Week 1: Strengthening social development: What it will take?

6 Apr - 10 Apr 2015
Go back to UNDESA DSPD e-Discussion on "Rethinking and strengthening social development in a contemporary world"

This session will focus on broad policy directions to strengthen social development in the context of post-2015 development agenda to be adopted in September 2015. It will build on the conclusions of Report of the Secretary-General on the priority theme and discussion of the 53rd session of the Commission for Social Development. “Social Development” in this online discussion is based on the concept adopted at the World Summit for Social Development and contained in the Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action.

Guiding Questions

  • What are effective policy approaches (examples at the national level) that were proven to be effective in promoting social development (i.e., reduction of poverty, decent jobs, social inclusion, access to basic services, etc.)?
  • How did/do they strengthen social development in relation to sustainable development?
  • How to achieve policy coherent among different sectors (i.e, social, macroeconomic, trade, environment, etc.) to achieve socially-desirable goals?
  • Is there a need for a new broader social development framework? If so, please describe its key elements.

Summary of comments - Dialogue 1 (6-10 April)
Moderated by Ms. Thelma Kay

Policy Approaches

What are effective policy approaches (examples at the national level) that were proven to be effective in promoting social development (i.e., reduction of poverty, decent jobs, social inclusion, access to basic services, etc.)

Approaches to social development must take into account the level of development of each country, political sphere where democracy and people's participation are of utmost importance, economic level where allocation of resources through for example, progressive taxation and redistribution mechanism are set in place, as well as social inclusion where no one should be left behind. Effective targeting mechanism must be developed to ensure leakages are being addressed.

Central to new perspectives is the need to integrate a  culture of human rights as well as maintaining  local efforts that strengthen identities, diversity and community development.

Strengthening education ( including skills training and lifelong learning), health, housing and social protection are key to social progress for which effective , synergistic and innovative approaches are needed. 

Health is the product of a well-balanced interaction with one's physical and non-physical environment. The right of every human being to be healthy should be an inalienable right .  With increasing transnational interdependence, a coherent health policy needs to be part of, and also vitalize social policy, irrespective of whether at a community or international level. Policies that facilitate healthier and cleaner environments worldwide are needed.

A living wage is important. Some countries have adopted a policy of inclusion of older people in their Health Plans (eg Ghana, Great Britain etc.) while action against the inclusion of migrants remains a problem in almost all countries of the world. In some countries , the needs of People with Disabilities in education, health, training and employment are not considered. The need for social policy approaches within the framework of decent work where the four pillars of respect of fundamental rights at work, enhancing employment, social protection  and social dialogue must also be considered.

Participatory governance has to be promoted, regulated and legalized in order to help peoples to be in control of their own social development. Effective approaches should involve broad cooperative stakeholder representation from all sectors with emphasis on social dialogue in crafting social policies to enable more equitable development.

Strong leadership is important  and there is the need for effective, transparent and accountable 'good' governance.  Laws and principles must be upheld by leaders , judiciary systems and institutions , and objectively and effectively implemented.

A data revolution should be the way forward to enhance accountability and foster inclusion.  It would change the traditional way of doing social development by identifying specific needs of population groups: (1) a) Put in place networks; b) Identify needs on specific topics; c) Derive direction from statistical trends.  (2) Design and implement social development projects/programmes: poverty reduction, promotion of health, gender, nutrition, support, human rights etc. (3) And in the process, ensure transparency, commitment, collaboration and the fight against corruption .

A major concern for participants was long-term sustainability of social policies, and how funding was secured and allocated for such programs. Donations and public funding were seen as short-term measures even where a law was enacted to keep it intact. Restricted funds availability may cause the whole demand for these policies not to be met, or, during a recession funds may become scarce, creating difficulties for those dependent  on such support. Therefore, a market mechanism may be considered for  implementation in at least part of the solutions empowering local populations and leading to more sustainable social development. Other suggested options include progressive tax reforms, and increasing taxes on companies engaged in natural resources extraction.

Sustainable Development

How did/do they strengthen social development in relation to sustainable development?

Reinforcing the three key pillars required for good global policy-- health, environment, and governance --can provide guidance about which policies may help facilitate the integration of these pillars (such as policies that facilitate the building of infrastructures in towns and cities around the world that are pedestrian and bike friendly while at the same time reducing automobile gas emissions).

A good way to strengthen social delopment would be to encourage and promote the concept of 'Global Justice'--a need or mandatory requirement which is becoming more apparent, and which has arisen out of the relationship and interdependence between different societies as an imbalance and domination of some over others, either in the past or currently. An eventual International Convention on Global Justice could be the 'minimum standard' that requires global governance from an ethical standpoint. In that convention global redistributive measures, for example, could be taken by instituting a system of taxation for large international transfers of capital, a Global Fund to serve as a body specially constituted to redistribute economic resources to less developed societies.

Multinational companies would have to change to ensure investment in production within an environment framework. . Through this trifunctional framework workers would be empowered and sustainability created by companies that value workers, care for the environment, and create synergy for sustainable development.

Policy directions to strengthen social development are complicated by conflict. Austerity programmes and contractionary currency devaluation to sustain external debt servicing acts against social development processes. A government under severe international financial and economic sanctions is unable to meet the development goals of the United Nations. This in turn creates conditions where social trends become negative. Conflict also has a devastating impact on the environment.

Policy Coherence

How to achieve policy coherence among different sectors (i.e., social, macroeconomic, trade, environment, etc.) to achieve socially-desirable goals?

There  is a need to have a legal framework where the legislature itself is ethically bound to ensure coherence (among sectors such as economy, trade and investment, environment and the service sector) when they are legislating.  It is important for policies to be transparent to citizens. This can be possible with good e-governance, i.e., a comprehensive database of citizens with basic information, such as education, employment etc. With these in place people have better access to information, while governments can target the needs of people.

There is need to strengthen coordination and  synergy and to create a body at the national level that may assure coordination and better communication among efforts to complement each other. The coordination is not only required in one field of development, but it is also needed among various fields, that is, vertical and horizontal coordination, between education, health, communication, and livelihood etc.

The political perspective inherent in determining social policy and economic issues usually does not take into account effects on the environment. It is not possible to have coherent inter-sector politics if we start from a conception of "economic growth" instead of "economic stability/sustainability".

To achieve socially-desirable goals and to achieve policy coherence among different sectors, equality and non-discrimination, participation, as well as transparency and accountability are the key principles that should guide the design and implementation of social protection policies. Respecting the principle of equality and non-discrimination means targeted schemes can be accepted as a form of prioritization of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups within a longer-term strategy to progressively ensure universal protection.

Coherence could start by focusing on politics that promote/support empowerment of local communities for sustainable ways of life, including for example: organic production, local markets, green architecture, healthy cities, and adaptation to climate change.

Creating innovative solutions spanning across multiple sectors could include policy decisions addressing more persons in a nation. For example, accessibility for hearing impaired persons in Airport Ground Handling sections deals with sectors Aviation, Telecommunications, Information Technology and Healthcare. Hence policy created on Accessibility would answer solutions to a wider network of people in multiple sectors in the industry.

Comparability of nations at the international monitoring system ( by the  United Nations and/or measures such as the Social Progress Index) would lead to the assessment of the socio-economic progress of a nation.

Social Development Framework

Is there a need for a new broader social development framework? If so, please describe its key elements.

A broader social development framework would have key elements of inclusive development , covering new ways to forge consensus  for participation and ownership, and creation of shared values . The framework should  also embrace diversity, with social policies crafted to forge cohesion and break down barriers to interaction and trust.

A civil society empowering framework should also be considered, forged through all building blocks of society – family, community, workplace , cooperatives and social enterprises,etc.

A broader social development framework that is required is a more robust access to justice and to prevent cases of injustice . This could probably occur during breaking down of barriers and creation of  innovative solutions. This is particularly important to provide justice to  people concerned with sustainable development, and also for instance, with intellectual property rights.

For a new broader social development framework, there is a need for new sources of funding to finance social development. At the national and international level a new tax system should be built that brings about social justice and ensures environmental protection. It is also necessary to better regulate global finance, and apply new taxes, such as taxes on financial transactions and financial activities. Domestic funding for social development can be further increased through (i) improved tax collection and broadening the tax base; (ii) progressive tax systems to increase revenue; and (iii) measures to address tax evasion and tax havens. At the international level, additional funding for setting up social development framework is needed through adequate development cooperation programmes.

Comments (76)

Thelma Kay (not verified)

Dear colleagues,

A very warm welcome to Thematic Session 1 on “ Strengthening social development: What will it take” This session which will take place from 6 to 10 April 2015 will focus on broad policy directions to strengthen social development in the context of the post-2015 development agenda to be adopted in September 2015. It will build on the conclusions of the Report of the Secretary-General on the priority theme and discussion of the 53rd session of the Commission for Social Development. “Social Development” in this online discussion is based on the concept adopted at the World Summit for Social Development and contained in the Copenhagen Declaration and Programme of Action.

The Secretary-General’s report on “Rethinking and strengthening social development in the contemporary world” (E/CN.5/2015/3) states: “The unsteady nature of social development achievements and the failure to prevent negative social trends call for rethinking strategies to achieve social development goals in the current context. An essential lesson from recent decades is that market forces alone do not bring about economic and social inclusion or greater resilience. Countries that have benefited from complementary social and economic policies have implemented far-sighted macroeconomic policies focused on encouraging equitable economic growth and the creation of productive employment. Those that have also extensively invested in infrastructure, universal social protection and health and education services have proved the most successful in preventing impoverishment and addressing vulnerability. The transformative impact of such investments has been greatest when they have created opportunities for individuals and families to improve their livelihood prospects, thereby tackling the underlying causes of poverty and increasing the productive potential of the workforce.”

Over the last decade, such effective policy approaches have led to higher growth rates while simultaneously addressing social progress and the needs of the most vulnerable. Other measures have included social transfer programmes to improve income, education, skills, nutrition, and health especially of the poorest families, a progressive tax framework, strong anti-trust regulation to enable healthy competition, combating corruption, promoting human rights etc. Social policies are also needed for sustainable development, such as to redress inequality in bearing environmental degradation costs.  

As moderator of this thematic session, I would like you to focus on the following four questions:

  • What are effective policy approaches (examples at the national level) that were proven to be effective in promoting social development (i.e., reduction of poverty, decent jobs, social inclusion, access to basic services, etc.)?
  • How did/do they strengthen social development in relation to sustainable development?
  • How to achieve policy coherence among different sectors (i.e., social, macroeconomic, trade, environment, etc.) to achieve socially-desirable goals?
  • Is there a need for a new broader social development framework? If so, please describe its key elements.

I look forward to an insightful and useful discussion in the days ahead.

With best regards

Thelma Kay

Noor Hussain

In response to the question; "How to achieve policy coherence among different sectors (i.e., social, macroeconomic, trade, environment, etc.) to achieve socially-desirable goals?"

I will say on this aspect there there is really a need for having some sort of legislation where the legislature should bound itself for policy coherence, there must ne be some code of conduct for legislatures whereby they can be made ethically bound to ensure coherence when they are legislating. 

Dosse SOSSOUGA • Executive Director at UN SDGs NGO Major Group d'or Africa: Amis des Étrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

Les acteurs sociaux sont bien enregistrés au niveau du gouvernement. Les inviter tous, les organiser sur le plan national et local serait-il un problème pour le gouvernement si ce dernier accepte, de bonne foi, les objectifs du développement durable ?

Cristóbal Ortiz Cayupan (not verified)

Estimado, concuerdo con Ud. en la metodología de la convocatoria abierta a la particpación de las ong y organizaciones ciudadanas. Me parece que a través de esta forma se resuelve el problema de que el Estado utilice solo las organizaciones a su favor y haya cooptación. A la vez plantea el desafío para las organizaciones de desarrollar estrategias y demandas de modo de poder insertarse favorablemente en instancias de particpación activa con el Estado y otros actores. 

Alejandra Godoy (not verified)

 

thereby, by the communication within civil society and the government it is possible to create sustainable solutions. Although, we have to have in to consideration that this could be a great challenge which needs all of our support to comply with the need…. As in order to be sustainable and efficiently dialogue, it must be a permanent and institutionalized cooperation with one and another. Otherwise, we would be working just to resolve problems that we have today and not working together in prospective on what we both should demand and aim for. 

Santiago Roberto Bertoglia (not verified)

La noción de seguridad tal como se entiende en el contexto de SSR tiene una visión amplia del tema. Programas de RSS no sólo se centran en la protección del Estado, pero también consideran la protección y el bienestar de las personas. Ellos se enfocan especialmente en la seguridad humana, es decir, la seguridad de las personas y varios grupos sociales, cada uno con sus propias necesidades de seguridad distinta y justicia.

La seguridad humana abarca los derechos humanos, el buen gobierno, el acceso a la educación y la asistencia sanitaria y garantizar que cada individuo tiene oportunidades y opciones para cumplir con su propio potencial. Cada paso en esta dirección es también un paso hacia la reducción de la pobreza, el crecimiento económico y la prevención de conflictos. Libertad de buscar o pedir, liberado del temor y la libertad de las generaciones futuras a heredar un medio ambiente natural saludable -estos son los componentes básicos interrelacionados de seguridad humanidad y por lo tanto nacional.

El ex secretario general de la ONU, Kofi Annan (2000)

Características de los SSR - Enfoque, objetivos y Dimensiones

Hay un enfoque fundamental para SSR - la apropiación local; dos objetivos fundamentales de la RSS - Aumento de la eficacia y la rendición de cuentas; y tres dimensiones esenciales de un proceso de RSS: la necesidad de ser integral, su sensibilidad política, y su complejidad técnica.

La atención al género mejora la SSR en que:

• Fortalece la apropiación local;

• Involucra a los grupos relevantes de la población que puede ayudar en el proceso de la RSS;

• Ayuda a garantizar la protección eficaz y la administración de justicia a través de las instituciones del sector de seguridad representativo entre los sexos;

• Asegura la eficacia operativa de los sectores de seguridad y justicia y garantiza el cumplimiento con la legislación nacional e internacional.

ACTUALMENTE lo siguiente sucede en Argentina:

SEÑOR JUEZ

JUZGADO FEDERAL Nº 1                       Ref.: Evaluación Seguridad Humana

 

Santiago Roberto Bertoglia, participante de los procedimientos de la Corte Penal Internacional, regido por el Estatuto de Roma. Otorgando registro OTP-CR-167/14 motivado por los expedientes archivados en estos Tribunales Federales JFNº1-17980-C, JFNº3- 19726-E, JFNº2- 22674/4, CFA Sala A F-23890, CCP Registro 1469/13 y JFNº3- E “Habeas Corpus Nº”.              .

Por las expresiones vertidas de extrema gravedad en las resoluciones de dichos expedientes y por las violaciones a los Derechos Humanos, la Corte Penal Internacional y la Organización de las Naciones Unidas se reunieron para proteger los Derechos Humanos y los PUEBLOS. En consecuencia surgieron una serie de resoluciones Naciones Unidas Asamblea General A/68/L.59; A/68/L.59/Add.1; A/RES/68/305 y A/C.3/69/L.24.

SEÑOR JUEZ FEDERAL

Para una mejor comprensión y entendimiento se entrega copia de dichas resoluciones a continuación como parte integrante de este escrito. Por lo que reviste de importancia se haga de público conocimiento amplio, informando a toda la ciudadanía argentina de todo su contenido. Ya que en el mundo, NUESTRO MUNDO y en NUESTRO PAÍS, todos los años se mueren VÍCTIMAS por CRÍMENES, Mujeres, Hombres, Niñas y Niños. También Personal de las Naciones Unidas, Cruz Roja Internacional, Médicos Sin Frontera y otros integrantes de ayuda Humanitaria. Siendo ASESINADOS por “COBARDES CRIMINALES” que se ocultan detrás de un arma o un Cargo Público como supuesto funcionario público.

- Recordando: La seguridad humana abarca los derechos humanos, el buen gobierno, el acceso a la educación y la asistencia sanitaria y garantizar que cada individuo tiene oportunidades y opciones para cumplir con su propio potencial. Cada paso en esta dirección es también un paso hacia la reducción de la pobreza, el crecimiento económico y la prevención de conflictos. Libertad de buscar o pedir, liberado del temor y la libertad de las generaciones futuras a heredar un medio ambiente natural saludable -estos son los componentes básicos interrelacionados de seguridad humanidad y por lo tanto nacional.

El ex secretario general de la ONU, Kofi Annan (2000)

SEÑOR JUEZ FEDERAL

Se reitera el pedido de DETENCIÓN para todas las personas integrantes del Directorio de YPF Sociedad Anónima y sus Administradores en el país como en el extranjero, por complicidad en violación a la CONSTITUCIÓN DE LA NACIÓN ARGENTINA y la Legislación Internacional. Con su correspondiente informe y entrega de personas detenidas a la Corte Penal Internacional.

Preservar la seguridad humana a todas las personas que trabajan en esas instalaciones. Preservar toda la documentación existente como las mismas instalaciones. Otorgar custodia de la fuerza pública a las personas que lo soliciten  y a las instalaciones. Dar todo tipo de colaboración con el propósito de desarrollar el Programa de Educación de los Derechos Humanos entregado por la ONU. Abrir todas las posibilidades a próximas presentación, pedidos e informar al “Pueblo de la Nación Argentina”.

También se solicita que sea sellada por Mesa de Entradas cada hoja copia de esta presentación.

 

                                     Será Justicia

Vandôme (not verified)

Le but suprême du social doit être de permettre à chaque être humain de vivre en dignité c'est à dire:

- boire et manger à sa faim

- dormir dans un logement à l'abris des risques

- se soigner et être soigné en fonction de sa pathologie,

- se déplacer où il veut et quand il le veut,

- accéder à l'éducation et s'éduquer...

5 conditions primordiales pour vivre dignement en société.

Ces conditions sont mesurables et pourraient faire l'objet d'un indice de dignité pour évaluer le degré de développement social de la population mondiale.

Pour une société d'équilibre et de paix.

www.societedesapatrides.com

Noor Hussain

The question i want to comments is:

Is there a need for a new broader social development framework? If so, please describe its key elements.

In the present scenario the effrots for social development either they are undertaken by state or by INGOs or NGOs are creating negligible impact and it vanishes after very short period of time . sometimes such projects are just wastage of money. Among other negetive factors lack of coordination and synergy are most sinster. There is a need to create a body at national level that may assure coordination and better communication among the efforts so that they can complement eachother. The coordination is not only required in one field of development but it is also needed among varipous fields so i say this verticle and horizental coordination. I can simply put it as it is not only among all education sector interventions but also between education, health, communication, and livlihood etc. 

Dosse SOSSOUGA • Executive Director at UN SDGs NGO Major Group d'or Africa: Amis des Étrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

Hello everybody,

Bonjour à tout le monde,

Si on parle du social, il s'agit de toutes les composantes de la société. Ex la société est composée des femmes ( femmes urbaines, femmes rurales, femmes lettrées, femmes illétrées, femmes pauvres, femmes riches, des enfants (les foetus, les norrissons, la petite enfance, enfants de 3 -14ans, la jeunesse, des hommes (urbains, hommes rurales, hommes léttrées, hommes illétrés, hommes riches, hommes pauvres): peuples autochtones, les migrants, les refugiés, les victimes de catastrophe, les sinistrés,  les gens d'outre mer, les personnes handicapées, les personnes âgées, les malades, les autres minorités, la famille etc..

Toutes ces couches ont besoin d'un minimum vital or le 22 septembre 2011, tous les chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement ont reconnu, à New York que le racisme et l'exclusion persiste dans tous les pays du monde sans exception.

Si aujourdhui, on parle de l'inclusion de tous pour le développement durable, il s'agit de ne plus laisser personne de coté pour toute action de développement. Cette inclusion est de dégré divers dans tous les pays. Certains pays ont adopté une politique d'inclusion des personnes âgées sur le plan santé (par ex: Ghana, grande Bretagne etc..), par contre l'inclusion des migrants demeure un problème en Israël et dans presque tous les pays du monde. Les personnes handicappées ne sont même recensées dans les pays pauvres, pour connaitre leurs besoins en education, en santé, en formation et  en emploi.

Donc pour la promotion sociale il faut d'abord prendre en compte, la déclation universelle des droits de l'homme que tous les pays ont ratifiée et les conventions relative à chaque couche de la société pour chercher à l'appliquer à tous sans discrimination ces conventions. Ce qui n'a pas été effective dans aucun pays du monde. Le développement durable est assis sur ce principe du respect de la dignité humaine pour la promotion sociale: " the road to dignity for all by 2030"

Pour y arriver, il faut d'abord, une révolution des données pour identifier le besoins sociaux liés  à ces couches de population, les hiérrachiser et commencer par les satisfaire.

A cet effet, il est normal de changer la vielle manière de procéder au développement social: assistances  sans  identifier les besoins.

- Se mettre en réseaux

-  Repertorier les besoins sur des thèmes bien précis

-  Associer la direction de la statistique,

-  concevoir et appliquer des projets de développement social, de réduction de la pauvreté, de promotion de la santé, du genre, de la nutrition, d'assistance, des droits de l'homme etc

-  Et dans tout le processus, la transparence, l'engagement, la collaboration et la lutte contre la corruption doivent être la règle du jeu.

Sonigitu Ekpe (not verified)

It is important for policies to be made available to the citizens and this can be possible when you have a comprehensive database of citizens with basic informations, such as education, employment etc. With these in place you can provide for the needs of the poeple and many will always go in search of information as a source of livelihood.

Safaira (not verified)

The need for UN and Bilateral Partners in their quest to strengthen & re-invigorate North-South and South South co-operation is to have more appreciation on Faith-Based Community Service  Oganisations.  They are the very NGO that will reach down to the grass root communities where poverty revisited every morning.  Grace Trifam Ministry a Faith-Based Community Service NGO has for the past seven (7) years been working with rural, vulnerable, marginalised communities in Fiji and found out that the only way to reach down to this communities is in their Trust in the Lord Jesus that we are able to reach to all hearts of whom Christ died for.  We would like to see how we can support the work of Faith-Based Community Service NGO for Social Development globally.

Dosse SOSSOUGA • Executive Director at UN SDGs NGO Major Group d'or Africa: Amis des Étrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

 You are right but NGOs must be organized. And data revolution must be the base of all.

Ashwini Sathnur • Capacity Development Expert at United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) from India
  • What are effective policy approaches (examples at the national level) that were proven to be effective in promoting social development (i.e., reduction of poverty, decent jobs, social inclusion, access to basic services, etc.)?

Inclusive Development Agenda policy proves to be an important methodology for the betterment of the country. Inclusion in technology/ including public-private-partnerships have led to a greater employment in the ICT industry and also in the technology industry. Inclusive Education enables education to reach the remotest village in India. And also educate the disabled and disadvantaged sections of the society. Government services are provided on the mobile devices, thereby increasing citizen engagement.

  • How did/do they strengthen social development in relation to sustainable development?

Education on inclusion and integrating disabled persons at the work places create greater awareness and responsibility for the people. Awareness increases on inclusion, disability, accessibility, nd technology to enable the disabled persons. Including disabled persons at work places creates an inclusive work-culture and this leads to a more conducive work environment for the employees. Also testing/ verifying the technological sustainable development innovations could be carried out in-house where there is access to the minority sections. This provides the required manpower immediately and within reach. Thereby this method reduces time-to-market for the sustainable development innovative solutions.

  • How to achieve policy coherence among different sectors (i.e., social, macroeconomic, trade, environment, etc.) to achieve socially-desirable goals?

Creating innovative solutions spanning across multiple sectors could include policy decisions addressing more persons in a nation. For eg. Accessibility for hearing impaired persons in Airport Ground Handling sections deals with sectors Aviation, Telecommunications, Information Technology and Healthcare. Hence policy created on Accessibility would answer solutions to a wider network  of people in multiple sectors in the industry. Also FDI inflows/ outflows to implement the Accessibility would lead to beneficial trade. And comparability of nations at the international monitoring system [United Nations] would lead to the assessment of the socio-economic progress of a nation.

  • Is there a need for a new broader social development framework? If so, please describe its key elements

A broader social development framework that is required is a more robust access to justice. This is particularly to provide justice to the people concerned with sustainable development. And to prevent cases of injustice which could probably occur at the industry during creation of the innovative solutions. Also to justify intellectual property rights.

Armel Oguniyi (not verified)

Hi Team,

From my own perceptives decent Jobs (Right Pay, no discrimination based on gender, race, disability, ethic group...) would contribute in strenghening social development. Will elaborate more on this shortly.

Dosse SOSSOUGA • Executive Director at UN SDGs NGO Major Group d'or Africa: Amis des Étrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

 l'emploi doit être créé c'est pourquoi il faut avoir l'esprit de créativité, d'innovation.

Safaira (not verified)

Very true.  But what about the grass root community?  How we are to measure and identify their social development?  Most of whom have the resources, very industrius but lack the market.  This is one of the many reason of rural - urban drift  which resulted in underutilisation of resources.  May be u can elaborate on this as well.

Dosse SOSSOUGA • Executive Director at UN SDGs NGO Major Group d'or Africa: Amis des Étrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

La bonne politique est de travailler ensemble: governement société civile, secteur privé et autres mais dans tous les cas il faut une volonté politique.

Baly Ouattara (not verified)

We need a new philosophy, a new geography, a new economy, a new policy, a new education, a new strategy and policy, a new press, a new paradigm and a new utopia.

Diego Rios-Zertuche (not verified)

Results-based financing (RBF) has shown promising results increasing healthcare coverage and quality for the poorest populations. Salud Mesoamerica 2015 (SM2015) is an example an encouraging new model to address inequalities in a more effective and efficient way. SM2015 aims to reduce maternal and child health inequalities through a result-based financing model. (SM2015) is a public-private partnership between the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Carlos Slim Foundation, the Government of Spain, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the countries of Central American and the state of Chiapas in Mexico.

At the start of the program, the IDB and the country agree to set of process, coverage, quality and impact targets that are externally verified by a third partner. To design a program to meet the targets, each country receives a donation that is matched by country funds to implement evidence-based interventions in the poorest areas. If the country meets the previously agreed targets, it receives an incentive; half of the country funds initially invested for reimbursed for unrestricted use within the health sector. Even when donations are less than 1% of the health budget, systemic changes have already been achieved.

Unlike other RBF programs, results expected by SM2015 include changes to national policies, coverage of healthcare interventions and quality of care. With this purpose, independent household and health facility surveys are collected in every country.  The IDB partnered with the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington to conduct the surveys. In addition to assessing performance, surveys provide robust and comparable data about the maternal and child health of the poorest populations.

Baseline surveys revealed important health inequalities. Even when most countries have achieved high coverage at the national level of key interventions to reduce maternal and child mortality, important gaps remain for the poor. For instance, the contraceptive prevalence rate in the poorest areas in Mesoamerica is more than 20 percentage points under the national average. Institutional birth by qualified staff is particularly low in areas with high indigenous populations, such as the poorest areas of Chiapas and Guatemala, where around 1 in 4 women has access to institutional deliveries by qualified staff.

After 24 months of program implementation, all countries have achieved important results, increasing the availability of equipment and supplies in medical units and updating national norms. For instance, in Nicaragua, the percentage of Health Facilities with continuous availability of inputs for emergency obstetric and neonatal care increased from 60 to 90.9%. In El Salvador, the Community Health Teams with inputs and equipment for child care increased from 36.2 to 92.2%. In Chiapas, Mexico inputs and equipment for prenatal and postnatal care increased from 3.6 to 45.8%. Panama increased the number of basic attention units with availability of family planning methods from 7.1 to 78.9% and Belize from 73.7 to 89.5% El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Panama have updated national norms for micronutrient supplementation in children 6 to 23 months; an initial step towards decreasing anemia. In Panama and El Salvador zinc has been included in standards for management of diarrhea in children.

In Costa Rica, SM2015 has encouraged cross-sector collaboration addressing teenage pregnancy. The Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Education and the Department of Social Insurance are working together to develop integrated strategies to prevent teenage pregnancies and support young mothers. 

SM2015 has helped Ministries of Health leverage funds for the poor and the health sector. In El Salvador, for example, a specific target was set to increase spending for the poor. In all countries, even when targets are in health, SM2015 given the argument for the Ministry of Finance to ensure the funds needed were available (including counterpart funding as well as resources to meet targets).

In the next two years, Ministries of Health throughout the region will have to achieve even more challenging and ambitious targets. Countries have committed to achieving healthcare coverage and quality targets.

The RBF model implemented by SM2015 could be expanded to a wider set of social development goals. Giving realistic, ambitious and measurable targets for outcome and impact level indicators to sectors that earlier worked independently could open paths for improved solutions.

 

To learn more about SM2015, visit: www.sm2015.com

Kader Lawaly

A mon avis, pour un développement social inclusif, il est nécessaire de prendre en compte toutes les couches social sans discrimination de race, d'ethnie ou de nationalité. Cela signifie une implication de tous les acteurs sociaux, jeunes, vieux, enfants, femmes et adultes. Toutes les personnes physiques, bien portantes ou handicapés doivent être associées au processus de développement social, pourvu qu'elle soit d'une bonne moralité.

 

Kader Lawaly

Secrétaire Permanent du Conseil National de Dialogue Politique (CNDP), Niamey - NIGER.

Baly Ouattara (not verified)

That sounds like a really interesting approach.We need to change our consumption model there is too much waste you put the emphasis on drugs but this is also true in many areas. Products of all kinds are dumped into our markets that we are forced to consume.

Schi Wei (not verified)

Dear Ms. Kay,

First of all, thank you for providing this forum - I feel great honor in being able to participate in its lively brainstorming and discussion!  As a medical student your questions address issues are of particular relevance to me, as public health and its innovative policies has proven itself as a flagship and also catalyst for social change over the past several decades. As such, let me come straight to the point by emphasizing three areas which I feel should constitute keystones for policy considerations - health, our environment, and leadership.

We need to incorporate health as an integral component for social change. Not as an end to a means but rather as a starting point. Health is the product of a well-balanced interaction with one's physical and non-physical environment. It is the integration of productive and sustainable lifestyle habits over a prolonged period of time and as such could serve as a bridge towards our future.  A country without a healthy citizenry cannot function properly; one only needs to reflect on the ravaging effects of famine and epidemics throughout human history. Please consider also, that with increasing transnational interdependence, a coherent health policy needs to be part of, and also vitalize social policy, irrespective of whether at a community or international level. The right of every human being to be healthy should be an inalienable right, just as the air we breathe on a daily basis and the clear water we drink constitutes a right. 

This said, we need to emphasize policies that facilitate healthier and cleaner environments worldwide! We all know that  civilisations have ceased to exist as a result of unsound environmental management policies. Drastic changes in climate are imminent, and yet most countries around the world are ill- trained to weather such dire changes - with insufficient resources and manpower to invest for preparations thereof, their future is even more bleak when one considers how ill health, economic challenges and social disintegration work in conjunction to further uproot and destabilise peoples' lives. 

Notably, dramatic changes in governance are necessary that are able to continuously invest the requisite time, and resources for continuous and healthy change. Leadership that has the ability to touch individual lives and show how each individual with his or her unique talents can contribute to significant health and greater good of the global community. Time and time again people have demonstrated that they are able to perform significant feats with only very little under desperate conditions. Wouldn't it be even better if proper planning, training of talents and resource management can prevent the need for sacrifice and lamentable tragedies that at its very best, only temporarily captures a glimpse of the true worth of  human lives? We owe it to ourselves and to the world around us to be good stewards of it and to leave it a better place than we have entered it. It has an impact even on a child living thousands of miles away from us. We live in a small world. 

As such, I would like to conclude by reinforcing the three key pillars required for good global policy - health, environment, and governance and inviting you to further think about which policies may help facilitate the integration of these pillars (such as policies that facilitate the building of infrastructures in towns and cities around the world that are pedestrian and bike friendly while at the same time reducing automobile gas emissions, for instance). I heartily welcome and look forward to further deep discussions around these issues! 

 

 

Gloria Bonder

If the goal is to redefine or  innovate policies, practices and values that contribute to  strenghten social development , is it possible to achieve goals such as social  inclusion, equality of rights and opportunities, decent work , decrease of poverty ,citizens  participation, quality in education , health and other services , cooperation,  peace , sustainability,  without integrating gender equality in the core of this new  paradigm ? Of course not, but more often than expected and desired, we continue seeing the development of discussions, the emergence of new ideas and proposals that are either  gender blind or include some reference to gender as a noun refering only to poor women or as a separate set of problems or goals to be address. Opportunities such as this forum need to be use to apply  gender lenses to all aspects or dimensions of what is being discussed and proposed.    

Everson Ndlovu • Lecturer at Institute of Development Studies- University of Science and Technology from Zimbabwe

What are effective policy approaches (examples at the national level) that were proven to be effective in promoting social development (i.e., reduction of poverty, decent jobs, social inclusion, access to basic services, etc.)?

 Communal land ownership has not promoted poverty reduction in the wake of increasing global  population, increasing vulnerabilities, new forms of slavery and lack of political will and commitment to tackle real human challenges especially in the third world countries. Noone owns land in a communal set-up, land clearing (deforestation) and increasing environmental degradation is never checked as all will want to exploit the natural environment and resources without due regard to environmental sustainability. As a result, pasture land has diminished, siltation increased, deforestation increases at alarming rates inducing human caused poverty and other vulnerabilities. Should we continue to dish out land to fully grown sons so they too can have their home. We need to begin to consider compactt settlements for rural areas, promote the industrilization of the rural areas and cut down on the middle man approach to fighting poverty. Individual household plots should be turned into vast irrigation schemes to promote food security and open up space for pasture land and promote environmental healing/conservation (reforestation and afforestation). Such ideals should be enshrined in the school curriculum to ensure sustainability in the long term.

Dr.Amb.Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua • President and Founder of Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation at Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation from Nigeria

In response to the first question "What are effective policy approaches (examples at the national level) that were proven to be effective in promoting social development (i.e., reduction of poverty, decent jobs, social inclusion, access to basic services, etc.)?"

The effective policy measures adopted by Nigerian federal government at the advent of its democratic governance in promoting social development are numerous. These policy approaches come in different blueprints, agendas and buzzwords but the ultimate goals were to achieve among other objectives poverty reduction, job creation, access to basic services , social inclusion imbibe reading culture, economic empowerment and self-reliance as well as stem youth restiveness in the country especially in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Working side by side with the federal government of Nigeria , for instance where various state governments which came up with policies aimed at social development in line with the UN framework on social development and integration.

Some of these policies approaches adopted variously by successive governments in Nigeria include National Youth service Corps (NYSC). Education for All (EFA), family support programme(FSP), Directorate for food, road and rural infrastructure (DFRRI) , National directorate for employment (NDE), National povert eradication programme (NAPEP), National Economic Empowerment and development strategies (NEEDS), Health for all by year 2000, Operation feed the nation (OFN) , small and medium enterprises emergency investment scheme (SMEEIS), universal basic Education (UBE), microfinance banks (MFBs) united states of America's African growth and oportunities Act (AGOA) chaperoned by the federal government of Nigeria, Almarijis's free educational food scheme (TAFEFS). National action committee againts Aids (NACAA), people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) equity scheme Amnesty for Niger deltalmillitants(ANDM) small and medium enterprises development agency of Nigeria(SMEDAN) and NationalAction for prohibition of traffiking in persons NNAPIT), to mention many of them.

These policy measures provide the roadmaps needed in the promotion of social change. For example the NYSC has proven to be an effective tool for social cohesion, integration and patriotsm since its inception in the early 1970s. The various policy agendas above -mentioned have proven effective as each had left incalculable benefits to the individual, society and the nation at large. Amnesty for Niger Delta Millitants- Late President Umaru Musa Yar'Adua's brainchild was so effective that it has sent millitants underground while the end-beneficiary youths recieved various degrees of training in diverse skills at home and abroad. Late President Umaru Musa Yar'Adua's action was indeed a masterstroke that the federal needed to put an end to restiveness, wanton destruction of lives and properties thereby making Nigeria public enemy number one. This was true because international communities descended ruthlessly on Nigeria's federal government's inability to arrest this ugly trend arising from environmental pollution of the Niger Delta which robbed them of their sources and means of livelihood.other policy approaches where as good. 

Dr.Amb.Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua • President and Founder of Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation at Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation from Nigeria

in response to the question "How did/do they strengthen social development in relation to sustainable development?"

These blueprints, individually and collectively strengthen social development under review in several ways. Let us look at this under four strategic areas of education, employment, health care and economic empowerment.

A nation is made up of people, most of which do not understand English - the language of international communication. Therefore they must be educated to be able to communicate , socialize and work to sustain their families. Education therefore is a tool everybody must aspire to have. Education is the capstone and the best investment the government can give to its citizens, its importance cannot be over emphasised. An educated person is an empowered person. He/She knows his/her rights and can always defend him/herself anytime, anyday.

Employment is essential because an idle mind they say is the Devil's workshop. Educated people are gainfully employed, earn good pay, choose their lifestyle and live a comfortably fulfilled life and contribute to national development. Illiterates do not always easily find work except at casual level. Having healthy citizens translates to having a healthy nation. An educated person finds no difficulty in accessing health care. As an enlightened citizen, he/she knows the basic hygiene and fundamental principles of staying healthy. It is said that the productivity of a nation depends largely on the state of health of her citizens hence the governments huge investment on health care delivery. Civil Society Organizations help to create a healthier society by informing and empowering the women with true access to prompt medical attention. Some go the extra mile in providing counselling and medical consultancies to women by way of seminars, workshops, medical fairs, capacity building lectures and empowerment programs.

It is instructive to note that most national governments collaborate with international organisations and relevant global health institutions such as WHO, WFP and UNICEF in the pursuit of their mission.

Economic empowerment is the flavor of the month in Nigeria as in many African countries because it is one of the key elements of sustainable development . Little wonder the UN gives it the right of place in its policy documents to national governments. The rate of poverty in the society has made it impossible for a large percentage of the population to be economically empowered due to lack of resources. The governments do not formulate policy framework that accords economic empowerment its desired attention. It is an empirical truth that economic empowerment of the women, youths and vulnerable groups go a long way in strengthening social development especially in developing country such as where this CSO domiciles. 

Dr.Amb.Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua • President and Founder of Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation at Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation from Nigeria

In response to the question "How to achieve policy coherent among different sectors (i.e, social, macroeconomic, trade, environment, etc.) to achieve socially-desirable goals?"

Policy coherance could be achieved among different sectors such as social , macroeconomic, trade, environment, etc. It is considered in its proper perspective. incoherent policies stiffles social development in many ways. A Government may adopt a policy it may consider expedient to address a strategic problem but the component states especially where such state governments are in the opposition, a counter policy may be adopted to weaken the central policy. Successive federal and state governments always fail to continue from where its predecessor stopped. It may cancel altogether or modify such policies to suit his whims and caprices. As it happens in the federal, so will it happen in the state as well as in the local government or grassroots level. policy incoherance immobilises social development to a stand still because of inherent vested interest.

In our own opinion as a responsible social entrepreneur, we consider it expedient that there should be a legal framework from the national assembly to address this vexed issue of policy incoherence in the scheme of things. This is imperative because sectors such as economy, trade and investment, environment and the service sector should not constitute a cog in the will of progress. Policy Coherence is what United Nations emphasizes.

Dr.Amb.Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua • President and Founder of Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation at Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation from Nigeria

In response to the question "Is there a need for a new broader social development framework? If so, please describe its key elements."

We would assert in the affirmative that there is a need for a new and broader social development framework. This covers a greater spectrum of legal theories which shall reposition social development imperative whether as governments at any level or as NGOs, CSOs, faith based groups, charitable organizations and private sector groups. This is significant because social development in a global environment must be in tune with modern trend. The national government or the executive arm has the sovereign power of making laws and having such laws accented to. Both chambers of the National assembly should consider as a matter of public policy, the need to promulgate laws that will institutionalise social development as key element for national development. In advanced economies, such as WENA( western Europe North America) and MENA(middle east north Africa) countries, global social investment (GSI) which social development and sustainable development are key ingredients, subsisting legal citations bring a new and broader best practices clauses into focus. And that is why social development issues gain momentum in the scheme of things. It is high time national governments , through its law making arms, see the need for a new and broader social development legal framework. As globalisation quickens, people in developing countries should not afford to remain backward in knowledge if they must make progress in the comity of nations. 

Saripalli Suryanarayana • from India

Having travelled,worked,and volnteerd,presented papers on developmental issues,i do acknowledge the issues of Gender,Family,Aging,co-operatives,and such as per the UN decleration.Now how we can protect the culture,Heriditary,heritage,with so much population of 6.8 billion,may grow to 9.8 billion,and when migration is the phase for development.

Countries in need of migration labor for developmet,need to encourge family migration to save heritage and culture.Countries need to rcognise that the migrated people are leaving their old parents behind with out any health and welfare check-up.These needs to be looked after by such who encourage migration.

Gener equality does not mean that family set-up,core values have to be left out sothat the population starts decling on its own.

Thelma Kay (not verified)

Dear friends,

              Thank you for your thoughtful and insightful posts.

  On the issue of effective policy approaches, strengthening education has been raised as an important priority. Health has also been raised.  What are your further thoughts on these key social issues  ? E.g. what priority should be accorded to education vis-a-vis other sectors ,  is universal health coverage atttainable ? 

Some have cautioned that social spending must be fiscally  sustainable. Sustainability  can  for example be based on correct  incentives and   a business model using market mechanisms could be adopted for at least part of the solution.  What do you think?

Some of you have highlighted the importance of people-centred development.  Some also called for focus on the individual .  How can self-agency of the individual be complemented with collective responsibility?

Many have stressed the importance of the representation and participation of all stakeholders in participatory governance , including those outside the mainstream and grasssroots communities.  What examples can you give of successful cases of such "co-creation" of  a development agenda ?

Corruption has been identified as a challenge to effective policy implementation.   Some have suggested independent monitoring and evaluation,  improved civil registration system, law enforcement, media etc.   What measures can bring about transparency and an ethos of incorruptibility?

On the issue of policy coherence, many of you provided useful viewpoints.  Can you provide good examples of mechanisms for policy coherence within the government and among various actors?  I know of governments with "whole of government" approach through coordinating ministries (eg. for poverty reduction), or with a interministerial committee  ( eg. on ageing).

Some have mentioned the need for a legislative framework for better coordination. Can you provide examples of such legislation which have led to better coordination?.

With regard to a new framework for social development , some have suggested a framework of social inclusion, of inclusive development ,  and of the restoration of a rights-based universal ethical values.  Do you think it is conceptually possible to have an overarching framewok , and is one needed?

I hope you will respond to the comments above  and I look forward to continuing this rich and useful e-dialogue with all of you.

   Thelma Kay

 

 

Cristóbal Ortiz Cayupan (not verified)

Estimada Thelma Kay

Respecto de la pregunta que Ud. plantea sobre la necesidad de fortalecer la educación y si debemos priorizarla sobre otras áreas.  Lo primero, debemos considerar es que la educación está lejos de ser sólo uno servicio que el Estado entrega a los ciudadanos, la eduación es ante todo un derecho social puesto que constituye la orientación básica de la vida comunitaria en las sociedades. Por ende, no es posible situarla en comparación a otros servicios que pueda entregar el Estado, ya que su condición de derecho social la hace prioritaria de antemano y obliga al Estado a proveerla. En una situación similar se encuentra la salud. La cobertura de salud es un tema, pero me parece que la pregunta debe ser por el derecho a la salud. Son cosas distintas. Por un lado, podemos asegurar que todos los ciudadanos tengan posibilidad de atender su salud en diferentes agencias de salud que pueden ser privadas o publicas. Pero la pregunta por el derecho a la salud obliga al estado necesariamente a otorgar esa cobertura, más allá de la posiblidad de oferta privada que exista. Es decir, el propio Estado debería cimentar el terreno para que ese derecho a la salud sea efectivo y no sea materia de transacción o especulación financiera como ocurre en muchos países en desarrollo cuya estructura de salud pública es precaria, mientras que la salud privada aparta a millones de personas de hacer valer debidamente su derecho. A mi juicio, hay derechos sociales que no pueden transarse: educación, salud, vivienda, previsión y participación. Sin ellos, es inconcebible cualquier modelo que apunte a un desarrollo real y efectivo. El rol del Estado no es es solo garantizarlos sino que proveerlos, puesto que estan en la esencia del contrato social con el Estado. Finalmente, respecto de las nuevas perspectivas que pudieran mantenerse en Educación, me parece que es centrl y  necesario integrar los derechos humanos como elementos articuladores de la educación. Manteniendo también las particularidades y los esfuerzos locales que refuerzan las identitades, la diversidad y el desarrollo de las comunidades, pero en sintonía con una cultura pedagogica de los derechos humanos. 

Andres Moscoso (not verified)

Me sumo a las palabras de Cristobal. Creo que si la Comunidad Internacional aspira a alcanzar una gobernanza global del desarrollo social el Estado moderno debe estar justificado desde la perspectiva de sus ciudadanos, lo que implica hacerse cargo de los derechos sociales en las áreas que menciona Cristobal ( educación, salud, vivienda, previsión y participación), a las que yo añadiría también la del trabajo y el acceso a la justicia.  Si los estados no se dedican a cubrir integralmente estas áreas, el desarrollo social no se logrará alcanzar cabalmente, la institucionalidad estatal dejará de estar plenamente justificada para la ciudadanía y la proliferación de casos de apatía, desigualdad, crimen, corrupción, violencia, y atomización social continuará en aumento. 

Rosario Valenzuela (not verified)

En coherencia con lo mencionado por Cristóbal y Andrés, es indispensable otorgar una real preponderacia a los Derechos Económicos y Sociales, ya que lamentablemente aún estamos estancados en sólo lo relativo a los Derechos CIviles y Políticos. Si no se asume un verdadero tratamiento de éstos, es poco lo que se puede avanzar en materias de desarrollo social.Por lo mismo, un factor clave radica en la ratificación y correspondiente entrada en vigor del Protocolo Facultativo del Pacto de Derechos Económicos Sociales y Culturales. Así, se tendría el debido marco jurídico de exigibilidad que los DESC requieren.

Nestor Guerrero (not verified)

Estimada Thelma Kay y amig@s,

Muy interesante el diálogo generado. Sobre el primer punto que planteas en la recapitulación, esto es, la cuestión de los enfoques de política eficaces y, particularmente, el fortalecimiento de la educación como prioridad, el caso de Chile puede ser un aporte para identificar lecciones sobre la eficacia de los enfoques de políticas para la promoción del desarrollo social.

Una vez finalizada la dictadura cívico-militar (1973-1990), los primeros gobiernos de transición, bajo un enfoque de políticas sociales focalizadas, priorizaron la cobertura y acceso a bienes públicos esenciales, tales como salud, educación y vivienda. Del mismo modo, un sostenido crecimiento económico, bajo una estrategia de libre mercado con baja intervención estatal, permitió disminuir los críticos niveles de pobreza. Sin embargo, pronto la estrategia focalizadora y opción por la cobertura mostró ciertas deficiencias. Por ejemplo, la necesidad de un rol estatal más activo y la demanda ciudadana de garantizar derechos sociales universales. En la agenda de políticas públicas, el fortalecimiento de la educación es un tópico clave desde 2011.

En efecto, se han producido movilizaciones sociales para demandar educación gratuita y de calidad, pues mientras la educación escolar muestra niveles relativos de calidad y alta segregación, la educación universitaria tiene altos costos y endeudamiento. Hoy una reforma importante es la educativa.

Entonces, ¿ha sido eficaz la estrategia para fortalecer la educación como parte de la promoción del desarrollo social? Es posible decir que, después de 25 años, se ha cumplido satisfactoriamente el objetivo de acceso y cobertura en la mayoría de los niveles. Pero hoy se exige un enfoque de derechos sociales universales y de fortalecimiento de la educación publica. Y ello exige políticas redistributivas para el financiamiento. Por ejemplo, a través de reformas tributarias progresivas, que, entre otras materias, recauden impuestos de empresas que trabajan recursos naturales.

Entonces, respecto a la educación, una lección importante es concebirla desde un inicio como derecho social universal garantizado por el Estado, sin perjuicio de la existencia de proveedores privados, en el marco más amplio de definiciones internacionales sobre derechos humanos. El diseño político, entonces, es clave, y debe considerar el paradigma de derechos sociales. Los instrumentos fiscales para su financiación son igualmente relevantes.  

Giovanni Cisternas (not verified)

Muy interesante lo que se ha dicho acerca de la educación, ya que su relación con el cumplimiento de los ODM es evidente. En América Latina el país más cercano a cumplirlos es Cuba, que pese a tener un mercado muy poco desarrollado sí ha logrado avances evidentes en alfabetización, salud, educación universal, lucha contra el vih, etc. Ciertamente llama a la reflexión que un país menos desarrollado que muchos otros haya logrado algo que estos no han podido.Eso muestra que hay necesidades que el mercado no puede satisfacer, un mínimo que debe ser garantizado por los estados. ya han dicho otros participantes la importancia del desarrollo de los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales como derechos exigibles, incluso a través de tribunales internacionales. Pues nada cambiará si se les sigue viendo como derechos de menor categoría.Un afectuoso saludo!Enviado desde mi iPhoneEl 09-04-2015, a las 18:35, "notification@unteamworks.org" > escribió:You can post a r

Safaira (not verified)

Dear Thelma,

It is interesting following all the discussion, and I am impressed and are thankful for this social team work.  Thank you team for your contribution.  I work with rural communities in Fiji as a Faith-based community service NGO.  We have a holistic program for our Phase two awareness/capacity building program that stand on the following pillars:  Community Organisation & Time Management; Gender Equality; Environment Stewardship; Youth Resilience; Small but Precious (Children God's Heritage); Wellness (NEWSTART); and Domestic Violence.  We did address and allaborate on the International/Regional/National Status on the above pillars, the impact and the cost to the nation than we adrress the issues from the Bible perspective.  This we found in our four (4) years of working from this angle in our 13 years of existence here in Fiji, has made alot of impact.  This we would like to introduce into this forum as the way forward for social development.  Whether it is Human Rights, sustainable development or for a legislative framework, from our experience and for ideal scenarios like our multi-racial communities, we still share the same belief that we need to build a better nation with respective children and to alleviate poverty.  We found that when we touch the hearts of individual to feel the need for change for the better they will accept the fact that the bible truth and Jesus is the only answer to all our problem.  Our world is sick because we lack to acknowledge the Creator.  Children are disobeying their parents and we fail to seek the Creator, the poverty and all social ills around us and in us, yet we never consult the Creator God.  He summon us to be the stewards of all living things but we took things for granted, we misuse and abuse this privilage.  He instruct youth to get counsel from Him, youth are smart to check with the modern technology for their answers.  He told parents to love their children and to teach and admonish their children in the LORD - parents are too busy to adhere.  He told marriage couple to put Him in the centre of their life, they deny the Creature and worship the creature, resulting in so much pain and suffering, broken families and broken souls. However, He still died for us because He loved us, and is preparing a place of equality and peace for us all.  The whole earth is in His hand and with extended loving hands reaching out to all of us.  We found this to be the only answer and we continue to reach out to all our Fiji and Pacific communities.

 

 

Schi Wei (not verified)

Thank you for sharing your great experience. Over the last several years our "Students for Health" student volunteer program at Windsor University took a turn for the better because of faith-based leadership and above all - tons of prayer. This program allows for our medical students to go into the community and to help screen patients for chronic illnesses such as diabetes and hypertension, supervised by the appropriate personnel, of course. I had a wonderful opportunity to talk to one of the elected leaders and ask him what made his program turn out to be such a huge success. He essentially  told me that it really was prayer that helped tie their group together in a strong bond, and to care for one another in ways they wouldn't have otherwise. And all this happened during a critical time period when change management was necessary. The differences before and after the transformation was palpable in so many different ways - their organisation, demeanor of the leadership, expression of self-confidence, number of enthusiastic students enlisting, acceptance by the patients and the general public as a whole, etc. 

Safaira (not verified)

Dear teamworks

I would like to thank the Schi Wei Medical students for the experience they had with their team and the fact that prayer is powerful to make a difference in any given situation is very true and we support and believe in it.  With us, back home, we pray and fast before we began a process and it is an amazing experience to believe that even the wether will change to suit our process.  This has empowered us to forge ahead and we believe that wherever we tread, Jesus has been there already for us and every challenges is His in Jesus wonderful and mighty name.

Climate change has taken its toll because of our negligence of our stewardship responsibility over all living things as God the creator given us human in Gen 1:26 - 28  "And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth."  So God did.  Some of us humans have been so selfish, self centred and very greedy.  We ruin the habitat of all other living things to our satisfaction and to suit our own agenda, even as sports field or as airstrip, whatever it is to our own benefit.  We need now to pray more than ever so that we can learn to share space with other living things and to rekindle our stewardship responsibility to the best we can.  Our social development program will be now considered in the court of Heaven because we have gain knowledge and now good stewards for our environment. (Hosea 4:6...My people are destroyed because of lack of knowledge........)

Dosse SOSSOUGA • Executive Director at UN SDGs NGO Major Group d'or Africa: Amis des Étrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

 Oui Safaira,

Dieu a créé le ciel et la terre et tout ce qui s'y trouve et l'homme. Ce dernier crée du feu pour sa nourriture, du fusil pour se protéger, se défendre contre d'éventuel attaque. Donc l'homme pense plus à son ventre et à sa sécurité. D'où la naissance du racisme, de la discrimination raciale, de la xénophobie, de l'exclusion. Le monde, dans lequel nous vivons est plein de corruption et de violences, toujours pour la même cause. Dieu ne veut plus mettre fin à ce monde, il l'a juré. Il est assis sur son trône pour regarder les hommes faire leurs bêtises sur la terre. Mais si l'homme change son comportement le malheure ne frappera plus à sa porte. Voila pourquoi, le Secrétaire général, son excellence Monsieur Ban-kin Moon a eu l'inspiration divine de rechercher la vision pour d'ici 2030 qui, finalement trouvée, tourne autoure de ces trois axes: le développement social, le développement économique et le développement environnemental. L'inspiration de son excellence vient de Dieu qui nous aime tant sur la terre. Il suffit que l'homme accepte cette vision qui reclame la paix, le respect des droits de l'homme, la dignité humaine, la justice et l'égalité genre. La voix du peuple étant la voix de Dieu, plus 5 millions de personnes ont voté pour cette vision du monde en septembre 2014.

Pour réussir le développement social, Dieu nous a déjà montré la voie à suive; il s'agit des 17 objectifs dégagés dans cette vision pour l'après 2015. Les leaders mondiaux ont, à cet effet, une grande responsabilité, en tant que leaders pour la prospérité pour tous et partout comme souhaité dans l'agenda post 2015 par Dieu et par des citoyens de ce monde. Dieu nous aime.

Ricardo (not verified)

Estimada Thelma,

De acuerdo a su último comentario, quisiera referirme a dos puntos: la participación de la sociedad civil y la corrupción.

Creo que son temas que se relacionan fuertemente, que nos encontramos en una etapa donde el marco institucional en el que se desenvuelven los políticos está obligado a reformarse en aras de lograr mayor participación y fiscalización por parte de los ciudadanos.

Actualmente en Chile y en buena parte de América latina, enfrentamos el problema del descontento ciudadano a raíz de hechos de corrupción, lo que demuestra que nuestras instituciones están al debe. Por esto pareciéramos estar frente al momento preciso para crear instituciones, que utilizando las nuevas tecnologías de la información, transparenten las acciones de los políticos y entreguen mayor poder de decisión a los ciudadanos.    

Schi Wei (not verified)

I would hereby like to address your first question, namely what important roles education plays vis-a-vis other sectors within the global economy. I believe that with the current trend in which our global economy has been changing, the overall prices of manufactured products and goods will likely become cheaper while human talents and services will become more expensive over the course of the next few decades. As such, there will be less incentive for managers to hire because of increase in price for the latter. As a result, education will play a pivotal role for sustaining a dynamic workforce that is adaptable to shifts and changes in the economy; it has to evolve along with the demands of an economy instead of being a "one size fits all" type of institution.

Unfortunately, many countries, though recognising the importance of education, do not have sufficient manpower needed for making the requsite changes at their schools and/or at their universities.

Worldwide, the educated workforce is currently underperforming. Notably, in certain countries, less than 20% of engineering college graduates have been deemed sufficiently competent to take on jobs that are actually relevant. Alongside with this, shifts in demographics such as an aging Western population has been placing further pressures on peoples' overall health and well-being.  All these hamper the progress and sustainability of democratic and civilised societies. Rather, they can create a stronghold for dysfunctional societies.  

Kebulun Alliance in America (not verified)

The foundation of social development  lies within the community’s therefore the focus must be on the warfare of the community’s members  if we are to strengthen  social development   our community’s must be self-stainable this can only manifest if the communities governed  all aspects of their resources.

This will open the door for a true free trade system shifting the focus of just surviving to thriving communities through this system a new level of social development will emerge   for its survival it must be based on natural law.

Today, what we need is to realistically rethink, reorganize and to civilly remake the world safe for a peaceful co-existence, based on mutual respect. The world should not only be made safe for

Democracy; it should, more importantly, be made safe for justice and equity, which are the tenets of peace. Even though the current economic crisis and threats of war that poses many challenges for peace to all people in all countries, mankind has undoubtedly made tremendous strides in science and technology to advance the cause of good health, understanding and cooperation—not to employ or revisit the same strides to destroy the very basis of our existence and happiness.

If we are ever to achieve political justice and social change, we need to do something different for future generations, getting away from disconnection.

A nation’s interest may be easily attained if politicians and activists match on, and are seen to move on with nothing but transparent diplomacy.  Transparency means clarity of intent, which is a matter of truth. The main virtue to make us free and happy and peaceful in an increasingly diversifying world.

Ashwini Sathnur • Capacity Development Expert at United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) from India

Education is primarily important along with the other sectors where inclusion is involved. This is because inclusion is a new agenda and its features and advantages and its applications is to be understood and implemented by the common people.

When inclusive development projects are created by the civil society organizations or private sector etc. , then there is a requirement for the provision of incentives - in the form of awards, financial rewards etc. So that there is a return on investment.

Creating an enabling environment at the work place for the disabled persons is a collective responsibility.

Corruption could be eliminated by creating reviews and verification. This verification which is monitoring and evaluation, could be carried out by the United Nations monitoring system, at regular intervals of time.

Yating (not verified)

What are effective policy approaches (examples at the national level) that were proven to be effective in promoting social development (i.e., reduction of poverty, decent jobs, social inclusion, access to basic services, etc.)? How to achieve policy coherence among different sectors (i.e., social, macroeconomic, trade, environment, etc.) to achieve socially-desirable goals? Is there a need for a new broader social development framework?

 

At national level, the lack of basic social protection is one of the main reasons why people living in extreme poverty have been left behind. A rights-based social protection approach is one of the most effective ways to promote social development, because it ensures compliance with human rights commitments both in the content and outcomes of their policies, as well as in the process by which they implement them. To achieve socially-desirable goals and to achieve policy coherence among different sectors, equality and non-discrimination, participation, as well as transparency and accountability are the key principles that should guide the design and implementation of social protection policies.

 

Respecting the principle of equality and non-discrimination means targeted schemes can be accepted as a form of prioritization of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups within a longer-term strategy of progressively to ensure universal protection.

 

The participation of people living in poverty in legislation, policies and programmes that affect them is a key condition for the good governance of social development programmes. People living in poverty should be recognized as new partners in building knowledge on development who can contribute to the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of these programmes. Relevant civil society organizations should be assigned the role of implementing this participation, building up trust with those most concerned and making their expectations known. The state must protect the right to participation through an appropriate legal framework.

 

Transparency and access to information are essential elements of accountability. States must implement social protection programmes in a manner that allows individuals to easily recognize and understand: (i) the eligibility criteria; (ii) the specific benefits they will receive, and (iii) the existence and nature of complaints and redress mechanisms. When accountability and redress mechanisms are in place, social protection programmes are more likely to avoid stigma, because they will be understood in terms of entitlements and rights.

 

For a new broader social development framework, there’s a need for new sources of funding to finance social development. At the national and international level a new tax system should be built that brings about social justice and ensures environmental protection. It is also necessary to better regulate global finance, and apply new taxes, such as taxes on financial transactions and financial activities. Domestic funding for social development can be further increased through (i) improved tax collection and broadening the tax base; (ii) progressive tax systems to increase revenue; and (iii) measures to address tax evasion and tax havens. At the international level, additional funding for setting up social development framework is needed through adequate development cooperation programmes.

Rosario Aranda (not verified)

Regarding the question on transparency and corruption, raised by the Moderator Ms. Thelma Kay,

I certainly agree with people who have shared their concerns about how corruption challenges the effectiveness of policy implementation. It is definitely one of the worst threatens to a new policy because even if we have the best of intentions, a great team and enough resources, corrupt agents can distort the effect of the policy in our society.

In the particular case of Chile we have seen a considerable improvement of the regulation of the state expenditures and performance through the new Transparency Law (20.285) promulgated in 2008.

Since that Law was enforced, every Chilean doesn´t just have the chance, but the right to access to information they couldn´t see before. Therefore they can see how the budget is distributed and spent in every of the institutions of the State, how much is spent on the salaries, and also infrastructure of many State offices. Also they have the right to inquire authorities about the results of social programs, how policies have been created, implemented and what has been the overall effect of them in a community in particular or society in general.

Now, Ministries have to publish their expenses online and should answer people inquiries in a limited amount of time. If the information is not provided, bureaucrats could be held legally responsible.

This particular Law has been into a great extent a change in the way people can monitor the performance of the State in term of money expenses and policies implementation, therefore censoring and limiting the possibility of corrupt activities in State divisions.

Giovanni Cisternas (not verified)

Quisiera agregar a lo expuesto por Rosario en relación a la experiencia chilena. Como bien dice, existe una ley de transparencia que exige que las autoridades constantemente den cuenta de sus actuaciones, y pone a disposición de la ciudadanía toda la información relevante sobre el destino de los recursos públicos que, como sabemos, son preciosos en países como el nuestro, en vías de desarrollo. Sin duda imponer esta clase de leyes requiere un esfuerzo considerable ya que a los gobiernos no les gusta verse sometidos a un examen tan intenso. Además, como hemos visto en nuestro país, estas herramientas "destapan" prácticas de corrupción que afectan la imagen de los gobiernos en los ciudadanos. Sin embargo, se trata de cambios que deben hacerse aún con estos costos, ya que lentamente van modificando los paradigmas de actuación del estado, moviendo de a poco la línea de lo posible. Por ejemplo, en Chile se ha aprobado una nueva ley que incluso va más allá que la ley de transparencia, regulando el lobby, al punto que las autoridades deben publicar las reuniones que sostienen con privados, los regalos que reciben, las audiencias que otorgan, los viajes que realizan, todo con lujo de detalles etc. etc. Y si no lo hacen, pueden ser sancionados, incluso encarcelados. Es decir,  hoy podemos tener acceso a información  que hasta unos años era inconcebible que fueran mostrados!

Por lo tanto, en materia de corrupción y transparencia una lección que podemos sacar es que las prácticas que a veces aparecen como tradicionales, arraigadas y que se ven como si no pudieran erradicarse, sí pueden ser cambiadas si existe voluntad y si se enfrentar de forma directa, con leyes de vanguardia, y que sean impuestas por los tribunales. Todo además con el involucramiento y la supervisión de los ciudadanos, que son un pilar fundamental en esta tarea.

 

 Un afectuoso saludo a todos!

Cristóbal Ortiz Cayupan (not verified)

Estimados...En el caso de Chile ¿De verdad sostienen que la ley de transparencia y la posible ley de lobby generaron un cambio relevante y una cultura anti corrupción? ¿No son los últimos casos de corrupción una muestra de lo contrario? A mi entender, Chile está lejos de ser un ejemplo en materia de anticorrupción. Un ejemplo: ambas leyes que se mencionan como relevantes, en muchos de los países de la región y países "desarrollados" ya existían hace décadas. Sólo estamos recuperando terreno frente a una materia que debimos haber resuelto luego de la dictadura militar y, sin embargo, la ley de lobby que es central en la lucha contra la corrupción aún está en trámite legislativo. Además, los últimos hechos de corrupción demuestran que esto está lejos de solucionarse con un par de leyes más o menos, lo que se requiere es una reestructuración mayor del sistema institucional y una reconstitución histórica de los traspasos públicos-privados realizados por la dictadura. 

Dosse SOSSOUGA • Executive Director at UN SDGs NGO Major Group d'or Africa: Amis des Étrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

Le développement social doit être basé sur les recettes de l'Etat: Exemple au Togo, il vient dêtre créé un office de recettes (OTR) pour verrouiller les pistes de corruptions effectuées, avant, sur les recettes douanières et les impôts et taxes. Normalement, en comparant les recettes avant l'OTR et les recettes après l'OTR, l'Etat doit constater une marge positive de masse monétaire, qui devrait être investie dans le developpement social, mais pas dans le désordre. Il faut une révolution des données pour savoir où commencer et où terminer pour mieux évaluer les progrès réalisés et faire des prévisions pour l'avenir.

Maria josé Cifuentes (not verified)

Respecto al establecimiento de un marco para el desarrollo social, quiero recoger la idea de establecer un marco de trabajo basado en derechos, lo cual debería ser el ideal de las democracias. Se refiere a vincular todas las fases existentes dentro de la construcción de una política pública a una concepción de derechos humanos universales, indivisibles y vinculantes para los estados. 

Enfocar una política pública hacia los derechos humanos no implica quitar al órgano gubernamental su poder de decisión relativo al proceso de la política y a su análisis, pues lo que nos brinda la concepción basada en derechos humanos es un marco conceptual o una guía de orientación, que es amplia y corresponde en términos generales al contenido mínimo de cada derecho objeto de determinada política. Quedando así, a disposición del órgano gubernamental la decisión de los mecanismos específicos con que se implementará cierta política pública con  plena libertad, solo limitado por el principio de desarrollo progresivo de los derechos humanos, especialmente los sociales, económicos y culturales.

El objetivo fundamental de las políticas públicas basadas en derechos tiene relación con el empoderamiento que implica el reconocimiento de los derechos humanos para sus titulares. Lo anterior, quiere decir que al mantener un enfoque en los derechos no es posible implementar determinada política bajo la concepción de que sus beneficiarios son personas con necesidades que deben ser asistidas, y que la asistencia prestada en cada área por el Estado es una decisión discrecional. Por el contrario, una política pública basada en derechos ubica a los ciudadanos, titulares de derechos, como sujetos capaces de exigir al Estado el cumplimiento de sus obligaciones en materia de derechos civiles, políticos, sociales, económicos y culturales. Por lo tanto, la implementación de políticas con este enfoque significa que al identificar un problema, al formular las alternativas de solución, al adoptar una alternativa especifica, al implementar dicha alternativa seleccionada, y al evaluar los resultados obtenidos, se tendrá como marco o base el contenido de el o los derechos involucrados en cada problemática social, y el resultado será la formulación de una política pública más estable y universal. Significa posicionar a toda la población como titular de derechos y destinataria de las políticas del Estado. Esto se logra al rechazar los programas o políticas focalizadas solo en ciertos grupos considerados vulnerables, y pensar que así se obtendrán los resultados esperados. Significa por ejemplo, reconocer el derecho de toda la población a la alimentación, para lo cual no bastará solo con implementar programas de alimentación especial para menores con riesgo social, sino que es necesario asegurar a toda la población el acceso a una alimentación saludable, por medio de políticas que fomenten la adquisición y consumo de alimentos que permitan una dieta balanceada, sin dejar de lado por su puesto, un énfasis especial en romper aquellas barreras que impiden a ciertos grupos optar por dicha alimentación en igualdad de condiciones con el resto de la población.       

Obviamente, la implementación de este tipo de políticas requiere un esfuerzo adicional y generalizado de los distintos actores que inciden en cada uno de los niveles de decisión, implementación y evaluación de las políticas públicas. Aunque es igualmente esencial, no basta con la voluntad política del gobierno orientada a satisfacer tales o cuales necesidades básicas de la población, requiere también una serie de pactos y consensos entre los diferentes sectores políticos para asegurar una base normativa, institucional y financiera para el éxito de las políticas emprendidas. Se requiere un trabajo conjunto y orientado en el respecto y vinculación como órganos estatales a los derechos humanos, para lograr políticas públicas que sean perdurables, eficientes y eficaces a la hora de utilizar los recursos económicos, humanos e institucionales disponibles. Igualmente es indispensable que tanto la administración como los órganos jurisdiccionales interpreten la normativa existente considerando los derechos humanos como obligaciones jurídicas exigibles al Estado y no como meras expectativas o principios abstractos.

Javier Murua (not verified)

Tomando en consideración el tema de la corrupción creo necesario fortalecer la institucionalidad de los gobiernos, a través de mecanismos  u organizaciones independientes del poder ejecutivo, con facultades de fiscalización y  status constitucional. De esta manera mantendremos estándares de calidad en el servicio civil y en su relación con la ciudadanía. Es posible destacar que este tipo de organismos ejerce una facultad para controlar la forma en que se realiza y ejecuta la administración pública de la nación. En consecuencia, se brindaría una soporte efectivo al desarrollo de la gestión institucional, también a la implementación de políticas públicas transparentes y  bajo un marco legal estable. El brindar confianza a la ciudadanía respecto del cómo se funciona la orgánica estatal es transversal e imperativo. La corrupción, en ese sentido, dice relación con la desconfianza en la organización formal que se adscribe al Estado.   

En ese sentido me gustaría, a manera ilustrativa, destacar la función que realiza  la Controlaría General de la República de Chile. Esta institución  tiene por misión el velar por el cumplimiento del ordenamiento jurídico por parte de la Administración del Estado, a través de una relación colaborativa con sus organismos y con los ciudadano, promoviendo el bien común mediante una gestión institucional eficiente en resguardo  de la probidad, la transparencia y el correcto uso del patrimonio público. La Contraloría cuenta con independencia del poder ejecutivo, lo que brinda autonomía fiscalizadora frente a otras instituciones del Gobierno y estas funciones están contempladas en la Constitución de Chile.

La ley 10.336 en su artículo. 1º establece el objeto  de esta organización: “ La Contraloría General de la 

República, independiente de todos los Ministerios, autoridades y oficinas del Estado, tendrá por objeto fiscalizar el debido ingreso e inversión de los fondos del Fisco, de las Municipalidades, de la Beneficencia Pública y de los otros Servicios que determinen las leyes; verificar el examen y juzgamiento de las cuentas que deben rendir las personas o entidades que tengan a su cargo fondos o bienes de esas instituciones y de los demás Servicios o entidades sometidos por ley a su 

fiscalización, y la inspección de las oficinas correspondientes; llevar la contabilidad general de la Nación; pronunciarse sobre la constitucionalidad y legalidad de los decretos supremos y de las resoluciones de los Jefes de Servicios, que deben tramitarse por la Contraloría General; vigilar el cumplimiento de las disposiciones del Estatuto Administrativo y desempeñar, finalmente, todas las otras funciones que le encomiende esta ley y los demás preceptos vigentes o que se dicten en el futuro, que le den intervención.La Contraloría estará obligada a ejercer en forma preferente las atribuciones señaladas en el inciso anterior, en los casos de denuncias hechas o investigaciones solicitadas en virtud de un acuerdo de la Cámara de Diputados”. 

Asimismo,  esto no contradice la posibilidad de que la ciudadanía tenga su propia capacidad de fiscalizar frente a situaciones anómalas que se pueda presentar en un organismo del Estado. Sin embargo, pienso que es necesario fortalecer la probidad de forma interna para establecer legitimidad y confianza en la institucionalidad y sus rendimientos. 

Dr. Wail Fahmi Bedawi • Unit Head at Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning from Sudan

Well, without differentiating between which are Utopian and realistic SDGs, policy directions to strengthen social development issue is something, I believe, is much complicated, if they are not easy. That is, to make the conquest of poverty, the goal of full employment and the fostering of social integration overriding objectives of development must be conflicting with other global institutions' goals, such as the ILO, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB), which defend the interests of the World's official and private creditors of the indebted poor countries. Unless there is a seriously and strongly knotted co-ordination, I really see no hope.Past MDGs, in my country were defeated by the austerity and the contractionary currency devaluation to sustain (the unresolved) external debt servicing. My country's government, which is under severe international financial and economic sanctions, which the UN did nothing to stop it, and the Bretton Woods' contractionary programs, with neutral ILO, found itself realizing bad results and been ranked on the tail of all the UN reports' statistical tables. The UN couldn't become a strong partner with the Bretton Woods' institutions in formulationg programs, to protect the targeted citizens from the MDGs against the Bretton Woods Institutions policy that is against social development processes.To strengthen policy directions to strengthen social development, I strongly belief that the UN and the ILO must - must - must - must must become the strongest counterpart to, if not the most strongest partner in, Bretton Woods' active programs in countries such as the sanction one, like mine, and of others with different degrees of conflict with the international community.I hope that UN, with the ILO, cornerstone or strategic role in the SDGs period, to protect an improving trend of social expenditure, will be realized to realize at least the most realistic SDGs. The goals of the UN and the ILO partnership in formulating all global active programs implemented by any government in any country will ever remain the only gaurantor for successful sustained social development through supporting social policies.What I mean here is the existence of several government commitments with different international organizations. The strongest institution, according to the ruling government canons, always wins the competition on the account of others. In the case of my country, Sudan, it remained always the IMF, which remains as the greatest and strongest enemy and obstacle to any kind of social development.Thanks

Euna Jung (not verified)

         MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) have 8 goals to achieve: eradicate extreme hunger and poverty, achiever universal primary education, promote gender equality and empower women, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases, ensure environmental sustainability and develop a global partnership for development. Despite of a grand conception of the project, somehow it have limitation of the range and it highly focused on developing countries where currently facing with a fundamental problem such as poverty. The problem limited because it made by the minority of UN secretary, some says it is not the general concept for the whole globe. In addition, it did not considered differences of the world such as culture, society, geographical and climate. Over all, it seems to represent uniform and simple goals, but it is not that simple problem. Therefore, it come up with more realistic and fills deficiency of MDGs: SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals). Post 2015 came up with 17 goals for the globe, which are based on sustainable development. At the same time, it also has challenges such as polarization of economy, society, environmental threats and governance failure worsening.  To strengthen social development of post 2015 development agenda, there need several efforts to strengthen it.  In my point of view, effective policy is needed to strengthen the social development.

 

          The effective policy approach to the social development is to increase participation and gathers people’s ideas and opinions of the problem. The reason why we gather the people’s ideas is that they are the one who goes through the problem and they will know exactly what they need. In addition, education policy needs to be approached with other policies. Education is the most important thing to do.  First of all, after solving some poverty then people need to work on education policy. If children eat healthy, there will be less children dying from the poverty as well as mortality from the diseases then, they will go to school and have many ideas that can develop the country. After represent the ideas, they will perform and develop their countries. Therefore, the countries will more developed and accomplished goals of SDGs.

 

     In addition, strengthening the social development in relation to sustainable development, I believe that more social development lead to stronger sustainable development. A fine sustainable development needs to be supported by social development such as social inclusion, environmental sustainability, and money: economic development and ending poverty. First thing they need to do is to provide basic human needs and people’s rights and create suitable condition for individual. According to the World Bank’s Voice of the Poor (2000), for the poor they need jobs, balance of the globe, less threats of violence and things that are related to the human behavior. (Post-2015 development agenda: goals, targets and indicator. CIGI, KDI)  After solving these social issues, then social will be develop.

In my point of view, to strength the social development, there have key points: children, participation, and recognition. The reason why children are the key point for the social development is that they are the makers of our society. Moreover, people’s recognition of the problem and action to solve the issues are also important. Furthermore, Implementation and participation leads to change of the world.

 

Thank you.

 

Jinwoo Lee (not verified)

This comment has been deleted.

Dosse SOSSOUGA • Executive Director at UN SDGs NGO Major Group d'or Africa: Amis des Étrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

Quand on parle du développement social, il ne faut pas perdre de vue le niveau de pauvreté des couches vulnérables, qui ont besoin d'urgence d'assistance humanitaire.Ces couches ont besoins du paim de ce jour pour vivre. L'assistance social doit consister à leur fournir des vivres, des habits, des moyens de déplacements,  des moyens accoustiques, des lunettes etc. Ces pauvres personnes ont besoin de soins médico primaire et une alimentation équilibrée et beaucoup, d'entre eux, sont dans les pays en développement et particulièrement en Afrique.

Pour réussir le développement social, il faut que la société civile et le gouvernement conjuguent leur efforts pour porter assistance à ces couches vulnérables, les organiser pour des activités génératrices de revenus selon leur convenance.

Jaehun Kim (not verified)

Respected Thelma,I feel that strengthening education is most important factor that dominates promotion of social development. Empowering social development by applying effective social policy at national level has been shown in the past decades for many countries. In terms of education, the policies such as career academies for low-income high school, job internship programs, free elementary school education and so on. The priority sector that has to be accorded with education is the business sector because this sector can boost the employment rate in the world and also improve social welfare by donation and financial support to the low-income schools. If you look into current generation, high school students and college students are so worried about employment after graduation. It has been also indicated in past few years that unemployment rate in the African countries is high compared to other countries. I suggest that business sector conduct programs such as campus recruitment, scholarship for below-poverty line students and education foundations at rural areas and under-developed countries.

As per the second guiding question for relation between social development and sustainable development, I feel that it is important role for community and the government. Since sustainable development is closely related to the future economic growth, human growth and resources, the government have to value social and sustainable development in a parallel perspective. In order to harmonize these two concepts, the governments have to set up good policies and laws that embrace protection of environment and need of human beings. Also, when the government creates these policies or laws it should be long term effective and flexible to any internal and external changes of the world. Moreover, the community also plays important role in development. People should be aware of sustainable use of resources and educated about the advantage and future benefits of the laws. When these two sectors can harmonize, I am pretty sure that social development and sustainable development can go hand in hand.

Regards,

Jaehun Kim

Ha Yeong Kim (not verified)

Dear Ms.Thelma Kay,

 

First of all, thank you for this opportunity to participate.

 

I’ve concentrated on how sustainable development strengthens social development.

Social development is a development of the society that concentrates on city, traffic, social-welfare, education and so on to advance human ability and improve welfares. Social development is different which can be specified in two parts: social development in developing country and social development in developed country.

 

Firstly, in developing countries they try to focus on economic development along with the social development. There are lots of countries where their society is unstable and inconvenient. Good social development results from good organizations. Creative and innovative ideas from the well organized groups starts off the social development.

 

On the other hand, developed countries focus on rectifying the corruption occurred due to rapid developments. Rapid development affects both people and nature. For nature, building up buildings and factories impacted in a bad way such as air pollution, lack of energy and so on.

 

For both cases, sustainable development strengthens the social development; yet, in a different way. Sustainable development is improving the needs of present generation with all the ways and resources we can mobilize without affecting the possibility of the future generation’s development. For the developing countries sustainable developments such as solar energy, wind energy, convenience in daily life..etc

Differently, examples of sustainable development in developed countries will be such as eco-system, green space, crop rotation and so on.

 

On the whole, this world is running out of resources and this is fundamental to people. And for the society to continue developing, sustainable development would be crucial and helpful. And the government's role for this will take place importantly because government's decision in developing the society will directly impact the country, the people.

 

Thank You

Andres Moscoso (not verified)

Estimada Thelma, 

Muchas gracias por incentival este diálogo. En mi opinión, el objetivo de alcanzar un desarrollo social de la humanidad exige un sistema redistributivo de las riquezas a nivel global. Los métodos para establecer dicho sistema debieran ser discutidos en las instancias multilaterales más elevadas (yo creo que la creación de un sistema tributario progresivo para las grandes transferencias internacionales de capital puede ser una buena idea), pero para ello primero es necesario que el tema pase a tener prioridad en la agenda internacional. En este sentido, es fundamental generar voluntad polìtica e incentivar el compromiso de las naciones más ricas del planeta en un contexto de consenso respecto a la idea de Justicia Global. 

Saludos cordiales 

Andres

Hyunjee (not verified)

 

Dear Ms. Thelma Kay,

It is such an honor to participate in this e-discussion. I would like to express my opinion about the effective policy approaches to promote social development and how it strengthens social development in relations to sustainable development.

I believe that any inclusive policy would best improve social development in various countries. Providing education for those who are excluded from even the basic education and providing the basic skills in order to get employed are the fundamentals to promoting social development. For example, some of the wealthy chaebols have built education systems, such as schools, and transportation systems for students. Another example would be the Seoul Metropolitan government opening its first homeless café in 2013 to provide barista education program and jobs to the homeless. Both of these examples allow social inclusion and access to the basic services that people need in order effectively develop the society.

Inclusive way of policy, which provides the basic education and services to the people, will provide opportunity for people to get employed and become responsible. Often, those who have been provided with such opportunity provide a similar or same opportunity for people who were once in their position. For example, college students who have studied by receiving scholarships often donate some sort of funds back to the college to help students, who are in the similar positions as themselves. Therefore, I believe that this all-including way of policy will eventually lead to sustainable development.

Thank you,

Hyunjee Kim

Dosse SOSSOUGA • Executive Director at UN SDGs NGO Major Group d'or Africa: Amis des Étrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

 Nous tenons à préciser qu' il y un lien entre le reforcement du développement social et l'emploi. Si nous prenons les groupes vulnérables, les groupes minoritaires, leur prise en charge sur le plan social  est une occasion de création d'emploi pour les sociologues, les agents de promotion,  les psychologues, les éducateurs spécialisés, les kinesithérapeutes, les orthophonistes, les ergothérapeutes, les médecins, les artisans, des chaffeurs, des secretaires, gardiens etc. Si aujourd'hui, on parle du chômage des jeunes et au même moment le social n'est pas développé, comme on le constate dans les pays africains, Il est normale que les politiques changent en faveur du développement social pour donner la chance au chômeur de trouver d'emploi au lieu que 20% de la jeunesse mondiale se succide pour faute d'emploi . Une réforme mentale s'impose à tout le monde pour favoiser l'inclusion sociale pour le développement.

Dosse SOSSOUGA • Executive Director at UN SDGs NGO Major Group d'or Africa: Amis des Étrangers au Togo: ADET from Togo

Nous tenons à préciser qu' il y un lien entre le reforcement du développement social et l'emploi. Si nous prenons les groupes vulnérables, les groupes minoritaires, leur prise en charge sur le plan social  est une occasion de création d'emploi pour les sociologues, les agents de promotion sociale,  les psychologues, les éducateurs spécialisés, les kinesithérapeutes, les orthophonistes, les ergothérapeutes, les médecins, les artisans, des chaffeurs, des secrétaires,  les gardiens etc. Si aujourd'hui, on parle du chômage des jeunes et au même moment le social n'est pas développé, comme on le constate dans la plupart des pays africains, Il est normale que les politiques changent en faveur du développement social pour donner la chance au chômeur de trouver d'emploi au lieu que 20% de la jeunesse mondiale se succide pour faute d'emploi . Une réforme mentale s'impose à tout le monde pour favoriser l'inclusion sociale pour le développement durable.

Rosario Aranda (not verified)

Thanks for your comment Hyunjee!

I was really glad to read your take on Korean successful policies.

Even though in my personal opinion education should be provided by the State, it´s nice to see that other actors get involved and try to cooperate in Korea. Chaebols have no obligation to provide means for the improvement of education or increasing its coverage. So it is great to see they care about the sustainable development of your country. I´d really like to see that attitude and efforts coming from the business conglomerates of my country.

Javier Murua (not verified)

He visto muchos comentarios respecto de que un enfoque de derechos humanos sería una posibilidad práctica para la generación de stadares mínimos de desarrollo. Concuerdo con algunos de ustedes que señalan que los DD.HH. tienen un aservo occidental que muchas veces no se ajusta a la contextualidad de las problemáticas sociales o públicas. Sin embargo, desde mi persepctiva los Objetivos del Milenio, que tienen como eje central los DD.HH, ya han establecido un standard mínimo desde dónde trabajar en la construcción del desarrollo social. No obstante, pienso que es necesario dar un paso más allá generar  nuevos standares de bienestar nacional e individual  desde la perspectiva global. Si bien es de considerar que algunas metas de los objetivos del milenio no se han cumplido, es necesario empujar un poco más y aumentar estos parámetros.      

Aaaa BB ooo (not verified)

Hi Thelma,

To comment on the fourth guiding question:

Is there a need for a new broader social development framework? If so, please describe its key elements.

 

As we move deeper into an information society with the proliferation of the ICT sector, there must be efficient leadership in disseminating this era to a wider audience. The framework underlying the concept of ICT4D (Information and communication technologies for development) essentially regards ICT as one of the foundations of development. Of course, ICT4D is not a new concept, but I personally have not seen enough emphasis on this framework. Accordingly, I believe there is a need for a new broader framework that emcompasses and emphasizes ICT.

ICT has proved to be crucial in terms of the youth’s education; The merits of the vast amount of content available on the internet to education is undeniable and the youth of the present and the future must be free in their access to these kinds of content. It is elementary to believe that ICT is inessential in comparison to other direct approaches to promoting social development, and I believe a long-term approach for overall social improvement calls for following the trends of ICT. 

One solution would be to assist/subsidize already-large ICT firms in developing affordable hardware/software. An alternative to this is to support newer firms that focus on low-cost technologies. Many developing regions of the world have benefited from the work of firms such as OLPC(One Laptop per Child), which manufactures laptops which can be bought for under USD$100. Another example is India’s government-funded Akash tablet. However, given that both OLPC and Akash have had issues with distribution and keeping costs and prices low, I reiterate my point of there needing to be more support for these types of firms through a new framework that covers affordable technology sectors. The potential of these firms cannot remain untapped as education is the key to social development in terms of 1. enabling those who are underpriledged to support themselves, and 2. enhancing the overall economic welfare of the community.  

 

Best,

Yu En Kim

Jinwoo Lee (not verified)

Dear Thelma Kay,

First of all, I am honor to participate this wonderful discussion, Thank you very much.

I selected the question of “What are effective policy approaches (examples at the national level) that were proven to be effective in promoting social development (i.e., reduction of poverty, decent jobs, social inclusion, access to basic services, etc.)?”

In my opinion, a policy is a deliberate system of principles to guide decisions and achieve national outcomes. There are 2 types of policies, hard type and soft type policy. Hard type policy can be legislation and soft policy can be norm, framework, and principle and so on. Legal policy plays key role in managing not only in promoting social development but also in many areas. If we do not have such regulations, the society will face many problems like burglary and murder. Soft policy include norm or framework gives us the idea of how to be ethical in society, how to treat others or how to speak in manners and in polite ways. There are numerous examples of policy such as public policy, privacy policy, education, environment, company policy and so on. Due to these policies in our society, we can consider and give attention to the social issues or helpful in decision making process as well.

These policies may also improve the health of social development and this entails the ability to form satisfying, trusting relationships with others. One of the most critical problems today that must be solved quickly is poverty. Poverty is occurring when human beings are poor. That is when they have little or no materials of surviving such as food, shelter, house, healthcare, education and other physical means of living and improving people’s life. Reduction of poverty is definitely helpful in economic growth and developing standard of living. This allows more citizens to buy more goods and services that they need or want. Moreover, poverty alleviation also involves improving the living conditions of people who are already poor. Particularly in medical is essential for better condition of living. There is one problem that country face is with little money for welfare. When people retire, they receive small amount of welfare from government, so that policy can be also applied to allow retire people to have another possible job which means open another job or simply increase the amount of welfare system but this will increase tax rates.

Therefore, policies are effective not only in promoting social development but also in imporving economic growth as well

Thank you

Jaehun Kim (not verified)

Respected Thelma,

I feel that strengthening education is most important factor that dominates promotion of social development. Empowering social development by applying effective social policy at national level has been shown in the past decades for many countries. In terms of education, the policies such as career academies for low-income high school, job internship programs, free elementary school education and so on. The priority sector that has to be accorded with education is the business sector because this sector can boost the employment rate in the world and also improve social welfare by donation and financial support to the low-income schools. If you look into current generation, high school students and college students are so worried about employment after graduation. It has been also indicated in past few years that unemployment rate in the African countries is high compared to other countries. I suggest that business sector conduct programs such as campus recruitment, scholarship for below-poverty line students and education foundations at rural areas and under-developed countries.

 

As per the second guiding question for relation between social development and sustainable development, I feel that it is important role for community and the government. Since sustainable development is closely related to the future economic growth, human growth and resources, the government have to value social and sustainable development in a parallel perspective. In order to harmonize these two concepts, the governments have to set up good policies and laws that embrace protection of environment and need of human beings. Also, when the government creates these policies or laws it should be long term effective and flexible to any internal and external changes of the world. Moreover, the community also plays important role in development. People should be aware of sustainable use of resources and educated about the advantage and future benefits of the laws. When these two sectors can harmonize, I am pretty sure that social development and sustainable development can go hand in hand.

 

Every sector has different policies for development. It is very critical for all countries to create and maintain those policies for future welfare and growth, but it is most important to interconnect those cross-sector policies to govern various sectors efficiently. Coherency among the different sectors with the help of polices can contribute to generating domestic and international policy environments for an effective mobilization of resources from a variety of sources to finance sustainable development. Firstly, to imply these coherent polices, the government has to adopt international indicators of policies according to their economic status and financial growth. This helps by identifying policy linkages and strengths and weaknesses in addressing common challenges. Secondly, the policies among the sectors must be flexible in terms of operation and expansion. As the world environment changes quickly, the policies being created by the government should be looking for flexible and long-term achievable goals. Being inflexible can cause collapse of an economy through improper management and expansion of economy can be missed by wrong governance. Lastly, the government must have its subsidiary plans and countermeasures in order to respond to failure of coherent policies because these measures can avoid or at least minimize the damage caused by the process of coherent policies.

 

Social development framework is the blueprint of social development in a country. As it is very essential and important for a country, the international organizations and countries have made various helpful frameworks for development. If we see today’s generation, it is the world of technology and sustainability. So, I suggest frameworks such as sustainable development of technology, international coordination and partnership and diversity management of community. As technology develops, the society is negligent with respect to resources and pollution. Even though policies and laws are created to manage resources, it is impossible to follow up because of increase in population and demand. So, we need to focus harder on sustainability. International coordination and partnership is important because as the world is in trend of globalization, the countries have to unite with each other for solving international problems such as poverty, inequalities of economic growth and global pollution and diseases. The government policy once focused on access and equity and on multiculturalism, the trend has shifted to promoting effective management of diversity, with the implication that this is as much about good business as it is about social justice. Government policy to increase the population through targeted immigration, it can be expected that a greater cultural mix will result. It will be important to ensure that this diversity is managed effectively, as part of broader community capacity building initiatives.

 

Regards,

Jaehun Kim

Harrie Chung (not verified)

Dear Ms.Thelma Kay,

  After reading your questions regarding strengthening and social development, I found out that the questions are really interesting for me to actually ponder about and to state my opinions. Thus, I’d like to meticulously convey my ideas and opinions to those questions. 

It is so evident that people crave for equality and are eager to sustain lives filled with tranquility and consensus in every field of the aspects we live in. Hence, in order to satisfy those factors and promote social development, I strongly believe that government and universal intergovernmental organization should first take a big step in coining effective policies. Based on my own perception, I think that emphasis on education and financial-related policies is thoroughly needed. The value of education for everyone is highly required and needed; and that is because education helps to develop a person’s knowledge and pursue his/her career in the society. This will ultimately impact the society to flow in a dynamic way where social development and economic growth can take place. The effective policy on education such as like free education fee, academic development (providing better facilities and funds) and increase in employment opportunities will help to prevent the problem of social exclusion and other obstacles that blocks the social development. In addition, money related problem is also a big problem that we need to consider. The taxation-law, retirement law and other laws that address this problem should be modified in a way that the citizens feel more beneficial and helpful.

For example, these days, the early retirement is a controversial issue in Korea. The official retirement age in Korea is 60. However, there are a lot of firms and companies do not follow this rule, because they seek for more young and intelligent employers. According to the OECD, Korea has ranked in 2nd place for a country that worked longer than the actual official retirement age. This clearly shows that people can still work longer than the actual retirement age. In this case, the policy should address in a term that allows the citizens to work for a longer time of period.  Hence, the modification for an effective policy is seriously required to promote a better sustainable development. However, the modification process may not be easy and may follow disadvantages, so in order to reduce those consequences, the government and universal organizations to take actions so that they can inform the seriousness and effectiveness to the world.

I believe that an organization that possesses huge power could bring the influence to the society more effectively and quickly. If they strengthen the policies by manifesting the possible outcomes through media or public, we can expect a great number of participants which ultimately leads to powerful enhancement in embracing the effective polices. We can see that the problems for sustainable development are all related to each other. In other words, the main source for the occurrence of those problems came from a same root. And I think that root is the ‘financial need and willingness’. To be honest, ‘money’ is one of the most crucial elements for people to live; hence the presence of money value is inevitable. That is to say, the problems for sustainable development such as like reduction of poverty, unemployment, early-retirement, social inclusion, etc are all somehow related to money issue. The universal intergovernmental organizations should enforce more policies in those countries that are suffering from poverty so that those countries can boost their economic development and prevent further exclusion. If this main problem could be solved, then the occurrence rate of social and sustainable development problems can dramatically decrease.

In addition, in order to process the sustainable development, an easy and simple designed framework should be established so that people can participate and follow easily. The structure of the development of framework should possess a clear theme that guides the social change and essential development ability. To sum up, if the government and universal intergovernmental organizations first take action in coining some effective policies for a sustainable development, due to their huge presence of influence. And they should consider the main obstacles that block from processing sustainable development so that they can find a way to prevent from further occurrence of obstacles. More importantly, it is crucial to inform the seriousness of social and sustainable development to the world so that people can grasp and help to build an idea of how the polices should be modifies in an effective way.

 Sincerely,

 Harrie Chung

 

GEORGES RADJOU (not verified)

Dear Mrs Thelma,

Thank you for allowing my comment. At the end of the first week Review, my new post is about empowering women and girls and controlling process pollutions.

What is willtake?

1- dealing withwomen in society as the weakest link, in regard of gender (andequalities)

2- controllingpollutions from processes

 

0- OBSERVATIONS

 

Why the MDGs (2000- 2015) are mainly a women issue, because womenare representing 50 % of the world planet and they are the humanbeings, which are often the most vulnerable and the victims ofindividual or collective organization behaviors. For example lookingat the several Millennium Development Goals, what needed to beachieved were, in the MDGs:

 

MDG1: poverty reduction

MDG2: education

MDG3: gender gap

MDG4: infant mortality

MDG5: women mortality

MDG6: Aids/HIV

MDG7: environmental management

MDG8: global partnerships

 

1- EMPOWERING WOMENAND GIRLS

 

Starting point ofthe strategy : (What itwill take ?)

 

Myviewpoint the Post 2015 SDGs (2015-2030 development agenda) arebuilding acceptance to improve the MDGs (2000-2015 developmentagenda) by looking to improve, make better, deeper with more speed,the project acting on better wellbeing and preserving or conservingthe biodiversity.

Better planet and better process.Peoples in Harmony with nature.

 

Criticals: (a possiblescenario)

 

However positive is the transformation agenda, there is not preciserules and strategy for planning, tasks and goals. 

 

All UN members are staying free to implement the development agenda.

 

a) For example, if climate change is a development issue, and in USAthere are 300 politicians from the Republicans that do not want tocut on fossil fuel emissions or if China said, we do not want tocurve the green house gases emission because it will jeopardize ourdevelopment or the West is always telling what to make, but notmaking it. Or the Arab said we have invested in the past developmentto provide oils at discounted prices to fuel western economicdevelopment. All countries in the world will have an important reasonto halt or slow down the better world in progress, which is ''theworld we want''.

 

b) The rest of the world will be confronted with an equivalent of aglobal impeachment and the progress into the Sustainable developmentwould be jeopardized.

 

There will always be a missing elements in a country that willinteract with other elements of the international communities due tothe rigidities. Possibly, the multidimensional approach of Post 2015SDGs (17 goals and 169 targets), is an important diversification.Countries will need good governance to implement these goals atnational, regional or local levels. This will play on the nature andthe robustness of the democracy and voting processes, and thefreedoms of political parties. Therefore, possibly it would an astutebe focus on the goal of women and girls vulnerability in the societalgap gender and national communities heading in a deliberate manner tothe target of empowering women and girls, instead of using emergingstrategies with the 17 Post SDGs and 169 targets.

 

c)BIRDGroupviewpoint:

 

Sustainable Development was notincluded in the Millenium development (MDGs, Goals between2000-2015), but with a limited number of countries at the beginning,we decided to include the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) toprolong any International Development Agenda after 2015 and MDGs.Post 2015 SDGs is an important milestone. It has became effectiveafter Rio + 20 (20-22 June 2012). Therefore thus, Post 2015 SDGs with17 indicators and 169 targets have been discussed lengthy andimportantly with the stakeholder

 

However, BIRD viewpoint on 17Post Sustainable Development Indicators and 169 Targets for theperiod of 2015-2030 for the world development Agenda is different. Itwould have been better to look at a unique international goal -

 

For example the reduction ofwomen vulnerability in the world and designingan international strategy for achieving this goal, withmaximizing efforts and focus on this unique target, which isempowering women and girls.

The Whys: Thedevelopment method thatI am offering is more effective than 17 Post SDGs goals and 169targets. Itis a strategy and empowerment based on the MDG prototype, because thecountry members and UNSECGEN found the MDGs had perfectly worked inachieving good results. Now, the MDGs needed to be improved and bereal indicators to give real insights into country developmentprocesses. The new method take the Post 2015 SDG indicators andtargets for granted, and hopefully they will b e signed by UN memberstates, however it is important to reach the objective by 2030 (as UNSecretary General – UNSECGEN- Ban Ki Moon -BKM) wants and has urgedfor peace, security and development (because of the extendedconsultation,….2015Sendai UNISDR)

 

d) Method Break down Structures (principles): whatit will take

 

i- From the Assumption1 of Millennium Development Goals (General UN consensusfrom 2000-2015 development Agenda) had 8 goals: aiming at halving(reducing by 50%) from the accountable figures of 1990, which wastaken has the year baseline to make the effort achieve good resultsand improve life, and the relationships and wellbeings of peoples,while preserving and conserving the natural environment.

 

ii- The new method based on focus maximization on womenvulnerabilities to promote the Post 2015 sustainable developmentAgenda (2015-2030) is an engineering principle (science based). So,it is effective and rational.

 

2- ISSUE WITH POLLUTIONS

 

Making the necessary reconciliations:

Onehas seen during a technology process, the natural environment cannotrecycle man made industries and production waste, because theproduction processes are too important, too fast,….and expensive inorder to satisfied customer needs (wants), whichis increasing in a period of population dynamics, with peopleswilling to live longer, and a world population that is becomingpredominately an aged population (with old peoples that will changethe nature of the population growth pyramid by 2050 with less youngpeoples)

 

- In the past, when customers had a limited needs (in 1905,there was 1 billion peoples living on the earth planet, and each ofthe individuals knew only 100 technologies (for their needs). Today,with 7 billions peoples (2011) each of them would like to haveseveral 1000s needs, which is making industrial production andconsumption less likely to be natural, but artificial.

- By 2050 there will be 2 more billion peoples withmore needs and new needs to satisfy, while we are already unable toprovide goods and services for the peoples of the planet (due to theabnormal demands) in 2015. So, we need to prepare the future in amore sustainable way now, in 2015 for tomorrow generations that willquestion the world heritage given by their parents. (and it could besource of intense violences, in additions to natural catastrophicevents, if countries cannot be agree in June (financing thecatastrophic event reduction), in Sept. 2015, accepting theindicators of Sustainable development for the World Developmentagenda (UNGA meeting in New York), and the climate change summit inDec. 2015, Le bourget, close to Paris)

 

Therefore thus, the natural environment, which used to self-sustainthe environment and which was pacing life in a gentle manner, hasbeen unable to cope with man activities, that are becoming harmfulfor the environment and peoples. A possible method is to greencapitalism (and refuse  the business as usual or green wash.Organisations could find more rewards (on the long run) with thebusiness principles in promoting more environmental, social,humanitarian and cultural values than the economic values, which areoften a priority of governments and business today, particularly atdetriment of their own -native- populations. I think the answer to agood number of crises can come also, from sociology, animal behavior,indigenous peoples, traditional knowledge,..observations of sacredvalues of the past.

 

3 Examples,

 

2.1. Water in rivers, in the past the water cycle in rivers wasnatural and sufficient enough to ensure good quality food and keepthe biodiversity tenure and the food chain, the rivers and the soil,would ensure the natural cleaning of the elements.

 

2.2. Also, for agricultural activities, cows in the past or animaldejection were an important feeds for the farming lands. Nature wouldproduce the necessary fertilizers for farmers to enrich the soil withnutrients that allows farmers to growth foods and be sustainable andseal-suffcient. All cleaning processes could sustained themselvesnaturally, without harming the environment and peoples. Today, manhas changed the environment for better and/or worse. So, that naturehas became a man enemy rather than an ally.

 

2.3. Globalization, always existed- but today our media and nationalcommunication, organizations are behaving as if globalization wasnew. It has just started with terrorism, cyberspace or the end of thecold war, religious war...(for example, I read today in a newspapersaying that the war of the 2 Islams…). If  information is free andimportant, it does not have to be in one direction. So, there is aneed to reassess community relationships, make a new re-appraisalthrough the digital divide, in order to create better partnershipsfor peoples and the environment.

 

I think, the reduction of the development gaps and the successes ofPost 2015 Sustainable development by 2030 is possible if peoples areable to change their representation of the world.

 

 

 

 

GEORGES RADJOU (not verified)

Dear Mrs Thelma,

Thank you for allowing my comment. At the end of the first week Review, my new post is about empowering women and girls and controlling process pollutions.

What is willtake?

1- dealing withwomen in society as the weakest link, in regard of gender (andequalities)

2- controllingpollutions from processes

 

0- OBSERVATIONS

 

Why the MDGs (2000- 2015) are mainly a women issue, because womenare representing 50 % of the world planet and they are the humanbeings, which are often the most vulnerable and the victims ofindividual or collective organization behaviors. For example lookingat the several Millennium Development Goals, what needed to beachieved were, in the MDGs:

 

MDG1: poverty reduction

MDG2: education

MDG3: gender gap

MDG4: infant mortality

MDG5: women mortality

MDG6: Aids/HIV

MDG7: environmental management

MDG8: global partnerships

 

1- EMPOWERING WOMENAND GIRLS

 

Starting point ofthe strategy : (What itwill take ?)

 

Myviewpoint the Post 2015 SDGs (2015-2030 development agenda) arebuilding acceptance to improve the MDGs (2000-2015 developmentagenda) by looking to improve, make better, deeper with more speed,the project acting on better wellbeing and preserving or conservingthe biodiversity.

Better planet and better process.Peoples in Harmony with nature.

 

Criticals: (a possiblescenario)

 

However positive is the transformation agenda, there is not preciserules and strategy for planning, tasks and goals. 

 

All UN members are staying free to implement the development agenda.

 

a) For example, if climate change is a development issue, and in USAthere are 300 politicians from the Republicans that do not want tocut on fossil fuel emissions or if China said, we do not want tocurve the green house gases emission because it will jeopardize ourdevelopment or the West is always telling what to make, but notmaking it. Or the Arab said we have invested in the past developmentto provide oils at discounted prices to fuel western economicdevelopment. All countries in the world will have an important reasonto halt or slow down the better world in progress, which is ''theworld we want''.

 

b) The rest of the world will be confronted with an equivalent of aglobal impeachment and the progress into the Sustainable developmentwould be jeopardized.

 

There will always be a missing elements in a country that willinteract with other elements of the international communities due tothe rigidities. Possibly, the multidimensional approach of Post 2015SDGs (17 goals and 169 targets), is an important diversification.Countries will need good governance to implement these goals atnational, regional or local levels. This will play on the nature andthe robustness of the democracy and voting processes, and thefreedoms of political parties. Therefore, possibly it would an astutebe focus on the goal of women and girls vulnerability in the societalgap gender and national communities heading in a deliberate manner tothe target of empowering women and girls, instead of using emergingstrategies with the 17 Post SDGs and 169 targets.

 

c)BIRDGroupviewpoint:

 

Sustainable Development was notincluded in the Millenium development (MDGs, Goals between2000-2015), but with a limited number of countries at the beginning,we decided to include the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) toprolong any International Development Agenda after 2015 and MDGs.Post 2015 SDGs is an important milestone. It has became effectiveafter Rio + 20 (20-22 June 2012). Therefore thus, Post 2015 SDGs with17 indicators and 169 targets have been discussed lengthy andimportantly with the stakeholder

 

However, BIRD viewpoint on 17Post Sustainable Development Indicators and 169 Targets for theperiod of 2015-2030 for the world development Agenda is different. Itwould have been better to look at a unique international goal -

 

For example the reduction ofwomen vulnerability in the world and designingan international strategy for achieving this goal, withmaximizing efforts and focus on this unique target, which isempowering women and girls.

The Whys: Thedevelopment method thatI am offering is more effective than 17 Post SDGs goals and 169targets. Itis a strategy and empowerment based on the MDG prototype, because thecountry members and UNSECGEN found the MDGs had perfectly worked inachieving good results. Now, the MDGs needed to be improved and bereal indicators to give real insights into country developmentprocesses. The new method take the Post 2015 SDG indicators andtargets for granted, and hopefully they will b e signed by UN memberstates, however it is important to reach the objective by 2030 (as UNSecretary General – UNSECGEN- Ban Ki Moon -BKM) wants and has urgedfor peace, security and development (because of the extendedconsultation,….2015Sendai UNISDR)

 

d) Method Break down Structures (principles): whatit will take

 

i- From the Assumption1 of Millennium Development Goals (General UN consensusfrom 2000-2015 development Agenda) had 8 goals: aiming at halving(reducing by 50%) from the accountable figures of 1990, which wastaken has the year baseline to make the effort achieve good resultsand improve life, and the relationships and wellbeings of peoples,while preserving and conserving the natural environment.

 

ii- The new method based on focus maximization on womenvulnerabilities to promote the Post 2015 sustainable developmentAgenda (2015-2030) is an engineering principle (science based). So,it is effective and rational.

 

2- ISSUE WITH POLLUTIONS

 

Making the necessary reconciliations:

Onehas seen during a technology process, the natural environment cannotrecycle man made industries and production waste, because theproduction processes are too important, too fast,….and expensive inorder to satisfied customer needs (wants), whichis increasing in a period of population dynamics, with peopleswilling to live longer, and a world population that is becomingpredominately an aged population (with old peoples that will changethe nature of the population growth pyramid by 2050 with less youngpeoples)

 

- In the past, when customers had a limited needs (in 1905,there was 1 billion peoples living on the earth planet, and each ofthe individuals knew only 100 technologies (for their needs). Today,with 7 billions peoples (2011) each of them would like to haveseveral 1000s needs, which is making industrial production andconsumption less likely to be natural, but artificial.

- By 2050 there will be 2 more billion peoples withmore needs and new needs to satisfy, while we are already unable toprovide goods and services for the peoples of the planet (due to theabnormal demands) in 2015. So, we need to prepare the future in amore sustainable way now, in 2015 for tomorrow generations that willquestion the world heritage given by their parents. (and it could besource of intense violences, in additions to natural catastrophicevents, if countries cannot be agree in June (financing thecatastrophic event reduction), in Sept. 2015, accepting theindicators of Sustainable development for the World Developmentagenda (UNGA meeting in New York), and the climate change summit inDec. 2015, Le bourget, close to Paris)

 

Therefore thus, the natural environment, which used to self-sustainthe environment and which was pacing life in a gentle manner, hasbeen unable to cope with man activities, that are becoming harmfulfor the environment and peoples. A possible method is to greencapitalism (and refuse  the business as usual or green wash.Organisations could find more rewards (on the long run) with thebusiness principles in promoting more environmental, social,humanitarian and cultural values than the economic values, which areoften a priority of governments and business today, particularly atdetriment of their own -native- populations. I think the answer to agood number of crises can come also, from sociology, animal behavior,indigenous peoples, traditional knowledge,..observations of sacredvalues of the past.

 

3 Examples,

 

2.1. Water in rivers, in the past the water cycle in rivers wasnatural and sufficient enough to ensure good quality food and keepthe biodiversity tenure and the food chain, the rivers and the soil,would ensure the natural cleaning of the elements.

 

2.2. Also, for agricultural activities, cows in the past or animaldejection were an important feeds for the farming lands. Nature wouldproduce the necessary fertilizers for farmers to enrich the soil withnutrients that allows farmers to growth foods and be sustainable andseal-suffcient. All cleaning processes could sustained themselvesnaturally, without harming the environment and peoples. Today, manhas changed the environment for better and/or worse. So, that naturehas became a man enemy rather than an ally.

 

2.3. Globalization, always existed- but today our media and nationalcommunication, organizations are behaving as if globalization wasnew. It has just started with terrorism, cyberspace or the end of thecold war, religious war...(for example, I read today in a newspapersaying that the war of the 2 Islams…). If  information is free andimportant, it does not have to be in one direction. So, there is aneed to reassess community relationships, make a new re-appraisalthrough the digital divide, in order to create better partnershipsfor peoples and the environment.

 

I think, the reduction of the development gaps and the successes ofPost 2015 Sustainable development by 2030 is possible if peoples areable to change their representation of the world.

 

 

 

 

Minjoon Kim (not verified)

First of all, I am glad to participate in such an honorable discussion to discuss worldwide issues related on social development. I have seen that there is rising inequality and inequities which cause hindering economic and social growth in our society.

For example recently in Korea, the free meal program, which had been adopted in most parts of the nation, has been a hot potato in Kyungnam province as the governor, Hong joon pyo, argues that the money spent on free meals in school could be used to provide greater support to students from low-income families. However, in terms of equity, it is not fair for those who have to start spending money for their lunch since every other region tends to gradually adopt this free meal trend. Equity remains dilemma in this case. In my opinion, they have to consider how to improve both efficiency and equity at the same time with the current welfare expenditure by readjustment. If they ignore one of them, our society will end up being under developed for the next few years.

The above case shows how this inequity issue can hinder from social development and be treated as the constant source of tension between the political rival parties in Korea.

By definition, equity comes from the idea of moral equality, that people should be treated as equals. Thinking about equity can help us decide how to distribute goods and services across society, and ensure fair treatment for all citizens.

 According to Harry Jones, Research Officer at ODI, there are three areas of considerable consensus can be identified. In order of priority, these are:

1. Equal life chances: There should be no differences in outcomes based on factors for which people cannot be held responsible.

2. Equal concern for people’s needs: Some goods and services are necessities, and should be distributed according solely to the level of need.

3. Meritocracy: Positions in society and rewards should reflect differences in effort and ability, based on fair competition.

So, my argument is that equity is a very important matter for development. To increase equity in the real world society, especially in developing countries, international agencies should set the standard policies and incorporate a more systematic understanding of equity and inequity into their policy decisions, and influence developing countries to ponder about equity: they will start improving the equity issues once they realize the importance of it. More than just realization, equity should be embedded in decision-making tools and procedures and actively engaged in practical regulations in their societies.

Promoting equity is the fastest way towards social development. It not only has values in itself, but is also likely to contribute significantly to positive processes of social change, and has the potential to improve development programs. It can also add value in the society by motivating involvement, enthusiasm and political support for development efforts. Therefore, the best way for strengthening social development is to promote equity in the society.

Best,

Minjoon Kim

GEORGES RADJOU (not verified)

Dear Mrs Thelma

I want to discuss with you about the importance of the female segment of the populations belonging to cheap labor employment and also why we should not focus on the garnement industry as a risk factor, but aims of the international communities must be to improve the status of women and girls in society in order to improve the general wellbeing. We all know where the sources of risks and violences are, but are we willing to deal with them in an effective manner. Let us see what it could take to re-think the issue of women victims in disaster risks.

Case 1:

DISCUSSION ON THE CHEAP LABOR

 

I do not think, it is a valuable argument to say because women arecheap labor, therfore they are victim of the society (andbusinesses.)

 

In fact, we know that when there is a job crisis, the male are mostaffected, and it is an opportunity for women to work because womenare naturally more flexible, polyvalent, and able to be employed inlow paid job, because of the need for a salary. Also, paying adiscounted salary, helps to create a solidarity, a flexibility andemploy more peoples, while if the salary is important, it means thatthe professional worker is very qualified and usefull for thebusiness, which is critical in period of crisis.

 

Conclusion:

+ make a difference between (A) a woman with a poor paid job, whichis likely to make a woman victim of the employment market and (B)woman with a poor paid job in a workplace which is a making it a riskindustry.

 

What is natural is the women flexibility and the polyvalence, and thelow salary which is allowing women to work, particularly in a periodof crisis (like 2007-2009) financial crisis or in the Mexican exportindustries, which is recruiting mainly women due to their acceptanceof low salaries and flexible working conditions. It is looking as anemployment opportunity for women

 

+ it is not because, women in the garnement industry in bangladeshwere low paid workers, that they should not be protected in theirworkplace (Rana Platza)

 

In fact, one can earn a low salary, but still able to work in a safeenvironment.

In the case of the Rana Platza, the environmentwas not safe AND the workers salary was low

The worst that can happen, if a poor salary andbad working conditions. What is theses conditions fullfiledin the case of Rana Platza disasters,that could explain the killing mainly of1200 women ?

SO, THE BANGLADESH GOUVERNEMENT MUST NOT LEARNLESSONS FROM THE DISASTER, BUT MAKE RESEARCHES IN THE COUNTRYEMPLOYMENT MARKET, TO UNDERSTAND WHY POOR PAID WORKERS THAT AREMAINLY WOMEN WHERE WORKING IN UNPROTECTING ENVIRONMENT- HAVING A LOWSALARY AND WORKING IN A POOR WORKING CONDITION ARE 2 DIFFERENTFACTORS.

 

Conclusion: my understanding of managment research showed tha it is not working conditions that sources of violences, but the relationships between management and workers. In fact, USA researchers have shown event if working conditions are deteriorating workers can produce better outcomes than with good conditions, if the management has good relationships with workers.

A recent article in the magazine Le Monde is confirming also this fact. Indead IMF experst said that if in France, the working conditions were deteriorating, it is because of the erosion of trade union powers. so, that managers and boards have free hands to give these bonus packages to bosses. It is matter of powers and counter powers and lobbying that are making the industrial relations.

 

Case 2: it is generally accepted that disasters are impacting on vulnerables peoples, more than normal peoples that can afford to pay for an ensurance policy agaisnt catastrophic events or use governmental regulation for business continuity and due diligence. When we try to understand what has happened in the Rana Platza disaster where 1200 perished, we should entirely focus on the nature of the buidling and the industry garnment risk to explain why the disaster occured, and Bangladesh government and business stakeholders were naked when facin gsuch risk like a collapsing building crumbling under the weight of the female workers, event if peoples witnessed cracks in the building that bad day.

BIRD view point is:

There is no lesson to learn, but a need to use the MDG principles and implement strategies to put the MDG framework into action so that the Rana Platza event does not reproduce. It is a man/women made disaster. In the true sense as defined by Salvano Briceno, former UNISDR director. It is people whoare makig the disaster and not GOD. Enventually, if I prolonge his thinking, it is not technology hazards either.

If the Bangladesh society was more equal with a gender balance (50 %-50%), there would be less deads.

Note: most societies including, more democratic ones with democratic values,  women are still vulnerable to violence.

The more inequalitarian is the society and the more vulnerable are women. Therefore the need to implement the MDGs and Post 2015 SDGs.

 

Case of the garnment industry :

 

One cannot say because it is the garnement industry and because Bangladesh is number 2 in the world for production of textiles and cloths that one can expect to pay the price for a disaster (as risks are inevitable)

In fact, there are a number of garnment industry in the world, without disasters.

World Co is a japanese multinational and a fashion business apparatus, which is the number 1 in the world in the Garnement industry. The firm is producing clothes on forecasted demands, and there has never been any disasters in the past. It is using Obermeyer forecast method for it world production. It means that the firm has a very low inventory of dykes, and can manage seasonnality and with a short lead-time for operations.

 To my knowledge, there has never been technolgy disaster in World Co Garnement industry (while Japan is a country prone of castrophic event. This is contrasting with, Bangladesh n° 2 in the world.

Perhaps the science of forecasting is still a weak point in Bangladesh (as anywhere else).  For consideration, this was also the case with flood forecasting- Bangladesh use flood farming- but infortunatley, flood could be disastrous and less a benefit for growth, as disasters were occurring often, when over 40% of the country was covered with flood. There was an issue with the flood detection, and data treament and lead time of responsiveness of information between the data centers outside Bangladesh and the use of the information in Bangladesh to prevent these disasters. The technology never worked properly because of lead time, until the water maangement board dicided to use local monitoring stations to control river regimes and variation. In additon, a forecast of the country monitoring stationas were coupled with India weather forecast with internet.

So, it could be the same with business data concerning the garnement indsutry in Bangladesh.

 Answer : there are many reasons

One has been already investigated in the presentation of thecthematic- It is the vulnerabiltiy of women (and maybe the garnment industry, where Bangladesh is ranking n°2 in the world)

 

DISCUSSION ON THE GARNMENT INDUSTRY RISK

 

Is Garnement arisky industry ? (it is not)

 

For example, if I compare it with the nuclearindustry, iGarnement industry is not more dangerous than the nuclearindustry or 11 September terrorism attack in N.Y. So, nobody canrationnally said that Garnment is a risky industry, if wer acceptnuclear industry in the nearby cities (with millions of dwellers).Fukushima was an exceptional event, because technologies were agedand the protection standard by the industry was not fit for newthreats.

But, of course one can always criticize theethics of the Garnment industry in Bangladesh.

 

If one look at the Japanese garment world co n°1 in the world, whichis headquartered in Japan, there has never been any disaster- so, Iam going to minor the assumption that Garnment is a risk industry,per

 

a) I think more relevant is the a workforce where women arepredominant and this can influence the garnment practice. (probably,if it was men that was working in the garnment industry, there wouldbe less dead bodies ?)

 

b) also, an important fact, is that in all disasters, it isoften women who are the victims, then children, disabled peoples, oldpeoples...these groups are called vulnerable peoples. So, disastermanagers and municiplaities should improve the resiliency of mostvulnerable groups so, when there is a risk occurrence at apredictable time, peoples could evacuate the risk zone.

 

So in order to improve the resilience of the vulnerabvilities oenshould invest at one or several steps of the risk cycle !

 

What are theserisk cycle steps

 

A crisis cycle has 4 steps :

 

step 1 : the risk

step 2 : the resiliency

step 3 : the recovery

step 4 : the post recovery

 

One strategy would be to build due diligence and business continuity,which obviously was very poor at Rana Platza, therefore thus, whatshould happen has happen and 1200 passed when the Rana Platza builingcollapsed.

 

Conclusion :

Strategy :

=> use the MDG to reduce the gap between gender in the profession(Garnment industry)

(bearing in mind that disasters are affecting mainly women). Womenare elements of vulnerability and violences (UN has differentorganisation to look for solutions to combat and eliminate all formsof discrimination against women).

(the same case can happen, outside disaster with the popualtion ofRoms in France. It always women who are sitting in the streets inParis, with the children either under a tree or in front of aretailing store and they will ask the walker for money or forsomething to eat, while France is a hospitality country for mostvulnerable peoples)

 

Where does the discrimiantion against Rom women comes from? Even inthe best democratic state like France, with a claim for human andprotective rights, freedom, equality...this is a fact that is notobvious, and people of France including the politician would acceptan amount of discrimination because of the permissivity, criticism,debate of these regulations.

 

So, as long the issue of discrimination against women is not tackleseriously by all means (including tougher laws agaisnt theperpetrators that victimizing women with violent behaviors, issueslike the gender gap, will still be conservative. And it isconservative indeed, because most of deputes and senate peoples aremale. Females are excluded from the political lives, descentjobs ?...so this can explained poor paid jobs are women affairs.These are often domestic jobs, while male can earn high revenues.There is no incentives, to move from domestic work, to paid jobsuntil the marginal rate between these 2 activities are valuable tojob migration.

 

Therefore the importance of the Millenium development goals, whichare 8 goals designed to empower women with education, povertyreduction, redcuing the gender gap, redcuing the mortality ofchildren, reducing their own mortality when giving birth to a child,having safe sex, because if the sex is not protected, it women whoare often the victims too. (like with prostitution...)

Sustainble Development and partnering too.

 

 

MiseonKim (not verified)

Dear Ms.Thelma Kay,

 

Hello, I'm a student of Technological Systematic Management in Suny Korea. It is great to have an opportunity to participate in this discussion.  When I looked into your questions, Millennium Development Goals(MDGs) was popped into my mind. I learned Millennium Development Goals(MDGs) during the class which is EST194(Problem Solving).

For my shame, I had not heard about MDGs before. What is Millennium Development Goals? From the lectures, the professor explained it that MDGs are eight goals to be achieved by 2015 that respond to the world's main development challenges. The MDGs are drawn from the actions and targets contained in the Millennium Declaration that was adopted by 189 nations-and signed by 147 heads of state and governments during the UN Millennium Summit in September 2000. The most touching and attractive goal was the first one, Eradicate Extreme Poverty And Hunger. I did not know that more than 1 billion people in the world do not have enough to food to eat, clean water to drink, or roofs over their heads. On the top of that, nearly 238 million of these people are young children. I could not imagine that young children have been struggling to have one dollar a day to live. I looked into many examples of being successful in this project. One of the examples is in Kenyan. In Kenyan, FAO(Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) helped more than 5000 vulnerable farming households in their fields to conserve rain water for crop use and prevent the soils from being washed away They built simple dams for better harvesting of rainwater. After that, obviously they do not worry about their crops and increase them to earn money to support their family.

 What was the policy approaches to promote social development in this case reduction poverty and increase capital? In my opinion, intergovernmental organizations are involved in to help other nations to solve their problems. Each intergovernmental organization has its own goal to resolve the problems.

 When I mentioned above, FAO is the one of the intergovernmental organization that has three goals.

First, the eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition. Second, the elimination of poverty and the driving forward of economic and social progress for all. Third, the sustainable management and utilization of natural resources, including land, water, air, climate, and genetic resources for the benefit of present and future generations. Like FAO, there would be many organizations that eagerly want to create better world.  With their help, Kenyan could success the MDGs goal and meet the targets

Therefore, to strengthen social development, the UN and other intergovernmental organization must be the most powerful partner to create sustainable development in order to decrease the poverty and create more jobs.  

Thelma Kay (not verified)

Dear friends, Thank you for your active participation and insightful inputs . I am finalizing a summary of the rich discussions which will be posted shortly. This week 1 dialogue site will remain open until 24 April for comments on the summary. The week 2 dialogue on "Social Policy: new trends & challenges " will start from 14 April.
Thelma Kay

Thelma Kay (not verified)

Dear friends, I have posted a summary of discussions in the week 1 session of the e- dialogue. Your comments on the summary would be most welcome .
Thelma Kay

csocd54 Moderator (not verified)

Click here to view summary of the E-dialogue Thank you for your participation in a very insightful e-Dialogue on "Rethinking and Strengthening Social Development in the Contemporary World" and the post-2015 agenda. In our e-Dialogue, we have seen many comments related to education, health, employment, poverty reduction, social protection, social transfer programmes, innovation, information and communication technologies, water, sanitation, youth, gender, older persons, persons with disabilities and indigenous people. If the main feature of the post-2015 development agenda is to take a holistic and integrated approach to address complex and inter-related global challenges, there is a need for a fundamental shift in policy approach, institutional mechanisms, and above all the mind sets of policy-makers. As we look towards the SDGs, we also need to ensure that we are engaging all sectors as well as all stakeholders. We must promote a holistic approach which would allow breaking down silos and design policies and programmes in a way that “the whole is larger than the sums of the parts". And lastly, in order to make social progress and improve the quality of life for all people to live with dignity, we need a more coherent overarching social policy framework under which each policy is implemented to achieve common social development objectives. Once again, we would thank all of you for valuable contributions to this lively and informative e-Dialogue. We hope you will continue to give further thought on the topics and questions raised during this dialogue in the months leading up to September and the launch of the Post-2015 development agenda (SDGs).

Kebulun Alliance in America (not verified)

  I am Thomas Edward of the family McGrone   representative of Kebulun Alliance in America.We are aboriginal to the earth and indigenous to the land known as Indiana -America .

 

 

KebulunAlliance in America was created to forge solidarity among the Republics acrossthe globe, pursue further the long-standing aspirations to unite AmericanNationals and join hands in efforts to restore strength of the united: stateswithin the America Republics, making it a principal organ of the communityparticularly in the protection and advancement of community interests. We believe aligned relationships are easier when all members are aware ofthe culture and values of the alliance.

As a stake holder regarding nations, states,and agencies, we have full power to conclude peace, contract alliances,establish trade, and to do all other acts which Independent states may haveright to do.

 On May9, 2014, the American nationals sent a request to the President of the GeneralAssembly to present lawful solutions regarding Child Poverty and SustainableDevelopment on aboriginal indigenous issues.

Our ideas address key themes of the ALTA outcome document and we offer the foundation ofour organization as a means to achieve the desired goals of the UN System.

On the subject of justice, we recommend theadoption of laws that protect the private and public sectors. We offer the lawsthat govern our trust as a template. This would also address the issue of theright to free, prior and informed consent. 

Regarding the United Nations role within thissystem, we suggest that the United Nations take on the role as a bridge betweenpublic and private issues. For example, corporations adding chemicals such asfluoride to public drinking water, food products and oral hygiene products.Fluoride is a neurotoxin that calcifies the pineal gland and collects in bodytissue. This is a clear violation of the rights of indigenous people and the UNcould serve as the bridge between the NGO and corporation to mediate a peacefulremedy.

To address the concern of procedural mattersand indigenous people participation, we suggest new positions be created thatmirror the number within the general assembly. They shall act asrepresentatives for the indigenous people at the national and internationallevel. This include issues regarding mandates up to and including the ExpertMechanism on the rights of indigenous people and increase mandates for high levelengagements of the UN system.

Regarding the issueof poverty, health and equity for indigenous people, THIS-BOND was issued toKebulun Alliance in America.  THISBOND will fundsustainable development for aboriginal indigenous communities by and throughthe UN system, along with a global health bill focusing on natural healingprocedures, in addition to projects addressing green energy.  The remaining percent will fund  communities building.

The acceptance ofTHIS BOND will benefit all Nations, States, and Agencies whom agree to returnto Natural law.  This will address thefocus on indigenous people in developed and developing countries andcontribution on indigenous people to the overall development agenda.

Regarding land, territories and naturalresources, it is recommended that the land, territories and natural resourcesbe placed into a trust governed by natural law.  These laws shall be based on maxims.

Maxims (“God’s law”) are the foundation and principles of the laws thatman passes today. Unfortunately, men enforce their own will more than theyenforce law. And when you are accused of "breaking the law," you canuse both God's Law and man's law to justify your lawful acts, for this is theonly thing that will excuse. If a man made law is just, it will be in harmonywith God's Law. 

(Excerpted from Elohim’s Handbook for KebulunAlliance in America chapter 10)

Regarding the status of indigenous people, it is recommendedthey shall be recognized as nations within the national and international level.This will address the issues of violence against all indigenous people up to and including women and girls,protection promotion of indigenouscultures language artifacts and sites along with implementations of the Declarationof the Rights of Indigenous People at the national and international level.

The acknowledgment of the indigenous peoplesby the UN system is a monumental event in that everyone in this world includingeveryone in this room is indigenous to specific regions across the globe. Theland in which we emerge from our mothers’ wombs is the source of our indigenousstatus. The UN systems recognition of indigenous people is the cornerstone ofthe transition to peaceful coexistence between the public and private sectors.

In order to move forward in unity and peace aplan has to be implemented that protects the rights of everyone, includingthose who have been exploiting the people, land and resources and those whohave been exploited. Moving forward we have to protect everyone as we are allindigenous people with common needs and goals. With this common ideology, we canmaintain balance with nature and bring an end to the suffering caused by notfollowing natural law. 

On behalf of the aboriginal indigenous peopleof Kebulun Alliance in America and indigenous people across the globe, we thankall stake holders for your consideration. It is our hope that we can worktogether to forge a peaceful future addressing the ills of all people.

Peace and love.

 

On Thu, Jun 11, 2015 at 6:35 AM, <notification@unteamworks.org> wrote:

You can post a reply on Te

Santiago Roberto Bertoglia (not verified)

ESTIMADOS MIEMBROS DEL EQUIPO:GRACIAS por esta oportunidad y me expresaré como hombre con FAMILIA para el BIEN DE TODAS LAS FAMILIAS DEL MUNDO, "NUESTRO MUNDO".Las acciones concretas de las Oficinas y Agencias de las Naciones Unidas deben realizarse sin más perdidas de tiempo. " LAS FAMILIAS ESTÁN SIENDO ASESINADAS por acciones psicológicas, económicas y antisociales.Las acciones concretas de las Naciones Unidas en respeto a la Carta de las Naciones Unidas y la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos es entregar en mano de las FAMILIAS DEL MUNDO lo que sigue:Los Instrumentos Universales de los derechos humanos

CONFERENCIA MUNDIAL DE DERECHOS HUMANOS Y ASAMBLEA DEL MILENIO

DERECHO DE LIBRE DETERMINACIÓN

DERECHOS DE LOS PUEBLOS INDÍGENAS Y DE LAS MINORÍAS

PREVENCIÓN DE LA DISCRIMINACIÓN

DERECHOS DE LA MUJER

DERECHOS DEL NIÑO

DERECHOS DE LAS PERSONAS DE EDAD

DERECHOS DE LOS DESCAPACITADOS

LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS EN LA ADMINISTRACIÓN DE JUSTICIA

BIENESTAR, PROGRESO Y DESARROLLO SOCIAL

PROMOCIÓN Y PROTECCIÓN DE LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS

MATRIMONIO

DERECHO A LA SALUD

EMPLEO

LIBERTAD DE ASOCIACION

ESCLAVITUD, SERVIDUMBRE, TRABAJO FORZOSO e INSTITUCIONES y PRÁCTICAS ANÁLOGAS

DERECHOS DE LOS TRABAJADORES MIGRATORIOS

NACIONALIDAD, APATRIDIA, ASILO y REFUGIADOS

CRÍMENES DE GUERRA y CRÍMENES DE LESA HUMANIDAD, INCLUSO EL GENOCIDIO

DERECHO HUMANITARIO

Also available:

En acción COORDINADA con la DETENCIÓN DE LOS CRIMINALES Y SUS CÓMPLICES por generar GENOCIDIO Y OTROS CRÍMENES INHUMANOS. "ESTOS HECHOS CRIMINALES en muchos países VIENEN IMPUNES DESDE HACE MUCHOS AÑOS, afectando a las FAMILIAS, mujeres, hombres, niñas y niños. En acción COORDINADA estaremos respetando los Derechos Humanos y las Resoluciones de las Naciones Unidas.Para los MIEMBROS DEL EQUIPO Y LAS FAMILIAS DE OTROS PAÍSES. Por favor, realicen contacto con la Corte Penal Internacional y las Naciones Unidas. Expresen lo que los afecta y les duele, sus sufrimientos y sus deseos de la VIDA DIGNA. A continuación comparto con Ustedes algunas acciones legales realizadas en la República Argentina a pesar de la espera para recibir apoyo internacional en el terreno de las Naciones Unidas.https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B3dBs02IpbPIb0N0bmt0aFB0N1k/view?usp=sharingEs muy importante su apoyo internacional y las acciones en el terreno del Personal de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas para liberar a FAMILIAS PUEBLOS DE LOS CRIMINALES. Elevando la vida de las FAMILIAS a la VIDA DIGNA comenzando por un PAÍS. Con el mayor y profundo interés que el "PUEBLO FAMILIA" colabore y participe en la ELEVACIÓN A LA VIDA DIGNA DE OTROS PUEBLOS FAMILIAS en forma COORDINADA CON LAS NACIONES UNIDAS Y LA CORTE PENAL INTERNACIONAL. "Impidamos las muertes por veneno, por violencia, por hambre, por narcotráfico y por todo acto CRUEL e INHUMANO.https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B3dBs02IpbPIdGpjYWJfWElucDQ/view?usp=sharingREPRESALIA:Los Criminales y sus cómplices siempre generan temor, miedo, odio y violencia. Pues en EVALUACIÓN JUZGADO, ref.: Evaluación Seguridad Humana https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B3dBs02IpbPIb0N0bmt0aFB0N1k/view?usp=sharing el Juez Federal generó temor en mi familia y NO ha otorgado Seguridad Humana al Pueblo, pues si fue hábil en enviar al policia federal a mi casa https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B3dBs02IpbPIUDZXMlE1aEs4c0E/view?usp=sharing​​P