make use of wikis per country  that are aligned in all (major) languages per country, as demonstrated in : link in attachment
  • a (simplified) "theory of change" is explained at   http://climatecolab.org/contests/2015/climate-collaboration-in-boulder-co/c/proposal/1327114

Ref Q2 and Q3. The answers to Q1 are backed up by tools that when used at a large scale: (1) will facilitate the achievement of the SDGs because of more convergence in effort, transparency in communications, and depth in diagnosis prior to implementation, and (2) will make initiatives  more driven by evidence, both for what concerns the baseline and priorities, and post-implementation adjustments.  PS. Mollom SPAM filter may be nice, but  certainly not adheres to principles of lean communications 

Rob Wheeler

Follow Up and Review Processes If we want to ensure that the SDGs and 2030 Action Agenda is fully implemented and the targets and goals achieved then it is essential that the United Nations and it’s Member States develop guidelines for implementing the SDGs at the National and Local level. These guidelines should then be used at all levels of governance for the follow up and review processes. These guidelines should include such things as:  

  • Integrating planning and implementation both horizontally and vertically (thus across all goals, sectors, and issue areas and across all levels of the society and government)

 

  • Adopting comprehensive national and state legislation for implementing the SDGs and 2030 agenda, based on the findings and input from Local, Regional and National Sustainability Councils and participatory multi-stakeholder processes 

 

  • Establishment of an administrative and coordinating office within the executive or administrative branch of government

 

  • Ensuring that government ministers are fully engaged in the process, along with the leaders from the business community and leading civil society organizations

 

  • Establishment of multi-stakeholder cross-sectoral working groups or task forces

 

  • Including the participation of the academic community and educational institutions in the planning and implementation processes - and particularly to participation of students at all levels in an age appropriate manner in these processes. 

 

  • Basing the local and national planning and implementation processes on the Rio Principles

 

  • Establishing sustainable development and the achievement of the SDGs as a basic operating principle of governance at all levels of government

 The implementation processes must be based upon such pre-requisites for creating a sustainable society and economy as: transitioning rapidly to a zero waste, circular economy and extended producer responsibility; restoration of the natural environment; biological waste treatment and processes; restoring natural water cycles and soil health; adoption of renewable energy; eliminating toxic substances; etc.  In addition the follow up and review processes should look at the extent to which all other multi-national sustainable develompent agreements are or are not being implemented as well as an integrated part of the SDG process - for achievement of the SDGs will depend upon fulfilling all of these other agreements as well. The guidelines and review processes must look into the extent to which each of the things mentioned above is being incorporated and done at a local, regional and national level.  How the UN development system could provide coordinated and integrated support for achieving the 2030 Agenda For each of the SDGs a UN agency should be tasked with managing or overseeing the work being done on that Goal and the accompanying Targets and Indicators. Each managing agency or division within DESA would be mandated to support the development of partnership initiatives to aid in implementation for that Goal area. An agency or also should be designated to coordinate and support partnerships that are multi-sectoral in nature and that address multiple targets and goals as well.  Each of the UN agencies should also be mandated and authorized to designate a contact person/office or liaison to support the development of partnership initiatives, particularly those that focus on the mandates of said agency. Each UN agency should be tasked with considering, supporting and participating in those multi-stakeholder partnership initiatives that include a focus and that are oriented towards fulfilling the mandates of that agency and the relevant SDGs and their related targets - and particularly those that include the substantial participation of civil society organizations or are being organized by civil society organizations.  Finally, resources must be made available through UN agencies to support capacity building and development (particularly for civil society and civil society organizations) such as was supposed to be included through  UNDP’s thematic trust funds after WSSD in 2002 before they were phased out.  The follow up and review processes should look at the extent to which each of these things are or are not being done; and then steps should be taken to improve the situation so that in time they are fully done.  Rob WheelerGEN UN Representative1-717-264-0957skype: robineagle333rob.wheeler@ecovillage.org

Robert Ruitenbeek • Managing Director / Owner at iNVENTUR! from Netherlands

Dear All,The principles of sustainable development is a principle of action concerning the whole of humanity and is officially accepted by virtually all decision makers in business and politics. This principle states:We Humans must move towards the adoption of a lifestyle that can continue indefinitelyIn this context we all are developing countries and therefore, through all available institutions, as one species we need to commit, engage & act upon the Sustainable Development Goals 2030 programme. We Humans need to start right now (re-)educating and mobilizing all peoples in understanding and acting upon the SDG 2030 goals. So far governments, as they are influenced by large economic entities (i.e. multinationals), have demonstrated to be ineffective (i.e. lack the economic leverage) in really taking the socio-economic-environmental changes forward. If governments can't and multinationals won't then it's up to us! Now we need to understand that we Humans are the largest socio-economic-environmental entity involved and that we therefore do have the leverage! Thus, the framework the DESA/UNDP/ECOSOC is looking for should, as opposed to top-down, be organized bottom-up and people-centric! Moving forward to a sustainable lifestyle can be achieved through the following initial approach 1) Educate peoples worldwide on: a.  understanding, acknowledging and acting upon the ‘Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities’ and the ‘Earth Charter’ b. The urgency to commit, engage & act upon the 2030 SDG’s using data from the Global Footprint Network 2016 accounts,  University of Oxford (PNAS) report ‘Analysis and valuation of the health and climate change cobenefits of dietary change’ and 350.orgc. Improving their bio-footprint (how to live, eat, dwell, work, leisure & travel in a sustainable fashion!) d. Availability of clean technologies for energy, water & transport (Solar, Wind, Tidal, Combined Wind/Water condensation turbines) e. Environmentally Sustainable Farming (without pesticides, herbicides & GMO) f. How to mobilize the socio-economic-environmental influence & Leverage peoples have e. Making choices which will influence nations and industries into sustainability (live, eat, dwell, work, leisure & travel green!)  2) Facilitate (local) governments in changing priorities to: a. Improve availability & accessibility of online knowledge infrastructures & education: b. Reduce bio-footprint through honest (people before profit) information on how to live, eat, dwell, work, leisure & travel accordingly c. Increasingly tax unsustainable products, services & industries (e.g. fast-food, fossil fuels) d. Subsidize natural healthy sustainable products, services & industries  (e.g. natural plant based food, electric engines)  e. Improve & accelerate availability & accessibility of clean technologies for energy, water & transport 3) Encourage nations & other macro-economic entities into becoming people-centric by: a. Turning the unsustainable Profit-before-People premise into an actual sustainable People-before-Profit premise in adherence with Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and ISO 26000 principles b. Adapting monetary systems & economics to support the People-before-Profit premise c. Setting up and applying (inter)national law against any form of (continued) profit-centric exploitation of earth’s resources, animals & peoples d. Supporting industries in understanding their environmental impact & related costs, adapting their business models from a People-before-Profit premise and rendering their products & services sustainable 4) Communicating using modern mobile web techniques we might just pull it off to get the programme forward in a faster pace and in a timely fashion in regard to the TWW2030 goals. For instance: >> DESA/UNDP/ECOSOC could first build an mobile TWW2030 Educational app containing the basics on environmental sustainability!  Secondly one could build an TWW2030 Operations app using the indicator framework for gathering input on Development Goal specific progress. Make deals with international TelCo’s and ISP’s on delivering this apps for free. Promote the availability through an international media campaign (go viral on the web). <<   With this approach we address the following challenges   - To better the World as targeted by this UN body we Humans need to better ourselves!!- We need to focus on restoring the balance from social, economic, environmental and systemic perspectives in favor off all nations and all peoples- As long as 50 percent of global wealth is owned by 3 percent of the global population no real shift in balance is to be expected- As long as 70 percent of all cereals are shipped and used as food for livestock for western markets no real shift in balance is to be expected- As long as we allow meat/dairy industry and corporates to eradicate forests and erode more than 50 percent of globally available arable land no real shift in balance is to be expected- As long as we allow corporates and financial institutions, macro-economic entities bigger than nations, to lobby for and dictate (buy) governmental policies on every aspect of our life no real shift in balance is to be expected- As long as we allow capital, commercial propaganda to have preference over the wellbeing of Human Kind no real shift in balance is to be expected- As long as we think that developing nations should do so using western nations as a template no real shift in balance is to be expected- To have ended poverty, reduced inequalities significantly and reached a level of global sustainability within 15 years we need to start acting today- Stop eating meat and help rebalance the availability of cereals to end famine- Stop eating dairy products and help rebalance the availability of water- Start eating plant based and help rebalance the availability of arable land for farming- Go vegan, use energy from sustainable sources, drive electric, reuse and end Global WarmingBetter yourself and help restore a really healthy, save and sustainable global society! Restoring the social-economic-environmental balance paves the way for final implementation of the Strategic Development Goals Environmental Sustainability can be achieved mainly by implementing SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production) wich in itself implements SDG 13 (Climate Action) as a result of worldwide dietary adaptions (developed countries), and SDG 2 (Hunger) as cereals formerly used as livestock feed comes available for human consumption, and SDG 14 (Life Below Water) and SDG 15 (Life on Land) resulting from a dramatic reduction in animal waste and related greenhouse gases.Economic Sustainability can be achieved by reinventing our monetary and economic systems based on the people-before-profit premise. This is the one people-centric foundation for SDG’s 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure), SDG 8 (Decent work and Sustainable Growth), SDG 4 (Quality Education), SDG 10 (Reduced Inequalities) and SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy). Social Sustainability (SDG’s 6, 3, 5, 1, 11, 16) results from successfully implementing Environmental Sustainability and Economic Sustainability. Kind Regards, Robert

Robert Ruitenbeek • Managing Director / Owner at iNVENTUR! from Netherlands

Dear All,In addition to previous post I strongly advise to read the attached analysis on the interrelationships between Sustainable Development Targets and dietary change and reflect on how these insights effect the (to be localized) SDG priorities and approach.Kind regards,Robert

Rita Luthra

Please Remove my e-mail from your mailing list Thank you  Rita Luthra, MDPresidentWomen's Health and Education Center (WHEC)NGO in Special Consultative Status with Economic and Social Council of the United NationsEditor-in-Chief of e-Health Publicationhttp://www.WomensHealthSection.com From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org] Sent: Monday, March 28, 2016 9:28 AMTo: rita@womenshealthsection.comSubject: [World We Want 2030] Robert Ruitenbeek IT Consultant commented on the Discussion "Follow-up and Review" 

Clesensio Tizikara (not verified)

The achievement of the SDGs and any other meaningful national development goals will depend on planned interventions having the right impact in the right places at the rigfht time. This requires the systematic creation of innovation partnerships and empowering populations to develop their capacities to innovate. Innevitebly strong follow up and evaluation using robust frameworks is necessary.

Pelayo del Riego Artigas

Hablar de sostenibilidad y obviar los 70.000.000 de vuelos anuales, quemando sucio queroseno, en el peor escenario posible, y cada vez más barato, sin estudiar siquiera precios disuasorios, es absurdo. Los intereses económicos de esta generación, se superponen al interés de las generaciones futuras, sin remisión.Pelayo del Riego. Secretario GeneralFundación DEYNA Madrid España