The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications

29 Feb - 25 Mar 2016
Go back to 2016 ECOSOC discussion – Implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
  • How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.)?
  • At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?
  • How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?

 

Moderator's Message

Welcome to the discussion on Thematic Window I: “The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications”. The discussion starts today and will continue until 25 March 2016.

As you know, the historic 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was adopted at the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit in September 2015. Leaders from around the world unanimously adopted a holistic, universal, transformative, 15-year global plan of action to end poverty, reduce inequalities and protect our planet.

This new Agenda cannot succeed without the firm commitments of all countries and all stakeholders. Now is the time to roll up our sleeves and begin the difficult task of figuring out how to implement the new Agenda.

One of the main features of the 2030 Agenda is that it is universal. That means that it applies to all countries, developed and developing, low, middle and high-income countries. This makes the task of identifying the right implementing tools and policies ever more complex, as different countries will have differing capacities, priorities and starting points. How do we carry on the unfinished business of poverty eradication and the MDGs and ensure that no one is left behind?

We are certain to encounter challenges to policy coherence at all levels. What do we see as the main challenges to ensuring coherence for sustainable development at the international level? How can we improve policy coherence in the context of a universal agenda through approaches that highlight synergies, trade-offs and the transboundary impacts of domestic policy choices? Strengthening support systems is also an important aspect that we should consider. We need to ensure that the appropriate capacities are built in international and regional institutions, particularly for integrated policy-making.

The UN development system needs to make the necessary adjustments to support Member States to implement the 2030 Agenda and achieve the SDGs. Effective support to implementation will require the UN to deliver as one, bringing together the normative and operational aspects of its work, and to strengthen its capacity to deliver in countries with new and different needs in widely divergent contexts. 

I look forward to hearing your thoughts and ideas and hope that you will share with us your success stories and challenges you are facing in implementing the 2030 Agenda.

Diana Alarcón
Chief, Development Strategy and Policy Unit - DPAD
UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs

Comments (296)

Diana Alarcon • Chief of the Development Strategy and Policy Unit, UNDESA at UNDESA from United States Moderator

Week 4: 21-27 March 2016

Discussion Summary

 

I would like to thank everyone for their contributions and their highly interactive exchanges during the final week of the e-Discussion.

 

Below is a summary of the key points made during the final week of discussion:

 

How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.)?

 

 

The implementation of the SDGs will require the participation of people from all sectors of society including state, civil society, education and private sector. Among other things, CSO’s can work with the state to integrate the SDGs with national development plans, formulating policies, resource allocation and monitoring and follow up. The role of civil society groups, especially those engaging women and youth, was noted by participants as key in advancing the implementation agenda in promoting peace and education in harmony with nature and in monitoring its progress through participatory monitoring. 

 

In the first phase of the implementation of the Agenda 2030, to make sure that the agenda takes root at a local level, each country’s government and its leaders should consider the following:

 

  • develop a clear strategy on how the SDGs will be implemented;

 

  • ensure that the process will be inclusive and participatory;

 

  • conduct future spending reviews to ensure a coherent cross-department SDGs delivery;

 

  • appoint a Government Minister for day-to-day responsibility of the SDGs; and

 

  • allow and support progress to be independently reviewed by academia, business and civil society.

 

A fundamental step for ensuring that the implementation of the 2030 Agenda ‘leaves no one behind’ lies in the active involvement of local communities both in consultations leading to the design of relevant sustainable development strategies and programmes and in subsequent implementation activities. The ‘localization’ of the SDGs, including the active involvement of local governments and civil society organizations, should be an essential step for the ownership of the 2030 Agenda, its implementation and its results.

 

Small businesses are the present and the future of sustainable development.  More thought needs to be given to better, more efficient management and utilization of existing resources.  The SDGs required extensive participation of stakeholders in their designation and definition and they will need universal commitment to their achievement, and that includes business at all levels. There is a need to discuss how to elicit commercial interest, locally.

 

Social inclusion is a key tenet of Sustainable Development, yet rural communities have been left behind in development terms through a complex mix of social, political, technological, economic and environmental factors. It will be very challenging to implement the SDGs in these communities. Encouraging CBOs to work together and share their networks with each other would substantially increase the impact in rural community development. The need to empower rural communities to drive the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals through youth-led collaborative initiatives that inform effective implementation, monitoring and follow-up and advocacy campaigns was stressed. Necessary actions include popularizing and localizing SDGs, cooperation and partnerships, ICT for rural communities, capacity building, mobilizing resources and monitoring and evaluation. Village Institutes established in Turkey to train teachers in reading and writing as well as modern agricultural methods as a part of the country’s rural development project were proposed as an example of maximizing the use of scarce resources to “leave no one behind”.

 

The need for the full, effective and meaningful participation of indigenous peoples in the implementation of sustainable development strategies was highlighted. One contributor stressed the importance of social inclusion of vulnerable groups including persons with disabilities and shared good practices of including persons with disabilities in society (Asia-Pacific and Japan). The need for the active engagement, education (especially secondary education) and economic empowerment of women was stressed.

 

The need to localize SDGs to measure progress at the local and bio-regional level was stressed. Communities must be made aware of Agenda 2030 and encouraged and supported in implementing the SDGs. It is thus fundamentally important to close the gap between implementation at the local and national levels and ensure both horizontal and vertical integration (across all sectors or issue areas and all levels of society and government) and commitment to planning and implementation at all levels of government. The need to encourage active participation by women in the rural communities; include a major focus on ICT for rural communities; Train teams on proposal writing and grant applications; Train the trainers; Equip youth leaders with skills that they can transfer to rural communities; Form partnerships with national organizations and global organizations and vice versa; and ensure that funds are made available at both national and global level for capacity building was emphasized.

 

"No one left behind" and creating an alternative model in harmony with nature must be about a new natural community where meaningful livelihoods are a core ingredient in the building of that community.  Communities need to come together and design the indicators they actually want and then start making these happen.

 

The real problem is one of needing to persuade our historically imbued institutional instruments to adapt to allow such multidimensional issues as these to be fairly and democratically explored. Not everyone has access to the necessary technologies. A more representative version of a global narrative must emerge. It’s the mechanisms, the instruments of bringing about change that really need to be addressed in a sensitive and considered manner.

 

The mutual benefit philosophy should guide development partnership for achieving the SDGs. Due to its threat to peace and stability and its political social, cultural and economic implications, migration should be an important factor in catalyzing the global partnership for achieving the SDGs.

 

The Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals document fails to recognize a crucial support system: the family and their faith-based communities.   Sustainable development begins with a strong family system. Support for free expression of religion needs to be included in the Sustainable Development Goals. Family systems and religious institutions are key elements in all development contexts. States and other secular institutions should work in partnership with them.

 

The SDG should include a stronger emphasis on biomedical research and therapy for older persons. Ageing-related diseases are on the rise in developing countries and constitute the largest incidence in absolute terms. The need to research and treat aging-related diseases needs to be emphasized both for the developed and developing countries.

 

Men are born equal, but they became more and more unequal, for lack of tangible and intangible means, occasions and opportunities. The only tool for social equity is, and should be, EDUCATION. Education in schools and in the community can become a change agent. Quality Education could ensure all are equal and no one is left behind. Education is one of the surest ways out of poverty. Most of the SDGs revolve around quality education. By investing in quality education to improve human capital most countries can achieve poverty reduction alongside most of the SDGs. Education depends on governments; most of them do not fit out the right conditions. A supra-governmental organization is necessary to equalize the same opportunities for all, since education is seen as an expenditure by governments. Sustainable community education needs to be taught in schools and inside communities themselves as part of social services. This enables every community resident to be a change agent in the world and every community to believe in the dignity of their life and for the rest of us to appreciate the dignity in everyone else's.

 

The need to launch a big communications campaign about the relevance of the commitment to "Transforming Our World: the Agenda for Sustainable Development to 2030" and the access to and training in the use of broadband and ICT tools to spread best practices was stressed.

 

Leaving no one behind means counting in all people, going beyond inclusion, enhancing contributions of all people and addressing inequality between people of all ages, countries and regions. Implementing social protection floors which guarantee income security and access to basic services across the life course, together with that of achieving universal health coverage, guaranteeing access to quality basic health care without risk of catastrophic out of pocket expenses, are essential as a concrete basis for leaving no one behind. An important aspect of "Leaving no one behind" can be achieved by providing healthful, resilient public spaces in human settlements of all sizes. Inclusive public spaces are spatially accessible to all, and offer space for the community to provide inputs, exchange ideas and build consensus.

 

Leaving no one behind is about inclusive development comprising inclusive voice, inclusive action and inclusive results and that this can be put into practice by ensuring multi-stakeholder engagement in the design, implementation and review of national level policies and plans for the 2030 Agenda. All social stakeholders must play an important role of management, innovation and participation in sustainable development. Development at all times should be horizontal, inclusive and a self-managing process that makes communities be engaged, through the identification of their needs and the development of creative solutions. It was reiterated that sustained development can only come from a flow of new ideas to solve new and old problems, access to such a market appears central if we are to leave no one behind, and allow all nations to benefit from their human creativity in a sustained way. The need for hands-on solutions was emphasized. The danger of falling into the analysis paralysis that has been the most common end of many problems was stressed. Overthinking or overanalyzing the problem implies no decision or action taken; therefore, a waste of resources and making the problem bigger is the inevitable end. The need to examine how we determine that some people are left behind was highlighted. The factors that are contributing to such a situation need to be measured and addressed. One contributor suggested the establishment of a Poverty Fund as a non-profit social company that will build its emphasis around accelerating the implementation of the SDGs (Agenda 2030) by mobilizing the world around specialized resource mobilization campaigns to end global poverty everywhere by 2030. 

 

As the main and strong leading structure in United Nations, it was stressed that ECOSOC, together with Security Council and other UN organs, must hold Member States accountable, ensuring good governance, respect for human rights and right to development.

 

At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?

 

“The People’s Coast Ecovillage Network” (PECEN) initiative in The Gambia involves eleven villages, including three from Southern Senegal. The villages have signed an Accord to transform their villages into ecovillages. Participants are teaching others the techniques related to the preservation of their ecology, culture, social organisation and economy that they have learned.  Levels of self-reliance, self-confidence and responsibility-taking have shot up, especially among the female participants.

 

The best way to provide employment opportunities for these villagers would be to engage them in transitioning to more sustainable ways of doing things in their own community. Ecovillage communities around the globe are demonstrating how to effectively live in harmony with nature, create a regenerative economy, restore the natural environment, replenish soil health, adopt biological waste processes and eliminate waste and phase out or eliminate the use of toxic substances.  This is a model that needs to be replicated and scaled up around the globe as a part of the 2030 Agenda and SDGs process in order to meet people’s basic needs and fulfill the SDGs. The Global Ecovillage Network (GEN) is developing a Pan African ecovillage development program based upon the many models and examples throughout Africa that have been created in local communities.

 

In Chololo Ecovillage community in Tanzania, as a part of a climate mitigation and adaptation program funded by the EU, 26 different interventions within various sectors of community life were adopted. As a result, they doubled agricultural productivity in just a few years and achieved many of the other goals listed above. In Southern Africa the Regional Schools and Colleges Permaculture (ReSCOPE) Programme works in schools and with students to regreen the natural environment where the schools are located. Produce that the children grow is sold in the local community, soil health is restored along with biodiversity and the students learn about a permaculture approach to sustainable development.

 

Gender equality has been at the heart of the Global Goal for Sustainable Development. The UK Government launched the new cross-government Violence Against Women and Girls strategy, which sets out ambitious plans for building on work to prevent violence, to support victims and to take action against perpetrators and tackling the challenges facing women in the age of technology and social media.

 

The achievement of the 2030 Agenda requires capacity-building and inclusiveness, as well as the creation of conditions that enable the fulfillment of individual potential closely linked to their social environment. The 2030 Agenda must be translated into national and local development plans immediately via reforms and communication efforts in order to harmonize local and national development initiatives with global policies. Local efforts are essential for the success of the 2030 Agenda and must be constructed and adopted by all stakeholders, especially non-state actors. Institutional reforms alone cannot drive a transformative development agenda without other essential inputs such as material and financial resources, leadership, human capital and political accountability that recognize the concerns of communities and respond through coherent interventions. This requires ensuring a wider representation in decision-making processes and follow-up mechanisms for Civil Society Organizations at the global, regional and national levels, but especially at the local level. 

 

The global rules that will form the basis for coherence must be evidence-based, not ideologically driven. Creating incentives to take risks associated with breaking new ground must then be matched with a policy of encouraging risk taking, through an institutional frameworks that reduces risks overall.

 

"Do not leave anyone behind," requires a true understanding and ownership by citizens of its meaning, connected to current global issues, social, environmental and economic, and those of Governance. This understanding could be facilitated through civic education to disseminate knowledge related to the complexity of the elements involved in the SDGs for students as well as civil servants.

 

At the global level, the new universal, sustainable development agenda requires an international community and a UN system that is “fit for purpose”. Recent crises have underscored the need for the UN to become more agile and responsive. The current Ebola epidemic has highlighted the need for significant reforms and strengthening of WHO, including fundamental changes in its financing and its agility to engage with non-state actors including NGOs and the private sector. Sectoral cooperation, both multi-sectoral and inter-sectoral is the cornerstone of political response, and only through such cooperation will countries begin to witness progress towards achieving the SDGs. A challenge for the UN system to achieve results in health and NCDs will be to “deliver as one”. A promising example of coordinated global governance is the recently formed UN Inter-Agency Task Force on NCDs (IATF), which convenes a range of UN agencies to support the NCD response at global and country levels.

 

How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?

 

The UN development system could provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda through:

 

  1. Promoting immediate selection of One Worldwide Approach, Whole of the UN System including WBG and IMF Approach;

 

  1. Promoting an immediate shift from silos to synergy and fragmentation to Multi Stakeholder Partnership;

 

  1. Promoting Innovative Use of Science and Technology;

 

  1. Promoting Innovative Use of Monitoring and Evaluation results;

 

  1. Promoting Innovative Use of Finance for Development results;

 

  1. Promoting Change and Modernization in the UN System including WBG and IMF to become Fit for the 21st Century and to become more cost effective and deliver better;

 

  1. Promoting Attitudinal, Behavioral and Cultural Change within the UN System including WBG and IMF;

 

  1. Immediately addressing the current lack of clarity with regard to an overall point of integration to synthesize and oversee the implementation effort in its entirety; and

 

  1. Immediately addressing all How To(s) and Know How(s) within (1) – (8).

 

Development partners must review the Paris, Accra and Busan Declarations and put them into practice.  The UN development system needs to help all SDG implementing countries adopt and utilize an integrated approach to development management (covering all components of the development cycle).  By working with the governments and "encouraging" them to adopt an integrated approach, the countries themselves would be able to get a better handle and better manage their development initiatives and to produce better development results. Many countries need this assistance and support to guide them on the one hand, while maintaining their country-driven priorities and policies on the other. The integrated approach to development has shown positive results in Malaysia and several other countries in Asia and Africa.

 

To reach the ambitious goals of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, there must be a broader understanding of development support. Crisis, fragility, conflict and protracted displacement are central development concerns. The collective responsibility in the 2030 Agenda to reach the furthest behind first includes the 100 million of the most vulnerable people targeted by the humanitarian community. Peace and democratization are the foundation for sustainable development. Therefore, work must be integrated to bring together resources from across the development, human rights, humanitarian and peace and security pillars of the system.

 

The UN needs to do better at addressing political blockages to development and ensuring support to SDG planning and implementation recognizing and embedding solid conflict analysis. The UNDG has adopted the Conflict and Development Analysis methodology as an agency neutral tool for just such a purpose. In addition, UN programming should be improved and augmented with a focus on inclusive and transparent governance, the establishment of the rule of law, reduction of violence, and addressing inequalities, in particular, in conflict settings.

 

In its own planning, the UN can focus on its leveraging role in delivering collective and joint outcomes, including by prioritizing prevention, peacebuilding, preparedness and resilience building. This approach needs to be piloted concretely through country implementation. We have some positive lessons from putting in place genuine system-wide frameworks to build on including the Global Focal Point for Rule of Law (UNDP-DPKO), the Joint Programmes which UNDP and DPA manage on conflict prevention, and electoral processes.

 

There is also a need to rethink the link between UN financing architecture and how the UN system plans across humanitarian, development and peacebuilding dimensions. Ideally, there should be one, coherent framework that can be financed as a comprehensive whole through multi-year commitments.  We can learn much from the progress of the Somali Compact, and the principles of peacebuilding and state-building promoted in the New Deal. Donors also need to rethink coherence within their own financing architecture so that they can provide incentives for the UN system to work together across existing silos. This includes reformulating how “gap issues” such as solutions to protracted displacement should be financed as part of the Agenda 2030.

 

An empowered leadership at the country level (Resident Coordinator/Humanitarian Coordinator), that oversees collective outcomes, including humanitarian, development and peacebuilding, is a prerequisite for a shift in the way that the system delivers the 2030 Agenda.  They should be able to call on and mobilize the capacities and resources across the system, to work together on joint products and services to deliver as one.

 

The UN, therefore, could lay down the broader 2030 principles framework in consultation with stakeholders and provide an enabling support/assistance to nations to align their contextual policies/implementation to the agreed principles and use the agreed frames to achieve both policy coherence as well as coordinated implementation for the 2030 Agenda.

 

The UN development system can provide coordinated and integrated support through enabling the participation of all stakeholders in the sustainable development discussion. This should consider a system in which policies and frameworks are fair, clear, concise and democratically adopted for the successful implementation of the 2030 Agenda. This should include the establishment of stronger and more inclusive partnerships. The United Nations should reflect the reality of today's world through the inclusion of efficient, effective, transparent and accountable mechanisms for discussions and negotiations.

 

The coordi

Lanre Rotimi (not verified)

Dear All,We are pleased that 2030 Agenda: Scope and Implications Strand has joined National Implementation Strand of the UNDP and UNDESA e-Discussion 2016 to adopt key points in NEHAP/ISPE/EAG submissions to UNDP ad UNDESA e-Discussion 2016 that are crucial if Global Goals - AAAA, SDG, COP21 and Agenda 21 are to be Vision and Words with Action and if implementation as well as monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of all Agenda Items from Community to Global levels is to achieve increasing convergence between Vision Intention and Reality in each Community in each UN Member State by 2030 target date. This is indeed cheering news. It is our hope that the Integrated Report of the 3 Strands will produce a First Draft SG Report on e-Discussion 2016 that would be released soon. We do look forward to making contributions that could help improve the Draft SG Report on e-Discussion 2016.We observe that the attendance of Heads of UNO, WBG and IMF at UN CEB April 2016 is evidence that our type of advocacy is being increasingly taken seriously by relevant UN Authorities. The outcome of this UN CEB is yet to be made available to the public. It is our hope that more of our ideas and suggestions will be included in the document. We urge UNDP or UNDESA to please obtain a copy of the UNCEB April 2016 meeting and send us.Our view is that it is in making such important decisions available to the public that contributions towards improvement of its contents as well as the fully implementation and effective monitoring and evaluation of this implementation by Community to Global Stakeholders on UN System - UNO, WBG and IMF; 306/193 UN Member States and MGoS could be better assured.  We are pleased to know that Outcome of Consultation on Elements Paper on Follow Up and Review included regular consultation with co-facilitators of other processes, ensure coherent approach across the system etc that coincide with points we consistently advocate.It is good that these ideas are gaining increasing currency and more authorities on UN System - UNO, WBG and IMF; UN Member States and MGoS sides are recognizing urgent need to answer How questions - although language and text in some of these UN Documents is yet to be clear in stating specifically that How questions need to be answered. We note that this 2030 Agenda: Scope and Implications Summary used clear language in calling on Stakeholders to address urgent need to answer How questions.We urge relevant authorities to recognize that without meaningfully involving the idea creator and as soon as possible, in the implementation and monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of ideas harvested from each UN System - UNO, WBG and IMF Entity Global Consultations avoidable error would be make and this could be very costly. For example, it is not helpful to keep the UN CEB April 2016 Outcome Document outside public view. It is only when the document is in public domain that Institutions like ours could make comments on improving its provisions and in ways that help achieve better implementation of these provisions and it is not helpful to implement UNDP and UNDESA e-Discussion 2016 Outcome Document / SG Report on e-Discussion 2016 without meaningfully involving idea creators whose submissions have been synthesized into the Report..We further urge the relevant authorities need to recognize that correct answer to How questions can only be found in the Doing and this would involve the type of capacity building we have described in 3PCM Model. It is our hope that these authorities will stop looking for solutions that exist and will not allow bright prospects of success to be squandered.Records show it is only our Institution that has built the Hard Competences: Learning and Skills and Soft Competences: Character, Courage and Mindset to effectively support Community to Global Stakeholders in this regard. It is our hope that we would be given Master MSP and MSP Platforms required to provide the required levels of support to UN System - UNO, WBG and IMF; UN Member States and MGoS and as soon as possible.We do look forward to receiving copy UN CEB April 2016 Outcome Document shortly. Best wishes, Lanre RotimiDirector GeneralInternational Society for Poverty Elimination /Economic Alliance Group andDirector NEHAP (New End Hunger and Poverty) On Friday, 6 May 2016, 16:33, "notification@unteamworks.org" <notification@unteamworks.org> wrote:

Lanre Rotimi (not verified)

Dear All,Please find attached herewith our Commentary (1) on the Draft Resolution circulated by co-Facilitators reviewing SG Report on Follow Up and Review for your information and appropriate follow up action.We are concerned that despite of the fact that our request for copy UN CEB April 2016 Outcome Document has been made public, the Document is yet to be made available to the public. Best wishes, Lanre RotimiDirector GeneralInternational Society for Poverty Elimination /Economic Alliance Group andDirector NEHAP (New End Hunger and Poverty) On Friday, 6 May 2016, 17:43, NEHAP INITIATIVE <nehap.initiative@yahoo.co.uk> wrote:

Lanre Rotimi (not verified)

Global Consultation on Review of SG Report on Follow Up and Review of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development - 12 May 2016 MeetingDear All,The co-facilitators have called a meeting today (in few hours) for first reading of Draft Resolution on Follow Up and Review of the 2030 Agenda and aim to have a final draft resolution ready for adoption by end May 2016.The ECOSOC President has circulated a letter on possible modalities of 2016 HLPF and has requested comments to help improve the document by 18 May.The co-facilitators of the Review of the SG Report on Follow Up and Review have stated that they are in regular consultation with co-facilitators of other processes and that they are working towards ensuring coherent approach across the entire UN System - UNO, WBG and IMF.It will be recalled that we earlier circulated Commentary (1) on the Draft Resolution on Follow Up and Review with promise to circulate Commentary (2) suggesting edits to Draft Resolution language and text.Our view it that the ECOSOC President's letter underline need for the co-facilitators to pilot affairs at today's meeting in ways that effectively address key points made in Commentary (1) and also announce deadline for submission of comments / edits, if these are to be processed into final draft ready for adoption by end May. Given the gaps in ongoing Global Consultation, there may be need to extend date final draft ready for adoption may be released.It is against this background that we wish to make the following comments:-1. The NGO MG is yet to begin Global Consultation. TAP Network began Global Consultation on 10 May. As at time of this mail on Day 2, no Member has commented. However, a Member on Day 1 suggested the Google Document be made available to all 9 MGs and 3 or 4 other Stakeholders, this way MGoS submit a Single HLPF Paper. As at this time on Day 2, no Member has responded to this suggestion.2. Points made in ECOSOC Presidents letter regarding MGoS highlight Resolutions 67/290 and 70/1 to recommend Active Participant Role for MGoS. However, paragraph 12 in the Draft Resolution highlight only Resolution 67/290 to recommend Observer Participant Role for MGoS. This contradiction needs to be resolved in favor of Active Participant Role for MGoS.3. NEHAP/ISPE/EAG Commentary (1) raise fundamental issues of Engagement Mechanism and ECOSOC accreditation etc that needs to be professionally tackled if MGoS in Active Participant Role are to deliver on their duties and responsibilities as well as enjoy their rights.4. The co-facilitators of the Review of the SG Report on Follow Up and Review process as well as co-facilitators of all other processes, with the exception of co-facilitators of the UNDP and UNDESA e-Discussion 2016 process continue to pilot affairs in ways that over answer What questions and avoid or evade clear and correct answer to How questions. As long as How questions remain unanswered, Outcome Documents of these processes will remain Vision and Words without Action. This will ensure past mistakes - flaws and failures remain re-occurring decimals and work towards achieving Global Goals - AAAA, SDG, COP21, Agenda 21 Vision Ambitions in Communities in 306/183 UN Member States will be uphill task or mirage.5. We are concerned that UN CEB April 2016 Outcome Document is yet to be made available to the public. We urge relevant authorities to speedily release this document.6. It is pertinent to note that Draft Resolution being prepared by co-facilitators of the review of the SG Report on Follow Up and Review is not a stand alone document but a document that should make clear recommendations on ways and means of improving the SG Report on Follow Up and Review earlier rejected by UN Member States. As long as there is no revised SG Report on Follow Up and Review accepted by UN Member States; revised similar SG Reports accepted by UN Member States and complementary New SG Reports accepted by UN Member States, very little progress will be made in 2016 Year of Implementation and probability of achieving SDG by 2030 target date would be low. Allowed to occur in reality - that is fail to achieve the SDG by 2030 target date, the ultimate consequences for 7 Billion Citizens in both Developed and Developing Countries could be catastrophic.  7. We do look forward to co-facilitators of the Review of the SG Report on Follow Up and Review process and other relevant UN System Authorities response to points we have raised. Best wishes,Lanre RotimiDirector GeneralInternational Society for Poverty Elimination /Economic Alliance Group andDirector NEHAP (New End Hunger and Poverty) On Wednesday, 11 May 2016, 10:07, NEHAP INITIATIVE <nehap.initiative@yahoo.co.uk> wrote:

Lanre Rotimi (not verified)

Dear Team,Please find attached Commentaries on the HLPF Modalities and Resolution on Review of SG Report on Follow Up and Review.It will be recalled that at the 12 May meeting, co-facilitator Petersen highlighted the consultation process 'mandate of transparency'. All ongoing processes should also be 'mandate of transparency' that produce outcome documents that are Vision and Words with Action. Best wishes,Lanre RotimiDirector GeneralInternational Society for Poverty Elimination /Economic Alliance Group andDirector NEHAP (New End Hunger and Poverty) On Thursday, 12 May 2016, 13:00, NEHAP INITIATIVE <nehap.initiative@yahoo.co.uk> wrote:

Ranjani K.Murthy

Dear friends

I want to share a 'part' success story pertaining to Goal 5 on Gender Equality the target of economic resources. 

To strengthen property rights of women the Government of Maharashtra, India passed a Resolution 1094/3625/10-08-1994 declaring that every married woman has the right to have an equal share in her husband’s property.  Tejaswini Maharashtra a programme of Women's Development Corporation and International Fund for Agricultural Development launched a ‘Home/Asset of Two’ campaign in 2013 to disseminate information on this resolution. Women and men are made aware that they contribute equally to the household and their vulnerability would be less with assets on joint names. The focus of the campaign has been more on joint registration of houses and agricultural land.  Once the couple comes forward the house or land is registered on joint names.  The outcome of Tejaswini Maharashtra’s joint ownership campaign is given in Table 1 below, which reveals that an impressive 68,166 women have received joint house titles and 12514 have  received joint titles  to agricultural land. The ‘sanction’ rate (vis  a vis application) is higher with regard to securing joint house titles than land titles (see Table 1). Women who now possess joint title deeds feel that their husbands cannot sell the asset without their permission. They cannot ask them to leave the house anymore (happened in a few cases in the past in the village. Another initiative that has been promoted under Tejaswini is obtaining receipts for any jewel that is purchased on the name of women.  Women have started demanding that ration cards (for public distribution system) be made on their names.   Scaling up the initiative of promoting joint property requires a study of achievements and some of the constraints. Some couples who applied got joint title deeds, some had filled the children’s names by mistake in the form. Half the applicants for joint ownership of land are yet to get it. 

 Table 1: Applications and Joint Registration of House and Land: Tejaswini Maharashtra, 2015

House ownership

Land ownership

Proposal  submitted for registration

Joint Registration

Proposal submitted for registration.

Joint Registration

86707

68166 (78%)

26218

12514 (47%)

However, not all rural households have house or land, and the first struggle is to help landless (mainly Daliits) to access land for women directly.   

The Tamil Nadu Dalit Women’s movement  adopted a unique approach to help SC women access land in 19 villages near Thiruvallur district bordering Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. In these villages five to ten SC women from landless households formed themselves into a sangams, and carried out an informal survey of any porombokku land available for cultivation (other than grazing land and land related to water bodies/channels).  Once they know that such land is available, the women headed to the Village Accounts Officer and PRIs and located the land in the village map. The women then went collectively to the Revenue Inspector for facilitating survey of the land. Some Revenue Inspectors were cooperative (in particular SC women), while others were not and repeated pressure had to be put.  Once the survey was completed the women go to the Taluk Office and meet the Tehsildar asking him/her to allot land and give title deeds on the name of the women. In instances when the Revenue Inspectors or Tehsildar were not co-operative, the women submitted petition to the Collector on Grievance day held every week, as well as in public hearings.  In this manner an impressive 850 SC women from 19 villages in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh have managed to claim and own dry land of 1-2 acres.   At times false title deeds are issued allotting land which does not exist and the women have to go through similar lines of protest to gain proper titles. More land has been claimed by women on the Andhra side than Tamil Nadu. There is little common land in Tamil Nadu, with common land being used for special economic zones, real estate development, and tourism to a greater extent than in the neighbouring state.    Some of the land was totally uncultivable in the beginning, and boulders had to be removed and shrubs cleared.  In some instances, the SC women farmers have linked with the 100 day employment guarantee which has a provision of paying labourers to develop land of Dalits.  That is, they earn wages for clearing their own land! Right to land, the women claim, has given them economic security, enhanced their social status and reduced domestic violence. 

TO SUM UP INHERITANCE IS ONE ROUTE TO LAND RIGHTS. RIGHTS TO MARITAL PROPERTY IS IMPORTANT (NOT THERE IN MANY COUNTRIES). FOR THE MOST MARGINALISED WOMEN, THEIR HUSBANDS AND PARENTS DO NOT OWN LAND- AND HENCE IT IS IMPORTANT TO SUPPORT WOMEN FOR LAND RIGHTS. THERE NEEDS TO BE RESTRICTIONS ON CONVERSION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND  INDISCRIMINATELY FOR OTHER PURPOSES IF WOMEN ARE TO HAVE CONTROL OVER RESOURCES. 

Dr. David Kenneth Waldman

Colleagues, The question is  "How can we improve policy coherence in the context of a universal agenda through approaches that highlight synergies, trade-offs and the transboundary impacts of domestic policy choices?" Each government, civil society, organization, private, NGO's, academic, science community, UN agencies are all taking different aproaches and focus therefore, I recommend a trans-literacy, transdisciplinary, gender, cultural approach. This requires, technology and a monitoring and evaluation focal point in which data is collected and filtered in order to take new concepts, best practices and create new methods which combines, each development goal not as a single path but an integrated non linear approach.   

parsu rai

need to be inclusive  in nature and be lgbti friendly 

Olugbenga Odukoya • Executive Director at Peace and Life Enhancement Initiative International from Nigeria

The agenda should be all inclusive. sustaining development is not a task for governemnt only, the process should be participatory. From Developed to developing countries, from key players to common man on the street.

Henry Nnadozie Ekwuruke • Executive Director and Chief Consultant at Development Generation Africa International from Nigeria

I participated at the United Nations Summit for the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development last September in New York where i represented my organization, Development Generation Africa International (DGAI) and Action 2015. Leave no one behind is a big word that need to be simplified. We have a document of people already leaving on the fringes of our society that needs to be included and the UN have experience, they are to make use of those experiences "creatively" to ensure that no one is left behind. We need for government to support the talks, our project Local Voices Initiative is building awareness and promoting the active participation of youth in Nigeria to reach over 1 million people of the 17 Goals and 169 Targets and on how they would monitor and join the implementation of the SDGs in Nigeria. We change change the nation, yes, we can! It is urgent. It is now! Let us begin today...

Gwynnyth Llewellyn (not verified)

For the SDG's to truly Leave No One Behind implementation must include people with disabilities including people with mental illness. The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities has raised the level of discussion; local conditions including stigma, fear, prejudice continue to exclude people with disabilities and their families from society. Considering those most excluded first offers promise for including all.

Andrea Shettle

Absolutely. People with disabilities can and should be consulted and involved in the process of innovating and designing projects and programs in their countries, coordinating and implementing programs, and in the monitoring and evaluation process. It is crucial to also be mindful of all relevant intersections--women with disabilities, children and youth with disabilities, indigenous peoples with disabilities, LGBTIQA+ people with disabilities, rural populations with disabilities, racial/ethnic/cultural minority populations with disabilities, etc.

Several of the SDGs have a specific mention of the importance of disability inclusion.  But even SDGs that do not explicitly mention disability are still impacted by disability and by many other forms of marginalization and exclusion. People with disabilities are the world's larget marginalized population after women/girls--15 percent of the world population, equating to about one in every seven people on Earth. Yet people with disabilities are often ignored, excluded, or forgotten. The SDGs can only be achieved with full inclusion for people with disabilities and all other marginalized populations. A recent publication has examined how excluding people with disabilities lead to high economic cost, and how including them in the development agenda leads to gain--a win, win, win situation.

The International Disability Alliance has developed the 2030 Agenda Toolkit and Guide for Persons with Disabilities, for the consideration of people with disabilities who wish to be engaged with SDG-related programs and activities in their own countries.

Alvaro Erik Martinelly Zeballos

I think, it's better if we can discusse the case in every country. For example, in Bolivia the goverment is changing of core industry from gas to electricity. But other policies like get down the taxes to electric cars are not in the public agenda. It's easy think that a small country have few emisions of CO2 but the reality was one drop of water with the necesary time can full a pool easily. And that is the kind of approach we need for understand the importance of a global strategic common action for fight with the climate change and other envirommental issues. 

APPIAH Adou • Enseignant-chercheur at Université de Bouaké

I think that the meeting of sustainable goals over 2030 needs baselines studies in each country to iddentify the causes of sucess or failure of MDGs the past years. We'll then have the tools to overcame the challenges to come.

Leanne Denby

There is a common denominator existing in nearly all contexts, where those who make decisions, implement policy or change practice spend time - universities and colleges. Understanding, deconstructing, reconstructing, developing solutions, etc, around the SDGs should be the underpinning knowledge and skill set developed by tertiary education institutions. If ALL undergrad/post grad students were exposed to the SDGs as par for the course, and in context to their primary andl also other disciplines, imagine the flow on effect that would be possible to create. We need to pressure tertiary education to urgently take up this agenda. 

Rosemary KALAPURAKAL • Deputy Director at UNDP

I love the intervention on disability, above.  When we think of MICs, averages mask those who are truly being left behind. The SDGs offer a legitimate entry point to focus the lens squarely on those groups who have been and are being left behind, with the commitment to start with those groups.  As part of the UN team thinking through the kind of interventions we can have as individual agencies and as a system, it would be critical to get a sense of the gaps that we can help address, and especially good examples that we can study further, profile and share with others. 

Hilda Leonor Cuevas de Azevedo Soares

If we try to understanding that all the underdeveloped countries must be developed and other develloped countries must retreated their quickly developing that will be a great planet to live. But this is a dream. No one will be hungry or thirsty if you think of the human rights of others.

OM SHARMA

The essence of SDGs and Agenda 203change 0 is to save our planet and help develop the poor and marginalised. While on the one hand we have to prevent environmental degradation and adverse impact of climate change by pooling all possible resources, on the other development efforts have to be accelerated to eliminate poverty in all countries and in all its manifestations. The task to achieve these two basic objectives requires coordination at UN level and cooperation among countries bilaterally, multilaterally and through regional efforts. In practice, to implement the Agenda 2030, pooling of resources would be critical and in this context, help to developing countries through aid, trade and access to technology is extremely important. The world is at present going through a turmoil as growth in GDP and trade have slowed down significantly which has it's worst impact on developing countries. The solution lies in greater efforts to resolve issues in Doha Round of WTO's negotiations and increased aid to developing countries.

Dr. Vrajlal Sapovadia • from India

To effectively achieve SDGs, participation of local community is sine-qua-non. In developing countries, ground realities are challenging. The plan should incoroprate those to bring appropriate actions. Creating awareness and bringing local community in action, requires to reach in their hearts. They are illiterate, one must understand their language and culture. The delivery is to be diluted to the extent that they understand what you say. This further require 'local guides'. People can understand right perspective through illustration and real life examples that they believe and understands. So the programs must fit in local environment. Each community will have differences, and so the programs can not be generalised.

ozzeir khan (not verified)

To achieve success with regards to the SDGs ofcourse leave no one behind is the right mind set. I wonder if we said take every one forward if the meaning changes. In todays age, technology enables reaching directly to the people  and plays a bigger role by achieving disruptions of the standard ways of progress. In a race against time, ICT for education and development will be a critical factor in the coming years.

HARISH YADAV • Economist at AWAKE SOCIETY from India

The social ,cultural and political conditions are different in Developing and Developed countries.The agenda must be inclusive and related to the cultural conditions of the region with sustainable methods

Mostafa Faruq Al Banna

I think, the second goal of SDG will be difficult for the developing countries, where malnutrition rate is very high. If we consider to achive WHA target (e.g 40% reduction of stunting by 2025), it will be challenging many countries to eradicate malnutrition by 2030.

Kim Lucas

Assessment of human rights in relation to refugees and others afficted by poverty, especially women and children need clear policies and laws pertaining to protection and relocation rather than detainment enmass which is inhumane. Our moral compass on an International leval need to recognise and address International polices and development which is inclusive of women and children that are susceptible to trafficking and sexual violence. There needs to be a shift in diplomatic solutions to implemet such protection of women and children with clear indication from International communities, enforcing strict repercussions for those who perpertrate crimes against women and children. If we start with those who are most vunerable, this can lead to a clear direction for the future, qualitative research will indicate the needs of those most vunerable and pathways to safer and more humane policies.

The Red Elephant Foundation (not verified)

How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.)?

- It might be interesting to look at three things. One, technology, where mobile apps and web based tools and apps can be used to collect opinions and ideas in implementing the 2030 Agenda, alongside room for feedback and notes on what works and doesn't. Two, community level engagement through sustainable partnerships with the grass root level organisations and activists. Three, academia - get the schools, universities and colleges into critical thinking and activity to implement the agenda.

At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?

I foresee the lack of many voices being heard at the international level. Policy coherence is possible only if we know who we are speaking to, or who is on the other side and receiving the information we send out. It might help, therefore, to follow a practice of involving grass root initiatives to inform the development of policy so that it is coherent.

How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?

Stronger civil society partnerships and more working groups - one per agenda will help.

Vimbai Zinyama Mushongera (not verified)

Good Morning

On the principles we need to have indicators that assist in benchmarking the progress which are socially aiented and juxtaposed on the aspects that are known to marginalise persons. like;

 

1. Language- e.g. local words for the development agenda

2. Access to information

3. Vulnerabilities 

4. any other context specific indicators 

Nasir Chughtai

Leave no one behind:

Inclusion of all individuals belonging to a society and community can also be possible if space is provided to meet the economical and social interests of that individual or simply 'putting the right person at the right place'. As a professional of ICT this task is time intensive but possible to form National DataBases or repositories containing information of all citizens while ensuring registration of every new born into that system. This system shall in turn provide situational awareness to individual citizens and informed policy & resource planning for Governance. 

Nripendra Sarma

May I request  to organise the discussion SDGs based? The separate discussion for each Goal will perhaps be more fruitful to follow and also for intiatingissuebased  discussion .

Thanks and Regards.

Nripendra Kumar Sarma

Nagaon, Assam, India

Dessalegn Yehuala (not verified)

I think this inititiave, that is, the  the meeting of sustainable goals over 2030 among other things needs a replicable policy template to ensure plicy coherence in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.).

Farida Bagalaaliwo • from Uganda

How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.)?

This one is very difficult to tackle, because so many of these programs (with the exception of vaccination and some other health initiatives) leave many people behind.

Three of the critical and fundamnental issues that challenge implementation are corruption with impunity in the African context, infrastructural deficits  and poor education. The corruption is not just from govts & local technocrats but from foreign bodies & technocrats as well. There is complicity on all sides in the disenfranchisement of the rights of the poorest and most vulnerable people in the world and those who are in between like me are also disenfranchised.  

The issue of corruption deeply affects the other two (namely infrastructral dvelopment and education). So tackling corruption and corrupt processes is key to implementing the 2030 agenda if it is not to go the way of the MDGS.

Also key: There needs to be greater transparency in the workings of the UN system. Who gets what, who decides who gets what, who decides at all? Many of us beneficiaries (and I am now talking about the educated, middle class people) are simply not aware of how the system works. Many of us are in a position to report program deficits, to be agents of changes in our communities but the UN system simply does not allow for that. There are instead little silos of selected NGOs, government programs and civil society organizations to implement programs of the UN without any objective oversight process from and accountable to the beneficiaries.

I would like to see a public call for agents of change in each country where the 2030 agenda is being implemented. These agents of change should come from a diverse body of educated, honest people as well as representatives of the poorest most vulnerable communities. In other words who is there to challenge the implementers (both at UN level and national level) when the implemenation process is not working? It has to be us the citizens, the stakeholders in this change and not just government and donor entities.

The issue in assigning agents of change is that you get the same people who have occupied the national and UN systems  for years. Or you get tokenism, roles given to people who are not in a position to provide oversight because of a  lack of resources and education, people who are easily manipulated. How do we move away from that, to create an accountable process and people for oversight drawn from the citizenry through a transparent, creative and fair mechanism? Volunteers? Elected positions?

At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?

The challenge from where a mere Ugandan citizen stands is that many of us citizens in the developng world aren't aware of enough of the policies to hold our governements to account. We are not aware of the policy agreements between th UN, donor countries and our own governemnts. This matters because if we understand the policies we can hold our leaders (where they are democratically elected and not stealing elections) to account. They then in turn have to demand policy coherence at an international level to make implementation more successful. Quite frankly even we citizens could ask for accountability from international bodies & better policy coherence if we knew what the policies were. The top down approacch did not work for the MDGS and it will not work for the 2030 agenda.

We need new ways of thinking and working that involve the citizens of the developing world, because far too often we have been failed by our governments and their development partners. Technology as others have pointed out is key to engagement of the public and to challenging the status quo.

How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?

The first step the UN development system needs to takes is to make sure the people within countries and communities are aware of the 2030 agenda. Not just in civil socitey/NGOs, but in boardrooms, schools, universities, legal fraternities/sororities, small businesses, churches, mosques, temples etc. Really how many of us are aware that this agenda exists?

The second step is to join the dots for us (literally). How does the UN Development system work? How are national and regional bodies involved, where does the citizen have stake and what role does the citizen play? And citically where does or to whom does the citizen go and report to if the programs and processes in place are not working to deliver the 2030 agenda?

Technology is a very good way to do all this. Yes, it elminates many people, but for the 2030 agenda to succeed you must harness the power and force of the middle classes in developing countries and ask them to push the agenda at local community level. We are here, we are ready, but you have not called on us.

The issue of language as another commenter mentioned is key. The international policies, must be dessiminated and understood at regional and national level. Coherence is required not just for the poilicy makers but for the policy users as well.

We also need to move away from over used language like grassroots, youth etc. We want "edcuated", honest, accountable, imaginative citizens of all backgrounds and ages to be empowered to implement, question, challenge & ensure the success of the 2030 agenda.

Thank you for the opportunity to share our thoughts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade (not verified)

First and foremost, the need for the SDG's implementation to be hollistic, Uiversal, Transformative presupposes that they must impact the entire population and that is where the notion of inclusiveness and "Leave no one behind" most probably emanated from.  I dare repeat the obvious that all nations of the world are at differing levels of development and possibilities of an all inclusive involvement in national development programmes.  In focus here are developing Countries where not all citizens are aware that there was a set of  MDG's now succeeded by the SDG's.  Whereas there are CSO's functioning in these areas with their megre resources and mostly zero assistance from local, state or national governments in these countries.  The CSO's are consequently unable to adequately impact implementation in their catchment areas for lack of resources.  They have continued to function in the area of advocacy only and word of mouth without resources to back them up amount to nothing.

We at KINSAF recently held discussions with the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development of Nigeria and he has such ambitious programmes in the pipelines and told us of those already being implemented before his own tenure but in that sector, we still discover among our colleagues, absolute ignorance concerning impact and information dissemination on such usefully impactful programmes.  My take is that a strong partnership with CSO's /NGO's operating in sectors covered by Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies [MDA's] must be empowered and given recognition and allowed to carry out implementation of programmes in their areas on behalf of governments [developing countries] This will engender wider coverage  and effectiveness of development programmes including the SDG's.

Stefano Cobello (not verified)

we have to work a lot on learning possibilities. The learning ssystem to fe inlcusive, has to delete the word disable and disabilites. In order to do it, we need to change the learning process paradigma, focusing on the persons possibilites and builiding up a system of learning possibilites.  Education now  is not accesisble to everyone, for a variety of reasons: social, economical, stuctural and environmental. And when education is available it is also  serving the industrial and economical system and not the persons. This creates disable people, cause eveyone is different and something can be accessible for many but not for all. We have to work a lot of on the shifting of perspective from the learning for the system to the learning for the possibilites. 

Fahmida Iqbal Khan (not verified)

In order to achieve sustainable development so that ‘no one is left behind’ can only be achieved if we will be able to tap untapped avenues like private sector, academia, research institutes, technological corporations etc. Human history is evident that whenever inclusiveness and system thinking approach is not ensured or adopted, development didn’t take place and sustainability always remains a big question. We need to come up with innovative and creative methods that can help marginalized, vulnerable and excluded groups and population to become part of dialogues, deliberations, and policy making. We have to come up with something very intelligent that can ensure to end dependency syndrome and help mobilize indigenous knowledge into life transformation experience. While looking into all 17 SDGs and thinking about unfinished agenda of MDGs, I wonder what difference will it make after 30 years if business as usual will continue. So in order to be smart and result oriented, we have to bring fresh indigenous brains and researches into developmental agenda to make it sustainable. 

Nasir Chughtai

After reading your well stated opinion I am compelled to introduce myself as man trained in technology with a passion for development. With my professional degree in information systems and current research in development studies I am able to identify many new avenues and tools of technology that could provide solutions to various social issues. There is a need to form collaborative space for social scientists and technological scientists.

I admire your take.

Moses AJOLORE • Clerk at UNDP

For me I believe we should work more with grassroots than the upstream that we work with so that the impact will be felt on the ordinary Nigerians and it will be sustainable

 

Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade (not verified)

I'm in total agreement with you, Moses Ajolore.  The grassroots are usually seen with the short end of the stick when it comes to knowledge of what's available and what they can access to their benefit and economic empowerment..  This is where empowered CSO's  come in.

Sergio (not verified)

At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?The major challenge is to consider that monitoring the SDG targets and reporting progress is just a secondary task. The main task is to facilitate that national and local governments embed the SDGs, the targets and use the derived indicators into their own national policies, strategies and priorities. Then, monitor and reporting becomes just another task (derived of policy implementation). But sadly, at the international level it seems that what we all want is to compare things, for continued or future support (funding especially); and governments in developing countries also expect more financial and technical support, therefore engage themselves in the “monitor and reporting” discussion. The challenge at the international level is how to advocate for and support for innovative pro-SDG policies on the ground beyond the merely monitoring and reporting? How to show that these policies work? How to test them? How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?For all UN agencies, bodies, programmes and organizations, the SDGs and their targets should be the framework in which all (institutional) strategies need to be aligned. The SDGs and their targets provide a way to deliver on the ground. Therefore, each and every strategy and priority of the UN system agencies needs to converge into respective SDGs/targets, thus avoiding parallel processes that only create bureaucratic burden in the UN and, moreover, to countries (reporting for quasi-similar issues under the SDGs and under specific institutional targets).In essence, to streamline the support from UN agencies and to simplify reporting by countries thereafter.

Paul Shaw (not verified)

The Network of African Youths for Development (NAYD - http;//nayd.org) are developing teams of youth-led CBO's in every country in Africa to 'empower African rural communities with the UN Sustainable Development Goals through youth-led co-ordinated and collaborative information, implementation, monitoring, lobbying and advocacy campaigns'. We presently do not have any template for measuring the baseline or monitoring of the SDGs in the communities. We also have severe communication problems in rural areas of Africa. Will the UN be delivering SDG monitoring templates and will they enhance internet and mobile connectivity in rural areas as a matter of urgency? For those interested in this campaign please read our BLOG at http://sdgs.nayd.org.   

 

Robert Ruitenbeek • Managing Director / Owner at iNVENTUR! from Netherlands

Dear reader,As an introduction to my participation and prequal to my contribution in answering the questions stated above i would like to share the following.- To better the World as targeted by this UN body we, developed societies, need to better ourselves!!- We need to focus on restoring the balance from social, economic and systemic perspectives in favor off all nations- As long as 50 percent of global wealth is owned by 3 percent of the global population no real shift in balance is to be expected- As long as 70 percent of all cereals are shipped and used as food for livestock for western markets no real shift in balance is to be expected- As long as we allow meat/dairy industry and corporates to eradicate forests and erode more than 50 percent of globally available arable land no real shift in balance is to be expected- As long as we allow corporates and financial institutions, macro economic entities bigger than nations, to lobby for and dictate (buy) governmental policies on every aspect of our life no real shift in balance is to be expected- As long as we allow capital, commercial propaganda to have preference over the wellbeing of Human Kind no real shift in balance is to be expected- As long as we think that developing nations should do so using western nations as a template no real shift in balance is to be expected- To have ended poverty, reduced inequalities significantly and reached a level of global sustainability within 15 years we need to start acting today- Stop eating meat and help rebalance the availability of cereals to end famine- Stop eating dairy products and help rebalance the availability of water- Start eating plant based and help rebalance the availability of arable land for farming- Go vegan, use energy from sustainble sources, drive electric, reuse and end Global WarmingBetter yourself and help restore a really healthy and sustainable global society

John

Women have long been recognised as having played a major and visible role in peace movements. Debates relating to innate passivity in women, socialisation processes, differential impact of conflict and coincidental factors are explored. Notions of civil society are also investigated and how women are included in the theory. In particular, it is argued that the participation of women is a key identifier of both binding and bridging social capital. The interaction of civil society with the project of peacebuilding is also analysed, where the involvement of civil associations is a factor in building participative democracy and has a role in bypassing conflict elites which often hold societies along lines of division. Using the investment in women’s training as part of Peace and Reconciliation funding in Northern Ireland as an example, it is concluded that the empowerment of women through building their capacity to participate is essential to building social capital and creating the conditions for a lasting, inclusive peace.

 

Women have been long associated with peace and peacebuilding.  Accordingly, the participation of women in peacebuilding efforts has been justified on the basis of justice and equality, the necessities of policy criteria, contributions to economic growth and the strengthening of societal cohesion. However, a direct causal relationship between women as peacemakers, women as essential components of civil society and civil society as a pre-requisite for peacebuilding has not been thoroughly explored. The exploration of this issue requires a methodology that sufficiently represents the viewpoint of women and their experiences of political and social influences. To this end, a methodology that is ‘feminist’ should be used. The form and even existence of such a methodology is in dispute, so an exploration of the background to the use of such a methodology should first be explored.

 

A perspective and research methodology that is feminist can thus be utilised to examine the position of women in the area of peacebuilding. This will be examined using theoretical notions of women and peace, women and civil society and civil society and peace. Using this theoretical model, the particular context of how women’s development and empowerment in community-based projects in the transition from conflict can be analysed and evaluated. The detailed investigation of generic themes relating the conceptual models to peacebuilding activities at community level will have applications for inter- and intra-societal conflict in wider contexts where ethnic conflict management or transition for conflict is being attempted.

 

Notions of ‘civil society’ and ‘social capital’ have received much attention in connection with how a state and its constituent population interact. To understand how women fit into this concept, it is necessary to trace how the ideas of civil society and social capital have developed, how they are defined or measured and their relationship with ideas of democracy and civil participation. A critique of how these theories are formed in relation to gender can then be made and an analysis made of how this affects notions of how women are integrated into participative processes.

 

Notions of civil society have been envisaged in a variety of forms, generally taking the form of non-state activities and relationships between citizens. The concept of social capital has been used to define the strength of civic engagement and cohesion, but again there is little consensus on the measurement of this phenomenon. Historically, notions of citizenship have been formulated in the absence of women, and more recent ideas relating to social capital appear to have ignored gender as a factor or to have accepted gendered norms in their understanding. Uncertain as these concepts remain, they are of critical importance in prevailing attitudes regarding participative democracy, where civil society is expected to be consulted during the course of policy development. Such engagement offers opportunities to women to become more involved in policy-making processes, the majority of people involved in organisations associated with civil society being women. However, this cannot be seen as a substitute for effective representation on formal political decision-making structures and there would need to be a greater representation of women on the bodies that claim to speak on behalf of civil society to ensure that even this limited contribution to policy development does not exclude the views of half of the population.

 

Women have been visibly at the forefront of efforts to bring about peace in the international context and in divided societies. While debates around innate pacifism, socialised protection mechanisms and experience-related interest in peace continue, the fact of contributions to peace being weighted towards the female gender is difficult to refute. Furthermore, whether based on a consideration of gender-specific assumptions about qualities of peacemaking, grounds of equality or an acknowledgement that a wealth of untapped resources is being neglected, international notions of peacebuilding include specific reference to a gender element and participation.  Women are therefore essential to the formal processes of building peace in areas of conflict.

 

Developing notions of civil society are subject to disagreement and debate. However, the qualities and definitions of a vibrant civil society accord to the imperative of the participation of women. Like society in general, civil society is gendered, but there are sufficient opportunity spaces for women to organise and influence in ways that are difficult in formal political processes. While there is some tension between what constitutes civil society and the ideals embodied in contemporary feminism, there is scope for women to claim substantial sections of civil society for their advantage. Indeed, the strength and cohesion of civil society depends largely on how women are integrated into its structures and processes. As with formal political and economic structures, the positions of influence and power within civil society remain largely in male hands, but women have a marginal advantage in this field in comparison with the often hostile environment of political institutions.

 

Theoretical and practical applications of peacebuilding processes in areas of conflict increasingly indicate the meaningful participation of civil society to a greater or lesser extent. This not only recognises the role of civil society in the concept of participative democracy, but also the understanding that, as conflict involves and affects whole societies, the transition from conflict must also do so. In addition, the predominance of conflict elites requires alternative mechanisms to bypass their influence in maintaining lines of division, requiring the multiple channels of communication and participation that exist in civil society to be involved in the peacebuilding process. As women are a defining factor in the understanding of civil society, the participation of women in the project of peacebuilding is a sign that civil society is being meaningfully engaged.

 

As a group, women are differentially disadvantaged by the processes of conflict in society, women’s needs and aspirations being subordinated to the imperatives of competing national identities. This creates a deficit in the capacity for women to participate in society. Structured training and group experiences, tailored to the specific contexts women find themselves in, create the formal qualifications and opportunities for self-improvement and progression needed to facilitate a greater participation in society, the economy and political life, whether formally or through the consultation processes of civil society. In addition, informal processes of empowerment and self-development are crucial to the process of moving beyond a conflict identity. While economic development has been the primary focus of peacebuilding activities, this can only partially contribute to the development of a more peaceful society. Individuals require the confidence and capacity to engage with different communities and to take on leading roles in structures of leadership in communities and civil society that are not oriented towards a conflict stance.

 

Empowerment of women in a post-conflict society is a long and difficult process. Women need to travel from a marginalised position during conflict to one of leadership during peacebuilding. This has to take place in the form of equal political representation in institutions, influence in leadership structures in civil society and a recognition of the extensive impact of women’s involvement in maintaining communities throughout conflict and in the transition, as well as healing processes during and after conflict. The training of women in the community, particularly in areas most affected by conflict, contributes to the essential framework of promoting peace and creating the conditions for women to become more empowered and assertive in transition from conflict and the formation of a post-conflict society.

 

Greater investment in these activities creates multiple contributions to the task of building peace. Firstly, the extension of women’s participation in employment and entrepreneurship strengthens the economy required for societal stability. Secondly, the economic independence of women contributes to their options for emancipation, which is a pre-requisite for a just and egalitarian society. Thirdly, such training builds women’s confidence and capacity to challenge traditional power structures and exert pressure on decision-making processes, leading to a full role in the reconstruction of society.

Finally, the empowerment of women in the community provides greater recognition of the resources available and potential for leadership in civil society in its role in peacebuilding.

Mohamed Hassan

For me I would consider to target rural households whose are mainly women, they are illiterate and marginalized from economy, if 2030 goals reachs those sector of community and built to get education and health facilities it will be major success and decrease maternity death and hunger related diseases such as malnutrition.

I have question: how can we fill information gap between poor or rural community and The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development?

To understand exactly situation those community you can read one of my stories here

Local health workers have expressed concern over the high numbers of maternal deaths among women from rural areas surrounding Bardere in Gedo.

Dr Shukri Abdullahi Mohamed, a gynaecologist at Bushra hospital in Bardere, told Radio Ergo that 20 women died in the hospital during childbirth since the start of the year. Only four of the babies survived.

Seven of the women died during the first two weeks of this month.

She said most of the women were suffering from poor nutrition and related conditions such as anaemia.

The doctor confirmed that the women came from remote parts of the district where there were no health facilities and women had no access to ante-natal care.

Currently eight women were admitted to the small private hospital in the town. Some had just delivered their babies and others were in the last stages of pregnancy.

“Most of the women are brought to our hospital when they are in a very dire condition. I assist them with treatment for poor nutrition and for those who are severely anaemic we have to administer blood transfusions,” Dr Shukri said.

The vulnerable women are from nomadic pastoralist families and farming families, all of whom have been affected by prolonged drought in parts of Gedo region. They have been unable to afford food that is rich in nutrients.

Radio Ergo’s local reporter visited the hospital and met with Shabaan Abdi with his wife, Fatuma Muhumed Ali, who is nine months pregnant. “I brought her here from Daar Ma'allin village, 30km from Bardere three days ago. We were told that she is suffering from malnutrition and anaemia,” said Shabaan.

Local residents have been donating blood for the treatment of such patients.

“It is very risky for a malnourished woman to conceive and then to go on missing vital nutrition and medical counselling afterwards,” Dr Shukri said.

Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade (not verified)

An intensive Mobile health Clinic for prenant nomadic women is the solution or means to manage this unfortunate mortality of mothers and newborn children. I will suggest NGO activities in this area. Government plans would only provide that they be brought into government hospitals and this will only yield the same resuts of emergency arrivals at govt hospitals and more deaths.

Sent from my BlackBerry wireless device from MTNFrom: notification@unteamworks.orgDate: Wed, 2 Mar 2016 13:06:10 +0000To: <tolijadu_oyemade@yahoo.com>ReplyTo: comment@unteamworks.orgSubject: [Teamworks] Mohamed Hassan Humanitarian radio producer from Somalia commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Robert Ruitenbeek • Managing Director / Owner at iNVENTUR! from Netherlands

Dear reader,

In answering the above stated questions (targets) I would like to suggest the following:

 

How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.)?

Identify common denominator(s) in terms of (inter)national communication solutions used by the people, their availability and useability. Select one or more generic channel, develop content, distribution and feedback mechanisms in compliance with governmental policies

 At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?

From the former stated I would suggest the development of a uniform multilanguage multiplatform web/mobile app using a cloud based datastore supporting the processes needed for sharing policies and the monitoring of and feedback on policy coherence needed for achieving SDG's. Underlying Identity & Authorization Management, Automated processes, business rules and workflow based push messages gets and keeps people involved regardless their roles.

 How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?

A technological platform as suggested above, when developed from the premise that all roles and parties involved gain access to contribute, should be enabled to provide the instruments for coordination and integrated support of the 2030 agenda.

 

Samaila Garba Shiko (not verified)

To achieve SDGs mission and target goals, I think priority should be given to problems that are peculiar to a particular country. In Nigeria, for instance, infrastures (such as good roads, electricty, hospitals & schools), potable water, information and communication technology, poverty and unemployment as well as corruption. All these needs to be addressed. 

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Problem of reconciling goals, how to achieve them and what is needed to do so.

 

True, the 17 goals politicians agreed upon represent a significant step towards adopting a holistic approach to mitigating the ignorance, hunger, ill health, insecurity and injustice to which billions are subject today. However, it is only a step towards a very distant goal. It is possible to identify three main reasons for our failure to do much more with much less.

Taking the collection of goals first, they are important, but their selection does not reflect either their logical location in the hierarchy of human needs, nor yet the very obvious fact that the very possibility of human existence is subordinate to that of our environment. Perhaps, the current flood of relevant and irrelevant data has erroded our common sense to that extent we no longer can see the forest for trees.

 

Take for example energy. It is important to people, because its availability  may be necessary for them to satisfy some more important need. For instance, it is less important for a small subsistence farmer than for a factory farmer. There again, we must remember that to the first, farming is necessary to live, while the second uses factory farming to gain some means of exchange to buy most of the things he needs to sustain his life, and  its adverse effects on our habitat are well-known.

 

Now, if one attributes a high value to energy (from non-renewable sources) while its use degrades our habitat and thereby reduces the ecosystem services on which  the salubrity of our climate and the possibility of non-destructive agriculture depends, it is difficult to understand why energy has been given the priority it has among those 17 goals.

 

It may be argued that transport, industry and what is humourously called communication, drive the modern economy, and those activities could not go on at the right pace without energy, therefore, energy is vital. Is it? For whom? Figures from the FAO, WHO, UNESCO, etc., paint a a Hieronymus Bosch landscape of global hunger, disease and ignorance entwined with enormous wealth, incredible consumerism, environmental ruin and supreme indifference to avoidable misery.

 

The modern economy has in fact  led to an increase in the percentage of the deprived in the world. Hence, it is untenable to attribute to energy the value it has been accorded, for it has fuelled the increase in the numbers of deprived through the machinations of economy. The same objection applies to the location of water and some others. I will call this a hierarchical malplacement of goals.

 

Let it be clearly understood that I do not question the values of those 17 goals, rather the sole justifiable source of their values is their actual significance as a necessary condition for us to live as befit civilised people, which does not entail any need for display of consumerism or publicised self-promotion. Other things being equal, this hierarchical value mismatch among goals makes it exceedingly difficult to form congruent policies at international, national, regional and local levels.

 

My apologies on my choice of the term 'congruent' here. It represents in the present context, when all policies of two or more competent authorities are consistent with respect to what they endeavour to achieve by their areas of policy overlap,  their policies will be congruent. For instance, their policies would be hardly congruent if it is the policy of trade ministry to permit making and selling of any industrial human feed  while the health ministry  has a policy to fight NCDs. A brief analysis is sufficient to identify where education, agriculture, etc., policies have areas of overlap with health, and it is not difficult to  achieve a satisfactory congruence, provided that the inimical vested interests do not prevail.

 

Thus, their hierarchical malplacement makes it very difficult to identify and remedy policy incongruence among the policies formed with a view to achieving those 17 goals. This is a logical error, which is open to a simple solution, viz., rather than numbering them, they should be placed in a hierarchical cluster, which would display their actual worth, i.e., how essential are they in  enabling us to live like more or less contented civilised specimens.

 

Other things being equal, how those goals may be attained offers us a fairly wide technical choice. Here, we run into two major obstacles. The first is a nasty side-effect of the hierarchical malplacement of a goal, viz.m, the priority its given in a policy generally reflects its priority in resource allocation during its implementation.  Often, this can lead to a resource depletion  resulting in the under funding or neglect of some more important goals.

 

The second is concerned with the appropriateness of the method chosen to achieve an objective. For instance, more often than not, 'industrialisation' is shoved to the fore as the universal panacea to every ill that plagues the world. It is remarkable that the advocates of industry, which by the way included c. marx and v. i. ualinov alias lenin,  have failed to appreciate the inevitability of social injustice and environmental disaster that process logically entails, for it is not designed to meet a reasonably rising or falling need, but rather to increase the gains of its operators ad libitum by using more and more input resources from a finite pool.

 

A different category of inappropriate methods stems from an uninformed belief in the suitability or the need for certain tools,  desire for prestige, or belief induced by advertising propaganda, incompetence or corruption driven choice. For example, it would be salutory to corelate changes in the rural literacy rate with the increase in the numbr of mobile  electronic devices in use. Likewise, the much-vaunted 'gree revolution' of the 1960-ies that turned  mud-brown ought to be a warning to us all. And, for the love of all civilised values, let us not make education into a production line to feed the demands of 'economy'.

 

 

In this brief scanning of the problem,  let us finally turn to  what resources are needed. Here again, we run into two difficulties. First, the number of sutably skilled people with sufficient motivation and integrity required for this difficult task,  are very unevenly distributed throughout the globe. Moreover, their distribution where they are most needed is rather thin. Little has been done so far to retain them where they are  sorely needed,  and much remains to be done to train and offer them positions commensurable with their ability.

 

I shall conclude with what may seem an insoluble problem, viz., finances.  Let me put it this way. First, calculate the actual global currency  total, perhaps with reference to US dollar, or any other chosen currency. Next, add up the total global debt, writing it off as appropriate, i.e., country A ows a million to country B, but country C owes a million to A. So, we can write the two off! Next, subtract the total debt so obtained from our first value. That is what we really have to spend on everything sans deficit spending.

 

But how much of that currency total is sequestered in private hands? The cake has a finite size, the number of mouths looking for a bite increases, while the share of it in private hands grows, leaving less and less for the rising poor population  to share.

 

Lal Manavado.

 

Mustafa Khawaja

The most important thing is not to spend on the discussion, monitoring or mapping the SDGs more than what the development process it self is in need. we have to learn from the MDGs excercise in term of the illustration of th epriorities and the responsibilities: doing what?by whom? on the national, regional and international levels. thanks

Quentin Farmar-Bowers (not verified)

The nature of the functioning of government bureaucracies is to break responsibilities into ministries and agencies that tend to be competitive for power and resources.   The nature of most governments is to follow ideologies in policies and be closed to facts, science and new ideas that come from ‘enemies’ of the prevailing ideology used by government.  Most western governments have been steeped in neoliberal ideology over the last 30 – 40 years.  Very often these neoliberal ideas are so entrenched that the politicians, academics commentators and indeed most of the public are unaware that they are working to an ideology often unsupported by fact, experience and science. 

These two factors (agency competition and following an ideology) will make implementing the Sustainable Development Goals difficult for many governments despite their support for individual goals.  

In the past 8 years or so ‘western governments’ have been fixated on the deficit / surplus debate with most government’s decision-makers deciding that a government surplus achieved by austerity is the most important fiscal goal for governments irrespective of the actual financial situation of the nation.   Unless this is changed many of the SDGs that require growth and improved equity and SDGs that require sustainability will be almost impossible to achieve. 

Implementing the SDGs may provide reasoning people with the opportunity to think through the neoliberal ideology and the competitive nature of government agencies to develop a more Earth and people friendly approach for government to take.  This approach need not be a totally new invention as there have been periods in the past when more sympathetic policies were enacted, notably just after the second world war, when many politicians saw a need for employment, prosperity and peace for all.  So we can learn from our own history.

I would like to suggest the following two “Balances” to provide the political / economic conditions for achieving the SDGs.

1)      First Balance: Sovereign Governments (governments that issue their own currency like the UK, USA and Australia and have a floating exchange rate) tend to focus on monetary policy to control their economies although fiscal policy is much more effective.   In fiscal policy the modern tendency is for governments to try and balance taxation receipts with expenditure with a preference for a surplus.  This is instead of managing their economies in a way that uses the resources that exist in the real economy so none of these real resources are lift idle (such as labor).   I would like to suggest that the first point of balance should not be a budgetary balance between government taxation and expenditure but rather a balance between financial management and the real economy.  So fiscal policy becomes a tool to achieve the end, not an end in itself (i.e. achieving a balance or even a surplus should not be a goal for government). The method would be to use all the financial and job creating tools available to the government and the goal would be to ensure the existing resources in the economy are actually used fully.  (Other objectives such as age, gender, and poverty preferences can be added). The underutilized resources would include labor and plant and equipment.   Goals that require people to be skilled and employed would greatly benefit from this change.  And the change would increase economic growth rates by some percentage points providing scope for governments to implement policies to help poor people participate in a growing economy.  Instead of being concerned about running a deficit, governments should be more concerned about leaving people unemployed, unskilled and inexperienced at working.  This balance would go some way immediately to tackling the social aspects of the Sustainable Development Goals.  However, a second balance is needed for the longer term to move the real economy towards sustainability.

2)      Second balance: The first balance would help ensure existing economies start to run at full speed but much of what happens now in the existing real economies are unsustainable socially and environmentally.   The second task for governments would be to balance the real economy with the ability of the Planet to sustain this level of utilization of the Earth’s systems.  The objective of this second balance would be to bring the real economy into balance with the Planet’s physical and ecological systems and balance this level of output with the combined needs of all people (improve intra- and inter-generational equity).  The current un-balance that exists between the real global economy and the ability of the Earth Systems is huge and for some areas, such as climate change and biodiversity maintenance, the urgency for action to get this balance, or lose it for ever, is pressing.  Reaching this second balance would revolutionise how people use the Earth Systems and revolutionise the technologies that we all use every day.   This balance is essential for the near and far future of all peoples but has been, and continues to be, resisted very strongly by governments wanting to protect specific corporations and specific technologies and also resisted directly by many corporations.   To make the change feasible, organisations and inter-government agreements, such as the WTO, IMF, OECD and trade agreements, need to reset their goals to deliver this balance using firm sticks for recalcitrant and prevaricating corporations and governments.   Allowing non-compliance would be unfair for countries and corporations trying to modernise and move their economies towards sustainability.  The existing corporations in western nations would have the most to gain in the short term from preventing a move to sustainability but the people in the western nations would have most to gain in the long term from the economic growth associated with transforming their economies with sustainable technologies.  While most of these changes will come about through the action of markets, western government will need to ensure that corporations are small enough to fail as their unsustainable business models become worthless and not disturb the nation’s economy; this is especially relevant to large banks which need to be broken into much smaller entities.   For markets to work properly participants need accurate factual information.  Accurate information for the public on sustainability is the key for markets to move to sustainability and also to allow the democratic processes in these countries to work.   In many countries reliable accurate information on many sustainability issues, such as global warming, has been challenged by the vested interests of the press and also amazingly by governments cutting funding to organisations that were set up to gather and provide factual information to facilitate the democratic processes.  While this is a matter for individual governments to correct, it is in the interests of the global community to see that all governments collect and provide factual information for their people.  And if in doubt, governments will not be wrong if they err on the side of social and environmental sustainability.  While one hopes that corporations and governments will see the value in sustainability, existing loyalties and the desire for individual wealth fogs these values for many people.  Consequently, to help facilitate the provision of information and development and implementation of policies to move to sustainability, governments will need to make adjustments to facilitate community action in courts or tribunals to obtain the deliver sustainability from organisations. 

 

I hope the idea of ‘balances’ stimulate more work and action to deliver the SDGs.  However, I note that developing full utilization of the existing resources in the real economy (balance 1) will be difficult for state government and countries in the Euro Zone as they do not issue their own currencies and are therefore tied to other government’s fiscal policies.  To achieve SDGs hundreds of millions of people need to be motivated and fired up to take action but they also need the information to know if their actions will be sustainable and actually deliver the SDGs in the long term.  Government and CEOs of government agencies and private corporations have an enormous ability to encourage or destroy people’s motivations. They also have the ability to monitor and guide developments that actually deliver SDGs in the long term.   Positive government action is essential.  I hope the idea of ‘balances’ and the indicators that could be devised to test these balances give a way for conservative neoliberal leaders to adjust what they do and so facilitate the delivery of the SDGs while at the same time saving face; moving as it were from politician to statesman.  

 

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Tiered policy coordination In my contribution on the difficulties the successful achievement of the SDG's would face, I noted the problem of policy coordination as a major obstacle. Here, I would  like to outline their extent. A significant number of policy decisions are made by international organisations, which has a significant impact on the national/regional policies. IMF/World Bank, ITO, WHO, EU, etc., are few of those. Some like ILO could make a policy contribution, FAO, which if implemented, may considerably enhance the living conditions of millions of workers. The question now is, to what degree do these and other influential bodies resort to a holistic approach when they make their  development policy decisions? For instance, does ITO makes any attempt to achieve some policy congruence with WHO with respect to food trade? I think that unless there is some policy congruence in the decisions made by organisations of international influence with reference to our fundamental needs, viz., education, nutrition, health, security in its widest sense, procreation and our non-material needs,  it is difficult to forsee a more sanguine future for those who have been deprived for so long. If we are willing and able to do so, here, we would be striving for some global policy congruence, call it coherence if you will, though that it does not  sufficiently emphasise the purpose of a policy. Likewise, the regional organisations like the EU ought to coordinate their external policies with reference to the SDG's. Naturally, the same applies to national governments. At the national level, we have to begin anew, i.e., the national policies are global in their possible impact, but here, the term 'global' is used in its restricted sense, i.e., global for a country. Similarly, it is possible to identify a regional and a local policy levels within the national boundaries. Perhaps, this is a dream, but I think it would be worthwhile to keep in mind this type of tiered policy coordination with a view to achieving their  maximum possible congruence, may prove to be a useful aid to achieve the SDG's. Cheers! Lal Manavado.From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 03 March 2016 03:06To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Quentin Farmar-Bowers I am a retired academic and former consultant and public servant from Australia commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade (not verified)

Dear Lai, 

It is not so much a dream to expect that responsibility difused down the line to the regions and national levels as it concerns "global agendas".  The United Nations may be expected to "midwife" the nations of the world in terms of development.  We need to remember that each of our countries were represented at every level of the dialogues that emanted to the global development directions thereafter adopted at the United Nations level.   Our countries were also represented at High Levels in the UN. Summits where the Policy Instruments such as the SDG's were adopted...  Its time to be alive to our own responsibilities and commitments made to those International Treaties and Conventions aceeded to and take responsibility to ensure their incorporation into national plans.  

THE REGIONAL ECONOMIC GROUPINGS

Nevertheless, in as much as we expect the UN to midwife the globe, so also the Regional Economic Groupings MUST of necessicity live up to the expectation or the necessity of "midwifing" the development of their member states by ensuring a focused inclusion of the global development directions in the Agendas prepared and presented to their Decision Making Organs for deliberations at Experts, Commissions, Ministeria and Heads of Governments' levels.  

The Regional Economic Groupings need to take responsibility to promote sectoral complementarity  through Technical Assistance to their member states that would culminate necessarily in Regional Policy Coherence which would in turn progress towards coherence of national policies for each region.  This would not only engender focus towards attaining the global development agenda but would elicit greater percentage achievements  of the global objectives enunciated in the SDG's

The Regional Economic Groupings like ECOWAS, SADC, COMESA, UDEAC, EADC, ECCAS and others that  form THE PILLARS of the African Union need to wake up and ensure the "REBIRTH" of their respective regions.  

FINALLY.

The United Nations should go a step further to turn them in the right direction in this respect.  I do not believe they are doing enough to bring about the desired change and change the fortunes of the citizens of their respective sub-regions.

Stephanie Johnson (not verified)

It seems as if one of our biggest issues is affordable housing, this directly effects so many issues, if people can afford to put a roof over their heads, and have enough disposable income, a lot of issues would heal themselves, this is the best artilce i have found to help solve this issue: http://www.demographia.com/dhi2014.pdf

Dr.Amb.Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua • President and Founder of Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation at Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation from Nigeria

Stephanie 

If you have a roof over your head without other  Amenities and Social Infrastructure, life will be meaningless

Yvan Trésor (not verified)

Hello everyone Dear Friends,

 Above all we must keep in mind that the main theme of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development and move from setting objectives to their implementation, thus to act with as a key principle of leaving person behind, very encouraging things like principle that complements directly where the MDGs have not happened is to say to a commitment involving all states of the world.

 

Remember that these are 17 targets 169 targets that make up our whole ecosystem, I guess the principle of leaving no one behind can be put into practice by asking who needs a particular goal first, by what means to reach its fair value? What would be the purpose of these 17 objectives would be most useful to him immediately finally the person, community or country in question feels inspire, motivate and interest to contribute to that same calendar 2030 for sustainable development ...                                                      

Because in all these 17 goals, one goal perform well would produce accelerate or achieving other on every level and area of ​​our ecosystem.    

 

In this 2030 agenda for sustainable development, I think the best would be not to calculate in terms of country or nation only, but in terms of region or group of states. Let me explain ; if carefully considering the current situation we can realize that among the six countries eg which are adjacent three or four of them often rhyme on the same rhythm of life, culture, religion and education and development ...                

from my point of view, the solution which can pave the way for better policy coherence for sustainable development, would be the direct collaboration of such countries in achieving this agenda 2030, the merger of their efforts and their weaknesses, although that people who live in such countries often coexist as neighbors, even in systems that shape these countries we often find that one is strong in any area than the other, in the development education eg. or in agriculture, or in the economy or in new technologies, or good governance, etc ...                                                                                                                                                    

I imagine that if a country brings its strength in its neighboring country and vice versa, began on areas involve less vis-à-vis the resistance leaders, I think this could be a good asset to the achievement of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development!     

 

For me the United Nations development system could provide a coordinated and integrated support for the implementation of Agenda 2030 by raising benefit by its strong experience the vision of this agenda to all communities, individuals and organizations able to discern the importance and urgency of the implementation of this agenda, by the  campaigns of information through forums, conferences, meetings, all in the context of establishing action plans applicable in the short and the long-term depending on the purpose and importance of its implementation.      

 

 

   

 

Sudhanshu Shekhar Singh

As said above, coherent policy is central to attain sustainable development goals but given the high number of fragile countries how do we foresee even basic policies in number of countries before we start talking about coherence? I wonder if there are enough and right efforts being made to resolve conflicts and help fragile countries to have better governance which can eventually acquire capacity to develop policies contributig towards sustainable development of its people? 

Secondly we also need to be clear whether we want growth oriented economies which yield instant results but adversely impact sustainbl development or want to keep the economies development oriented. We need to have more discussion in this regard. 

 

Diana Alarcon • Chief of the Development Strategy and Policy Unit, UNDESA at UNDESA from United States Moderator

I am thrilled to see the interest in this Thematic Window! I would like to thank all of you for your comments so far and would like to highlight the following observations.

The national context is critical in identifying the priorities that countries must undertake in order to ensure that no one is left behind in the process of implementing the 2030 Agenda. As reflected in many comments, countries are faced with widely divergent challenges and policies must therefore respond to those specific issues. The SDGs can only be universally relevant if they are adapted to national circumstances and governments respond with policies that are coherent and consistent with their national development strategies.

Individuals and communities also have a part to play. Participation and involvement from individuals and communities is important to ensure that their own priorities are incorporated into the relevant development policies and that policy implementation is effective and corresponds to the vision of the development agenda.

The role of the SDGs as a universal agenda is to set the norm and the ambition of what is to be achieved in the next 15 years. It is a point of reference from which communities and countries must to shape their visions according to their own national contexts.

Governments must guide the support and coordination efforts of the UN system to better target their national priorities.

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

On the hierarchical mismatch among the SDG's Some contributors to this forum have stressed  the importance of making national needs one's point of departure when determining the ways and means of achieving SDG's. This represents introduction of relevance back into one's efforts to ameliorate the lives of the deprived, indeed a hopeful sign. This could have been achieved by a slightly different means, viz., by displaying SDG's as a hierarchical cluster as I have mentioned in a previous note. Its advantages are twofold; first, it avoids the possibility of hierarchical mismatches as goals will be displayed in order of their actual importance to living people in their daily life, and secondly, it is truely inclusive as I shall describe below. I think what one intends to achieve by 2030 is to ameliorate the extent of social deprivation and the environmental devastation present today. It is regretable that we are still unwilling or incapable of grasping the logical inseparability between these two evils.The salubrity of our climate and ecosystem services on which  agriculture and our water supplies rely, depend on the well-being of our habitat, of which the oceans are an integral part. Now, it would be incorrect to claim social deprivation we wish to mitigate displays a clearly marked distribution. Rather, it seems to be universal, but with large variations in type and degree. In spite of the weasel words, it is difficult to see any practical difference between 'functional illiteracy' (in USA) and just plain illiteracy (in under-developed countries). Insecurity in big city streets can be as frightening to a victim as a civil war. There are affluent countries where high cost can exclude some sick from needed medical care just as those in very poor countries who have access to none. So, if we claim SDG's are global,  we ought to arrange them in such a way that each nation choose its own order of priorities with reference to the degree of their importance to  the country concerned. For instance, a country may have a good public health system while its education system needs improvement. Then, one can undertake the required improvement of the education system making sure that it serves as an adjunct to health system in enhancing the nation's public health. This requires a congruence between education and health policies with respect to public health. I shall repeat the obvious; what we are trying to achieve by 2030 is to have fewer deprived people in the world. The reason deprivation is undesirable is that it reduces a person's quality of life and increases one's physical or mental suffering. To live in contentment, one needs to satisfy six fundamental needs during one's fecund life, while their number is reduced to five before and at the end of it. These needs are education, nutrition, health security in its widest sense, procreation and a set of non-material needs like aesthetic enjoyment etc. Deprivation is mainly concerned with one'a inability to adequately satisfy the first four of the above six needs. So, if 2030 agenda intends to achieve its purported objective,  its activities should be directed at enabling the deprived people as a whole to meet those needs, which they cannot adequately satisfy at present. The question then, is how to go about it? Before we take that up, I think we'd better ensure that the possibility of achieving some success in that direction actually exists. This possibility represents salubrity of our climate, availability of water, adequacy of ecosystem services necessary for sustainable agriculture. It is crystal clear that if these possibilities do not exist, particularly unpleasant death will be staring at billions ere long. So, the well-being of our environment which includes world's waterways, lakes, seas and oceans is a necessary condition for our own well-being. Has anyone taken the trouble to study the death of Aral sea and the consequent human tragedy? It is a classic example of development turning into disaster when environmental factors are ignored during reductive planning. Therefore, environmental  well-being should have  received the first priority in the list of SDG's, for everything else depends on it. This involves not the so-call green development, rather active steps to maintain and enhance bio-diversity and ensuring  an appropriate balance among living species including the human one, for over-population of anyone species would put the existence of many others at jeopardy. Unfortunately, human population control though vital, seems to be ignored with incredible nonchalance. Of course, poverty reduction seems to have a certain irresistible appeal to the listners, but what does it mean? The typical answer here is to undertake the steps required to provide employment to those millions who now just cling to life. What sort of employment one may justifiably envisage here? Have we forgotten billions are spent on labour-saving innovations that renders many workers redundant? Arn't many advocates of development very keen on the less developed  countries to take up the same types of technology? Consider the following paradox that can but end up in failure. Country X is poor, over-populated, but in its cities citizens have access to newest ICT.  Its literacy rate is low and the general level of education in the rural areas leave a great deal to be desired.  To deal with this problem, both native and foreign expert agree on the wizzardry of electronic technology and they go for it. One would have thought teaching through human contact would have been the most effective way of achieving this goal, especiall when the country  has a high unemployment rate. Automated cell phone networks and a few technical and teaching personnel may be said to be able to cover the whole country, while thousands of teachers and social workers may be needed to do it by the old-fashioned way. Very well, is it reasonable to assume that an illiterate person can be better instructed by an electronic device than by another human being? Aren't we trying to create as many useful jobs as possible? Isn't calling for 'effectivity' in this context an unmistakable symptom of incompetence? I am delighted to see that the FAO is carrying on  a very systematic programme towards a sustainable global food system intended to meet the nutritional needs of the world. However, what success it may achieve depends on  the extent to which national food policies are integrated into the others, and it receiving a very high priority, for if there is no food for the people, everything else soon becomes things of academic interest for them. Thus, after the well-being of our environment,  equal priority ought to be accorded to enabling the people our six fundamental needs. How one may achieve them shows an interesting variation. For instance, a small holder may be poor, but he may be able to meet his nutritional needs much better than his middle class counterpart living in a city. So, poor in monetary terms  is not always as useful as one imagines if one wishes to ameliorate the lot of the deprived. I think appropriate education is vital and it should begin to reflect a system of civilised values that is acceptable to all citizens of a state. A informed caring for our habitat and the superiority of cooperation over competition  are two such values. It ought to be appropriate, because its purpose is not to produce jobbers for some system, but to impart to the people of a country the knowledge and skills they need to enable them to adequately satisfy their fundamental needs given its cultural, geographic, climatic and available resources. Now, we can apply the same reasoning to the other needs. Soon, it will be evident that water and power supplies can only have a tertiary importance, because, one needs to procure food to meet nutritional needs, which in turn calls for agriculture, and that requires water. The same clear analyis will shift employment to its proper place just as it does money. I hope a few others  might be willing to emerge from their coccoons of jargon and fly out into sunshine away from the numbing chill of the numbers. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 03 March 2016 18:46To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Diana Alarcon commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Kebulun Alliance in America (not verified)

To achieve the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and principle of leave no one behind, we must form a sustainable economy. For an economy to be sustainable it must be based on agriculture.

Green Economy

For Green Economy to be successful it must be community driven meaning the community must control the entire spectrum of it’s of its currency, planting harvesting production manufacturing supply distribution. Etc.

To assist with the 2030 Agenda, Kebulun Alliance LLC has   developed the Sustainable living -HEMP Project.

On March 2, 2015 KEBULUN ALLIANCE LLC was approved and filed with the STATE OF INDIANA.

KEBULUN ALLIANCE LLC is organized for the purpose of advancing American Nationals to build inter-dependent communities that are prosperous and diversified in the for-profit, industrial, community and general interests of the American Nationals and their trade areas.

Currently the project is rehabbing a homestead which will provide a model for sustainable living, due to the currently weather condition in Indiana the project development is focused on the inside.

KEBULUN ALLIANCE LLC looks to build a School of research providing education to the public of the benefits of industrial hemp, and the importance of living holistic lives where we will be self-sufficient and self-sustaining. Applying sciences and cultures will become limitless in researching the connection all Indigenous people of the planet have with one another.  It will prove the responsibility we have with our planet.

 Kebulun Alliance LLC looks to work together to build businesses that will contribute to the forward progress, justice and happiness amongst fellow beings to solve our common problems in order for us to become a dynamic, prosperous and active community.

 When fully integrated in international development strategy framework KEBULUN ALLIANCE LLC can lead to enhanced investments in the agro-industry, tourism, renewable energy, the creative industry, and infrastructure-bonds.

As awareness about the ecological crisis and climate change has increased in recent years there is growing agreement we need to make changes to the global economy.

Deforestation is occurring at around 3% per year, and hemp is a far superior resource since it can be grown to maturity in 100 days. Hemp paper is far stronger and durable than paper made from trees.

Hemp can grow anywhere and doesn't require pesticides, herbicides or fungicides. Evidence suggests that it can lift heavy metals from polluted soil. It also adds nutrients to soil by tapping into sub-soil nutrients other plants cannot access.

Hemp biomass fuel produces no Sulphur and can be effectively used as a relatively clean power source due to its 95% fuel to feed ratio.

Hemp is used in the world's major currency banknotes because it is so strong and water resistant. It is also a sustainable replacement for concrete along with other forms of resources.  

Of all the plants in the world hemp is the most profitable and desirable crop that can be grown. Archaeologists, anthropologists, and philologists cite physical evidence indicating that hemp is one of mankind’s oldest cultivating crops.  The weaving of hemp yields the strongest known metal-like fiber.  It is the strongest of the vegetable fibers and gives the greatest production per acre and requires the least attention. It requires no weeding but also kills off all weeds.  Its Roots grow in such a way that it is a natural aerator which leaves the soil in splendid condition, thus eliminating the need to burn fields to grow new crops. Hemp can grow in any climate.  One acre of it could replace over 4 acres of trees and by using just over five percent of our land to raises as energy.  It could power the entire continent for one year. If applied properly hemp could replace all sources of energy assisting the world’s ecosystems and restore the atmospheres oxygen balance with no disruption of the standard of living. It could replace all fossil fuels, plastics and most if not all of our fibers.

Kebulun Alliance LLC   wants to be an innovative alliance tool to give grassroots organizations their independence from donors, governments, and commercial enterprise, by creating Jobs, Opportunities, Workshops and Training.

Kebulun Alliance LLC    requires funding for land and to build a manufacturing and distribution plant. The plant shall manufacture products whose source originates from industrial hemp. The revenue from the distribution plant shall fund the Sustainable living -HEMP Project.

In addition the project   has contracted with farmers local and abroad to supply industrial hemp for processing at our future manufacturing plants.

To maintain transparency a website will be created with live streaming to track the construction of the project. All donors will be invited to tour the completed community.

At the international level all challenges regarding the project can be neutralized by composing, and mutually agreeing on laws based on maxims.

The UN’ role with the project can be that of  funding and a  bridge connecting the project to other communities  local and abroad , along with ensuring community’s honor the agreed upon maxims.

Kebulun Alliance LLC   is currently composing crowdfunding pages to fund the manifestation of the project.  After initial funding the project looks to be self-sufficient. The endorsement of the UN would allow a larger audience for our endeavors.

We need to realistically, rethink, reorganize and to civilly remake the world safe for a peaceful co-existence, based on mutual respect. The world should not only be made safe for democracy. It should, more importantly, be made safe for justice and equity, which are the tenets of peace. Even though the current economic crisis and threats of war that poses many challenges for peace to all people in all countries, mankind has undoubtedly made tremendous strides in science and technology to advance the cause of good health, understanding and cooperation not to employ or revisit the same strides to destroy the very basis of our existence and happiness.

We are prepared to answer all inquiries as to our intentions and will utilize this venue for that purpose.

Humbly awaiting your reaction

Thomas Edward McGrone El

Kebulun Alliance LLC

 

 

 

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Profit Excludes 'Green' from the Economy The problem with modern economy is twofold. As Mr. Farmar-Bowers pointed out in his contribution, some of its notions have emerged as an ideology that directs the actions of politicians and administrators. I will even go farther and claim that it has become a part of public belief just as religions did many a moon ago. One who says human progress cannot be measured in terms of 'output of goods and services' or 'gross this or that product'  might elicit tolerant grins at best. The problem of profit is not a theoretical one, rather it is our dismal failure to grasp what it entails that has given rise to the countless instance of avoidable misery and incredible barbarity, especially after the industrial revolution. Why? The answer is quite simple. Has anyone ever attempted to quantify what may constitute a justifiable gain under a given set of conditions? I am not talking about price-controll, rather about what is fair and civilised. Even the capitalists of the past had some inkling about the need for limiting profit, otherwise, it is difficult to explain the revulsion with which usury (charging an inordinately high interest on cash loans) was regarded in the past. In spite of this, a cursory look around us is enough to show that non-productive profit seeking has become the dominant part of the current economy. And in its productive portion, the picture is as unattractive as in its non-productive counterpart. For instance, stock brokering, speculation in stocks and shares, gambling on commodity futures are productive of cash to those who engage in them, but they produce nothing of value to the world. Agro-industry offers us the saddest instance of profit seeking resulting in hunger, unemployment and loss of dignity. Despite the rhetoric to the contrary, in most affluent countries, farmers have to sell their produce to wholesale buyers at ridiculous prices, and become dependent on government subsidies. Meanwhile the wholesale buyers sell  to food industry and both middlemen put on Dollars as the consumers of factory made human feed put on weight. Moreover, farmers who wish to be independent cannot find reliable buyers apart from the collssi of food industry, so they go under. Law of economics or is it not a manifestation of the law of the jungle as practised by semi-monopolies? The same applies to every other area where the term profit motivates people to action. Please do not assume that this is jotted down to promote altruism, which can be as foul as gross profit seeking. The difficulty is we are so afraid to step forward and say, 'indeed, one should be rewarded for one's efforts, but it should be justifiable, and how much of  such justified rewards one may  keep for oneself needs a very careful scrutiny.' If we can agree on profit seeking on this basis, nearly all will be well. As things are, desire for unlimited profit is the prime-mover of economy.  This is because it has become a consciously or unconciously acquired ideology, be it in the mind of the 'richest man in the galaxy or kid from some slum pushing awful drugs on a ghastly street. On the other side of this unseemly scene, limitless desire for profit necessitates increasing the production of anything that can be sold, whether it is needed by civilised man  or not. The resultant waste of finite world resources has brought about an environmental and human mental disaster Attila the Hun and Jengis Khan together could not have achieved even if they tried with some modern expert's help. Now soemthing obvious; profit is what one participant of an exchange gains over and above what he has put into the product exchanged. Here, the buyer of the product expects a fair deal, but can he today? Doesn't advertising business gains billions and who foots the bill? Is this fair to the buyer? Why? Can anyone really claim that people don't know where to get what they want? Remember the surprise of old travellers when they saw how fast news travelled across vast areas before newspapers, letters, phone, radio, telly, and www? I know the pathetic words one can expect to hear in answer, but then, ask yourself, are you sure you don't have any vested interests in  making profit  that go well beyond what you need to meet your justifiable needs? Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 03 March 2016 21:46To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Kebulun Alliance in America Project manager Sustainable living -HEMP Project. from United States commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Robert Ruitenbeek • Managing Director / Owner at iNVENTUR! from Netherlands

Dear Lal,

 

The problem with Profit is its essential as long as we use a interest based monetary system as foundation of our economies, we need profit to pay of our interest based debts. Debts on debts to my opinion is the main reason behind non-productive profit seeking. This is and will stay part of our daily struggle until we realize that interest is destructive to any monetary system.

 

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Dear Robert, True. However, if one looks at a newly established small business even in a rural setting in a poor country, one always finds that it is run with the intention of getting an unjustifiably high profit. This sort of activity is insignificant in what they call 'macro-econoy', but what it embodies is the ideology of profit where no limits are set on it. Cheers! Lal Manavado.From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 04 March 2016 12:46To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Robert Ruitenbeek commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Bernard Lutete

Dear Moderator and All the wonderful Team,

For being practical I would suggest this:

In order to set real actions which would produce real results on the implementation of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development with 17 goals and 169 targets, considering the principle of leaving no one behind, it would request to build and set one strong monitoring framework with global and coordinated actions leaded by the international community, and this framework should also have representation in each member states for ensuring a better follow up and the effectiveness of all action implementation in national level. This framework represented in national level would have a steering committee established by the international community working with nationals, and would have for only mission to ensure the achievement of the 2030 agenda in each county.

For the case of the Democratic Republic of Congo, in order to implement  and translate this agenda into national planning, the strategic directions document for the development of national policy, called national strategic development plan for the Democratic Republic of Congo, was presented to the press on 24 February 2016 by Mr Nehemiah Mwilanya the Office Director of the DRCongo President, this program describes the development of policies, strategies and actions to be undertaken for the development of the DRC 2030

As discussion is ongoing, we will be back on the exchange soon with more details.

Thank you!

Bernard Lutete Di Lutete

President and Chief Executive Officer

Nripendra Sarma

Dear All,I would like to put forward the updates in connection with SDG No - 6. Tha attached file may kindly be seen for this purpose.
Thanking YOU.
Regards.
Nripendra Kumar Sarma
Nagaon, Assam, India

Nripendra Sarma

Dear All,I would like to put forward the updates in connection with SDG No - 6, as follows :
Goal No- 6 under proposed SDG is to Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
Considering the UN resolution declaring the Access to Water and Sanitation as Human Right, the WASH activities have been included as Individual Goal under Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), unlike that included as a part of Goal No-7 ( Environmental Sustainability ) in earlier MDGs. The Sustainable Development Goal on water and sanitation is a recognition of the critical role it plays in human development and poverty elimination.
So there is a NEED of a specific Approach in this regard to ensure 100% ACCESS to Sanitary Toilet and also for sustained Drinking Water Security ( Availability, Accessibility and Adequacy ) for ALL. Now improved WASH activities shall be prioritised in all fronts including Household and Community level to create a far reaching impacts on HUMAN Health. Our concerted efforts will be for the access to sanitation, hygiene and water for all, always and everywhere. So let us pledge - "WASH for ALL :: All for WASH".
WASH based approach for sustained infrastructure and Usage shall be envisaged with renewed focus on the following :
(A) For the people still living without access to improved sanitation, people defecating in the open and people lacking in improved drinking water sources, the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goal on water and sanitation ( SDG 6 ), is a commitment to change their situation over next 15 years not only by reducing to zero the numbers of unserved population but also upgrading the current levels of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services ( SDG 6.1 and 6.2 )
As per the field situation in Assam (India), Open Defecation is not that prevalent. Rather, there is a large scale practice of using Toilet; but unfortunately they are mostly Insanitary Latrines [ called as ‘Kuchcha Latrine’ in Assam ] and the condition of such ‘Kuchcha Latrine’ is as follows :
(i) Different forms are used as Pan, but without having any Water Seal in the form of Trap.
(ii) The excreta is transferred in most cases to an earthen pit ( either offset or onset type ). The offset pits are often covered with some locally available materials ( over which, sometimes an earth layer is also placed ). Once the pit gets filled up, a new pit is dug out for using as a pit and the filled pit is just abandoned.
(iii) In some cases, excreta is transferred to uncovered pit also.
(iv) In very few ( one or two ) places, excreta is left open eventually to be serviced by domestic animals.
So the main challenge for sanitation sector of Assam (India), is the conversion of such Insanitary Latrines into a Sanitary Latrines. Hence, the focus should be not just to ensure use of Toilet, but to convince people to use SANITARY TOILET. Because, most people remains complacent about their present use of Toilet and the type of Toilet ( whether Sanitary or Insanitary ) is of least concern. Nowadays, people are using different household facilities like, TV ( even DISH TV), Refrigerator, Mobile Phones (2-3 Nos per household) etc. but for constructing / upgrading or renovation or repairing a Toilet, they are looking for scope of Govt. incentives. In fact, ‘Sanitary Toilet’ is yet to be considered as a household PRIORITY, unlike in case of Water, Food, Home (beautiful?) etc.
(B) The basic thrust needs to focus on Awareness and Social Norms on the importance of using a Sanitary Toilet at every household levels.
(C) Moreover, the Issues related to Safe Water and Sanitation, simply do not have the same resonance during implementation and the situation becomes more worse prominently under Sanitation Sector. It is our failure that due to lack of convergence and WASH oriented focus, the enabling environment is absent to find a better and committed workforce to work relentlessly for the Rural Sanitation Sector. Even, the necessary support is also missing from all fronts to endorse WASH as a priority. There are some stakeholders, who agree to accept the declaration "WASH for ALL". But when their turn comes to deliver, they just ignore "All for WASH".
Such absence of serious efforts / thrusts from implementation Stakeholders warrants for adequate capacity building approach.
(D) Water Safety and Security including Water Quality Monitoring and necessary precautionary / remediation measures, alongwith Facilitating access to Safe Drinking Water for all, prioritising the areas affected by adverse water qualities, like chemical pollution. ( SDG 6.3 ).
(E) Prioritising water scarce / quality affected regions. There are many Piped Water Supply Schemes (PWSS) to facilitate safe Drinking Water, which are totally based on Riverrine / Spring sources. Now, necessary efforts would be initiated to keep the Rivers more lively with all sorts of precaution therein with an aim on the sustainability of PWSS. ( SDG 6.4 and 6.5 ). Establishment of Regional Waterway Authority to take care of Region specific issues of use and water sharing, shipping and navigation etc. in line with the Inland Waterway Authority of India as per National Waterway Bill passed in Lok Sabha (Upper House of Indian Parliament) on 21st Dec., 2015.
(F) Other Water and Sanitation-related Activities like Water Harvesting, Water Use efficiency, Total Environmental Sanitation including the proper Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities etc. ( SDG 6a ).
There are various ways, in which we may perhaps contribute towards a Clean and Green Assam (India). The activities may include ………
(i) Practicing large scale Rain Water Harvesting to take care of different issues arising out of Climate Change.
(ii) Encouraging the Community involvement of for O&M of PWSS to facilitate water use efficiency.
(iii) Adoption of Decentralised Solid and Liquid Waste Management approaches.
(iv) To incentivise Organic Farming, Decentralised Composting and Dry Waste Collection Centres (for Solid Waste Management), E-Waste Collection and Management, Biogas Plants and Household Solar system.
(v) Any form of garbage burning should be strictly stopped and monitored for its compliance.
Burning of Municipal Solid Wastes contribute nearly 10 percent of PM10 and PM2.5 and also poisonous gases in ambient air in winters. Such Toxic fumes become terribly harmful in the long run. So Garbage Burning should be stopped and monitored strictly to prevent Air Pollution in the neighborhood.
(vi) There will be some location specific Waste Collection Centres, especially in Towns / Cities. In such Centres, all the wastes should be sorted and segregated just prior to onward transportation to treatment facilities. This will help the local waste collectors to be more proactive, without losing / wasting waiting time for Collection vehicles. Such Waste Collection Centres may be facilitated to dispose the selected Dry Recycleble Wastes to the local Waste Vendors ( dealing in scraps ) and then only the wet waste and non-recyclable wastes will be transported to the final treatment site. This will reduce the waste load to be transported.
(vii) Establishment (through incentive) of variety of scrap dumps to ensure Reuse & Recycling of waste products.
(viii) Establishment for some decentralised Composting Plants for different Zones of the Town / City ( mandatorily run by the Community in every residential Colony ). This will help reduction of waste transportation cost, as in case of taking all waste out of the Town / City to a certain point for final disposal.
(ix) The carriage of Wastes out of the Town / City for final disposal in the outskirts create some issues. Because the people living in the outskirt of Town / City think it as an unwanted burden in that area. The establishment of decentralised compost plants will solve that problem to a great extent.
(x) Ban on use of Polythene Carry Bags and to adopt “Let’s go to market with own Cloth / Jute Bags” --- approach
(xi) To make all water bodies, specially the Rivers & Wetlands protected from any sort of dumping of waste. Cleanliness Drive for Water Bodies where necessary.
(xii) To arrest the Municipal & Industrial pollution into rivers. For managing the industrial pollution, efforts will be initiated to improvise the compliance through better enforcement. Grossly Polluting Industries located along the Rivers will be directed to maintain the effluent quality or to reduce the volume or implement Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) if possible. All the Industries have to install real-time effluent monitoring mechanisms.
(G) Massive approach on Hygienic practices for personal / food Hygiene.
(H) Aiming at meaningful and participatory involvement of all stakeholders to ensure eventual effectiveness of WASH activities. An important aspect is the inter-sectoral convergence. For example, the Stakeholders working in the Nutrition Sector should not consider only about the Food and their respective calorific value, but also about the importance of WASH practices to get maximum out of such calorific food values. As an instance, Mid-day Meal Programme is sponsored by Government in Schools keeping in view of importance on Nutrition, but the conditions in the schools, arising out of absence of an well maintained WASH facilities or the Hand Washing practices, should also not be ignored, which may eventually hamper the desired impacts.
Keeping in view of our Approach as “WASH for :: ALL for WASH”, a new tagline as “Safe Children --- Safe Assam” should also be followed with an aim to create the enabling environment for sustained Practice / Infrastructure to make them friendly to the Children both socially and educationally.
(I) Necessary efforts / thrust oriented action plan during EMERGENCY SITUATION causing large scale displacement of human habitat. Adequate WASH activities must be prioritised for such displaced population.
(J) Impacts of regions specific Climate Change. The existing Water and Sanitation status and its’ impact on climate and environment needs to be emphasized for adaptation against Climate Change. Inadequate Toilets, use of Insanitary Toilets, Release of untreated wastes into the Water Bodies, Issues out of all forms of Waste and their inadequate management options contribute heavily to pollute of water bodies (both surface and groundwater) and our Environment and thereby impacts the human and wild lives. Different hostile weather conditions and even impacts of anthropogenic activities also cause extreme conditions like, Flood, Drought, Stormwater Flooding etc, which eventually affect our Sanitation system as well as Rivers and other water bodies.
So definitely the issue of Sustainable Development is a concern for us. In fact the expectation is for a strong Focus and Hope on the Climate Resilience to be strengthened through proper emphasis on Water and Sanitation Issues with sustained practices.
(K) Necessary Restoration and Protection thereafter for Water-related Ecosystem, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes ( SDG 6.6 )
The water bodies and green covers are responsible for its cool climate. However, their rampant destruction may become uncomfortable and unhealthy. This can be reversed by acting immediately on encroachment and contamination of its lakes.
A study at Indian Institute of Science (IISc) on Bengaluru’s wetlands provides shocking insights into the extensive damage and destruction being done to the City’s lakes. Fifty-four per cent of Bengaluru’s water bodies are encroached upon for illegal constructions, 66 per cent are sullied with sewage, 14 per cent surrounded and strangled by slums and 72 per cent have lost their catchment areas. Bengaluru’s rapid and unplanned growth has eaten into its lakes. Between 1973 and 2013, concretisation of the City, which surged by 925 per cent, was accompanied by a sharp decline in its natural resources in this period and green spaces and water bodies shrank by 78 and 79 per cent, respectively. So Nature friendly environmental laws should be in place.
All sub-themes under Goal-6 are targeted to be completed by 2030, except in case of sub-theme 6.6, under which the target year is 2020 to protect and restore water related Ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, RIVERS, aquifers and LAKES.
This also reflects the prime importance of preserving the water eco-systems, So let us come forward to ensure Water Health safe and pristine.
The River system in Assam (India) and especially the River Brahmaputra is important not only for its’ cultural and spiritual significance, but also due to the aspect that they are the Lifeline of Assam’s population. The River Brahmaputra is the symbol of our civilization and also is an epitome of our culture and heritage. There are various ways, in which we may perhaps contribute towards a Healthy Water Life. The activities may include ………
(1) River surface cleaning to address the floating solid wastes
(2) Rural Sanitation to arrest the pollution (solid & liquid) entering through drains and construction of toilets to avoid open defecation in the river banks. Majority of us do not realise that used water and filth of our homes can end up in the rivers if not disposed properly.
(3) To arrest the Municipal & Industrial pollution into rivers. For managing the industrial pollution, efforts would be initiated to improvise the compliance through better enforcement. Grossly Polluting Industries located along the Rivers need to be directed to maintain the effluent quality or to reduce the volume or implement Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) if possible. All the Industries have to install real-time effluent monitoring mechanisms.
(4) Construction of crematoria to prevent disposal of un-burnt / partially burnt bodies in rivers
(5) Repair / Modernization & Construction of Ghats to improvise the human-river connect
(6) Bio-Diversity Conservation approach, Afforestation and Water Quality Monitoring
(7) Control over erosion and healthy Riverine Eco-System
(8) Maintaining adequate flow in the Rivers through increased water use efficiency
(9) Collective responsibility to Save our Water Bodies like, Rivers, Streams, Wetlands etc.

(L) Establishment of Regional Task Force for Implementation and Monitoring. Operation and Maintenance for WASH infrastructures in households, Community oriented facilities as well as Institutions like, Schools, Anganwadi Centres etc. shall be ensured with an aim for eventual sustainability. Robust Monitoring mechanism will be arranged for use and maintenance of WASH facilities to address bottlenecks leading to slipping back from coverage pattern.

(M) To ensure prioritized fund provision for Action Plan to implement Sustainable Development Goal(SDG)s. According to a report by the World Bank’s Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) in partnership with the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation, “More Money and Better Service Delivery” is the winning combination for achieving Drinking Water and Sanitation Targets. In addition to money, strong institutions, accountability and mechanisms that enable effective services for people who need it, are also reported to be critical to achieving universal water access and safe human waste management.

(N) The Community PARTICIPATION / ORIENTATION coupled with political WILL and SUPPORT for establishing the desired mandate to facilitate Institutionalised approach for capacity development to establish social equity / norms for the WASH Sector with special thrust for the marginalised sections. ( SDG 6b ).

The Public Health Engineering Department (PHED), Assam (India) has initiated its efforts to form ‘Water Users Committees’ for rural Piped Water Supply Schemes (PWSS) with the participations of the users to ensure effective management of the PWSS including its regular O&M. Much of the ground-breaking efforts on Community Management of water supply has already started rolling in many areas. Such Reform Initiatives have materialised Decentralisation of the O&M of Rural Water Supply. This has resulted social accountability and proactive involvement of the community and it has eventually ensured the smooth functioning of the PWSS. Such Policy and Initiatives has thus succeeded to shift the responsibility and the ownership of the rural PWSS to the community. The need of the hour is now to ensure the effective social mobilization focusing on Drinking Water Safety and Security to all.
Moreover, adoption of “GREEN POLICING” concept may also help for ‘Community Vigilance / Empowerment’. The mandate of such community based ‘GREEN POLICE’ may be to pursue few Social Causes in different sectors like ---
(i) To ensure general Environmental Cleanliness in the neighborhood by addressing different issues like, Use of Insanitary Toilet or Open Defecation, Indiscriminate Littering, Wastage of Water and even Cleanliness personality disorder like roadside urination etc. etc. etc.
(ii) To apprise Community about Environmental upkeep keeping in view of unfair practice of throwing Solid Waste into the street corners / water bodies etc.
(iii) All necessary protections for Water Ecosystem.
(iv) Tree plantation and their maintenance, prevention of hill cutting etc.
(v) Many more location specific objectives on community perspectives.

The CALL to all concerned is to adopt region / district / state specific POLICY / Agenda to translate the Vision / Approaches and to address all issues for the Well-being of Mankind and the Environmental Sustainability. Considering the importance of necessary convergence of different activities against various SDG Targets, Assam, the north eastern state of India has already initiated “Assam Initiatives : 2030”, for which different Departments are tagged in. A Vision Statement in the form of “VISION ASSAM : 2030” has already been framed up with due importance in Assam’s perspectives

NB--- The above note is fully a personal observation of the writer and it does not reflect anyway the Policy or View of the Department, with which the writer is attached at present.

Thanking YOU.
Regards.
Nripendra Kumar Sarma
Nagaon, Assam, India

Galina Fedorova • from United States

"At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?"

Growing Humanitarian needs and widening gap between needs and available resources call for a greater involvement of at the moment under-utilized private sector and international communities. Individual donors are deeply concerned about lack of transparency and inefficiency of humanitarian aid and development assistance. Donating money is pretty much the only way for individuals to get involved, which greatly limits their participation. Refugee Crisis in Europe showed a great desire of individual donors to help. However, their individual efforts in most cases were not coordinated with the work of charities on the ground and were very ineffective. As public continues to engage with humanitarian crisis they will increasingly add chaos to the process, unless they become a part of the solution.

At the same time, Charitable organizations are operating without the benefits of modern enterprise technology. They lack the tools to express their specific needs, to provide transparency about a flow of resources from donors to people in need and to effectively engage international communities and public sector.

We developed a technology that helps to solve this issue:

GOODdler (www.gooddler.com) offers an enterprise software to civic and charitable organizations anywhere in the world to collect and manage “in kind” donations. We provide technology to utilize local retailers to maximize an effectiveness of humanitarian aid and disaster relief efforts, solve resource distribution problem and expand outreach. Gooddler facilitates the continued flow of resources between donors and beneficiaries, improves the coherence of humanitarian response, ensures funding is used efficiently by partners, and strengthens public trust, increasing opportunities for ‘in kind’ (goods) contributions. It is a digital platform where private companies can see the vetted requirements of any humanitarian organization and connect to respond to them.

Gooddler is building humanitarian capacity through a multi-stakeholder collaborative process, including local and national governments, international organizations, national and international NGOs, donors, and local businesses and farmers.

How it works: NGOs are given a tool to create multiple wishlists with goods from international or local retailers. These lists can be customized to fit the needs. Items from these lists can be purchased by anyone in the world, and delivered to the intended recipients in the most efficient way.

We are looking forward to partnering with you.

Jamion (not verified)

This is a timely discussion. I agree with many of the comments here. I would like to add that a stronger focus is needed on promoting access to information, press freedom and the use of ICTs to promote development. It is imperative that the agenda take into consideration, the enriching value of these components listed above.

Marcela Ballara

Red de Educacion Popular entre Mujeres A Latina y elk Caribe would like to highlight that target of Agenda Post 2030 4.6.1. should include an Indicator that include literacy proficiency (learning to know, to do, to live together and to be ) to eliminate women’s illiteracy by 2030 providing access to lifelong learning formal and non-formal education. Literacy proficiency concept, include the 3 R in the frame of the “four pillars of education” – learning to know, to do, to live together and to be – proposed by the International Commission on Education for the Twenty-fi rst Century, chaired by Jacques Delors, in 1996, . This is solidly linked with that of “lifelong learning” and the foundational contribution of literacy. For decades, lifelong learning has been deeply connected to adult education. Lifelong learning as a paradigm focuses primarily on individual development and personal growth, including improved health and wellbeing. It links learning explicitly to the expansion of labour skills necessary to prepare
or enhance abilities of adults for employment and innovation within the ever-changing technological and digital demands
of a knowledge society and to compete in a global economy. Subsequent international pronouncements such as the Hamburg Declaration on Adult Learning (1997), the Dakar Framework for Action (2000) and the United Nations General Assembly Resolution on the United Nations Literacy Decade (2002) portrayed the evolving notion of literacy as a key element of lifelong learning in its lived context. Linking such a plural notion of literacy with citizenship, cultural identity, socio-economic development, human rights and equity, these proclamations call for the context-sensitive and therewith learner-centred provision of literacy along with the establishment of literate environments. This approach to adult education tends to value individual development of skills for the knowledge society . this is a participatory approach that is also linked to peace, environment and cultural diversity .REPEM share the approach of the international community of a global citizenship education approach to adult education that no longer sees literacy as a mere stand-alone skill, but instead as a social practice contributing to broader purposes of lifelong learning. Global Citizenship Education (GCED) is one of the three pillars of the 2012 UN Global Education First Initiative (GEFI),promoted internationally by the support and work of UNESCO. “Global Citizenship Education aims to equip learners of all ages with those values, knowledge and skills that are based on and instil respect for human rights, social justice, diversity, gender equality and environmental sustainability and that empower learners to be responsible global citizens. GCED gives learners the competencies and opor tunity to realize their rights and obligations to promote a better world and future for all. GCED builds on many related fields such
as human rights education, peace education, education for international understanding and is aligned with the objectives of education for sustainable development (ESD).” http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/global-education-first-initiativ…

Henry Nnadozie Ekwuruke • Executive Director and Chief Consultant at Development Generation Africa International from Nigeria

Delivering Prosperity to the people through our voice and action for sustainable development

 

Mr. Henry Ekwuruke, Executive Director of the Development Generation Africa International (DGAI) participated in the historic event, where more than 150 world leaders gathered at the United Nations Headquarters in New York on 25 September, 2015 to adopt the new and ambitious development blueprint known as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This momentous agenda will serve as a launch pad for global action to promote shared prosperity and well-being for all over the next 15 years. The new SDGs contains - 17 goals and 169 targets. These goals, opined the United Nations Secretary – General Ban Ki-moon, are “a promise from our leaders.” and because the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are in sync with Nigeria's priorities as we believe the newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) could transform the nation and set us on the path to sustainable peace and prosperity.

 

“We want to change our world, noted German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and we can” “Take your passion and compassion – and let's make the global goals a global reality,” urged the UN Secretary-General, as he further urged us to: “hold our leaders to them. Demand that they deliver.” The SDGs aim to end poverty, hunger and inequality, tackle climate change, and build resilient infrastructures and peace – all to be achieved between now and 2030. Effectively taking over from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). “You voted for change and now change has come said, President Buhari of Nigeria.

 

In particular, efforts will be deployed and redoubled to reduce maternal mortality to below 70 per 100,000 live births, and end HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other tropical diseases; to ensure quality education and gender equality; achieve universal access to safe (clean) drinking water and energy for all; address climate change; and achieve at least a 7% global economic growth, reduction in conflicts, among other major goals. Africa also has an Agenda 2063 of its own!

 

“Given that most of the SDGs and their targets align with Nigeria's priorities, said Development Generation Africa International (DGAI), Chief Administrative Officer Mr. Eluwa Austin, the nation under President Buhari, may well be on the brink of a massive transformation.”

 

Agenda 2063 and the SDGs are linked and clear: “We want a prosperous Africa based on inclusive growth and sustainable development,” specifically an annual growth rate of at least 7% (the same as the SDGs target), a healthy and nourished citizens, and a three-fold increase in food and agriculture. Under aspiration 6, Africa hopes to achieve development, “relying particularly on the potential of women and youth.”

 

The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) boss, Mr. Carlos Lopes says that “the both agendas converge and are linked. He further opined that Africa will have their own agenda and establish dialogue with the universal agenda, stating that “African countries creating development plans on the basis of Agenda 2063 may decide to infuse SDG-related activities in those plans.” He however warned that African countries must generate internal revenue and not rely too heavily on donor funds to achieve sustainable development and Agenda 2063.

 

Earlier in New York, the Roman Catholic Pontif, Pope Francis at the United Nations General Assembly 70th Session, speaking to heads of states and other dignitaries had warned: “a selfish and boundless thirst for power and material prosperity leads both to the misuse of available natural resources and to the exclusion of the weak and the disadvantaged.” The SDGs promise to “leave no one behind.”

 

Nigeria's Minister of Environment, Amina Mohammed who was former United Nations Special Adviser on Post-2015 Planning (Agenda 2030) hopes that the “SDGs, just like the MDGs will galvanize the continent (Nigeria) into taking action to achieve set goals. Specific indicators for the SDGs is due to be released this March 2016, which will help to measure progress that each country makes to achieve set targets.”

 

Development Generation Africa International is an NGO in Special Consultative Status with the Economic and Social Council since 2015, a member of the Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa (PCHPA), Action 2015 and Action2030, and the Nigeria Network of NGOs (NNNGO), we promote peace, women rights and social dialogue for the achievement of sustainable development. We are the Torch-bearers of sustainable development goals and its local voices, we want to implement and monitor it, to join in delivering prosperity to our people and planet! We are fueling the future @thedgai

 

 

 

© 2015 | Development Generation Africa International...fueling the future!

Melaku Geleta Wakjira (not verified)

National Implementation

Dear Moderator,

This is very useful platform to the UNECOSOC & UNDP to get global reflections towards the UN global support in the context of a ground and national realities. I believe, within these contexts, practical examples would be forwarded in order to address the subject under discussions. My commentary and advices are spinning around such perspectives. Thank you very much for this early stage chances and e-discussions which I think are critically important to influence the SDG’s 2016-2030 directions.    

A Point from Moderator: How can the SDGs be effectively mainstreamed into relevant national sustainable development policies and programmes, while preserving countries' policy space to pursue national priorities? How can the UN development system best support this?

 

  1. We have to be very clear on a common ground should exist between countries national plan and the UN SDG’s, i.e. how each countries define SDG’s from their national sustainable development goal perspective is critically important. It is clear that the SDG’s crafted with full participation UN member states. It is clear that the finally approved SDG’s endorsed by full participation of all member states. In order to effectively defining the roles of the UN in due courses of SDG implementation, we have to go out from businesses as usual approach. We have to ask key questions. Such as, what are the countries development models are focusing on? Growth model at work are dealing with? How relevant are they for SDG’s? Such questions have to be asked & get proper answers before go to SDG’s implementations. The UN country programs must come up with a transformative operational strategy as well to compliment the national plan. And the UN country programs should propose innovative solutions for unfinished MDG businesses and transformative, new social, economic and political direction compatible to the 15 years ambitious global development goal. Countries must be prepared to see 360° in to their national policies, strategies and detail action plans emanated from the growth and development model they owned at UN general assembly. I proceed to my comments from these angles. 

 

  • For example “Ending extreme poverty in all forms by 2030” is a very broad goal. This would be achieved mainly through having vibrant development model, inclusive by its approach, nondiscriminatory by its applications, multicultural by its nature. Above all, it has to address all strides of human life. It has to be very sensitive for invisible class formation related risks. As some studies indicate, the implementation of the MDG has affected some community groups. In some areas there were differences between the qualitative and quantitative achievements of the MDG. In fact the realty was varying from country to countries, from continent to continents. This time countries must work for the qualitative levels of achievements. We have to be very clear that there is a big difference between ending poverty and ending extreme poverty. The extreme poverty is all about the fulfillments of three basic needs, food, shelter and closing. It is the country’s development model that would determine the achievements of these needs. This is primarily an assignment for African and Asian continents. The challenges with these two continents are mainly related to absences of good governess, democratic governments, employment opportunities, corruptions and peace and security. A country under such stranded condition can’t deliver in qualitative term on SDG’s. One has to note that, the remaining 17 SDG’s are extensions for the achievements of “Ending extreme poverty in all forms by 2030”.   

 

  • If we look in to the second goal, it is all about “Ending hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture” This is very basic goal to transform a society to other levels of life. This goal is mainly focusing on a sector where countries GDP are coming from. Having sustainable agriculture is paramount importance to assure food security at country and household level. Because of so many structural and nonstructural problems, the agriculture sector in Africa, Latin America and Asia is becoming less resilient for seasonal shocks and disasters usually caused by climate changed. The climate change phenomenon is showing a continuum. Unless developed countries choose suitable development model, they will continue suffering from structure and nonstructural sectorial problems. The required emancipation for the sector fall on the shoulder of the type of economic model the country follows. The question must be raised is, are we in a visible food insecurity situation? Do our agriculture sector is resilient for climate change happening globally but affecting us locally? If the answers are yes for both fundamental questions, therefore, it is time for the countries (mainly for the developing & non industrial nations) to think about innovation and technology transfer need for the sector. This is basically important to bring both structural and nonstructural rapid changes. In addition, in the process of transiting from agrarian to industrial or agro industrial economy, the required human development must be considered. It is the quality of the human development packages can decide the yield of the sector. Therefore, ending hunger is the results of the balance between the supply and demand parts including the surplus production must be available at national level. In this case the purchasing power of the society has to be significantly improved in order to stimulate local markets and purchasing power of the society.  The multi-faceted achievements of the sector, such as improved food security, improved agriculture and improved nutrition are possible if the agriculture sector structural and nonstructural problems are well addressed under the growth and development model of that specific country.  Countries like Latin America, Africa and Asia must work hard to transform the sector to other levels of achievements. These nations must look back. They have to conduct qualitative assessments to see all achieved developments of the sector. This is the age of climate change. The sustainability of the agriculture sector by far becoming out of human hand.  Especially for developing countries the challenge is a triple fold. Hence, national level SDG’s implementation means for the sector is all about how to address the need for food security at household levels. In this regards, to this sector the issues of natural resources governance,  inclusive developments and land use & management policies are critical areas has to be addressed under 2016-2030 SDG’ implementation. The need for land for commercial faming versus problems related potentially poor community members, marginalization’s needs to be carefully consider. The national land use strategy is critically important in order to promote sustainable agriculture under agriculture, agro-pastoralist and pastoralist livelihood contexts. Especially this is recommendable for agrarian society who are getting more than 50% of GDP. 

 

  • The health sector was another broad focus area for the year 2016-2030 SDG.  It is widely believed that a society free from extreme poverty with sustainable income is usually had standard heath care services and insurances. Such thinking seems outdated & needs to be re-revised according the changing socio- economic situations of the world. In this case governments are primarily responsible bodies to provide there people a standard health care & health insurances services. Regardless of the society economic and social strata, citizens should be granted appropriate health care services. This must be taken as one aspect of citizenry rights. When we say standard health services, it has to cover all ranges of human life cycle, including pregnant mothers and children in their mother wombs too. The role the government must be focused on how to insure equity in the process of resource distribution and allocation to the sectors across all levels of societal classes. There is no ways for citizens to get standard and basic health services where the social and economic gaps are broaden year after year unless the government commitments are significantly enhanced during the SDG implementation years. As indicated under the overall SDG’s, “assuring good health is all about health life and promotion of well- being to all at all levels”. In this case, the goal will be achieved only through huge investment for the health sector. The investment would ranges from infrastructure expansions to human resource development including assuring high levels public participation in the fields of health extension and promotion.   

 

  • Similar to the above SDG’s there are detail and strategic areas require attentions for the education sector, countries should go beyond a mere language saying national education program coverage. This time the education policy of each UN member countries should focus on; Provision of quality education at primary, secondary, tertiary, college and vocational centers. The education policy must focus on how to go beyond national capacity building. The possibility to export trained and competent professionals to other nations with limited human capacity is new areas of opportunity to the sector. The education sector future strategy must focus on attaining professional Excellency; promote innovations and trans-boundary researches where finally investment in education sector would be considered as international business. This would bring the importance of transnational alliances and corporations to bring expected Excellency in the sector. If education policy and strategy working on this directions, issues of unemployment will significantly reduce. Because the global workforce and demand is still unbalanced. In addition to the above points, because of the absence of qualified and trained workforces everywhere in our planet, very simple challenges are sustaining without being solved. As a result the responsibility of this sector is becoming critical towards achieving the SDG’s during 2016-2030.

 

  • The education policy and strategy that we mentioned above has to be designed in a way the education system and the curriculum would empower women for a batter contribution to the global economy & aspired world. The attitude of seeing women empowerment as only for women benefit must be changed. We have to accept that they have critical contribution in changing our world, shaping the future & above all promoting the untapped skills and potentials for innovation and change. I most cases these were undermined for so many centuries. If we proud for what we have achieved to this date, i.e. in the absences  of women participation or biased gender understanding or  ascribed roles, this time we must explore the unexplored on for our betterment. The need for gender equity begin with the education system, grow to the employment and work sector, proceed to social, economic and political fields.

 

  • The issues of provisions of clean water and sanitation should not continue as an issue of simple service provisions. Under this goal each countries national plan should clearly indicate the meaning of access, affordability & quality water from practical and technical point of views. The goal for this sector for 2016-2030 should show to what extent governments are committed to assure the provision of access, affordable & quality water to their nations. Undisclosed reports from the past MDG’s shows that most of the developing countries were reporting achievements on access for water indiscriminately as for affordability and quality. However, that was not the realty. As this sector is a critical sector for achievements of most the SDG’s, governments should take appropriate measures to allocate significant investment for affordable & quality water access.  In addition, it is clear that the development pace of all nations may not be on the same page at same levels. In some cases, the development in the urban areas different from what has been achieved the rural areas. In some cases, the development in agriculture livelihood context exceed from what has been achieved in the pastoralists and agro-pastoralist contexts. Given these and similar other preconditions, government’s strategy and plan for affordable and quality water access must be free from systematic and unnoticed marginalization. On similar stances, the issues of access, affordability and reliability can be discussed under energy sector.  In the provisions of these basic services we should make sure that any parts of the nation are not discriminated and left behind from the national benefits. The governances system recommended for the remaining sectors should be considered for the water and energy sector too. Governments should notice that, unless a resource allocation & national and local level investments for the energy and water sector are based on the principles of resource equity, the life standard discrepancies between livelihoods, economic classes, and geographical locations will remain as it is throughout 2016-2030. 

 

  • We can summaries about the rest of SDG’s as follows. In general, the practical implementation of the ambitious SDG 2016-2030 is in the hands of world leader in general, each nation in particular. The commitment time is already passed. Now actions are started. Each country needs to be very honest about the future of its nation in particular and our world in general. There are times where we are sharing collective responsibilities. There are times where we are individually accountable for our actions. Both individual and collective accountabilities are applied interchangeably as required as needed in the entire implementation time of the SDG’s. Most of the developing nations are implementing their national development plan through FDI and development aids. The implementation of SDG’s requiring huge financing. This would be covered from own resources, development aids, loan from financial institutions and bilateral governments supports and sometimes from humanitarian assistances. If governments failed to properly plan appropriate national strategies, polices and plans, they obviously have planned to fail. In this regards the following critical points needs to be examined in the due courses of the implementation of SDG’s;

 

  1. All national plans, strategies and programs must be emanated from the democratic governance principles i.e. by the people, for the people & with the people. In other words, they have to respect human rights; human dignity ultimately should work for human development and decent life on our planet. 

 

  1. Corruption and good governances are the two most important elements to be considered for the success of SDG’s 2016-2030. If a country is well known for corruption no way to deliver on SDG’s. I am mentioning multifaceted types of corruption. Corruption is not only taking public resources, the most dangers one it will get power for  false report production usually  misleading  the others. Hence, in the absences of good governance, there is no guarantee if the resources allocated for SDG’s is used for the unintended purposes and again no way to check the credibility of the delivery. If a system based corruption existing, it is very difficult to fight it. Therefore, the importance of good governance is mandatory to deliver on SDG’s accountably, responsibly with shared responsibility and controlled system.

 

  1. Countries must be clear about the development model they have at national level. They have to make sure if their national development plan is in line with all UN declarations, principles, their national laws, sub-regional and continental agreements & protocols. They have to carefully refer these all international and national covenants while developing or adopting any development models. These international, national and regional documents are prepared to make sure collective and individual accountabilities are met. The documents are referring what must be done and do not. They are giving directions on how to realize a safe world or contribute towards safe world. The documents are human centered, nature centered, equity centered, standard centered, quality centered, principle centered, law centered, politics centered, culture centered, economy centered, protection centered, quality centered, peace and security centered etc. It talks about today, forewarn about tomorrow and envisage for the future.  The ultimate goal of SDG’s is” no one left behind”. If our development model serving some part of the nation and affecting the others, or deviate from the principles of inclusive development, no way to deliver on SDG’S. A sustainable development will examine all contexts. SDG’s are predestined to the principles of sustainability.                       

 

A point from Moderator: What are key areas for making progress on and building national and sub-national capacities for sustainable development, and how do they differ across country contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle income countries, high-income countries, countries in situations of fragility etc.)? When and how can partnerships effectively contribute to capacity building and sustainable development?

  • One of the UN expert level supports to the member states is building of the national capacity of a member states for program execution. The implementation of the 17 SDG’s goals is requiring professional,   technical, financial, and thematic and program supports from the UN. To me by now all UN agencies should finish the preparation of specialty areas capacity building packages for SDG’s execution. If not yet, this must be prepared in the coming months or years. It is this support that keeps a balance between UN and member states in the entire SDG’s implementation life time. During the preparation of the capacity bundling packages, it would have been very good if all UN documents thoroughly referred to set standards, qualities, measurements, procedures, rules and regulations in line SDG’s thematic areas (declaration, standards, protocols, principles etc.). This would help to put UN at the position of a partner of choice. In additions, these will help to the UN to look beyond the conventional and traditional delivery realm.  As capacity building work is not one time work, through peer reviewing process, joint learning opportunities, there will be a room for periodical capacity gap identification to take a required action.     

 

A point from Moderator: What steps are necessary to ensure that all stakeholders, including the government, private sector and civil society can readily exchange information and experiences? How can "peer exchange" be established and nurtured?

  • As I already indicated above, the UN must go from traditional and conventional delivery focused program exclusion approach. In most cases the UN is shying away to comment the weakness of governments in development program implementation and other related business. It is widely heard that the UN would like to operate within safe zone. Some times reports are prepared to maintain such status quo. This tradition needs to be changed.
  • The governments are expecting the UN to serve as a “surrogate mother”. It is wrongly understood that UN is there to provide service with no right to question or to say no. This is totally against partnership principle for mutual accountability & for common goal.
  • The role of a private sector, civil society organizations engagements on UN-Government national program was significantly undermined in the past. It looks like UN and governments are playing on one side and the private sector & CSO are on the other side. 

 

  • In order to improve these challenges & for a better SDG’s implementation, the role and responsibilities of each sectors must be defined. The participation of the CSO and private sector is very decisive. Hence, to the interest of the implementation of SDG’s, to jointly monitor on its achievements and to periodically follow up on the  possible challenges , the establishments of peer reviewing platform is very important. Country offices should initiate the establishments of such platforms to start to exercise a joint SDG’s implementation monitoring in the coming years where they can capitalize and taping learning and experiences.       
Galina Fedorova • from United States

Thank you for sharing your thoughts!

Duchess Issy Cutter

Implementation and local government policies

  • EU Laws  vs African Union Laws Vs Asia Vs USA Laws
  • International law contracts
  • Vision and education back ground of communities vs vision of the investor
  • Environmental impact of project and post clean-up of project will the technology used to implement product have spare parts e.g. trains to support local infrastructure will it leave an train grave yard e.g. UK China Deal
  • Loss of jobs to locals will investor bring their team or use local

Implementation a few ideas

Lucas Charles Mkwizu (not verified)

Policy development should be given more priority in developing countries because currently most of rural areas are behind the development steps. You can find apeople in rural areas are living a very poor life, with no better health services, education and even roads, How can we improve the livelhiid of the peope without improvement of their health services, education and even infrastructure. There shoule be a better system which will include all the stakeholders, approach such as PPP Public private partnership can be applied to facilitae the process of policy formulation and its implementation for the supporting the communities. Translation of the policies ina simple language and awareness raising should also not be forgetten in achieveing sustainable development

Rita Luthra

Better information helps us to make better decisions. Investing in wireless Internet technology is the way forward to tackle maternal mortality and morbidity in the developing countries. E-learning is the most cost-effective way of transmitting evidence-based medicine to the developing countries. Imagine sitting in office or at home in USA or Europe, and by interacting with different cultures we will be able to understand different customs and learn to respect the diversity. Imagine students in developing countries and the United States simultaneously reviewing the same medical curriculum and learning from each other. This is e-learning at its best in an Internet classroom, and it is the goal of our initiative in Women’s Health and Development, title: http://www.WomensHealthSection.com; which was launched in collaboration with the United Nations is serving about 14 million subscribers in 227 countries and it is available in six official languages of the United Nations.

 

It is indeed my pleasure to submit to you UN Documents E/2015/NGO/2 and E/2014/NGO/53

Over the years, the United Nations, governments, civil societies, and individuals have put forth countless plans of action for reducing maternal mortality and morbidity. According to the World Health Organization, at least 1,600 women will die today from a complication of pregnancy and childbirth, most of them in developing countries. No technical or political approach – no matter how well intentioned – has ever conquered this enormous problem. What is needed is broader dissemination of medical knowledge. And Internet classrooms and initiatives such as WomensHealthSection.com, can help that goal.

 

Please join our efforts; we welcome everyone.

 

Thank you for this opportunity 

Rita Luthra, MD

President

Women's Health and Education Center (WHEC)

NGO in Special Consultative Status with ECOSOC of the United Nations

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Belief in electronic tools as an appropriate tool For a very long time, despite its dubious political creed, Cuba and several other 'developing countries' ranked well above USA in WHO's public health rankings. It is not necessary to point out those countries had only a vestigial electronic infra-structure when compared with that of the US. It would be remiss of one to overlook this important piece of evidence. Secondly,  a considerable portion of the burden of disease borne by people in poor countries can be attributed to  poor hygiene and sanitation. Another contributor to this state of affairs is inadequate/inappropriate nutrition. Today, we tend to ignore that access to clean drinking water, good sanitation, and improved hygiene and central heating, are among the greatest contributors to good public health in Europe. In poor countries, those who need those improvements most, live in rural areas or in over-crowded slums in cities.  Most of them are unemployed or eke out a precarious living by engaging in unhealthy or illegal activities. An un-official visit to slums that ring the 'economic miracle' Bombay and Calcutta, Johannesburg, Luanda in Angola, Rio de Janeiro, Cairo, Chicago, etc.,  would be sufficient to convince anyone of this. Here, we are talking about hundreds of millions. Quite a significant number of those people do not speak any language other than their own. Even when they do owing to their colonial history, it is not adequate to understand instructions given in English even when given in simplest terms. Sub-standard linguistic ability is a growing problem through out the world, and it is unrealistic to  base  an information campaign on the opposite assumption. Moreover,  health instructions given from home or a doctor's surgery in Europe or USA, even if understood, are incomprehensible to the target audience one has in mind, because their pictorial illustrations are different in kind.  This is a logical fact, and as such a given. What this means is that objects used to illustrate the 'how' part of the instructions are either unknown or inaccessible to the audience. Further, it is difficult to believe that instructors in those locales have any idea about the reality their audience actually experience. Thirdly, in many 'developing countries', there are many adequately qualified health personnel and training facilities. For instance, when USA invaded the tiny Caribbean island Grenada in the 80'ties,  there were around 5000 US citizens studying Medicine there! A cursory survey of the qualified health personnel working in Europe, USA, Canada, etc.,  would reveal that how dependent those developed countries are on those migrants, and their enormous number. Naturally, they have left their lands of origin in order to better their living conditions. So, it is not a question of lack of relevant medical competence, rather one of retaining much-needed manpower due to economic and political reasons. This is the crux to be mooted as GHWA, an affiliate of WHO is doing at present. Fourthly, resorting to electronic dissemination of information, even if it could be appropriate is a reductive, hence an ad hoc approach. In an environment where unemployment is rife, it is improper to introduce the so-called 'most economic' which is an euphemism for honest 'cheap', when what we need is a method that would create more jobs, held by appropriately trained people from the area who know and understand the local reality.  I find it heartening to see  in Eastern Europe a move towards training  medical practitioners using the local facilities, who will work in deprived areas in big cities and in rural parts providing some primary care and instructions in hygiene and sanitation.  I am pleasantly surprised by this development, because under the previous bolshevik sway,  the tendency was to centralise medical care,  where people either came to pre-determined places for treatment, or were instructed from some distant location, mostly by print. Its inappropriateness and ineffectiveness is reflected in public health statistics of those nations, but now the trend may take a turn for the better. So, I find it difficult to see how using electronic means to repeat the old Soviet strategy can serve the best interests of those suffering millions.  A vote sante! Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 08 March 2016 18:36To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Rita Luthra from United States commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Thura Aung • Executive Director at Radanar Ayar Association from Myanmar [Burma]

Of couse, as UN SG Stated this is our achievement as human being making consensus to adopt and implement SDG2030. More knowledge and capacity each of individual to all human being to carry out sustainability with their capability but don't forget human factors as well.

Ramit Basu • Independent Development Sector Consultant at Not affiliated to any organization from India

 

Despite of the fact that the 2030 agenda is universal and applies to developing, low, middle and high income countries, fragile states etc. having varied socio-economic, political and human development situations, one thing which runs common amongst them all is – the PEOPLE. Despite of varying cultures, ethnicity and other features some basic needs like safe drinking water, sustainable livelihood options, health, education, safe and healthy environment, law and order, food security and the likes are the need of ALL irrespective of any difference.

PEOPLE live in communities either in rural, semi-rural areas, peri-urban, town and metropolitan settings. This points to the fact that empowering the communities themselves would help them in meeting the above basic needs for all as the national and provincial/regional governments are not always within easy reach and sometimes not possible at all. Most people in those communities are also taxpayers and hence access to basic services is their rights as much as those who do not or are not able to pay taxes but contributes to nation building in some or the other way.

In most countries these communities elect their own local level government / representatives (at the level of a village, ward, town, city) who are supposed to take care of the needs of the local population and provide services as per their requirement making sure that no one is left behind. In many of these countries such local bodies/authorities or decentralized governments have been given Constitutional status or special order/Act of the Parliament either as a result of popular movement, internal conflicts, political awakening, easing the public administration or international persuasion through bodies like the UN, World Bank and other organizations.

The 2030 agenda or any similar agenda, no matter how elaborate, promising and mammoth will not be successful unless the National Governments empower and authorize these local government institutions with adequate autonomy, resources and flexibility to cater to the needs of the local population, raise their own revenues and innovate ways and means of reaching out to the most marginalized in order to seek his or her participation in day to day development matters.

It is for the UN and all its agencies……please note……ALL UN AGENCIES irrespective of their mandates to work with the National and Regional/Provincial Governments to devolve functions, funds and functionaries to the local bodies. I speak with a sense of confidence as empowering local governments in many countries (including in a few states of India) have resulted in eradication of poverty to a great extent, participation of the local population in nation building and enabling access to and improving quality of critical services like education, health, nutrition, water and sanitation, livelihood options, protection of children and other marginalized sections of the society, food security etc.

It is of utmost and immediate significance for all UN agencies to work in tandem and convergence overcoming their thematic and operational differences and develop a joint Country Programme where apart from their own thematic considerations, a significant portion is devoted towards working at the community and local government level alongwith the Local Government. This will enable the UN as a whole put up a strong advocacy to the respective National and Regional Governments (as the case may be) exemplifying convergent working and persuading for more devolution at the local level for better and sustainable outcomes.

There are many challenges to policy coherence at the International level. There are institutions (WTO, IMF, World Bank), treaties and instruments (like the TPP and TPIP) aimed at protecting the interest of the rich and the powerful and profit making of multinationals and all these different from and outside the UN ambit. It leaves a lot of room for speculation as to how the UN can convince and bring on board all these players to agree to a common minimum agenda towards attaining the sustainable development goals with some hard non-negotiables which will be respected by all parties at all point of time. If the G-5 or G-8 can come together to try at ending the Syria crisis or issue sanctions against North Korea, why cant these organizations come together and agree to a common course of action. Slowing down climate change and minimizing its impact wont just happen with the Paris convention been signed by a bunch of countries but with all these institutions, bi-lateral and multi-lateral trade organizations coming together and agreeing on a roadmap.

The UN also need to objectively and methodically introspect its own set of skills and abilities, existing manpower and commitments and would have to ensure value for money sending a strong message that the organization cannot be a safe haven for people and processes who/which do not perform as expected, do not have a larger vision, is not able to integrate other views and opinions outside the organization and most importantly who/which do not relate to the overall socio-economic and political situation. In a nutshell, the UN should take a stand for what it stands for and not dilute its commitment and compromise its values in the wake of differing political ideologies.

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

A Time for a Story  Once upon a time, there was a very kind man. He had a lot of money, but let's not go into how he earned it. I think he was just like the others and believed that it is very important to be rich, because it made the others think he was great, it gave him power, and could afford many things whether he enjoyed them or not. One day, he returned to the village where he was born, and was shocked to his core by the  misery and squalor there. He saw ill-nurished adults and children in rags plagued by various diseases. The village cemetary  had expanded to three times what it was a few decades ago when he was a boy, and the population had quadrupled. The neighbouring forest where he once  walked and played was no more. A large barren area dotted with a few stumps was all that was left of it. The village school was even more ramshackle than before and the little health centre had no windows. It was so hot he thought a heat wave was on. Then, an old man recognised him and called out, "arn't you Lemuel that went away? Old Gulliver's son?""Yes, I am," the rich man replied sadly. And so the villagers crowded around him and told of their suffering. He was a kind man, so he decided to help the village. Curiously enough, it was called Globeville."I'll be back soon to help you all," he promised and left full of determination and good will. He kept just enough of his money so that he could lead a modestly comfortable life, and placed all the rest in a special bank account to be used to help Globeville. He recalled hunger, dellapidated school and medical centre, incredible increase in population in spite of everybody's suffering, horrid landscape as the most important things to which he must attend.  He was not a development expert, so he thought that it was necessary to deal with all of those problems simultaneously. He grasped the obvious, ie., if they got enough food and better health for a time, the most likely result would be an even greater  population rise, and they would be back to the miserable square one. On his return, the villagers welcomed him with smiles and speeches."Now," said a village elder, "hope has come to Globeville at last."It was very moving indeed, and the kind man was the most moved of them all. So, they evacuated the best hut in the village and began to work using it as an office. They discussed freely and openly. Like everywhere else, people of Globeville were different, perhaps not quite the way one would like to say, vive le difference aloud, but still, different. Soon, groups were set up to select what to do and how to get it done. Some villagers knew about agriculture, a few were teachers and there was even a retired medical practitioner and a mid-wife. A professional money lender offered his services, but fortunately, he was boo'ed out of the office. Son of one villager was a lawyer, but the rich man did not want to get him involved until  people could be sure of getting something to eat everyday,  they had a chance  to get their children  given some appropriate education, access to some basic health care and sanitation,  and to re-plant the forest. At first, they all seem to agree with the kind rich man.  But, hope seem to stir in their memories something from the past. Yes, they all recalled that the rich man went away to learn new ways, and it was the new way that made once poor village lad a rich man. After all, they remembered how the village prospered for a time  by selling  the timber of their forest to the rich man's company. So, they all wanted the new way, even though it had been creating increasing misery  and environmental horror for a very long time. But, that's the way they wanted it, and the rich man had to agree to let them select what to do and how to get it done. They talked and walked around for hours. After a short time, an impressive amount of paper work was done and they had to build several lean-to's to store the lot. At last, Globeville was of one mind, i.e.,  they what to do and how to get it done. The village presented the  goals and how to achieve them to the rich man, he frowned, and reminded the people that what they needed most was food, some health care, schooling for children, better environment to live, but they would not settle for anything less than 'state of the art' even if that would made most of them unemployable. "Vox pupuli, vox dei," croaked the oldest man in the village who was once the care taker of a minor Jesuit school nearby. The rich man agreed for he was kind and wanted to do his best. He authorised a select committee of Globevilleans to draw on the development bank account he had opened to re-vitalise his place of birth. Time passed and his bank informed him that the development fund has been used up, and sent him  the credit and debit sheets. There had always been some discrepancies between what the bank said and what Globeville committee maintained. He knew that was quite normal. A few weeks later, the man returned to Globeville. There were just a few fine houses surrounded by greenery, asphalted roads, some office buildings in the village centre. He also saw a few expensive cars, but there was no sign of a new school, clinic or a forest. He saw something new, there were more shacks made of  various odd materials, and for the first time the history of the village, there were beggars. The rich man could do no more, he had no more funds to spare, so he turned away and his eyes were moist. Lal Manavado.  From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 09 March 2016 12:31To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Not affiliated to any organization commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Amarakoon Bandara AMARAKOON • Economics Advisor at UNDP

With the momentum created by the MDGs, the scope for SDGs is very high to achieve international development goals on sustainable development. Just like MDGs played an important role in shaping global and national development policy, SDGs would go from where MDGs stopped. If we can put all our efforts in promoting inclusive growth with right policies most SDGs are within reach. From my experience, heavy investments in health and education (building human capital) would provide a strong foundation for growth and development. But human capital on its own could not contribute to development on a sustained manner unless opportunities are created for employment and livelihoods along with social protection and policies, institutions and systems are in place for all stakeholders to play their roles efficiently. Most developing countries tend to rely heavily on the government not only for national development policy making, but also on service delivery, employment creation, social protection and everything else you can imagine, with little room for other stakeholders in the society. This thinking has to change. This approach constrains not only opportunities but also act as a stumbling block for gains in efficiency (here the gains in efficiency should be viewed from the point of view of broader socio-economic gains, not just economic gains) as resources are misallocated and/or misused. Policies, instead of mutually reinforcing each other, tend to go against each other.

Developing countries more often than not entangle in this kind of a web of policy incoherence with resultant fluctuations in fortunes through business cycle variations, sometimes going back to square one or even regressing. Such a scenario has far reaching implications on social development. For example, African countries have made significant economic gains in the past decade or so, but poverty remains strikingly high, in most countries. Economic gains are also narrowly focused with adverse implications on the environment and sustainable development. Inequality gets little attention, as governance issues tend to favor few and deprive the vast majority of benefits of development. In some countries this happens even when there is no development, which then simply becomes indirect exploitation. The lesson we could learn here is that policies have to be coherent, re-inforce each other for greater development outcomes that could be sustained and sustainable. But the trail blazers to improve policy coherence should come from within, especially in the African context, as otherwise it might be construed as imposing policies as experienced in the past.

Given the complexity and the ambitiousness of the goals set, the challenges for achieving SDGs are also enormous. For one thing, SDGs are much broader and comprehensive and requires an integrated approach.  Resource requirements and institutional capacity needs are huge, especially in countries where development challenges have become acute. UN could support in setting the tone for action on SDGs through support to outreach activities, alignment of national policies and strategies, strengthening institutional capacity, especially in data and monitoring and in national resource mobilization efforts. Given the tri-partite approach to financing SDGs, it also calls for support in strengthening policy environment and institutional efficiency in providing an enabling environment for the private sector to operate. UNDAF’s could be designed as a building block to achieve the SDGs. Although less significant under SDGs, ODA will still play an important role in supporting national development objectives, and thus the need for an effective development cooperation mechanism.

Diana Alarcon • Chief of the Development Strategy and Policy Unit, UNDESA at UNDESA from United States Moderator

Week 1: 29 February – 6 March 2016

Discussion Summary

I would like to thank everyone for their contributions so far. I am especially pleased with the many concrete suggestions put forward on how to implement the 2030 Agenda, as well as the very interactive nature of the discussion. I look forward to hearing more from all of you.

Below is a summary of the key points made during the first week of discussion:

Enabling environment

Participants identified a number of pre-requisites for creating an enabling environment for implementing the 2030 Agenda, including:

  • access to safe drinking water and sanitation in rural areas;

  • affordable housing and sufficient disposable income;

  • the establishment of a sustainable economy;

  • reduction in competition among government agencies;

  • the resolution of conflicts and help fragile states to strengthen good governance;

  • embracing facts, science and new ideas; and

  • addressing the issues of corruption, infrastructure deficits and poor education.

Priorities

Participants highlighted the following priority areas for implementing the 2030 Agenda:

Countries should identify priorities based on national needs. Need to fill information gap between urban and rural communities and provide access to information on the 2030 Agenda.

The starting point for leaving no one behind is to identify the beneficiaries of progress on each of the SDGs. Shifting the focus to those most often excluded increases the probability of including all. International polices and development needs to be inclusive of women and children. Policies and initiatives need to target those who are most vulnerable and marginalized, particularly rural households, composed of mainly illiterate women. Such initiatives must aim to provide education and health facilities to reduce maternal death and malnutrition. Qualitative research will identify their needs and pathways to safer and more humane policies, which can lead to a clear direction for future policies. There is a need to focus on grassroots rather than upstream, to ensure sustainability and maximum impact for citizens. Policies must be inclusive and focus on an individual's possibilities and building up a system of learning possibilities. Achieving the SDGs starts with re-evaluating individual life-style choices, including diet and energy sources.

There is a need to accelerate development efforts to eliminate poverty, while protecting the Planet. The long-term environmental impacts of our actions must be considered. Global strategic common action to address climate change and other environmental issues is of critical importance. 

Means of implementation

Participants discussed a wide range of issues related to how to implement the 2030 Agenda, including:

The importance of developing a universal multilingual technological platform to provide the instruments for coordination and integrated support of the 2030 agenda was stressed. It was noted that technology enables reaching directly to the people and plays a bigger role by achieving disruptions of the standard ways of progress. In a race against time, ICT for education and development will be a critical factor in the coming years in "taking everyone forward".

Technology is key to engagement of the public and challenging the status quo. Improved data collection capacities can provide situational awareness to individual citizens and informed policy and resource planning for Governance. Social indicators that assist in benchmarking the progress such as language, access to information, vulnerabilities and other context specific indicators are crucial. Access to technology, where mobile applications and web based tools and applications can be used to collect opinions and ideas about implementing the 2030 Agenda, alongside room for feedback and notes on what works and doesn't is also critical.

The modern economy has led to an increase in poverty. There is a danger in relying on industrialization to solve all development issues was emphasized. The pros and cons of development-oriented economies and growth-oriented economies needs to be weighed. Budgetary balance between financial management and the real economy and balance the real economy with the ability of the Planet to sustain this level of utilization of resources is needed.

The need to establish a strong global monitoring framework guided by a steering committee was stressed. The main task would be to facilitate the embedding of the SDGs and the targets by national and local governments and use of the derived indicators into their own national policies, strategies and priorities. How can innovative pro-SDG policies on the ground be promoted and supported beyond merely monitoring and reporting? How can we show that these policies work? How can they be tested? There is an urgent need to identify agents of change at the grassroots level to monitor implementation.

Innovative and creative methods that can help marginalized, vulnerable and excluded groups to become part of dialogues, deliberations and policy making to end dependency syndrome and help mobilize indigenous knowledge into transformative experiences need to be identified. Collaborative space for social scientists and technological scientists to identify new avenues and tools of technology that could provide solutions to various social issues needs to be formed.

Role of women in peacebuilding. Importance of empowerment of women in post-conflict societies. Need to invest in training for women.

There is a need for partnerships with private sector, academia, research institutes, and technological corporations etc. that are inclusive and employ a systemic thinking approach to ensure sustainability. There is also a role for CSOs in providing access to information and services on the ground. Community level engagement through sustainable partnerships with the grass root level organisations and activists is needed. Participation of local communities is essential. In developing countries, realities on the ground are challenging. Awareness and involvement of the local community in implementation needs to be promoted. Illustration using real life examples that they can clearly understand needs for government to support building awareness and promoting the active participation of individuals and on how they would monitor and join the implementation of the SDGs. Sufficient funding for defining priorities and responsibilities at national, regional and international levels, not just spending on discussing, monitoring and mapping needs to be ensured. Academia (schools, universities and colleges) should get involved in critical thinking and activities to implement the agenda. Following a practice of involving grass root initiatives to inform the development of policy so that it is coherent is necessary. Stronger civil society partnerships and more working groups - one per agenda were suggested. There is a need for pooling resources, providing assistance to developing countries through aid, trade and access to technology. One participant called on tertiary education to urgently take up the 2030 agenda. Understanding, deconstructing, reconstructing, developing solutions, etc., around the SDGs should be the underpinning knowledge and skill set developed by tertiary education institutions. Baseline studies in each country to identify the causes of success or failure of MDGs the past years is necessary. Good results related to one goal will have ripple effects.

Role of UN

Participants discussed a number of roles for the UN in implementing the 2030 Agenda, including:

For all UN agencies, bodies, programmes and organizations, the SDGs and their targets should be the framework in which all (institutional) strategies need to be aligned.  The SDGs and their targets provide a way to deliver on the ground. Therefore, each and every strategy and priority of the UN system agencies needs to converge into respective SDGs/targets, thus avoiding parallel processes that only create bureaucratic burden in the UN and, moreover, to countries (reporting for quasi-similar issues under the SDGs and under specific institutional targets). In essence, the support from UN agencies must be streamlined and reporting by countries thereafter should be simplified. The need for a template for measuring the baseline or monitoring of the SDGs in the rural communities was stressed. There is a need for a replicable policy template to ensure policy coherence in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.).

Severe communication problems persist in rural areas of Africa. The issue of strengthening Internet and mobile connectivity in rural areas should be addressed as a matter of urgency. The importance of the 2030 Agenda should be stressed through information campaigns, forums and conferences.

There is a need for greater transparency in the workings of the UN system. New ways of thinking and working that are more inclusive and involve citizens of the developing world to promote the Agenda at the community level are needed. The need to maintain a delicate balance between efforts to eradicate poverty and protect the Planet requires coordination at UN level and cooperation among countries bilaterally, multilaterally and through regional efforts.

Santiago Roberto Bertoglia

Estimada Moderador Diana Alarcon

Estimados Miembros del Equipo de Trabajo

1- ¿Cómo puede el principio rector de "no dejar a nadie atrás" ser puesto en práctica en la aplicación de la Agenda 2030 en diferentes contextos de desarrollo (por ejemplo, los países menos desarrollados, los países de ingresos medios, los países de altos ingresos, estados frágiles, etc.)?

2- A nivel internacional, ¿cuáles son los retos a garantizar la coherencia de las políticas para el desarrollo sostenible? ¿Cuáles son algunos ejemplos de las mejores prácticas y / o quiénes son los "líderes" de rastro la manera de mejorar la coherencia?

3- ¿Cómo podría el sistema de desarrollo de las Naciones Unidas proporcionará el apoyo coordinado e integrado para la consecución de la Agenda 2030?

Deseo agradecer a todos Ustedes por las preguntas amables que se presentan.

RESPUESTA 1

Es muy importante lograr visualizar el presente y el futuro de nuestra humanidad, por tal motivo los invito a conocer la Carta de las Naciones Unidas, la Declaración Universal de los derechos Humanos y los demás Derechos Humanos Internacionales. La Agenda 2030 está redactada, aceptada y firmada por todos los gobiernos, en definitiva es el último Derecho Humano Internacional http://www.un.org/ga/search/viewm_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1. Por lo que todas la personas del Mundo, Nuestro Mundo, merecen y deben conocer la Agenda 2030. Publicar, difundir y promocionar es una obligación para todos nosotros, siempre y cuando amemos y querramos a nuestras FAMILIAS. No debemos ni podemos perder más tiempo, ya no nos queda tiempo. Nuestras FAMILIAS van ha sufrir el aumento de Cambio Climático y el Calentamiento Global, registado por los científicos  http://unccelearn.org/ 

REPUESTA 2

El mayor reto a garantizar la coherencia de las políticas para los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible es la comunicación, debemos salir de nuestros sillones cómodos frente a nuestras computadoras y trabajar en el terreno de cada país, con cada miembro de Familia y vivenciar la coherencia del Primer Objetivo de la Agenda 2030 en la práctica y poder continuar con los démas ODS. Sin separarnos de las FAMILIAS para lograr la resiliencia.  

Los "Líderes" de rastro siempre fueron y será las FAMILIAS, las Organizaciones Regionales y la Organización de las Naciones Unidas. Tener presente a la Corte Penal Internacional es vital.  

RESPUESTA 3

Realizar reuniones informativas con las FAMILIAS en todo el MUNDO, NUESTRO MUNDO, es vital e imperioso. Ya que las FAMILIAS deben ser siempre los destinatarios finales de los esfuerzos de las Naciones Unidas.  

Gracias por esta oportunidad.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Melaku Geleta Wakjira (not verified)

Melaku Geleta 

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications

Dear Moderator,

This is very useful platform to the UNECOSOC & UNDP to get global reflections towards the UN global support in the context of a ground and national realities. I believe, within these contexts, practical examples would be forwarded in order to address the subject under discussions. My commentary and advices in the three pints flagged by you are spinning around such perspectives. Thank you very much for this early stage chances and e-discussions which I think are critically important to influence the SDG’s 2016-2030 directions;

  1. How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.)?
  2. At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?
  3. How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?

 

  • Least developed countries: for these nations the “Leave no one behind” principle applied through working for inclusive development where the basic needs of the entire nations would to be fulfilled by taking forward the 17 SDG’s  and 169 specific activities. For these nations, having a development model striving for a middle income society must be a priority task. As we all know, under this category cheap labor and abundantly found NR is easily available. However, there is scarcity of foreign direct investments, most of the productions systems are yet at primitive level, technological advancement & opportunities for innovation are at infancy level, research and scientific discoveries are unthinkable, industrialization is not yet reached to the levels of full scale development and the economy is mainly dependent on foreign aid and high loan burden. In contrary to this, the available human and natural resources potential can be converted to economic use, to be tapped to improve the life of the multitudes. This shows that, the availability of a glimmer of hope for successful implementations of SDG’s during 2016-2030. What is required is, to have a clear vision working towards inclusive economic, political and social transformation, lead and guided by democratic political and good governance system. To this category, an inclusive development path is highly recommended because, the issues of marginalization, the rights of indigenous people, resource based conflicts, illicit economic/ financial flow, trans-boundary crimes, the impacts of climate change, population growth, radicalism and terrorism, absences of good governance and corruptions are mainly sourced from the absences of inclusive development approaches.  Unless these issues are properly captured in the due courses of utilizing the available NR and human resources,  followed by improving the life livelihoods of the nation, finally targeted to reach to middle income society , therefore, the vision for 2016-2030 'Leave no one behind' is inconceivable. The primary assignments of the least developing countries should be, first to be ready to provide inclusive and highly prioritized development plan to the nation, second get a national consent & endorsement of their people on the plan, third adhere to the democratic rules of law, fourth mobilize a required resources for the implementation, fifth do the implementation in accountable ways under established good governance system & monitoring & evaluation instruments.  

                

  • Middle-income countries: Take parts of  what has been said above from  least developed countries  and yet, within the middle income countries;

 

  • Improved and quality job creation is still what is required 

 

  • Improved & sustainable sources of income needed

 

  • Improved technology and full scale IT utilization for technological  advancement is very critical  

 

  • Improved,  resilient and diversified economic system must lead the pave to a rod of  high income countries is critical towards SDG’s implementations    

 

 

  • High-income countries: Everyone must be clear that no one can leave in isolated world without understanding the other corner of the globe. If we try, we are driving unsustainable boat may sink at some point or crash at some time. The developing worlds are very important to the existences of high income counties. In this case, the following points are highly recommended to this category;

 

  • It has to start with maintaining what has been achieved in the past and followed by having  a visionary plan for inclusive and sustainable world. There are issues becoming trans-national, trans-boundary, trans-economy, trans-culture, trans-religion that potentially threatening the sustainability of our planet including the high income society. The responsibility of the developed world is threefold compared to the reaming world in implementing SDG’s. This nation needs to improve their national population growth policy for sustainable national development. These nations are on missing of the middle age generation. There are two ways to sustain what has been done by their forefathers; improve their internal population growth policy or support the middle income society to have improved human development policy that strategically can be absorbed by the economy of high income society. Using the fully nurtured and practically proofed democratic system in the highly developed nations, the high income courtiers should support the development of the remaining world as they able to have secure and protected political and economic system. The more fragile stats we are having in the world, the less the international security existing. Improving this context would guarantee the strategic, economic and development needs & alliances of high income counties with other nations usually cross boundary alliances. The 17 SDG’s and 169 activities are effective instruments to practically exercising the above facts for the interest of both high & low-income countries.

 

  • Encourage international companies to go to the developing countries to promote foreign direct investments. This would strategically help the highly developed countries to decrease issues related to human trafficking, cross border crimes, illegal migrations, and terrorism. In additions, highly developed countries are equally responsible to decrease a climate change impacts in low income countries through supporting green economy initiatives. More than 50% of SDG’s agendas are crafted to address challenges directly related to climate change impacts which were primarily caused by industrialized world, keep suffering economies of poor world under chronic food and human security. The way the high income countries support the agenda should emanate from the global goal for having sustainable and safe world. Hence, the resources for investment, the strategic support expected for 2016-2030 SDG’s implementation must be injected from high income countries for mutual & global accountability.      

 

 

  • Fragile states; Most problems observed in fragile stats are resulted from failure to deliver on national security and needs for development. This failure is growing to another and a new religion-political ideology. Fundamentalism, radicalism, its associated impacts are becoming international concerns. Because of poor handling of the problems at early stages, so many crises flourished and affecting the world in many directions.  If we conduct a strategic impact inquiry in the fragile countries, we can see a critical association between politics, economy and religion (these have become inseparable ideologies). The SDG’s was announced where this agenda was reached at its pick in the failed states and already understood as global challenge. The fate of the implementation of the SDG’s is primarily falling on the shoulder of politics, tolerance, peace and security. The peace and security issues are still a problem for leaders of the fragile states to come together to have a national vision. Most of the failed state and potentially failed states leaders are motivated by attitudes of narrow nationalism & narrow economic interests. The national vision is secondary matter to them. They have failed to think inclusively. SDG’s begin with thinking’s of inclusive development with a motto saying “no one left behind” at the end of 2030. Inclusivity wouldn’t be achieved without national reconciliation. What can be done to implement SDG’s in the fragile states is that, the problems related to peace and security must get a full attention of the UN and its alliances. Once the fragile and potentially at margin fragile states leaders make a clear demarcation between ideologies, local interests and national interests, then, they will have a national vision which is a precondition to deliver on SDG’s. A practical role of the UN must be on assuring on how to bring stability through the participation of the local community and political vanguards of each failed & potentially failed states. But we should not forget that each year the number of countries on the borderlines failed sates is increasing. Unless the world able to manage the existing one, we shall have more fragile sates sooner or later. We are on the age easy communication of cross boundary crisis. We have a very a good lesson for the UN and it alliances to be taken as example. We all remember the Arab spring invaded so many countries in a very few months. All involved national are sharing certain things in common. We know what happing across those countries. Similarly, such cross country crisis could ignite any time in any parts of the world that could potentially invade so many countries. Therefore, in a context of fragile states, the chance for the successful SDG’s 2016-2030 implementation is based on delivering on required political reforms followed by provision of inclusive political and economic policies.

Melaku Geleta WakjiraUNDP Ethiopia DRR&LR Program Cordinator 

 

Dr. Vrajlal Sapovadia • from India

One of the big consumption of non-degradeable material is in several avoidable packings. Small things are packed and repacked in plastic bags and containers. It also increase cost of the end product, transportation and handling. e.g. deep tea bags. Loose tea give the same taste then why waste so much material and labour in packing 5-10 gram tea? There are several such items which can be carefully packed in degradeable material.

LUMONA MZEE KIBORE (not verified)

My comment and contribution is that all of us how are we serous in eradicating poverty and advancing sustainable development focusing on people and planet without considered the rights of Indigenous Peoples especial in Sub-Sahara African countries by Adopting the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as well as;Goal and Outcome priorities of the ICPD in the post-2015 development framework of greatly impact future Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) policy, and global implementation of MDGs goals (4,5 & 6) by ensuring access to SRHR services and an effective global response to HIV&AIDS. Reinforcing and scaling up linkages between HIV and SRHR which is critical for the achievement of the health related Millennium Development Goals namely: 4(Reducing child mortality); 5(Improving maternal health) and 6(Reducing new HIV infection as well as the African Union Maputo declaration & adopted Plan Action (2006), calling on countries to “strengthen commitment to achieving universal access to Sexual and Reproductive Health Services, including Family Planning.” In 2010 the Southern African Development Community recognized strengthening Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) and HIV linkages as key to achieving its target of a 50 percent reduction in new HIV infections by 2015. Who look for the health status of Women and Girls Indigenous Peoples, are the constitutional considered their health rights?, What of the role of the Global Fund on the issues of Women and Girls Indigenous Peoples.
Social Economic and Governance Promotion Centre(SEGP) based on experience working on the issues of Indigenous communities , cultural human rights and good governance in Tanzania. Our focus targeted indigenous communities mainly from tribe of Hadzabe who are extremely poor.

Indigenous pastoralist and hunter/gatherer communities constitute the most vulnerable segments of the Tanzanian society. Their economies and traditional ways of life rely heavily on cattle herding, as well as hunting and gathering. Climate change and its impacts have increased their vulnerability to an even greater extent.At the same time these communities have been subjected to forceful evictions from their ancestral lands to give room to other land uses, which are considered by the government to be more economically viable. These land uses include large scale crop cultivation, creation of Wildlife Protected Areas such as Game Reserves and expansion of National Parks and mining.
Generally, Tanzania’s policies, strategies and plans even the current proposed constitution of 2014 does not take into account the vulnerability and the, constitutional, political economic, social and cultural rights of indigenous peoples comprising of pastoralists and hunter gatherers especially tribes from Hadzabe and Barabaig. This type of society are particularly vulnerable to poverty ,discrimination, exclusion from government structure, constitutional and political rights, justice, involvement and participation in decision making bodies . They have no land or own any property their life style depends on hunting, eating fruits, wild animals, birds, insects etc.Currently, owing to lack of constitutional protection of land rights, the United Republic of Tanzania does not have a land rights regime which meets its obligation or merge the rights of indigenous peoples. This means that laws of Tanzania do not adequately recognize and protect indigenous pastoralists’ and hunter gatherers’ ancestral lands which constitute not only their means of subsistence but also the basis for their collective survival and development leading to the deprivation of their means of subsistence.Lack of gender equality is an issue of concern among indigenous communities normally they use traditional leaders to solve their problems; women are not allowed to participate in clans or chief doms meetings.Lack of houses, currently the live in grass houses and other living in holes and still dressing animal skins and some of them walk necked especially children.Regarding education, there are no schools, hence majority of them are illiterate, This situation denied them their chance of being included in Government& decision making bodies.indigenous communities health facilities are minimal leading to high mortality rate especially the under five. Many child and Women dies every day no body care.

Adopting the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development by inclusion and consider the rights of women and girls Indigenous peoples we can achieving gender equality and empowerment of Women and girls, reducing inequality and build peace among pastoralists communities fighting for land.In concluding my Government in Tanzania should provide social services and insist the indigenous people especially the tribe of Hadzabe interaction by other communities. This will enhance the development of Hadzabe by adopting way of living from other communities and now the first step is to work very closely with UN bodies to advance the issues of the indigenous peoples of Tanzania and improve their way of living and ensure that are fully participate in decision making bodies at all levels and included in government structure as well as access for Justice.Constitutional and political Rights;The dominant trend has generally been to define democracy almost entirely in terms of elections, where democracy is viewed as a system of constituting government authority and making that authority accountable to the citizens include indigenous communities.
Gender equality in constitutional rights and political participation is a fundamental aspect of modern democratic governance.; international standards, and women include indigenous communities ; equal rights and opportunities to participate in all aspects and at all levels of political processes and government structure. In practice, however, it is often more challenging for women from indigenous and pastoralists communities and to access and exercise these rights. We recommend that the government should have well transparency and accountable to the people a greater mechanisms; work to ensure greater citizen informed participation in elections, especially participation of indigenous and pastoralists communities both women, youth and marginalized groups; To enforce law for Non-partisan support ,political modernize, the leadership of indigenous peoples and greater internal democracy” and Political Parties in relation to their respective role of contributing to democratic elections. Engage effectively indigenous and pastoralists communities in political and electoral processes This means addressing factors that mitigate inclusive participation by these groups and the creation of sustainable processes to empower and build capacities for effective participation in politics and elections, i.e. as candidates, voters, and election officials,Electoral bodies should enforce the law to political parties to Improve their parties manifestos and modernized parties management bodies and committees in gender perspective including marginalized groups and indigenous, will ensure greater citizen informed participation in elections especially women and other marginalized groups and will enable parties to up-to-date information on the situation of women, youth,PWDs and their participation in the governance structures and recommendations on how women, youth could be better included in the decision-making processes and development of the country

Lumona Kibore/Secretary General
Social Economic and Governance Promotion Centre(SEGP)
P.o.box 4114,Dar es salaam,Tanzania
Tel:255">Tel:255754 689451/255 653 780310
E-mail:segpcentre@gmail.com

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Development by remote-control. Under the bolshevik regime, N. Kruschchoff launched a gigantic 'development project even larger than that in Tanzania you mention, which involved damming Amur-Daria river so that huge cotton and wheat collectives could be established in Uzbekistan and parts of Kasakstand. Those areas were the home of pastoralists for perhaps several millenia, and over the years, a fine balance had been achieved between the needs of nomads and their flocks, and the grass the latter needed. Then came the 'development' orders from distant Moscow. Today, the ruins of Steppe in those 'developed' areas can scarcely feed many animals, and salination of the soil due to increaseing use of fertilisers during the soviet era has turned that area barren. Moscow did not bother to investigate what the people there wanted, nor yet what the soil in those areas could support. So now, a way of life and a culture is gone, and once lush green Steppe is gone. That's not all. Amur-Daria is the principal source of water of Aral sea, once the sixth largest body of fresh water in the world. Now, it has shrunk so much that waterline lies nearly 40 Km from where it was sixty years ago. Nobody knows how many species of fish has disappeared from Aral sea. On the shore lie rusting trawlers abandoned where there were fishing towns earlier. It is a scene from a nightmare. Once, a fishing fleet sailed on Aral sea, its annual catch well over 50,000 tons if I remember right, and this fishery supported several thousand people, but not anymore. This grand remote-controlled development plan resulted in an enormous environmental disaster which put paid to two ways of life, and in their place, left human dispair. Yes, they including the bolsheviks are chockful of verbal respect for other cultures. But, when are they going to show it by deeds? Lal Manavado.  From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 11 March 2016 13:36To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] LUMONA MZEE KIBORE Secretary General from Tanzania, United Republic of commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

LUMONA MZEE KIBORE (not verified)

Dear Moderator,

First I would like to appreciate this type of e-discussion that is very useful platform to the UNECOSOC & UNDP as  well as member countries ratified all the UN convention  and Instruments i,e the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) of 1979, the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) of 1989, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) of 2006, and the Convention Against Discrimination in Education (CADE) of 1960,the convention on the rights of indigenous peoples, the convention on the democratic governance and social-economic rights ,the convention on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and Inter- national Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR).

All member countries they agreed that will respect all the       UN convention and instruments. That shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and the sense of its dignity, and shall strengthen the respect for human rights, rule of the law, good governance and fundamental freedoms.

 

Through this e-discussions platform I hope that we can influence the SDG’s 2016-2030 directions in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different countries.

 

 My comment and advices is on three issues (1) Corruption in Africa Countries as an obstacle for eradicating poverty and advancing sustainable development focusing on people,(2)Poor governance systems and un obey of rule of law,(3)Poor democracy.

 

How could the UN development system could engaging and working together with civil society organization to make an intervention for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?, especially in country where there’s no democracy,abuse human rights, doesn’t obey the rule of the law,use power to run the country and citizens has no say to choose their leader they want, misuse of public funds for political interest and there’s no freedom of expression.

 

1.The impact of corruption.

Corruption and misuse of public funds directly causes poverty and hinders social development, In Tanzania Corruption in the context of economic reforms programme stifle economic growth; reduce economic efficiency and development despite the enormous resources in the country. Corruption creates negative national image and loss of much needed revenue. It devalues the quality of human life, robs schools, agricultural sectors, hospital and welfare services of funds. In some areas service delivery is very poor like in police and judiciary corruption seems to be very high. It discourages foreign investments leading to decrease in Foreign Direct Investment. It exacerbates inequality, desecrates the rule of law and undermines the legitimacy and stability of democratic regimes. It slows down administrative processes thereby making the implementation of government reforms policies ineffective. In other country I can say that may be people engage in corrupt practices in as a result of high level of poverty, high unemployment rate, under-remuneration of workers, financial hardship, persuasion by friends and colleagues in public offices, desire to please kinsmen, late payment of contractors by government, over-concentration of power and resources and unregulated informal economy. In Tanzania the biggest challenge for the country is corruption among service providers. The country must reverse the prevailing culture in which corruption is viewed as permissible. People should be educated on tracking corruption and public funds which is our key role as civil society.

 

In other country especially in the Great Lakes Region (GLR), corruption, poor good governance and poor democracy has created some of member states in the African Great Lakes Region, namely Angola, Burundi, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan and  Uganda caused political instability and conflicts in these countries have a considerable regional dimension and thus that the promotion of sustainable peace and development would require a concerted joint effort and an entry point is 2030 Agenda?,

 

For a long time the Great Lakes Region has been home to some of Africa’s most intractable and turbulent conflicts. Over a 22-year period, this region has experienced, among others, genocide in some countries, civil war in Burundi, and cross-border conflict in the DRC, all of which have been exacerbated by illegal armed groups from within and outside the region resulting poverty to its people.

 

Continued violent conflict has resulted in humanitarian crises, an upsurge of displaced populations and poverty from loss  of livelihoods and security, include the illegal exploitation of natural resources, sexual and gender-based violence, population displacement. The conflicts persist with profound effects on communities and stability in the region.

 

Policy development, democracy and good governance should be given more priority because currently most of their people in rural areas are behind the development steps. You can find people in rural areas are living a very poor life, with no better health services, education and even roads, How can we improve the livelihood of the people without improvement of their health services, education, achieving gender equality and empowerment of women and girls, reducing inequality, combating climate change and build peace if the conflicts still persist in the Great Lakes Region.

 

It’s now a time each country in Africa and developed countries to incorporate SDGs 2030 Agenda? into their National policies and development Plans with full participation.

 

Lumona Kibore/Secretary General

Social Economic and Governance Promotion Centre

Dar es salaam,Tanzania

E-mail:segpcentre@gmail.com

 

Dr.Amb.Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua • President and Founder of Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation at Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation from Nigeria

Challenges of ensuring coherence of Sustainable Development.

At the International level, the challenges of ensuring coherence of Sustainable Development among the Nations includes:

(1) Embargoes and Sanctions on Unilateral, Bilateral and Multilateral Realtions ( Economic, Political and Social). Where there is sanction or embargo on economic and political relations and cooperation, especially between the Least Developed, Developing and Developed Countries; the principle of "leave no one behind" can not be realized by 2030. This economic sanction has devastating effect on the receiver and is one of the challenges that should be taking seriously.

(2) Terrorism: Terrorism is one of the biggest challenges that the World is currently battling with. Any policy or efforts geared toward realizing the principle of "leave no one behind" by 2030, that has not been taken into consideration the effect of terrorism on National and International Policy; is futile. Fight/war against terrorism should be proritized and enforced Nationally and Internationally, so that the principle of SDGs 2030, to carry everyone along will be achieved.

(3) Corruption: Corrupt practices exist at International level. Some Developed Nations and Developing Nations have aided influential politicians from Least Developed Countries to sophony and transfer huge sums of monies from the public treasurery to the Developing and Developed Countries. Thereby, deverting funds made for public good into private accounts. This acts should be frowned at, if the principle of "leave no one behind" by 2030 is to be achieved.

The onus is on the shoulder of the Developed Countries to help the Developing and Least Developed Countries in coordinating, formulating and implementing economic policies in line with the International best practice of ensuring leave no one behind. Any policy programmes of the Developing and Least Developed Countries without the backing or help of the Developed Countries, the policy will not see the light of the day.

In line with this argument, the Developing and Least Developed Countires should wake up, be ready to deal with the realities on ground, other than hoping that manna will fall from above. As the Developed Countries has a part to play, also the Developing and Least Developed Countries has even greater role to play. The beneficiaries of this healthy economic relations is Developing and Least Developed Countries. The SDG 2030 Agenda will be more beneficial to Developing and Least Developed Countries if achieved by 2030, more healthy International relations is needed from Developed Countries. 

Prabhavathy Ramakrishnan • Probationary Officer at Canara Bank from India

Hello everyone, This is the first time I am participating in the UN E discussions.
In my view 'leave no one behind' is not only applicable to 700+ billion people, but to millions of species including eukaryotes, insects, plants, arachnids, mushrooms, mollusca, algae,Protozoa, crustaceans , other invertebrates and vertebrates, the ecosystem that sustains the ecologic and economic activities that helps to keep moving all the human made systems.

LUMONA MZEE KIBORE (not verified)

Dear Moderator,

I would like to add more  my contribution regarding this UN e-discussion  on 2030 Agenda that is very useful platform to the UNECOSOC & UNDP as  well as a civil society organizations to present our concern regarding achieving the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development. This platform is a good place to influence the SDG’s 2016-2030 directions in implementing the 2030 Agenda in member countries.

 

My commentary inputs looks on four issues to achieve the implementing 2030 Agenda for sustainable development:

  1. Eradicating poverty and advancing  sustainable development
  2. Achieving gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls and Reducing inequality within and among countries
  3. Combating climate change
  4. Peaceful  building  and Engagement of all actors, coordination and policies integration at the national, regional and global levels.

My worries are in developing countries especially in our Africa continent in implementing the 2030 Agenda due to challenges associated to policies, corruption, poor governance, political instability, civil war, poor democratic governance, many African leaders tends to remain in power by force. Some are Dictatorship countries lies in social or economic conditions which led to the adoption of Democracy and Dictatorship as forms of government respectively.

  1. Eradicating poverty and advancing sustainable development.

-       African states experienced high economic growth during the 2000s due to good macroeconomic management, growth in trade, mine, gold, tourist, and foreign investment into oil-rich states. However, this growth did not coincide with poverty elimination among marginalized groups include indigenous communities, because it was not linked to activities and economic sectors that affect the poor especially in rural areas where most of their people relies in agriculture for 86% as source of income. Further development plans must make economic opportunities available for a greater portion of the population include marginalized groups, ethnic groups, by creating jobs, promote human rights and justice for all, provide education, promote good governance and democracy, fight corruption, increase transparency and accountability among service provider, promote women participation in leadership position and decision making bodies, obey rule of the law, increase food security, improve infrastructure, combating climate change, increase social services and supporting local production, increase budgetary allocations in the priority sectors of education, health, water and sanitation and poverty reduction which provide the basic needs for the poor and the marginalized.

 

-       Increase the number of African children attending school include from indigenous and pastoralists communities, hunters/gathers still who do not have access to education.

 

-       Reform the policies to address the inequalities that reserve the best resources and education for the wealthiest and leave other children with ill-equipped and poorly financed schools

 

  1. 2.    Achieving gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls.

-       Integrate gender equality in  all programme and policy to reaffirms gender equality as a crosscutting theme throughout.

 

-       Given that the majority of the poor in Sub- Saharan Africa are women and gender inequalities hinder development, growth and poverty reduction in a multitude of ways,  donors   need  to make extra efforts to work with partners to address gender inequalities.

 

-       The principles of aid effectiveness can provide tremendous opportunities for development partners (DPs) to influence the policy-making and planning agenda, to ensure that national development strategies adequately integrate strategies and resources for women’s empowermen and  gender  equality.    Opportunities  for DPs and developing countries to work together   to   advance   gender   equality require concrete human and financial resources, accountability systems, and gender-sensitive progress assessments, performance monitoring and indicators. Without them, new aid modalities may serve to reinforce existing gender inequalities.

 

-       Policy dialogue requires: an understanding of the policy context; developing alliances and a shared vision with partners on gender equality; and systematically advocating that gender equality issues be concretely addressed.

 

-       Advocating for the voices of women to be heard. Engaging with governments on their commitments made to CEDAW, the Beijing Platform for Action, the African Charter of Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa, etc.Collaborating closely with other like-minded donors and harmonizing key messages and support for gender equality.

 

-       Ensure that gender equality sector-based results and indicators are developed and integrated in PBA frameworks.

 

-       Participate with other like-minded donors on gender equality in sector working groups or roundtables and increase policy dialogue and joint support for gender equality initiatives.

 

-       Advocate for and support development of a specific gender equality strategy and investment line for the sector.

  1. 3.    Combating climate change.

-       Countries should work to recover  greenish forest, environmental degradation and adaption of climate change and enhanced  local  awareness  and  support  for  biodiversity conservation and adaption of climate change, promote  sustainable  use  of  natural resources  adjacent  communities. Local  communities should be  involved  in  enforcing  existing  by – laws and  legislation  of  new ones to safeguard forest and water sources .

 

-       Countries to Integrate conservation  plan  for forest resources and land , control of upland soil and slope erosion and  Ecosystem  management.

 

-       Improve agriculture growth and productivity  shift from subsistence to commercial agriculture  involved in climate smart agriculture. This will help to create the best system of  biodeversity conservation  intervention on how to arrest the problem of environmental degradation caused by economic activities. Will improve sustainable utilization of forest products by encouraging community members around forests to find alternative sources of income, for farmer to engage in climate smart agriculture. Will assist  farmers,communities and local surrounding the forest  come to learn and disseminate best technologies of climate smart agriculture and biodiversity conservation .

BY addressing climate change the is in line with countries  strategy of establishing a national REDD strategy to reduce emissions resulting from deforestation and forest degradation due to biomass consumption, illegal logging and the expansion of the agricultural sector.

Agricultural development is further driven by the belief that the agricultural sector is the main driver of economic development in many African country.

 

-       Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) strategy, will reduce deforestation,  enhance  climate  change  mitigation,  improve  community  livelihoods  and address poverty.

This strategy will resulting to achieve the followings (i) maintain a healthy agriculture sector with viable alternatives to climate smart farming , (ii) generate sustainable off-farm and self-employment opportunities for rural poo peopler, (iii) to facilitate livelihood activities and improve the quality of life, and (iv) provide critical farm access  for rural communities

 

  1. 4.    Peaceful  building

You cannot brings development if there’s no peace and security Peace building   is   a   simultaneously   short-,  mid-   and  long-term   process,   aimed   at   peace consolidation.  It involves a range of multidimensional and inter-related programmes and activities that   collectively   and   cumulatively   bring   about   security,   political  stability,   socio-economic development and reconciliation, that address both the consequences and the causes of a conflict, and lays the foundation for sustainable peace.

-       Countries  should enhancing   coherence   and  coordination   in  peacebuilding in those countries where there’s no peace   with  the  aim  of  promoting  and enhancing  local  ownership  in  peacebuilding  processes,  as  well as  supporting  the  design and implementation of peacebuilding policy frameworks.

-       Build the  capacity of peacebuilding agents it is engaging with, including and  most  especially  local  actors. 

-       Enhancing  coherence  and coordination,  developing  local capacity, encouraging local ownership and designing and implementing new and innovative  peacebuilding approaches. Mainstreaming gender in peace building , design and implementation.

 

-       International  peace builders conducting research visits to the four focus countries, as well as identifying, meeting and interacting with key peace building  actors;

 

-       Hosting consultation forums and thematic  dialog  roundtables, drawing together a wide range of peace building stakeholders; and

 

-       Conducting  training  courses  for representatives  of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), government agencies and line ministries, development partners, the United Nations system, inter-governmental  organisations and other stakeholders.

 

-       Enhanced  levels  of  coherence  and  coordination,  and the  generation  of a  deeper understanding of peacebuilding  challenges and responses through:

 

-       By hosting  policy  workshops,  drawing  together  key  representatives  from  the  focus countries and inter-governmental organisations;

 

-       Engagement with peacebuilding stakeholders at the level of the African Union (AU), United   Nations   (UN),   inter-governmental   organisations,   diplomatic   community, development partners and others; and

 

-       Conducting  joint training courses for peacebuilding practitioners  and policy-makers impacting on the focus countries.

 

-       Peacebuilding processes must be gendered because they involve the reassignment of power and resources (both human and material), which influence policy development.  UN  Security  Council should also involved

-       Mainstream gender in all aspects of its activities, and to provide a forum for information sharing on lessons learnt and best practices.

 

If all above issues could be worked on it, we will achieve the implementation of SDGs 2030 Agenda and eradicating poverty in Africa and advancing sustainable development.

 

The big problem we have is that, democracy in Africa is laughable. The presumption that everyone is equal in the eyes of the law, or has an equal voice in the governing of their country turns a blind eye to the realities of our continent. In light of this, there are those who support the idea that African states need benevolent dictators.

A benevolent dictator is one whose authoritarian leadership is exercised for the benefit of a nation, and not for his or her own self betterment, or for the benefit of the few. While the leader might allow for some democratic decision making, the benevolent dictator has the last word in determining the direction and governance of a country. Unfortunately, in this day and age, when one hears of the word “dictator”, automatically, come to mind. Their brutal and inhumane assertions of power, which have left millions dead in their wake, create a fear for any leader that is or can be viewed as a kind of dictator. So, in light of this, should African states entertain the idea of a benevolent dictator, or should we simply strive for true democracies by economically empowering the common people?

Democracy in Africa is a mere transplant of democracy in the western world. As a result, we should not be surprised when a model, which was successful in the west, fails in African states. An alien democratic model flooded by consistent aid donations, has futhered corruption and the oppression of the economically marginalized. Further, the models presume that the African people have an equal say in the governing of their countries. Which is not true?

 

Goodbye;

I love my continent; I love my country Tanzania, We African let we work together to eradicating poverty in our continent and improve social wellbeing of our people. Demanding leadership change by removing or delete all African leader dictators through ballot paper, yes we can

 

 

 Lumona Kibore/Secretary General,

Social Economic and Governance Promotion Centre(SEGP)

P.box 4114,Dar es salaam,Tanzania

Tel:255 754 689451/255 653 780310

E-mail:segpcentre@gmail.com

Kivumbi Earnest Benjamin (not verified)

I would like to extend our deep heartfelt appreciations for this forum on the UN 2030 Agenda. Heal The Planet Global Organisation is coming up with ideas that we ganna upoald here before deadline at the moment however we would like to pass a vote of thanks.

Hon Kivumbi Earnest Benjamin

President & Founder

Heal The Planet

 

P O Box 3977 Kampala Uganda

 

Mobile: +256702137566 (Uganda)

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Email: healdeplanet@gmail.com

            africapresident@presidency.com

 

Physical Adress: Namasuba Kikajjo Zone, Off Entebbe Rd- Kampala Uganda

 

Website: http://www.healdeplanet.webs.com

 

Ghulam Nabi Nizamani • Chairperson at CBR Asia Pacific Network from Pakistan

This booklet is published by CBR Asia-Pacific Network, Asia-Pacific Development Center for Disability, Japan NGO Network on Disabilities and Japanese Society for Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities for introducing good practices of Community-based Inclusive Development in Asia and the Pacific.

SUZANA G • Doctor Professor at Federal University of Rio de Janeiro from Brazil

Dear Diana Alarcon, Discussion Moderator, thank you for the opportunity of collaborating and congratulations for your perception on challenging issues. It called my attention the one related to

the Guiding Principle of Leaving no one behind.  As our discussion includes both local and global insights, I would call attention to a current problem that affects developing countries as a social cancer: corruption. In despite of whatever brilliant solution there might be, if not culturally blended by a strong and inspiring will of making a change and cutting off the gordian knot of vicious cycle of greed and corruption, our society will remain in the fate of environmental injustice and social disparities illuded by limited projects with unlimited fundings which may not necessarily be addressed effectively or even reach the ones in need.

For such, there are some topics which I consider to be strategic in the design of inclusion to sustainability:

1. State of art education for policy-makers and a minimun of acknowledgments for other stakeholders in order to provide awarenness of what are the projects, the environmental and social benchmarkings, and what are the goals to a continuos improvement. An example could be the relevance of Life Cycle Assessment and ecodesign for urban solutions, specially when considerign which projects should be funded in order not to have safety and security compromised, such as risk areas and the land slides risks posing death risks to local income population. Awarenness can only be given through education, and that should be a priority to evaluate which projects will be funded.

2. The Fundings of Projects and the United Nations role on the implementation. What are the projects, what are the local x global goals atributes of sustainability and how can we provide trust, confidence, on the effectivenness of the design and execution of the proposals. Track the fundings and the results are strategic to monitor the benefits to the goal of "leave no one behind", in order to protect in an accurate pathway, on how the investment are being addressed and to cut off from the great sustainable inspired projects the culture of corruption.

mustapha Ma (not verified)

HOW CAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AGENDA BE ASSURED WHEN NATIONAL BUDGET FOR DEFENCE/OFFENCE

ARE EXHORBITANT?

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Correction, my apologies to Mr. Mustapha. I got your name wrong and typed, 'Mr. Mohamed' when it should have been Mr. Mustapha. My apologies. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 15 March 2016 04:16To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] mustapha Ma Retired from Malaysia commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

mustapha Ma (not verified)

HOW CAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AGENDA BE ASSURED WHEN NATIONAL BUDGET FOR DEFENCE/OFFENCE

ARE EXHORBITANT?

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

How to avoid the embarrassing question of military expenditure First move is to take refuge behind the ploy, saying that this is an internal matter and any external interference on defence expenditure constitutes an attempted violation of national sovereignty. If this does not work, especially if the country is not a major power, then one can always blame the necessity for it on one's unfriendly neighbours. Another excellent way to avoid cutting down military expenditure is to point to the need to fight terrorism. But the two most important reasons for not reducing defence budget are, the need to return one's thanks for donations to finance one's election campaign by ordering more armaments, or some political leader's total dependence on their armed forces to remain in power. You are right, Mr. Mohamed,  defence budgets bite off a considerable chunk of the scarce financial resources most countries have at their disposal. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 15 March 2016 04:16To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] mustapha Ma Retired from Malaysia commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

mustapha Ma (not verified)

The biggest single human expenditure is for armament.  Name it as Defence, security or insecurity the bottom line is destruction of property, killing or maiming human lives.  Malaysia advocates to Criminalise all wars, Civil wars(what an abuse of the word "civil"), bilateral, regional, international or world wars. Mus

On 15 Mar 2016 16:16, <notification@unteamworks.org> wrote:

Yo

Melaku Geleta Wakjira (not verified)

Mainstreaming SDG’s within national sustainable development policies

By Melaku Geleta Wakjira

DRR-LR program coordinator

UNDP Ethiopia

melaku_geleta@hotmail.com

Dear Moderator, on top of what has been shared last weeks, I suggest the following points to be considered to refine more on the issues & the discussions towards suggesting the “how” question in the SDG’s mainstreaming process within countries national sustainable development polices.      

  1. One of the critical challenges for SDG’s implementations is the basic and fundamental difference between countries in all aspects. Even though one of the SDG’s designed to work against this problem, i.e. to narrow a gap, this may not be simple task as we think for the following reasons.

 

  • Countries are living in different political systems and zones
  • Countries are pursuing different growth and development ideologies
  • Countries are dependent on  different national priorities
  • Countries have different economic and social standards best fit to the achieved and aspired  economic growth and development  

 

  1. The other critical challenge for SDG’s implementation is the type of plans countries having this day, i.e. the development and growth plans are differ from countries to countries 1. By the type of the plan, 2. By duration of the plan 3. By issues and priorities to be addressed in the plan 4. By goal of the plan.

 

  1.  The commonalties and differences among countries are diversified; hence, we have to check if the followings are fully or partially available within a specific country to think of” how “to mainstream SDG’s within the national plans & policies. NOTE: Some countries have at least 1 national roadmap or  perspective plan or  and indicative plan or  master plan for which all are operating beyond 10 years and above implementation time.  Within these contexts, again so many irregularities and inconsistencies are exist; however, to respond to the question “how” in general, we can do the mainstreaming work at least in areas identified as bellow. It is good to examine the SDG’s, targets and key indicators across areas summarized under this part.  
  • What types of perspective plan 15-20 years,  what development plan 3-7 years are available (we have to make sure if the perspective plan is available, if so, to know to what extent the plan have accommodated elements of SDG’s is very priority;  if not think how to bring the SDG’s  to the scene and think about mainstreaming. Then proceed to continue the mainstreaming issues with the  development plan usually  covers 3-7 years
  • What social security policy available for sustainable income and decent life, to what extent these are based on the principles of inclusive development, what elements of SDG’s can be mainstreamed in the coming 15 years?       
  • What social service policy available? to what extent the rule of  equity and equality are pinpointed in the policy?   What elements of SDG’s can be mainstreamed in the coming 15 years? Within this streamline    
  • Economic policy (for trade, industry, tourism) do we have a chance to think of SDG’s mainstreaming?
  • Infrastructure development policy; etc.
  • Natural resource development and protection policy; etc.
  • Land use and land management policy; etc.
  • Green economy policy/ green growth policy; etc.
  • Cultural policy; etc.  
  • Energy policy; etc.
  • Rural development policy; etc.
  • Urban development policy; etc.
  • National security & foreign policy; etc.
  • Political system & good governance policy; etc.
  • Political and economic decentralization policy; etc.

   

Paul Shaw (not verified)

Thanks for your excellent post Melaku - combining the SDGs with National Development Plans, the 'Future We Want' 2063 agenda and the complications of corruption, tax avoidance, war and conflict and political instability do indeed muddy the water, but we have to start somehow, and for The Network of African Youths for Development #NAYDSDGs agenda with our focus on empowering African rural communities through youth-led collaboration, it is a step in the right direction. Many of the activities our teams of Community Build Organisations already carry out are sustainable development activities, they simply don't have an SDG logo on them. The difference from Jan 1st 2016 is that the world now has a focus on leaving no-one behind, so our teams know they can count on global support as they continue with their work, which means a great deal.   

 

From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org] Sent: 15 March 2016 07:02To: paul@geovision.co.ukSubject: [Teamworks] Melaku Geleta Wakjira Current Disaster Risk Management Program Coordinator from Ethiopia commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

 

You can post a reply on Teamworks

Dr. Kalima F. Abdul-Quddus (not verified)

Between the years of 2009 and 2013; I had been a volunteer in support of an NGO of the United Nations Headquarters, New York- USA.  I had watched to learn from afar from several other programs as they transitioned and made headway inside of the Millennium Development Goal Agendas all the while remaining in compliance within the confines of the Charter of the United Nations;  through to the current 2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development.  

There could be no better time for me to participate as it is of my very nature to offer my services in teaching about inclusive meritocracy, lifting and helping to equalize the fair treatment of People of Color- 'Descendants of African Slaves in America’, Disenfranchised population across our world, and in helping to raise a flag in dedication to the people who help make America what it has become today.  

If we say that we are The United Nations; then by all means we must be the very charter in which we preach.  If we say that, “the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development speaks to the core mandate and values of the UN system, to include the promotion and encouragement and overall respect for the human rights of all people and without discrimination”, then let is show this to indeed be the truth.  Let us prove that after having voted twice for a half Black President that we are big enough to raise a flag in honor of People of Color- Descendants of African Slaves in America’; help others to have access to resources that will help them lead more productive lives, and that we can be tolerant of others.

My goal is to sit on the panel alongside the UNDM and attend all State of the Union Addresses and other relevant meetings onsite in order to do my part during the period of the Millennium Development Goals.  We have indeed grown so much but we still have a long way to go.   The time has come to stand for what we consistently preach about; when discussing Human Rights and Humanitarian objectives.

If you wish to contact me for more information about what I am doing; please feel free to contactme via this email address: TheSAFECampaign at gmail dot com.  I look forward to learning from you.

Best Regards-

 

Dr. Kalima F. Abdul-QuddusPresident/Founder/Program DirectorThe SAFE Campaign LLC

Dr. Timothy Barker (not verified)

Hello everybody,

I apologise for joining the discussion late. I additionally have to apologise for not having read the main document yet. To be honest I had to query what exactly the 2030 Agenda was. I am vaguely aware of the SDGs and other UN level initiatives having been involved in their predecessors in various capacities (MDGs, etc.) However, I wasn't entirely certain what the 2030 Agenda was. I now have the key document thanks to the help of the forum organisers but its 41 pages or so long. One has to wonder why but I think the 'devil is in the detail' so I intend doing my homework before commenting substantially. That said, I just read the moderators summing up of the first weeks comments. I think there were obviously some pertinent discussions but I am seriously concerned that technology seems to be stressed as a 'silver bullet' to 'development problems'. I learned a long time ago that there is no silver bullet and certainly it will never be technology (it brings as many problems as solutions to the table). I helped start an organisation to champion renewable energy to power ICTs in rural Kenya. That was some years ago now. I am in the process of writing up our successes and failures. I often say that 'development' is a problem of structures. Recently I thought that - from a network theory perspective, at least - its about disconnects. That is ostensibly what I witnessed in rural Kenya: people were effectively 'cut off' from the rest of the world; unable to gain capital (in its myriad forms). So, we tried to help through technological and associated means. As I said, there were successes but failures too. I feel people think of technology as some kind of 'magic' some times? I believe its ultimately people that will make the differences needed. I see technology and education as tools to work towards reorienting people's values and judgements, etc. towards each other. Anyway, I intend to try to find time to read all of the materials produced seemingly by presently unknown UN people and colleagues here in these forums. Maybe then I can produce something of more substance! Thanks.

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Hello, Dr. Baker, I can't agree more with you when you question  the suitability of technology as the panacea to world's woes. Indeed, how easy for some to overlook that technology often  reduces the number of available jobs, and for a less affluent country with high unemployment, this would be obviously disastrous. How easy is it to confuse one's pet advocacy with what people plagued by hunger, disease, lack of shelter and security, lack of a chance to obtain an appropriate education want. For a light-hearted sketch of the current world situation that ought to shame us, you might like to  see my  yesterday's  contribution (?) to this forum called, "Time for a Story." Cheers! Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 16 March 2016 17:11To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Dr. Timothy Barker from United Kingdom commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Patricia Almeida Ashley • Associate Professor at Universidade Federal Fluminense from Brazil

ear Dr Timothy Barker,

I appreciate very much your kind and honest declaration, a wise and thoughtful approach to a subject you are now facing as new, but soon shall share withus more of your thoughts, which I look forward to.

On ICT, I would share some different positioning, may be because of the size of the country I live in together with a still weak and young history of democracy, I would say not a real democracy.  Data, communication and transformation of complex and foreign frameworks that become part of the institutional field became a sine qua non way for inclusion of an unequal society of a three tier federated republic of a diversity of cultural traits.  Governability requires data and we are now used to mobile applications, lacking a low cost broad band access.  Even rural communities are now becoming ITC familiar.  Elections are electronic, results published on the same day of election.  I mean that Brazilians are becoming ITC literate even not having sanitation services in their street.  Brazil is susprise every day (see the news in political crisis) and we became vaccinated with all this turmoils now and then.

So, what I would like to contribute is to give some food for thoughts on how ITC could help closing data gaps and distances, as well as preventing expenses with air tickets and per diems for consultancy abroad or allowing distant learning in an international partnership of universities in UK and other countries.  That would be awesome if UN could support somehow funding for international capacity building through Distant Learning in network of institutions, because the need is there, the will is restricted and the ICT solutions are available.

Have a look at UNITE IDEAS and be aware of the initiatives in ICT to support the Agenda 2030 goals within the UN System.  See at https://unite.un.org/ideas/home

 

Food for thought!AbsPatricia

 

India-Based Software Engineer Wins First Prize in United Nations #LinksSDGs Data Visualization ChallengeInformation

  • By UN-DPI on 15 Mar 2016

15 Mar 2016 - NEW YORK, 15 March (Office of Information and Communications Technology) — The United Nations announced today that Abdulqadir Rashik has won the Unite Ideas #LinksSDGs Data Visualization Challenge. Mr. Rashik, a software engineer, entrepreneur and founder of India-based Miavy Systems, was awarded the Challenge’s top prize for his submission “Links to Sustainable Cities”, an interactive visualization that identifies and maps the links between Sustainable Development Goal 11, Sustainable Cities and Communities, and the other 16 Goals. The project was a collaboration between the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs’ Division for Sustainable Development and the Office of Information and Communications Technology. The global data science competition aimed to engage the public in sharing ideas about how to visualize the interlinkages between the Sustainable Development Goals, a set of 17 global goals and 169 targets that form the basis of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. By identifying the number, type and directionality of links, the tool identifies which goals would most likely create opportunities for, or barriers to, the development of cities and communities that are inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. These include ensuring decent work and economic growth, facilitating industry innovation and building resilient infrastructure, encouraging responsible consumption and production, and reducing income inequality. “Sustainable development as an approach tries to understand the world in an integrated, systemic way and seeks to understand the multiple relationships that exist among all these goals,” said Nikhil Chandavarkar, Chief of the Division for Sustainable Development’s Outreach and Communications Branch. “A challenge going forward is to better understand them and map them in a way that is easy to understand, while preserving the complexity of the whole. This challenge allowed us to tap the creativity of the public to start to unravel that complexity and we are thrilled with the result.” The project was a collaboration between the Division for Sustainable Development and the Office of Information and Communications Technology. The solutions submitted as part of the #LinksSDGs Challenge will be used to identify further research opportunities and guide policy decisions around the implementation of global sustainability initiatives. In accepting his first-place award, Mr. Rashik noted: “If my solution results in uplifting the standard of living of even a single family, I would count it as one of my greatest achievements.” #LinksSDGs is the third challenge issued by Unite Ideas, a big data crowdsourcing platform developed by the Office of Information and Communications Technology to facilitate collaboration among academia, civil society and United Nations offices, and to mobilize data scientists and software developers worldwide to help tackle the complex issues faced by the Organization and its Member States though the creation of open source solutions. To date, academia, the general public and private companies have responded to the Unite Ideas challenges with more than 35 open source solutions, many of which will be used by the United Nations or shared with Member States. “The many interlinkages between factors like climate, energy, economic development, land use and income inequality, means the demand for analytical modelling tools has increased dramatically since the introduction of Agenda 2030,” said Salem Avan, Chief of the Office of Information and Communications Technology’s Global Services Division. “The need to develop new ways of looking at data to support better and faster decision-making can only be done through partnerships, including with highly talented and creative individuals with new ideas and a strong will to help improve human lives.” He added: “We extend our sincere thanks to all those who took the time to develop some outstanding solutions.” In addition to Mr. Rashik, other finalists were second place, Jorge Martinez Navarrete; third place, Wouter Eekhout of Leiden University Centre for Innovation; and joint-fourth place, Sandeep Konam, Michael Rosenberg, Minyoung Rho, Ticha Sethapakdi, Allison Fisher and Robin Park of Carnegie Mellon University. The winning #LinksSDGs solution, along with other finalist submissions, can be viewed at unite.un.org/ideas. For more information, please contact Ms. Taija Sironen at e-mail: uniteideas@un.org.Related news Read more in related topics  - See more at: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/?page=view&nr=1048&type=230&menu=2059#sthash.euzoq0VF.dpuf

Diana Alarcon • Chief of the Development Strategy and Policy Unit, UNDESA at UNDESA from United States Moderator

Week 2: 7-13 March 2016

Discussion Summary

 

I would like to thank everyone for their continued contributions. I look forward to hearing more from you during the second half of the discussion.

 

Below is a summary of the key points made during the second week of discussion:

 

Differing country situations

 

LDCs should 1) define a development model providing a path towards a middle income society as a priority task, including a clear vision working towards inclusive economic, political and social transformation, led and guided by a democratic political and good governance system; 2) obtain national consent and endorsement of the plan; 3) adhere to the democratic rules of law; 4) mobilize the required resources for the implementation; 5) ensure accountability in the implementation under established good governance system and utilizing monitoring and evaluation instruments.

 

MICs should 1) improve quantity and quality of jobs; 2) improve the quality and sustainability of sources of income; 3) improve technology and full scale IT utilization for technological advancement; 4) strengthen the resilience and diversification of their economic systems.

 

High-income countries should promote foreign direct investments, particularly through supporting green economy initiatives.

 

Fragile states should promote inclusivity through national reconciliation. The problems related to peace and security must get a full attention of the UN and its alliances. A national vision is a precondition to deliver on SDG’s. The role of the UN is to bring stability through the participation of the local community and political vanguards of fragile states. Fragile states should embrace the required political reforms and provide inclusive political and economic policies.

 

Africa

 

Policies have to be coherent, re-inforce each other for greater development outcomes that could be sustained and sustainable. But the trail blazers to improve policy coherence should come from within, especially in the African context, as otherwise it might be construed as imposing policies as experienced in the past.

 

Agenda 2063 and the SDGs are linked and clear: “We want a prosperous Africa based on inclusive growth and sustainable development,” specifically an annual growth rate of at least 7 per cent (the same as the SDGs target), healthy and nourished citizens, and a three-fold increase in food and agriculture. Under aspiration 6, Africa hopes to achieve development, “relying particularly on the potential of women and youth.”

 

“African countries creating development plans on the basis of Agenda 2063 may decide to infuse SDG-related activities in those plans.” African countries must generate internal revenue and not rely too heavily on donor funds to achieve sustainable development and Agenda 2063.

Importance of access to information

 

It is very important to know the United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights, as Agenda 2030 is ultimately the last International Human Right. So everyone deserves and should know Agenda 2030. Disseminating and promoting the Agenda is an obligation for all of us. We must urgently address the issues of Climate Change and Global Warming.

 

The biggest challenge to ensure consistency of policies for Sustainable Development Goals is communication: we must work on the ground in each country, with communities. Conducting briefings with communities around the world is vital and urgent, as communities should always be the final recipients of the efforts of the United Nations. When mounting an information campaign, the message must be tailored to the audience in order to be properly understood and to have maximum impact.

 

Better information helps us to make better decisions. Investing in wireless Internet technology is the way forward to tackle maternal mortality and morbidity in the developing countries. E-learning is the most cost-effective way of transmitting evidence-based medicine to the developing countries. Imagine sitting in office or at home in USA or Europe, and by interacting with different cultures we will be able to understand different customs and learn to respect the diversity. Imagine students in developing countries and the United States simultaneously reviewing the same medical curriculum and learning from each other. What is needed is broader dissemination of medical knowledge.

 

Consideration for marginalized or vulnerable groups

 

Governments should be transparent and accountable and promote the rights of women and girls, youth and indigenous peoples. The dangers of “remote-controlled” (top-down) development plans that do not take into consideration the impact of large-scale development projects on indigenous populations and environments were highlighted. The importance of improving the living standards and participation in decision-making for indigenous peoples, as well as promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls was stressed. Reinforcing and scaling up linkages between effective global response to HIV and AIDS and ensuring access to Sexual and reproductive health services are critical for the achievement of health-related MDGs (MDGs 4, 5 and 6).

 

Role of stakeholders

 

"Leaders" always were and will be communities, regional organizations and the United Nations Organizations.

 

Most developing countries tend to rely heavily on the government not only for national development policy making, but also on service delivery, employment creation, social protection, with little room for other stakeholders in the society. This thinking has to change.

 

The common denominator among the widely varied countries is – the PEOPLE and their basic needs including safe drinking water, sustainable livelihood options, health, education, safe and healthy environment, law and order and food security. Empowering the communities themselves would help them in meeting the above basic needs for all as the national and provincial/regional governments are not always within easy reach and sometimes not possible at all. The Agenda will not be successful unless the National Governments empower and authorize these local government institutions with adequate autonomy, resources and flexibility to cater to the needs of the local population, raise their own revenues and innovate ways and means of reaching out to the most marginalized in order to seek his or her participation in day to day development matters. The importance of small lifestyle changes to reduce waste, including by minimizing packaging for food was stressed.

 

It is for the UN and all its agencies, irrespective of their mandates, to work with the National and Regional/Provincial Governments to devolve functions, funds and functionaries to the local bodies. It is of utmost and immediate significance for all UN agencies to work in tandem and convergence overcoming their thematic and operational differences and develop a joint Country Programme.

 

There are many challenges to policy coherence at the International level. How can the UN convince and bring on board all relevant actors to agree to a common minimum agenda towards attaining the sustainable development goals with some hard non-negotiables that will be respected by all parties at all points of time? Slowing down climate change and minimizing its impact requires all these International Financial Institutions, bi-lateral and multi-lateral trade organizations to come together and agree on a roadmap for the Paris convention. The UN should not dilute its commitment and compromise its values in the wake of differing political ideologies.

 

Given the complexity and the ambitiousness of the goals set, the challenges for achieving SDGs are also enormous and require an integrated approach. Resource requirements and institutional capacity needs are huge, especially in countries where development challenges have become acute. The UN could support in setting the tone for action on SDGs through support to outreach activities, alignment of national policies and strategies, strengthening institutional capacity, especially in data and monitoring and in national resource mobilization efforts. Given the tri-partite approach to financing SDGs, it also calls for support in strengthening policy environment and institutional efficiency in providing an enabling environment for the private sector to operate. UNDAF’s could be designed as a building block to achieve the SDGs. Although less significant under SDGs, ODA will still play an important role in supporting national development objectives, and thus the need for an effective development cooperation mechanism.

 

Policy development should be given more priority in developing countries because currently most rural areas are lagging behind. How can we improve the livelihood of the people without the improvement of their basic health services, education and even infrastructure? There should be a better system such as public private partnership that aims to include all the stakeholders and that can be applied to facilitate the process of policy formulation and its implementation for supporting the communities. Translation of the policies in a simple language and awareness-raising are also crucial in achieving sustainable development.

 

Capacity building

SDGs should carry on from where MDGs left off. If we can put all our efforts in promoting inclusive growth with right policies, most SDGs are within reach. Heavy investments in health and education (building human capital) would provide a strong foundation for growth and development.

 

There is an urgent need to improve public health services. For a very long time, Cuba and several other 'developing countries' with only basic electronic infra-structure ranked well above the USA in the WHO's public health rankings. A considerable portion of the burden of disease borne by people in poor countries can be attributed to poor hygiene and sanitation, as well as inadequate nutrition. Access to clean drinking water, good sanitation, and improved hygiene and central heating, are among the greatest contributors to good public health in Europe. In poor countries, those who need those improvements most, live in rural areas or in over-crowded slums in cities and most are unemployed or resort to engaging in unhealthy or illegal activities. In many 'developing countries', there are many adequately qualified health personnel and training facilities. It is not a question of lack of relevant medical competence, but rather one of preventing a “brain drain” of qualified health personnel.

 

Target of 2030 Agenda should include an indicator that includes literacy proficiency (learning to know, to do, to live together and to be) to eliminate women’s illiteracy by 2030 providing access to lifelong learning formal and non-formal education. This approach to adult education tends to value individual development of skills for the knowledge society. This is a participatory approach that is also linked to peace, environment and cultural diversity. Literacy should not be seen merely as a stand-alone skill, but instead as a social practice contributing to broader purposes of lifelong learning and global citizenship education.

 

But human capital on its own cannot contribute to development in a sustained manner unless opportunities are created for employment and livelihoods along with social protection and policies, institutions and systems are in place for all stakeholders to play their roles efficiently.

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

A holistic approach is still possible. One would have included education and nutrition as one's fundamental needs (basic). Food security is too vague and open to deleterious interpretations, for instance, it can be argued  that a secure supply of hamburgers instantiates food security. Moreover, it cannot logically accomodate the importance of a balanced diet which is often not independent of one's food culture and food security. Furthermore, nutrition subsumes  safe drinking water,  and having it as its own goal rather than a subsumed one of nutrition will lead to double planning and policy confusion. It's a pity that during the whole discussion, nobody seem to find it curious that while we talk here about 'curative' or 'corrective' actions, no attention whatsoever is paid to  some preventive action. Is it so difficult to understand that bad governance, symbolic law enforcement, corruption, incompetence, discrimination, etc., etc., are merely  adverse influences on a common  mechanism however less developed it may be, while it is the mechanism itself that is responsible for those evil influences, as well as  visible social injustice in the affluent countries? How can one expect "not to leave anyone behind" by using the modern economic system which is driven by the desire for unlimited gain (lawful or otherwise), which can only be achieved by  growing sales of goods or services whether needed or not. Increased sales require increasing use of the finite resources of the planet and of course, competition. It would be a joke in questionable taste to claim this is the way forward, when it has already brought about enormous environmental degradation and its consequences, not to mention job losses, abandonment of villages, expansion of slums, etc. Economy as it is understood today has no ethical norms concerning the well-being of others or our common habitat.  I wonder why not a word has been said about the plight of millions in Mozambique and Angola, millions who squat around big cities there in incredible misery, filth and squalor while countries' GDPs shoots up up like a brace of startled pheasant. And the situation is not better in South African big cities, now the former twonships have developed huge slum satellites! One just has to take a little trip to any of those lands, of course, the sight is not as attractive as coloured graphs showing 'growth', nevertheless, they are there for anyone to see. Does nobody dare mention 'rogue aid' principally from China and india, which has wrought such misery in Angola and Mozambique?  Holism whither hast thou gone beyond lips? Lal Manavado.   From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 16 March 2016 18:27To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Diana Alarcon Discussion Moderator commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Lanre Rotimi (not verified)

Dear e-Discussion Facilitator,

We commend all contributors whose ideas and suggestions have been included in Week 3 Summary in this 2030 Agenda - Scope and Implications Theme.

This e-Discussion has Three Themes, at the time of this Post Follow Up and Review had 28 Comments; National Implementation has 187 Comments and 2030 Agenda: Scope and Implications had 120 Comments. It is ONLY in National Implementation Theme that the e-Discussion Facilitators are ACTIVE and its Facilitator from Brazil particularly Skilled in drafting appropriate follow up How questions. Is there a Link between the higher interaction in National Implementation Theme and its higher Comments Volume?

Records show that only NEHAP/ISPE/EAG set out answers to How questions and that answers intended for How questions were in reality answers to What questions and that What questions have been over-answered. It is clear that there are many Cross Cutting Issues in the Three Themes. Is there a Link between Lack of Competences to answer How questions and lower Comments Volume in Follow Up and Review Theme?

Please find attached two Focused Points Papers. We have in these two Papers which should be read together, provided clarification and information on the MASTER KEYS of How To(s) and Know How(s) at minimum certain levels required from Village to Global Stakeholders, if National Goals aligned and harmonized to Global Goals Vision Ambitions are to be achieved by 2030 Target date.

It is our hope that this submission would stimulate more interactive discussion between e-Discussion Facilitator and Participants that would enrich the 2030 Agenda - Scope and Implications component of the UNDP and UNDESA Reoprt on e-Discussion 2016 Outcome that would be presented to ECOSOC.

Best wishes

Lanre Rotimi (not verified)

Dear e-Discussion Facilitator,

Further to points made in yesterday's Post,  as the Facilitators on the Three Themes are expected to send UNDP and UNDESA Report on e-Discussion 2016 Outcome to ECOSOC that are expected to focus on action-oriented recommendations for steps and measures to close remaining gaps, meet challenges and accelerate implementation, to be taken by Governments, relevant intergovernmental bodies, mechanisms and entities of the United Nations system and other stakeholders" we wish to make the following recommendations:

  1. Promote immediate selection of One Worldwide Approach, Whole of the UN System including WBG and IMF Approach
  2. Promote immediate Shift from silos to synergy and fragmentation to Multi Stakeholder Partnership, MSP
  3. Promote Innovative Use of Science and Technology
  4. Promote Innovative Use of Monitoring and Evaluation for Result
  5. Promote Innovative Use of Finance for Development Result
  6. Promote Change and Modernization in the UN System including WBG and IMF to become Fit for the 21st Century and to become more cost effective and deliver better.
  7. Promote Attitudinal, Behavioural and Cultural Change within the UN System including WBG and IMF
  8. Immediately address the current lack of clarity with regard to an overall point of integration to synthesize and oversee the implementation effort in its entirety.
  9. Immediately address all How To(s) and Know How(s) within (1) – (8)

To DO this Stakeholders need more detailed information that we have set out in UNDP and UNDESA e-Discussion 2016 Focused Points Paper Series, Papers 1 - 4.Papers 2 and 3 have been Posted.Paper 1 is attached herewith.Also Paper 4 attached herewith, has been produced from UN Chief Executives Board fro Coordination, CEB November 2015 Summary of Conclusions.Best wishes,Lanre RotimiDirector GeneralInternational Society for Poverty Elimination /Economic Alliance Group andDirector NEHAP (New End Hunger and Poverty)

Melaku Geleta Wakjira (not verified)

Holistic to specific corruption fighting approach &strategy

By Melaku Geleta

DRR & LR Program Coordinator

UNDP Ethiopia 

Dear facilitator and Akaaash thank you very much for bringing  the issues of corruption to the seen which in fact we all have raised in our past weeks discussions at comprehensive level . I think we need to do more probing on this to deal with issues of corruption. We need to sharpen our understanding on the subject for organized and effective solutions. It is with this understanding that I am taking some steps to elaborate the challenge and a remedial action.

General Recommendation to UN and its alliances to stop corruption 2016-2030: If we are very determine to fight corruption; I suggest the UN should think as early as possible (before SDG’s implementation) on how to bring additional UN structure such as UN corruption court with global and international mandate. UN must define international bill for corruption, set international standard to measure its international impacts, code of conduct for its management, above all needs to set international accountability measures and check and balance system between governments, public sectors, private sectors , CSO’s and the UN that must be approved by UN general assembly. To me corruption is not less than genocide, international war crime, etc. I suggest this because, corrupters are taking public resources, smuggling national resources to the third country, destroy national interests & natural resources for narrow and private needs, they use this resources for further human right abuses, where women are dying needs of clean and potable water, where children are dying of malnutrition, where thousands are choosing less dignified life standard because of unemployment, poor governances. It causes civil unrest. Hence UN should think of new structure, International corruption court. We need the general assembly to be active in these areas.

In addition to what I have recommended above, the UN should provide a chance to the international organizations or CSO’s to have a role that they can play beyond conventional consultation process. As to me, these organizations should be given a defined role to fight corruption internationally and globally. I am sure this will bring additional power to the UN to stop corruption in the coming years, SDG’s 2016-2013.The system and a framework that applied on how the CSO’s play a role needs to be defined and approved by UN general assembly. The structure suggested should go down to UN country offices, but must be deigned on how to compliment the international corruption court role at global level including corruption reporting systems.

By Melaku Geleta

DRR & LR Program Coordinator

UNDP Ethiopia  

Melaku Geleta Wakjira (not verified)

The Role of the UN in SDG’s mainstreaming both at policy and implementation level.

By: Melaku Geleta

DRR & LR Program Coordinator

UNDP Ethiopia              

Dear moderator, thank you for a request for elaborations. I think, as UN we have been giving a technical supports in the past for so many years. But this time, the support from the UN to countries must go beyond giving a support for what all proposed by governments. The technical support from the UN agencies, especially in policy development and SDG’s mainstreaming should be a challenging, a facilitative and follow a mutual accountable process. I suggest these approaches because; sometimes the development policies are derived by ‘individual’s ambitions” regardless of addressing the national context, reality or priorities for which the UN must be equally accountable. Meager resources are utilized for not national priority interventions or less strategic agendas. We have to make a clear demarcation between “commercial & needy” agendas.  There are some observation that, countries with less human and financial resources are found to be the most extravagant one in using national resources for less priority programs, because of its commercial advantage regardless of its neediness. In addition to UNDAF development sessions, I suggest, the UN country offices must play a pivotal role and initiate joint priority setting sessions, through giving technical support in the areas of commissioning big researches, inviting research institutions to step in as a solution providers, injecting and trade meaningful international cooperation’s, informed policy development practices, in depth problem analysis, through giving sharpened recommendations etc. While countries prepare development policies, or implement policies, this must be considered from SDG’s mainstreaming angle. If the UN failed to provide such technical support to the countries, it is clear that less relevant policies will continue to be implemented to heal the symptom without addressing the root causes, which is not the case of SDG’s 2016-2030.

On top of the upper policy level engagements, depends up on the specific country structures, it is wise to cascade down to the subnational, regional or sub regional level the notion behind SDG’s mainstreaming. Once the policy level task is properly managed, the UN support at implementation level must be well defined and prepared as parts of SDG’s implementation and mainstreaming packages. I believe the UN could delivery on the later one as well because there are at least 1 and more than 1 UN agencies responsible to give a technical support to one of the 17 SDG’s. In these contexts, the SDG’s mainstreaming challenges would be solved at two levels (at policy and implementation levels). For the pater one the implementation package is critically important to assure to what extend the SDG’s are mainstreamed.

Melaku Geleta

DRR & LR Program Coordinator

UNDP Ethiopia              

Dr. Timothy Barker (not verified)

Hello everybody again and especially Lal Manavado,

I don't think we need to begin to think "holism" is not being considered. Systems Thinking was mentioned in these pages somewhere or perhaps I read it in the main Agenda 2030 document. Certainly Lal Manavado is keeping that perspective alive. Me too except I usually refer to it as Complexity or Complex Systems, etc. these days. Its all pretty much a similar philosohpy. For me this perspective is important for although the detail of every participant's ideas is obviously crucial to include in a truly democratic and participative manner - the whole ethos behind these forums, presumably - at the level of the UN etc. I believe we would be wise to think if we can generalise beyond the detail for transferrable lessons which can truly be applied in the spirit of the 'universal' (as much as I would like to debate that!) founding principles of the UN. Additionally, I would like to say that if we were to go down the systems/holistic/complexity path then there are tools available to help with that generalisability. Network theory I already mentioned in my previous post. It offers some rather neat tools e.g. to visualise networks. We wrote a paper on this approach to community intervention which offered insights into such modelling of social structures...Anyhow, I just wished to encourage Lal Manavado in particular that all is not quite lost just yet with regard to 'holisism'. Thanks.

Abiodun Ogundipe (not verified)

Dear Madam, Has UN implemented what he has at hands, Because I believe in actions. That is when we can have tangible things to delibrate upon. Let us know what UN has adopted first.

Effort should be made to third world countries like Africa and others especially on how to imitate the developed countries. When this is looked into, then poverty will be reduced. We can just bedelibrating on what is/are not happening

Abiodun Ogundipe from Nigeria.

Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade (not verified)

Please see my post above.  This forum is a discussion forum on the SDG's or global agenda 2030.  They were adopted in September, 2015.  A total of 17 Goals and 162 Targets.  Domestication into National Plans and Programmes is squarely the responsibility of individual governments not that of the United Nations.  Government of course needs our help to be effective.

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Another little but vital point to remember, Mr. Lejadu It is rather risky to plan the 'development' of an abstract entity like a 'country' for a very simple reason. Once you do that, your natural impulse is to 'measure' (very fashionable, makes what one does look very 'scientific') your results on a nation-wide basis. In almost every case, this measurement is in monetary and/production terms. And it is there the good old 'leaving behind the people' begins. It is so obvious; If 10% of a country's population should become multi-millionaires who own great deal more of land's resources and producion facilities while 25% of the population sinks below the poverty level,  countries economy will show an 'upswing' which is going to swing a lot of people in a less attractive way. So,  if we don't want to leave anyone behind, we have no choice but to use a method of human improvement that does not use measurable economy as its principal tool, and economic growth as its cardinal indicator.  Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 17 March 2016 22:11To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade Country President, NIGERIA from Nigeria commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Dr.Amb.Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua • President and Founder of Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation at Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation from Nigeria

Corruption is every where ,We can't fight corruption,we can only reduce corruption to make the world a better place.Dr Amb Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua President/FounderAsabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation.www.asyarf.orgAsabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation (ASYARF)www.asabeshehuyaraduafoundation.orgwww.asyarf.orginfo@asyarf.orgSkype: asyarf1On Fri, Mar 18, 2016 at 8:11 AM, <notification@unteamworks.org> wrote:

Y

Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade (not verified)

Dear Amb. Asabe, 

Agreed, corruption is everywhere.  Nevertheless, we can mitigate the negative impact of corruption on the development policy formulations and programme direction at all levels of governments.  We cannot and should not fold our arms.  Our take at KINSAF is that there is a dire need to undertake a total re-orientation of Public Officers in particular because of their entrusted responsibility for Policy Formulation, implementation and monitoring and evaluation.  If we do not see this as an effective approach to "managing" and eventually reduce the influence of corruption in national decision making process, there will be little or no achievement in the direction of development and more so in the implementation of the SDG's.

As Developing Countries, this is the direction we should be working towards if our economies would ever come close to or measure-up to more developed economies on any scale of measurement. 

In this regard, it is worthwhile to consider a CSO-Led National Public Service Award which would anchored on a reliable research and consistent and continuous training and capacity building of Public Service Personnel.  We believe that if application of Ethics, Values, Standards and Norms in public service delivery was achieved at the Public Sector level, the Private Sector would gradually conform since the latter have to operate within the Policy Environment and enablement provided by the Public Sector.

Dr.Amb.Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua • President and Founder of Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation at Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation from Nigeria

Lijadu Oyemade,If corruption can be curb,the world would be a better place.Dr Amb Asabe Shehu Yar'AduaFounder/President of Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation(ASYARF)Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation (ASYARF)www.asabeshehuyaraduafoundation.orgwww.asyarf.orginfo@asyarf.orgSkype: asyarf1On Fri, Mar 18, 2016 at 11:27 AM, <notification@unteamworks.org> wrote:

Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade (not verified)

Absolutely; we must  remain forward-looking.  Corruption will fail to defeat our efforts at development and the world will be a better place.

Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade (not verified)

Thank you Mr. Lai  Manavado,

You are very correct, in your informed suggestion that non-measurable economy be adopted as principal for creating human improvement that doesn't use measurable tool but focus on economic growth as its cardinal indicator.  

This makes so much sense particularly in regards to Deviloping Economies and Fragile States.  This I believe is the "raison d'etre" for the notion of "leave no one behind" adopted this time within the SDG's as well as the "Bottom-Up" approach to Sustainable Development which is the suggested modus of implementation.  

As is globally acknowledged, the rural populace is mostly left behind in Development Planning particularly at the stage of execution of national plans.  They are seemingly planned for but are not priority at implementation stage .  Consequently, they are the ones "left behind".  They're the ones that live without portable water supply, without motorable roads, without electricity,  without access to affordable Health Care clinics much less hospitals among other basic amenities and infrastructures that make for inclusive participation in national development and implicitely left out of the benefits of such development.  In some parts of the developing world, the rural populace remains confused as to their true nationalities and this relates particularly to the rural population in border towns.  They are mostly remembered at electioneering campaigns and election times and forgotten thereafter.  

It is also common knowledge that emphasis of National Plans in most of the developing world is oftentimes Urban Based.  Meanwhile up to 70% of the national population resides and "make their living" tilling the soil in the rural communities and up to 40% of this rural population are women tilling the soil.

Nevertheless, the challenge is not without solution.  The solution is in the effectiveness and empowerment of the multidisciplinary and multisectoral Civil Societies Organizations that operate in these rural communities.  These Civil Societies Organisations focus and emphasize human improvement but their activities are limited to the resources they can muster.  There are also Cooperative Societies that have been involved in Community activities for decades on the basis of "self-help" utilizing their own resources to change the lives of their members.  These have been recognized for the strength, Community Ownership and sustainability of their "self-help" projects.  They secure with a great deal of difficult, group guaranteed loans, for these Community Owned projects and maintenance of limited infrastructural projects and programmes.  

These groups are seen as vulnerable and ineffective in the eyes of their national governments even though they are registered by governments in their millions, but we see them as the antedote for eliminating the notion of "left behind".  

The United Nations and the Regional Economic Groupings have a duty to shine its light on these hard working Cooperative Societies whose services are selfless and get their member states to recognize them as partners.  I see partnerships between the CSO's and Governments as sine-qua-non to the successful implementation of the SDG's within National Development Plans so as to ensure the reality of  "No one is left behind".  It is time that Developing Countries and fragile states changed their approach to implementation of national plans and much more so, global agendas by giving a clear role to the Civil Society Organisations from conceptualization to implementation, monitoring and evaluation of development programmes.

Yes the SDG's17 Goals and 169 Targets may appear "ambitious" to the Developing economies of the World but they are a way of life for most living in the Developed economies of the World from where the perspective of "The World We Want" is derived.

All in all, what I'm trying to say here is that there's need for a shift in the development paradigm and this is achievable when all hands are on deck.  The platform has been created by the UN's SDG's and we are all party to it through our elected and trusted leaders of governments.

BNEIJARA (not verified)

Bonjour,

L’un des plus grands problèmes à résoudre pour la portée et l’implication concerne la coordination de l’aide. Des  du Plan d’actions nationaux pour l’efficacité de l’aide doivent être adoptés pour l’élaboration d’un dispositif intégré des financements extérieurs. Les difficultés persistent actuellement et constituent un véritable obstacle du fait de la faible intégration des flux d’aide dans le processus budgétaire, à cause de son fort taux d’imprévisibilité, ou de conditionnalités importantes au niveau de l’aide projet et la diversité des approches, parfois contradictoires, mises en œuvre au niveau des projets sur le terrain; − faible capacité de gestion de la dette ; − nombre pléthorique des unités de gestion des projets et programmes. Les défis majeurs visent l’amélioration de la prévisibilité et du contrôle de l’exécution du budget, une meilleure articulation entre les différents référentiels de développement et le renforcement des capacités de gestion de l’aide, la rationalisation de la gestion des projets et programmes. La non intégration et le manque de coordination auront des effets néfastes sur les ODD comme les OMD.

Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade (not verified)

There are certain facts we need to get right here; someone wants to know if the UN has implemented what it has on hand before they call for deliveration on other new initiatives; I suppose such as the SDG'S.  

The UN is not an implementing agency.  It generallly facilitates the deliberations leading to consensus building among its member nations regarding a policy direction that could at the end of the day be localized for purposes of implementation at the national level.  Consequently, if any country or group of countries fail to realize the objectives and goals in a convention or agenda in which they actively participated in building up to the stage of global adoption, the UN cannot be blamed as the responsibility has been passed on the each state actor to do as occassion serves them.  

Furthermore, no individual state or group of state or region can slow the rest of the world down in terms of development.  Consequently, rather than direct implementation question at the United Nations, Civil Societies Organizations have a responsibility to understand the issues to global agendas for development to which our respective Governments have undertaken with the rest of the world to adapt to national conditions in order to facilitate implementation and come up with a modus to ensure successful all-inclusive and sustainable  national implementation.  

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Happy to see an ignored fact succintly put forward. Many thanks to you for  for setting forth what is absolutely necessary to understand clearly who is entitled to do what, and what exactly is that 'what'.  Without this simple but crucial clarification there will be much ado abouth nothing. By my halidom, it is refreshing to see your comment! Lal Manavado.  From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 17 March 2016 22:11To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade Country President, Kins of Africa [KINSAF} NIGERIA from Nigeria commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Rodrigo Barriga (not verified)

¿Cómo podemos contribuir desde cada una de nuestras perspectivas con los grandes objetivos de la Agenda 2030 para el desarrollo sostenible? Indudablemente desde el Instituto Panamericano de Geografía e Historia (IPGH) y GeoSUR, se pueden realizar muchos aportes, sin embargo lo más importante y de mayor transversalidad es seguir contribuyendo en facilitar la disponibilidad de información geoespacial de calidad en las Américas, lo que está muy relacionado con los procesos para acelerar el desarrollo de la respectiva infraestructura de datos espaciales, en la cual estamos comprometidos IPGH, SIRGAS, UN GGIM Américas y GeoSUR. Si analizamos cada uno de los 17 objetivos de la Agenda 2030 y las respectivas metas, podremos ver que la información geoespacial es un elemento clave en cada una de las fases del proceso para el logro de estos objetivos, tanto del punto de vista de su implementación como también en cuanto a los procedimientos para su seguimiento y examen. La información geoespacial de calidad no solo proporciona antecedentes del territorio, sino que también, al estar combinada con datos de tipo estadístico, es un elemento relevante en el uso de indicadores de desarrollo sostenible, éstos se pueden espacializar para determinar prioridades territoriales en apoyo al cumplimiento de estos objetivos y metas. Es posible por tanto analizar con ayuda de la información geoespacial el cumplimiento de los objetivos en una amplia dimensión ambiental que abarque los aspectos territoriales tanto físicos, como sociales y de percepción del espacio geográfico. El IPGH ha estado comprometido con estos temas desde muy antaño, impulsado anualmente sus programas de asistencia técnica y de publicaciones, este año no es la excepción es así como se privilegian iniciativas que propendan a la asociatividad, tanto entre distintos países como entre diferentes especialistas que incluyan diversas áreas del conocimiento, en temas de especial relevancia como la adaptación al cambio climático, ordenamiento territorial, gestión de riesgos naturales y temas patrimoniales. Con el programa GeoSUR estamos impulsando no tan solo la difusión de los datos a través del respectivo Geoportal, sino que también contribuyendo a la creación de capacidades en diversas formas, pero muy especialmente a través de los talleres de cartografía participativa para la obtención del Mapa Integrado Panamericano , en donde hemos unido esfuerzos con CAF banco de Desarrollo de América Latina, Centro Nacional de información Geográfica de España (CNIG), Servicio Geológico de Estados Unidos (USGS) y los Institutos Geográficos de los países participantes. Otro elemento clave será el avance que logremos en el corto plazo para mejorar la gestión de los respectivos metadatos, lo que nos dará mayor certeza en cuanto al descubrimiento, calidad y linaje de los datos geográficos. Esperamos seguir contribuyendo y sumándonos decididamente a las distintas iniciativas, entendiendo que podemos contribuir a mejorar y transformar nuestro mundo, en beneficio de la preservación de la especie humana y de nuestro planeta, como también heredar un mundo mejor para nuestros descendientes.

BNEIJARA (not verified)

Bonjour,

« Principe ne laisser personne derrière ». Les 17 objectifs de développement durable que le monde annonce en début de l’année 2016 montrent combien ce nouveau Programme universel est ambitieux. Il s’inscrit dans le prolongement des objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement et vise à réaliser ce que ceux-ci n’ont pas permis de faire. Il vise aussi à réaliser les droits de l’homme pour tous, l’égalité des sexes et l’autonomisation des femmes et des filles. Intégrés et indissociables, ils concilient les trois dimensions du développement durable : économique, sociale et environnementale.

Cela ne peu se faire sans une croissance économique soutenue, inclusive et durable. Les risques de catastrophes, les changements climatiques, défavorisent le développement de plusieurs pays et demandent que soient élaborées des stratégies globales intégrées et mieux coordonnées. Ce grand projet ou Programme de développement durable dépendra de son décollage, démarrage et départ .Il doit être un programme réellement transformateur, qui s’attaque aux causes sous-jacentes des inégalités et aux sources de tensions et de conflits potentiels.

 Ces  objectifs doivent être  associés à des financements pour les soutenir, des politiques pour y parvenir, des moyens humains pour les mettre en œuvre et des indicateurs pour en évaluer les résultats. Une démarche participative multi-acteurs impliquant le gouvernement, collectivités locales, organisations de la société civile (OSC), partenaires techniques et financiers, secteur privé, travaillant tous pour une meilleure appropriation seule gage de réussite de cet engagement.

APPIAH Adou • Enseignant-chercheur at Université de Bouaké

« Principe ne laisser personne derrière ». Je pense que la première des choses consiste à se poser des questions et tenter d’y répondre par la recherche fondamentale. Il s’agit entre autres des questions suivantes :

Comment en sommes-nous arrivé là ?

Par quels mécanismes certaines personnes sont-elles restées derrière ?

Quels sont les facteurs ayant contribué à la survenu d’une telle situation ?

 

Ces quelques questions (non exhaustives) nous conduisent à faire une autopsie des programmes précédents, à identifier les réelles causes des inégalités et des disparités, à poser sans euphémisme, les réels constats et à trouver les réelles solutions.

BNEIJARA (not verified)

Bonjour,

« Principe ne laisserpersonne derrière ». Je pense que la première des choses consiste à seposer des questions et tenter d’y répondre par la recherche fondamentale. Ils’agit entre autres des questions suivantes :

Comment en sommes-nous arrivélà ?

 

Par quels mécanismes certainespersonnes sont-elles restées derrière ?

Quels sont les facteurs ayantcontribué à la survenu d’une telle situation ?

L’instabilité et le manque d’intérêtaccorder aux bénéficiaires, si nous prenons le cas de l’Afrique lesgouvernements n’accordent aucune importance aux organisations communautaires niaux communes et les partenaires sont sur les pas des premiers. Aucun guichet definancement ni sur budget Etat ni sur l’aide public au développement n’estorienté vers ces acteurs à la base. Partout nous centralisons maintenant pluset les populations sont de plus en plus exclues.

Les ODD ne seront une réalitéavant qu’ils soient portés par l’ensemble des acteurs la bonne gouvernancemondiale doit amener l’ONU a veiller en premier lieu à amener les gouvernementsles entreprises à décider ensemble. Les moyens et investissement dans les paysen développement doivent viser une amélioration l’inclusion des pauvres dans lagouvernance (communes, Organisations société civile, groupe de femme ou coopérativesféminines). Seulement en saisissant cette occasion (ODD) le monde peut mettrefin à la pauvreté extrême. Les moyens existent on doit les utiliserefficacement, il faut des politiques appropriées si non nos aspirons mourrontau « DECOLLAGE » des ODD.

En conclusion les organisations régionaleset les NU doivent aider ces organisations de la société civile locale à devenirdes vrais partenaires reconnus par les gouvernements cela est une condition de réussitede la mise en œuvre réussie des ODD et des plans nationaux de développementassurant ainsi « Personne ne soit laissé »

Le 18 mars 2016 à 23:47, <notification@unteamworks.org> a écrit :

You can post a reply on Teamworks by replying directly to this email. Text above this lin

Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade (not verified)

Cher M. Appiah,

La reponse simple a la question vous avez pose concernant comment certains ont ete laissez derriere s'agit des decennies des politiques des gouverments particulierement des pays Africains qui n'ont pas viser les besoins cles des citoyens en particulier dans les collectivites rurales.  C'est a cet effect que l'importance de souligner l'objectif principale d'inclusifment entre autres est fortement recommende.  Le changement qu'il faut, c'est de changement d'approache du planification de development au niveau du pays induviduelment at collectifment au niveau regional.   Sorry, I'm using an English keyboard and so my french comes out without accents.  Mais certainment, vous me comprennez tres bien.  Merci.

Antonio Roque (not verified)

In the future world, we all care about each other, nations and people in a dynamic wheel of intelligently and strategically sharing each others burdens, the brotherhood of humanity in a gigantic wheel of affection and balance, no one shall be left behind due to the gravity of love and shared resources that are get technologically being acquired preserving the planet. Maybe reaching the point where everyone in the planet is entitled to a very small and basic monthly salary to guarantee minimum survival, continuity, spiritual and human evolution and economical activation, unlocking an intelligent growth engine, by sovereignty enforcement or donated funds. Poverty is everywhere in this planet in rich or poor countries.

Legal and technological systems can be used to channel diplomatic, security, political, institutional and business resolutions via the UN SDG and to achieve this we would need:

1. The self-government – freedom, spirituality, self-control, sense of duty, wisdom, openness and moral from citizens.

2. The local government-supportive to NGOs

3. The regional government-countries

4. The United Nations Parliamentary system of the people for earth, space and universal affairs, en.unpacampaign.org

5. The supporting NGOs from all over the world

6. The United nations organizations

7. The United Nations – for the nations

8. Supporting groups of countries by their status:

– G20

– Fragile state groups

– BRICS

– Commercial state groups

–         And others…

 

The UN with the SDG is able to ensure balanced policy coherence by diversity and understanding strategic country needs as a pickup for future progress and frame, each country and UN organisation with a specific studied case of integration of the SDG.

The United nations and each of the UN organisations would present and negotiate a designed program with each government under the SDG. What are the most important SDG to that country? How can we integrate the SDG in a win-win situation; key pickup points are important to value and integrate the SDG program.

The UN could also operate a quantum computer ex:www.dwavesys.com to analyse and monitor trade, data from several sources for example analysing the traffic of commodities like in a traffic light system, monitoring the progress of the SDG worldwide by all the sources etc… having more efficient view and transparency of what is happening.

 

Country integration should be done by jointly UN, UN organisations and governments work together side by side to understand the main key points of action and the main key SDG more important to that country; the country would nominate some body or person to lead the negotiations and create this joint project and study. Starting by a proposal from the UN. Probably the UN could have a representative in the parliament of that country.

Exchanging and communicating via a cloud platform with video, chat, messaging, documents exchange etc..

The program for the types of country would have to be deeply analyzed having all factors in case, economical development, levels of poverty, technological awareness, cultural and spiritual orientation, environmental and industrial progress etc…studies have to be made and global opinions have to be collected and final decisions with countries for joint project development to target local areas have to be made.

 

At local level the UN would have to have in reference the government to work with the local private and public organisations of the country, the NGOs and ECOSOC NGOS would be able to help and integrate as well and and this local organisations are the ones that should report progress directly to the UN with the government awareness.

All this can be done with joint government development and diplomacy, creating and integrating the needs of the country with SDG, getting reports and monitoring with local private-public organizations, creating awareness campaigns to the people and using technologically quantum computing power, cloud solutions and platforms 

www.wapo-int.org

wapohq@gmail.com

Henry Nnadozie Ekwuruke • Executive Director and Chief Consultant at Development Generation Africa International from Nigeria

Nigeria is our country. We want it's prosperity and the UN can help us as we help each other.

If the UN Development System stands ready to assist Nigeria to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and our other national priorities. We thank the UN and urge them to respect and encourage national ownership of the processes "time is greater than space", what does Nigeria need and what is our national capacity, UNDP should help us. Our efforts must be flexible to adapt to Nigeria's contexts, particularly our struggle with insecurity and consumption and production as well as energy poverty!

We need to understand our issues and engage the 'real'people for impact. Involve the civil society,involve women and youths. Everyone's insight will be highly needed like never before! Thank you.

Tokunbo Lijadu-Oyemade (not verified)

Dear Henry, 

The United Nations Development System had in the early 90's put all Developing Countries including Nigeria "in the Driver's seat" of Development Cooperation.  In this regard, the UN only assisted in areas that have been prioriticized in Nigeria's National Development Plan...  They stopped trying to replicate development programmes that had worked in a country like Ghana, Benin etc.  

Nevertheless, Development Assistance require that the recepient government "gets its priorities right" and also not engage in "moving the goal post during the game" which can derail a project during implementation.  All Development Aid require a committment on the part of the recepient government in terms of "Counterpart Contributions" that will enable the recepient draw down on External Aid Resources.  Lets face it, this aspect constitutes a major challenge to Nigeria enjoying Development Aid and is the bane of project failures and implicitely slows down Aid flows.  

As much as we need the assistance of the UNDS, we need to be alive to the corresponding responsibility at the national level on which hinges successful project implementation.

As regards the country's needs, only Nigeria can identify its development needs by sector.  The UN is headquartered in New York and its executing agencies in various countries of the World.  Counsequently, they can only rely on data emanating from Nigeria's own Development Needs Assessment.

The change for better implementation of the SDG's therefore must of necessicity begin from home before we invite the International Community to play their role alongside our efforts.

Jordi Baltà (not verified)

A fundamental step for ensuring that the implementation of the 2030 Agenda ‘leaves no one behind’ lies in the active involvement of local communities both in consultations leading to the design of relevant sustainable development strategies and programmes and in subsequent implementation activities. The ‘localisation’ of the SDGs, including the active involvement of local governments and civil society organisations, should be an essential step for the ownership of the 2030 Agenda, its implementation and its results.

 

The integration of a cultural dimension in these processes, in line with the 2030 Agenda’s assertion that ‘all cultures and civilizations can contribute to, and are crucial enablers of, sustainable development’, should be a key condition in the design and implementation of strategies. In order to leave no-one behind, knowledge existing in civil society organisations and cultural communities, including minorities and vulnerable groups, should be integrated in the process, and particular attention should be paid to cultural diversity throughout the process. Creative ways of engaging with diverse communities should be sought – an involvement of artists and cultural organisations in this process could provide useful ideas in this respect.

Ilia Stambler

The SDG should include a stronger emphasis on biomedical research and therapy for older persons!! Thus, the Sustainable Development Goal - SDG 3 “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages” mandates: “By 2030, reduce by one third *premature* mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment” (3.4). This implies that ”mature” mortality is somehow acceptable… This clause omits or does not explicitly mention the aged and the processes of aging underlying non-communicable diseases. The formulation “for all ages” makes the specific issue of aging seem unimportant.

 

Moreover, the SDG3 Clause 3.b mandates that the global community should “Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines”. Apparently this diminishes the support for research of aging-related diseases that presumably mainly affect the “developed” (a.k.a “high income”) countries. This implies both that the aging-related diseases of the developed countries are not a research priority and that those diseases are irrelevant for the “developing” (“low income”) countries. But in fact, in the “developing countries” aging-related diseases are on the rise and constitute the largest incidence in absolute terms. The need to research and treat aging-related diseases needs to be emphasized both for the developed and developing countries!

Lauri Przybysz • from United States

The International Confederation of Christian Family Movements agree with the moderator’s statement: “Strengthening support systems is also an important aspect that we should consider.” The Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals document fails to recognize a crucial support system: the family and their faith-based communities.  First, family: The partnership of a man and a woman in marriage, and their extended family support system, must be encouraged and respected in any development that is sustainable.  Sustainable development begins with a strong family system. Second, the faith based community:  Personal formation in moral behaviors is guided by religions in the world. Support for free expression of religion needs to be included in the Sustainable Development Goals. When people are free to practice their religion, society benefits. Family systems, particularly those based on marriage, and religious institutions are key elements in all development contexts. States and other secular institutions should make common cause with them.

Diana Alarcon • Chief of the Development Strategy and Policy Unit, UNDESA at UNDESA from United States Moderator

Week 3: 14-20 March 2016

Discussion Summary

 

I would like to thank everyone for their continued contributions. I look forward to hearing more from you during the final week of the discussion.

 

Below is a summary of the key points made during the third week of discussion:

 

How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.)?

 

How can one expect "not to leave anyone behind" by using the modern economic system, which is driven by profitability that can only be achieved by growing sales of goods or services? Increased sales require increasing use of the finite resources of the planet. This system has already brought about enormous environmental degradation and its consequences, not to mention job losses, abandonment of villages, expansion of slums, etc. Economy as it is understood today has no ethical norms concerning the well-being of others or the environment. So, there is no choice but to use a method of human improvement that does not use measurable economy as its principal tool, and economic growth as its cardinal indicator.

 

In the future world, everyone cares about each other, nations and people in a dynamic wheel of intelligently and strategically sharing each other’s burdens, the brotherhood of humanity in a gigantic wheel of affection and balance, no one shall be left behind due to the gravity of love and shared technological resources that help in preserving the planet. Everyone on the planet is entitled to a very small and basic monthly salary to guarantee minimum survival, continuity, spiritual and human evolution and economical activation; unlocking an intelligent growth engine.

 

Legal and technological systems can be used to channel diplomatic, security-related, political, institutional and business resolutions via the UN SDG and to achieve this the following would be needed:

 

1. The self-government – freedom, spirituality, self-control, sense of duty, wisdom, openness and moral from citizens;

2. The local government-supportive to NGOs;

3. The regional government;

4. The United Nations Parliamentary system of the people for earth, space and universal affairs, en.unpacampaign.org;

5. The supporting NGOs from all over the world;

6. The United Nations and its specialized agencies; and

7. Supporting groups of countries by their status (G20, Fragile state groups, BRICS, etc.).

 

The principle of "leave no one behind" is unlikely to happen without sustained economic growth that is inclusive and sustainable. Disaster risks and climate change hinder the development of many countries and call for the development of integrated global strategies that are better coordinated. It must be a truly transformative agenda that tackles the underlying causes of inequality and sources of tension and potential conflict. These objectives should be combined with funding to support, policies to achieve this, human resources for implementation and indicators to assess results. A participatory approach involving multi-stakeholders the government, local authorities, civil society organizations (CSOs), technical and financial partners, private sector, all working for greater ownership only guarantee of success of this undertaking. On the principle of "leave no one behind," the first step is to ask questions and try to answer the following questions: 1) How did we get here?2) What mechanisms are keeping some people behind?3) What factors have contributed to the occurring of such a situation? These questions (not exhaustive) lead us to do an autopsy of previous programs, to identify the real causes of inequalities and disparities, to make actual observations and find real solutions. 

No individual state or group of state or region can slow the rest of the world down in terms of development.  Consequently, Civil Societies Organizations have a responsibility to understand the issues to global agendas for development to which the respective Governments have undertaken with the rest of the world to adapt to national conditions in order to facilitate implementation and come up with a modus to ensure successful all-inclusive and sustainable national implementation.

 

As is globally acknowledged, the rural populace is mostly left behind in Development Planning particularly at the stage of execution of national plans.  They are seemingly planned for but are not a priority at the implementation stage.  It is also common knowledge that emphasis of National Plans in most of the developing world is oftentimes Urban Based, despite the fact that up to 70% of the national population resides and "makes their living" tilling the soil in the rural communities and up to 40% of this rural population are women tilling the soil. The solution is in the effectiveness and empowerment of the multidisciplinary and multi-sectoral Civil Societies Organizations that operate in these rural communities. It is time that Developing Countries and fragile states changed their approach to implementation of national plans and much more so, global agendas by giving a clear role to the Civil Society Organizations from conceptualization to implementation, monitoring and evaluation of development programmes.

 

Data, communication and transformation of complex and foreign frameworks that become part of the institutional field became a sine qua non way for inclusion of an unequal society of a three tier federated republic of a diversity of cultural traits.  Governability requires data and many people are now used to mobile applications, lacking a low cost broad band access. ITC could help closing data gaps and distances, as well as cost saving (travel and per diem for consultancies) or allowing distance learning in an international partnership of universities in UK and other countries.  UN could support funding for international capacity building through distance learning in a network of institutions, because the need is there, the will is restricted and the ICT solutions are available. However, technology often reduces the number of available jobs, and for a less affluent country with high unemployment, this could have disastrous consequences.

 

In order to tackle the problem of corruption and national priorities that put spending on other sectors (defense) ahead of development, capacity building for policy-makers (e.g. Life Cycle Assessment and eco-design for urban solutions), monitoring and transparency in the use of funds are necessary.

 

There is a need for eliminating poverty among marginalized groups, including indigenous communities and the poor, especially in rural areas where most people rely on agriculture for income. Further development plans must make economic opportunities available for a greater portion of the population, including marginalized groups, ethnic groups, by creating jobs, promote human rights and justice for all, provide education, promote good governance and democracy, fight corruption, increase transparency and accountability among service providers, promote participation of women in leadership positions and decision making bodies, obey rule of the law, increase food security, improve infrastructure, combat climate change, increase social services and support local production, increase budgetary allocations in the priority sectors of education, health, water and sanitation and poverty reduction, which provide the basic needs for the poor and the marginalized.

 

The principle of 'leave no one behind' is not only applicable to 700+ billion people, but to millions of species including eukaryotes, insects, plants, arachnids, mushrooms, mollusca, algae, Protozoa, crustaceans, other invertebrates and vertebrates, the ecosystem that sustains the ecologic and economic activities that helps to keep moving all the human made systems.

 

At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?

 

The UN with the SDG is able to ensure balanced policy coherence by diversity and understanding strategic country needs as a pickup for future progress and frame, each country and UN organization with a specific studied case of integration of the SDG. The United Nations and each of the UN organizations would present and negotiate a designed program with each government under the SDG. What are the most important SDGs for that country? How can the SDGs be integrated in a win-win situation; key pickup points are important to prioritize and integrate the SDG program. The UN could analyze and monitor trade and other data from several sources to ensure efficiency and transparency in the worldwide monitoring process.

 

At the International level, the challenges of ensuring coherence of Sustainable Development among the Nations include embargoes and economic, political and social sanctions, terrorism and corruption. The onus is on the shoulders of the Developed Countries to help the Developing and Least Developed Countries in coordinating, formulating and implementing economic policies in line with the International best practice of ensuring leave no one behind. Any policy programmes of the Developing and Least Developed Countries without the backing or help of the Developed Countries, the policy will not see the light of the day. In line with this argument, the Developing and Least Developed Countries should be ready to deal with the realities on the ground. As the Developed Countries has a part to play, also the Developing and Least Developed Countries have an even greater role to play.

 

How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?

 

If the UN Development System stands ready to assist countries to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and our other national priorities, it must respect and encourage national ownership of the processes.  In particular, UNDP could help in identifying what the countries need and what their national capacities are. The efforts must be flexible to adapt to country contexts, including insecurity as well as energy poverty. There needs to be a better understanding of the key issues and relevant stakeholders, including civil society, women and youths need to be engaged.

 

Country integration should be done jointly by the UN, UN organizations and governments working together side by side to understand the key points of action and the key SDGs for that country; the country would nominate some body or person to lead the negotiations and create this joint project and study, starting with a proposal from the UN. The UN could have a representative in the parliament of that country. Exchanges and communication could be done via a cloud platform with video, chat, messaging, documents exchange etc. The program for the types of country would have to be deeply analyzed including factors such as economic development, levels of poverty, technological awareness, cultural and spiritual orientation, environmental and industrial progress etc. Studies have to be made and global opinions have to be collected and final decisions with countries for joint project development to target local areas have to be made. At local level the government must work with the local private and public organizations of the country.  The NGOs would be able to help and integrate as well as report progress directly to the UN with the awareness of the government. All this can be done with joint government development and diplomacy, creating and integrating the needs of the country with SDG, getting reports and monitoring with local private-public organizations, creating awareness campaigns for the people and using cloud solutions and platforms.

 

One of the biggest problems to solve for the scope and implication concerns the coordination of aid. The Plan of National Action for the effectiveness of aid must be adopted for the development of an integrated system of external financing. The difficulties currently persist and constitute a real obstacle because of poor integration of aid flows in the budget process, because of its high level of unpredictability, or major conditionalities of project aid and diverse approaches, which are sometimes contradictory, implemented at the level of field projects; - Low debt management capacity; - Plethora of project and program management units. The major challenges aimed at improving the predictability and control of budget execution, better coordination between the different standards of development and strengthening of aid management capabilities, streamlined management of projects and programs. Non-integration and lack of coordination have adverse effects on SDGs as the MDGs.

 

The UN has been providing technical support for many years. But this time, the support from the UN to countries must go beyond giving a support for what has been proposed by governments. The technical support from the UN agencies, especially in policy development and SDG’s mainstreaming should be challenging, facilitative and follow a mutual accountability process. In addition to UNDAF development sessions, the UN country offices must play a pivotal role and initiate joint priority setting sessions, through giving technical support in the areas of commissioning big researches, inviting research institutions to step in as a solution providers, injecting and trade meaningful international cooperation’s, informed policy development practices, in depth problem analysis, through giving sharpened recommendations etc. While countries prepare development policies, or implement policies, this must be considered from SDG’s mainstreaming angle. If the UN failed to provide such technical support to the countries, it is clear that less relevant policies will continue to be implemented to heal the symptom without addressing the root causes, which is not the case of SDG’s 2016-2030.

 

The SDGs should be mainstreamed to the subnational, regional or sub regional levels. Once the policy level task is properly managed, the UN support at implementation level must be well defined and prepared as part of SDG’s implementation and mainstreaming packages. There is at least one UN agency responsible to give a technical support to each of the 17 SDG’s. In this context, the SDG’s mainstreaming challenges would be solved at two levels (at the policy and implementation levels). For the latter one the implementation package is critically important to assure to what extent the SDG’s are mainstreamed.

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Thank you for the thoughtful moderation, I am delighted to see such progression in these dialogues.

This following priority, I will address in the list below:

The role of civil society groups, especially those engage women and youth, was noted by participants as key in advancing the implementation agenda and in monitoring its progress through participatory monitoring.

As civil society groups, it is our responsibility to provide what we can, with what we have, in standing in solidarity to effectively assist the 2030 objectives. We are effectively providing the following solutions:

Priority of peace as the only goal, education in harmony with nature, with core principles of Mr. Claes Nobel's Declaration of Earth Ethics' http://www.unitedearth.us/earth-ethics

- Civic Engagement; discussion, polling, needs, etc

- Peace Education, university global alliance

- Peace Zones, university 50 mile radius peace zone

- Peace Departments and initatives, database

- Alternative Commerce Model, in harmony with nature

We have the ability to provide the technology for civic engagement, data resources and establish a data base of peace ministries and projects. We began in the US, but we plan to provide it through out global university alliance as peace education.

- Civic Engagenement:  Utilizing the largest, and oldest global civic engagement platform (formerly AmericaSpeaks) now OneCounts, we are beginning national civic engagement for the US election dialogues. We are set up in over 200 countries, so as we move forward, we plan to begin offering the platform to additional countries for global civic engagement, specifically women round table discussions. It is currently used by the White House in a text and talk version for mental health dialogue (has been used by the UN, as well as the World Economic Forum. etc in varying ways). Civic engagement, particularly with those voices disenfranchises, women, girls, children, homeless, refugees. We feel this will bridge much of the gap, of voices being left out of the discussions, and empower them to become involved, inspiring positive social change and response ability.

- Peace Education: World Peace One (WP1), a universal peace initiative of Claes Nobel, patriarch of the Nobel Peace Prize family, whose vision is earth ethic eduation. We have aligned with UCLA Extension, their global university alliance (3000 global universities) and WP1 began effectively working with Universities to assist and address the refugee crisis, by providing this virtual online education assistance during displacement. WP1 includes many former LiveAid producers, so the initiative are peace concerts fund raisers, driving the initiative and providing our own funding source, for solutions. We have been working with Los Angeles City for appx five (5) years, and in this partnership we are working with the Mayors office and UCLA, we have six (6) vacant city blocks the Mayors office identified for us (transportation convenient) in disenfranchised innercity communities, to begin realizing this goal locally within our own city, and as a baseline, for other locations who may want to begin utilizing the infrastructure, experience and assistance we may be able to provide. With the refugees, we are working with the UN High Commission on Refugees in Jordan and Uganda, at the moment. The name of the WP1 Education initiative is 'ForgottenPeople.'

- Peace zones, university 50 mile radius peace zone: I have established a base protocol of what it means to be a 'peace broadcast' along with a 50 mile radius peace zone recommended around universities (millennials). By broadcasting the UN's peace initiatives for six (6) years (World Peace Day, Earth Day, Water Day, etc) and all evolutionary best practices and solutions, I began defining 'what exactly is a peace broadcast,' transmedia my specialty (I have also set up transmedia platforms in conflict zones). So we can begin offering silenced voices 'Forgotten People' (particularly women) in conflict zones, who are experiencing retaliation for sharing what they witness and what they deem would be appropriate remedies in achieving the goals of "No One Left Behind." 

- Peace departments and initiatives, database: The primary women lead on our team, our chief knowledge architect is one of the top global women in data and tech. Since broadcasting peace initiatives is my specialty, we began with that baseline along with her data expertise in curating the additional data. We have begun a data base of nations with Department of Peace Ministries, stakeholders leading peace, Interfaith Leaders and projects; to assist in bridging this gap, to begin supporting those disenfranchised by inspiring nations with peace as the goal. and providing a database of coordinated efforts, timelines, calendar of events, etc. What we focus on expands, so this is our only aim, peace, and how can we get from here to effectively realizing the 2030 SDG's.

- Alternative commerce model, in harmony with nature: we realized early on broadcasting peace projects, initiatives and also conflict zones, it was the elegant solution, 'portal' for providing needs assessment in intake/redistributing aid effort, resources, skills, talent, etc. and have provided this architecture to a new commerce model, in harmony with nature. Many North American indigenous tribal leaders currently have pledged land assets into, a Mother Earth Trust, as a new financial tool/solution. This model is already providing basic monthly income to members and attracting many additional tribal leaders, as a solution for honoring their own ethics, while providing them with an alternative platform of sharing and caring for one another.

The above are how we are bridging the forgotten people so that no one is left behind. Together, we believe we can make a difference, by simply continuing to show up with what we have, in a manner that effectively matters. 

I look forward to this continued involvement, and in providing what we can do to assist this transition, for local to global good, for all!

We have along way to go, but we are making progress, and we are simply an NGO. This virtual online forum has made a volume of difference assisting our participating, thank you!

Thank you all for your dedication and passion, in making the world a better place, for all!

Culture of Peace broadcast http://www.UnifyEvolution.info

World Peace One http://www.WP1.tv Peace initiative of Mr. Claes Nobel & Live Aid Producers

WP1 Forgotten People Campaign http://forgottenpeople.worldpeaceone.com

Every One Counts, Civic Engagement platform http://www.OneCounts.com

Mother Earth Trust, Earth Dollar http://MotherEarthTrust.com/home/

Stephanie (not verified)

Thank you for your thoughtful response, Lisa Clapier.  I want to concentrate on alternative commerce model, in harmony with nature.  "No one left behind" and creating an alternative model in harmony with nature must be about not a return to natural human settlements (communities) but a new natural community where meaningful livelihoods are a core ingredient in the building of that community.  There is something wrong with meaningless unemployment itself.  We can see the results of meaningless employment or chronic unemployment in Muslim neighborhoods in Brussels, to chronic unemployment and underemployment in so many countries in Europe and in the U.S. and the Middle East, and Africa, and in Asia including in China.  To get to an alternative commercial model in harmony with nature we need communities to become valued again and the idea of working for the good of the community to become a conscious principle of living wisely.   In nature, such as a pack of wolves, every wolf has a meaningful job.  Cubs are taught from the beginning to work together so that the pack becomes a team.   Today we can only get a sustainable community if everyone wants to work together.  Communities need to count for something wholesome in the lives of the individual members.  How do we get there?Communities need to make sure that their residents want to live there. We are about to see the start of a whole new economic job creating model.  Jobs that mean something to the individual and also help the community become sustainable, safe, prosperous, collaborative, connected to nature, community and to the global SDG 2030 goals.   To achieve this communities can come together and design the indicators they actually want and then start making these happen.  Education in schools and in the community can become the change agent. Stephanie TanseyCreative Educators International NetworkI realized early on broadcasting peace projects, initiatives and also conflict zones, it was the elegant solution, 'portal' for providing needs assessment in intake/redistributing aid effort, resources, skills, talent, etc. and have provided this architecture to a new commerce model, in harmony with nature. Many North American indigenous tribal leaders currently have pledged land assets into, a Mother Earth Trust, as a new financial tool/solution. This model is already providing basic monthly income to members and attracting many additional tribal leaders, as a solution for honoring their own ethics, while providing them with an alternative platform of sharing and caring for one another.Stephanie B. TanseyCreative Educators International Networkcein2030@gmail.comUS: 202-341-9784On Thu, Mar 24, 2016 at 2:41 PM, <notification@unteamworks.org> wrote:

You can post a repl

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Yes, very insightful Stephanie... we aren't saying we have all the answers, but we are using indigenous wisdoms and counsel from economic experts, towards a model that provides basic needs be met for or everyone. An easy way to look at it is this, Mother Nature gifts everything required for life, free. Instead of harvesting that by a few, and monetizing it for everyone to utilize, at the expense of our host planet (we have no plan(et) B) how can we model nature. By sharing what we have to share, gift, which includes natural talents every community member has, some greater some less, but the value doesn't vary (we aren't measuring GDP) every since person has the same value. This is a model I have been living professionally for many years, and there is a synergy that occurs, measurable results, a cohesiveness naturally occurs, just like the tree soaks up the sun, it is autonomous. When we simply take response ability for our 360degree living environment (see a piece of trash pick it up, see a child fall on their bike stop to assist, etc)  it is based on the honor system, everyone has value to contribute in a community, everyone a cell of the greater body. The commitment is simply this, you pledge to gift what you can, to who you can! It's simple and remarkable to witness. And a value within the individual, empathy grows, common bonds are created, nurtured and thrive!

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Yes, very insightful Stephanie... we aren't saying we have all the answers, but we are using indigenous wisdoms and counsel from economic experts, towards a model that provides basic needs be met for those who want to participate. The beautiful aspect is this doesn't make any current economic systems wrong, and are mutually supportive... a social experiment. An easy way to look at it is this, Mother Nature gifts everything required for life, free. Instead of harvesting our natural non-renewable resources by a few, and monetizing it for everyone to utilize, at the expense of our host planet (we have no plan(et) B) how can we model nature. By sharing what we have to share, gift, care... which includes natural talents every community member has, some greater some less, but the value doesn't vary (we aren't measuring GDP) every since person has the same value. This is a model I have been living professionally for many years, and there is a synergy that occurs, measurable results, a cohesiveness naturally occurs, just like the tree soaks up the sun, it is autonomous. When we simply take response ability for our 360degree living environment (see a piece of trash pick it up, see a child fall on their bike stop to assist, etc)  it is based on the honor system, everyone has value to contribute in a community, everyone a cell of the greater body. The commitment is simply this: you pledge to gift what you can, to who you can! It's simple and remarkable to witness. And a value within the individual, empathy grows, common bonds are created, nurtured and individuals, familes, and communities thrive. This also takes away duality and competitiveness in many ways. Our core family units are suffering and in the US our family court systems is still a right/wrong system, which results in every child losing. How can we be in support of those in need, instead of judging their scenario, environment, disability, etc. In other words, it doesn't matter how they got there, what matters is our ability treat them the way we would want to be treated. The golden rule, is still the best model, for thriving relationships, which spiral out. The national governence then receives the benefit of this (social welfare costs goes down, social justice needs decree, etc). How can we be stewards of life!

luiz gama • Permanent Representative at HOCUS PHOCUS HOLOS - economic institute of environment preservation from Brazil

Hello Stephanie.

I´ve just read your answer to a comment, when the matter of unemployment faces stress out points, in which the actual productive system can hardly present a solution in  therms of job offer, even in it´s best days! Imean, industrial job is not an instrument of whealth distribuition anymore, in fact, the industrial system will face have transformations in therms of adaptations to a new set of rules to come in a new cenarium of natural resoucers conservation, and technological advance, which will minimize job offer. So, i am calling the attention, as an economist, to the new aspects welcome by the Steady State Theory, set, meanfull political economical thought, predicting zero GNP in therms of accumulation, nevertheless, helping a wellfare state only to progress inside less developed countries, like in Health, Education, Sanitation. One can predict that a huge amont of richness will remain under use in the markets world wide, now it´s the time that international agencies redirect those capitals to new targets, profit over profit over profit over profit is not an option anymore! This capital has to make people happy by not starving, not suffering from sexual abuse, not suffering from have to live the homeland because terrorist groups, so on.

Leisure time in a society that is not driven to profit anymore, but to cultivate time intensive activities like taking care of the family, or to help the elderlies of your neiborhood. The Steady State Theory Brings it all. Thank you.

Felipe 

Rob Wheeler

Stephanie and all, 

 

Thank you for sharing your thoughts about developing an alternative commerce model, in harmony with nature, in local communities. I have represented the Global Ecovillage Network at the UN for the past 15 years and have participated in most of it’s sustainable development fora during that time. In the process I became acutely aware of the very large number of people living in rural communities or areas  and in impoverished or informal urban settlements that face multiple challenges and lack access to a number of basic services. Most of those facing extreme poverty live in such circumstances with a large number of them depending upon subsistence agriculture or informal employment. 

 

I have become convinced that the best way to provide employment opportunities for these people would be to engage them in transitioning to more sustainable ways of doing things in their own community. In fact given the extent to which most of the ways that we do things are still done in at least a somewhat un-sustainable manner, this would be if not the only, than certainly one of the best, means of creating real wealth. 

 

It is also one of the main, if not only, things that will pay for itself, because if things are done in an unsustainable manner than additional monies must be spent to correct the imbalances or unsustainability later. Living in harmony with nature is thus a pre-requisite for sustainability along with creating a regenerative economy, restoring the natural environment, replenishing soil health, adopting biological waste processes and eliminating wastes, and phasing our or eliminating the use of toxic substances, etc. 

 

Ecovillage communities around the globe are demonstrating how most of these things can be done and quite effectively. I helped to put together a web section on the Global Ecovillage Network website for COP21 in Paris giving many examples for how we can do these types of things as well. This is a model that needs to be replicated and scaled up around the globe as a part of the 2030 Agenda and SDGs process in order to meet people’s basic needs and fulfill the SDGs. See: www.ecovillage.org/cop21 and http://ecovillage.org/node/5998

 

The Global Ecovillage Network (GEN) is developing a Pan African ecovillage development program based upon the many models and examples throughout Africa that have been created in local communities. We then hope to expand this program and model to the global level. We have developed an Ecovillage Design Education Curriculum in partnership with GAIA Education and offer training programs in its usage in more than 30 countries around the globe. See: http://www.gaiaeducation.org It will be used extensively in our Pan African program to help rural villages and other small and informal communities adopt more sustainable practices, acquire the skills and resources needed to be able to meet their basic human needs, to restore soil health and increase agricultural productivity, and reverse global warming, etc. 

 

If the international community is willing to support and invest in such an approach and provide the basic resources needed for initial development, then there is no reason that people cannot be paid and make their living while helping us all transition to sustainable lifestyles and create sustainable communities. 

 

In Chololo Ecovillage community in Tanzania, as a part of a climate mitigation and adaptation program funded by the EU, they adopted 26 different interventions within various sectors of community life. They doubled agricultural productivity in just a few years and achieved many of the other goals listed above. Many of such interventions can more than pay for themselves over the medium to long term, if not sooner. See: http://chololoecovillage.wordpress.com

 

In other countries in Southern African we are working with the Regional Schools and Colleges Permaculture (ReSCOPE) Programme which works in schools and with students to regreen the natural environment where the schools are located. Produce that the children grow is sold in the local community. Soil health is restored along with biodiversity. And the students learn about a permaculture approach to sustainable development. As you say Stephanie, “Education in schools and in the community can become the change agent.” See: www.seedingschools.org

 

We invite the United Nations and the international community to join us in developing and spreading this model of development which has been proven in thousands of ecovillage communities around the world to really work wonderfully. 

 

Thank you,

 

Rob Wheeler

GEN UN Representative

1-717-264-0957

skype: robineagle333

rob.wheeler@ecovillage.org

john r bell (not verified)

Very nice Rob,  EcoVillage Network is sounding more viable than some of the other responses. In Guatemala, we have formed something very much like that with persons living with a disability, I encourage you to take a look at our model, of social and economic change, including the way we treat and care for our environment. I look forward to looking at the work you are doing in this area, after 24 years in Guatemala, I am convinced that social change and economic improvement and viability is possible, even under the most difficult circumstances, such as those that plague us in Guatemala, one of the most violent countries in the world.<

john r bell (not verified)

These are all vital concerns to all of us, and need to be addressed.  I still come back to the question of where do we stand, or sit as the case may be on the issue of persons living with a disability. To ensure full sustainability and inclusiveness, today and in the future this must to taken into serious consideration. So much of the discussion leaves out this issue, it is not a separate concern. On the very contrary, it is a key component of each of the discussion areas being addressed. For those not involved directly or even indirectly with issues related to disabilities, it is often seen as a separate concern. When we talk about gender equality, where do woman living with a disability come into play, although as we know, disability is blind to gender.John BellTransitions Foundation of Guatemalawww.transitionsfoundation.orgEmail: john@transitionsfoundation.orgLike and Follow us on FacebookOn Thu, Mar 24, 2016 at 2:41 PM, <notification@unteamworks.org> wrote:

Yo

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Agreed John,  continuing these dialogues with empathy, listening, considering ways for inclusivity, in a colloberative innovative way, is how we realize the effective shift, insuring individual value, dignity ensured, and worth honored, for everyone. Everyone has a unique contribution, which cannot be measured in economics, yet systems tend to measure them, it takes a village... looking at it as 'stewardship,' and continuing to show up!

Thank you for keeping this point on the fore front, if it doesn't work for the least of us, it doesn't work in the end!

john r bell (not verified)

At Transitions, we take a holistic perspective on “health” and recognize the myriad social factors that promote and/or impede the welfare of Guatemalans with disabilities. Thus, we believe health to mean more than merely the absence of disease or infirmity, but believe health to be a state of physical, mental and social wellbeing. In this vein, Transitions advocates for the rights and social inclusion of Guatemalans with disabilities by not only focusing on health promotion in the conventional sense, but by also providing access to social development programs, mobility equipment and opportunities for independent living that promote human dignity and inclusivity, no one wants to be left behind.

Paul Shaw (not verified)

ROAD MAP to  effective implementation of Agenda 2030 in RURAL AFRICAN COMMUNITIE S                                        

 

 

“This is the people’s agenda, a plan of action for ending poverty in all its dimensions, irreversibly, everywhere, and leaving no one behind”  Ban Ki-Moon.

 

The adoption of the Agenda 2030 in September 2015 by the United Nations (UN), represented a firm commitment by the world leaders and UN member states to address the most challenging issues facing the world- poverty inequality and climate change.

 

Agenda 2030 is expected to influence the course of the history of humanity in the next fifteen years.  It is  a people’s focused agenda formed on the basis of ‘leave no one behind’  - the Goals will not be complete until all people have equal opportunities including the most marginalized, youth, women and children in society.

 

The implementation of the SDGs will require the participation of people from all sectors of society  - state, civil society, education and private sector. Civil Society Organisations have a critical role to play in implementation of  the agenda. Among other things, CSO’s can work with the state to integrate the SDGs with national development plans, formulating policies,  resource allocation and  monitoring and follow up. 

 

In the first phase of the implementation of the Agenda 2030, to make sure that the agenda takes root at a local level, we ask each African country’s government and its leaders the following questions:-.

 

      Will you develop a clear strategy on how the SDGs will be implemented?

      Will the process be inclusive and participatory?

      Will future spending reviews ensure a coherent cross-department SDGs delivery?

      Will a Government Minister be appointed for day-to-day responsibility of the SDGs?

      Will you allow and support progress to be independently reviewed by academia, business and civil society?

 

“We are resolved to free the human race within this generation from the tyranny of poverty and want”  SDG statement by world leaders.

 

Social Inclusion is a key tenet of Sustainable Development yet rural communities have been left behind in development terms through a complex mix of social, political, technological, economic and environmental factors - it will be very challenging to implement the SDGs in these communities. Just a few months into the start of the SDG implementation period there are questions about how to localise theses gaols to community level – how do you measure progress in these communities and how do you converge country-specific national development priorities and programs and Agenda 2063 and agenda 2030? This roadmap believes that if the communities themselves are made aware of Agenda 2030 along with national  development plans, they would be best placed to drive effective implementation of SDG development in their community.  This primary issue of empowerment needs to be addressed before anything else. How do you empower rural communities to drive  Agenda  2030?

 

The Network of African Youths for Development (NAYD) has members throughout Africa active in rural community development many of whom are youth leaders of Community Based Organisations (CBOs). Whilst an individual CBO’s scope of development is restricted to a small number of communities in each country, the NAYD network stretches to many locations throughout the continent.  This roadmap believes that encouraging CBOs to work together and share their networks with each other would substantially increase the impact in rural community development. With this in mind this roadmap has developed the following Mission:-

 

‘Our mission is to empower African rural communities  to drive the  implementation   UN Sustainable Development Goals through youth-led collaborative initiative  that informs effective  implementation , monitoring  and follow-up and, and advocacy campaigns”

 

The mission and will be achieved by the following objectives:-

 

      Building   Social movement by forming network of gender balanced, committed, and country focused teamsSupporting co-operation and partnerships in implementing SDGs in rural communities.

      Identifying community/country based SDG priorities according to agreed criteria and indicators

      Creating a platform on programme partnership on SDGs youth-led initiatives.

      Promoting and ensure capacity building through SDG programme mentorship for youth-led organisations and initiatives.

      Mobilizing resource for implementation of country activities

 

The actions required to achieve these objectives include:-

 

Popularising and localizing SDGs

 

·        Understand how well the rural communities understand the SDGs

·        Conduct community wide initiatives to create awareness

·        Translate SDGs into local languages

·        Map the SDGs into local experiences and activities that communities can relate to

·        Identify together with the rural communities what issue is a priority to them in relation to SDGs.

·        Use radio to reach as many people as possible in rural communities

 

Cooperation and Partnerships

·         Collaborate with stakeholders locally, regionally and globally

·         Ensure an open policy where input from all people at the community is valued

·         Encourage active participation by women in the rural communities

 

ICT for rural communities

·         Have a central office dedicated for each community, with solar panels and internet/mobile connections, to link all the communities to each other and to the world at large (Maybe have the office set up in existing CBOs already working with the rural communities

·         Train rural communities on technologies they can use to address local communities

·         Community-developed innovations to be encouraged and nurtured.

 

Capacity building

·         Breakdown SDGs into a language that speaks to the local communities

·         Train teams on proposal writing and grant applications

·         Train the trainers; equip the CBOs' youth leaders with skills that they can transfer to the rural communities

 

Mobilizing resources

·         Form partnerships with national organizations and global organizations

·         Train country teams on fundraising

·         Seek to collaborate with local and national governments in local projects

 

Monitoring and Evaluation

·         Use of mobile apps to monitor activities by the rural communities

·         Devise ways that communities can self-report (through community meetings) and hold each other accountable

 

We believe this roadmap will be successful because SDG development will be driven by the communities themselves,  a bottom-up approach empowered by youth-led teams of CBO’s, supported by local, national, regional, continental and global organizations. This IS the time for these communities to step up the ladder of prosperity, the time for them to be released from the cycles of poverty and hunger, the time when they will all have equal opportunities. By holding hands and working together this roadmap will work.         

 

“It always seems impossible until it's done.”  ― Nelson Mandela

 

 

 

maurice phillips (not verified)

 

From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org] Sent: 25 March 2016 09:46To: maurice@sandele.comSubject: [Teamworks] Paul Shaw Steering Group Leader from United Kingdom commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

 

 

Hello Paul,

 

Thanks for this illuminating post.  The questions asked about how communities can be mobilised to realise the 20130 Agenda are very helpful and I will bring them to the notice of the meeting in Sekem to which I referred in my post of this morning.  I am also pleased to become aware of the “The Network of African Youths for Development (NAYD) .“  The global Ecovillage Network has a similar group called NEXTGEN and its mission is to promote ecovillage development across the world.  The GSN Africa NEXTGEN group is small but active.  Links between NAYD and NEXTGEN would appear to be a good idea.

 

You can p

Rob Wheeler

I want to thank Paul Shaw for the questions and all of his thoughts in regards to implementing the SDGs, but particularly about the need to localize them, to include rural communities, and to measure progress at the local and bio-regional level, etc. And yes communities must be made aware of Agenda 2030 and encouraged and supported in implementing the SDGs. In the Secretary-General’s GAP report pre-Rio+20, he indicated that there is very little integration between what is being done at the local level and the national level in even the most committed countries to carrying out the sustainable development agenda and strategy/implementation plans. 

 

It is thus fundamentally important to close this gap and ensure both horizontal and vertical integration (thus across all sectors or issue areas and all levels of society and government) and commitment to planning and implementation at all levels of government. And certainly youth should be brought into these processes and encouraged and supported to work cooperatively together, especially within and among Community Based Organisations. 

 

As Maurice Phillips mentions elsewhere the Global Ecovillage Network includes a youth network called NextGEN. We would love to work with networks like NAYD in developing our Pan African ecovillage development programme and other such community based development projects and processes. We hope that the international community and UN member states will fully support the development of such initiatives and processes. 

 

I also want to second Paul’s flagging of the need to: Translate SDGs into local languages; Encourage active participation by women in the rural communities; include a major focus on ICT for rural communities; Train teams on proposal writing and grant applications; Train the trainers; Equip youth leaders with skills that they can transfer to rural communities; Form partnerships with national organizations and global organizations and vice versa; and ensure that funds are made available at both national and global level for capacity building - such as was meant to be done through UNDP’s Thematic Trust Funds following WSSD before they were phased out. 

 

Thanks,

 

Rob Wheeler

GEN UN Representative

1-717-264-0957

skype: robineagle333

rob.wheeler@ecovillage.org

Stephanie (not verified)

Thanks for this useful dialogue.I want to insert the issue of meaningful livelihoods into this discussion.  It seems to be missing from this discussion.  The chronic unemployment around the world and jobs whose only value in human dignity is a paycheck at the end of the month can not bring us to 2030.  I believe we need to build communities where self-empowerment to lead meaningful lives is part of the public discourse.  In our experience, reconnecting people to nature leads people to wanting to help their community.  This is a principle of the community of life according to the Earth Charter, or as the Chinese say, harmony between human beings and nature, or as Buddhists say, you and your environment are one.  Nature does not foster meaningless livelihoods.  All life has a role to play.Our community structures then, in biomimicry with nature, need to encourage meaningful employment in their communities.   Personal human dignity comes from self-worth which comes from being a useful member of your community.  There is the need to expand the definition of human rights education to include the right to meaningful livelihoods. Reconnecting to nature can lead to greater self-worth and the desire to help your community.  As nature is always evolving, so too do we need to create communities around us that are consiously capable of creating an improving community of life.  Communities that thrive.Creative Educators International Network is developing certification programs for such sustainable community educators who can encourage neighborhoods to transform into such communities.  We also have a measuring system so that communities can choose their indicators and measure their own progress.  Critical to this curriculum is the idea that we can all create value and when we do, our lives create wellbeing.  Finding common ground together and creating value as individuals and as a community enables this conscious evolution to happen. Stephanie Tansey, PresidentCreative Educators International NetworkStephanie B. TanseyCreative Educators International Networkcein2030@gmail.comUS: 202-341-9784On Fri, Mar 25, 2016 at 11:03 PM, <notification@unteamworks.org> wrote:

You can post a r

maurice phillips (not verified)

RE: [Teamworks] Stephanie commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Hello Stephanie and Rob,

While reading through the Teamworks postings I had decided to write to you and then – bingo – Rob Wheeler had pipped me to the post!!  Rob; your own carbon sequestration post was epic and I agree totally with you, as always, when you describe the GEN/EDE process.

Stephanie; my contribution today is to endorse Bob’e message by telling you of “The People’s Coast Ecovillage Network” (PECEN) initiative that is underway in The Gambia.

PECEN is a membership group of village citizens that has been formed as a result of running two Ecovillage Design Education courses (2014 & 2015).  The 2014 course was generously funded by the Heidehof Stiftung and the 2015 course by COMCEC – an association of Muslim countries.  COMCEC requires a transnational element to their funded programmes so PECEN has representatives from three Casamance (Southern Senegal) villages and eight Gambian villages.

When selecting participants the conscious intention was to form a “critical mass” of people who, as a group, could make a real impact in their home villages.  This grass roots approach was encouraged by the Gambian government, via the Gambian Tourism Board, and  elders in all 11 villages have come together to sign an Accord to the effect that they wish their villages to transform into being ecovillages AND that, as individual villages, and as a group, they wish jointly to apply for membership of the Global Ecovillage Network (GEN) under the umbrella of PECEN.

I tell you this story to underline the power of the empowerment that is achieved by the application of the Ecovillage Design Education course.  The EDE curriculum is wide ranging, covers four Dimensions (Social , Culture – or Worldview – Economic and Ecological), is intensive (in our case it is was a month-long course of six days a week starting at 08.30 and, typically, finishing at 21.30).  EDEs are about building a community.  In our case it was, first in 2014 , a LOCAL community of people primarily from one village.  In 2015 a “community of communities” was built by selecting people from 8 coastal communities, all of which are experiencing the same challenges of coastal erosion, sea level rise, human illegal intrusion and population increase, loss of biodiversity, and urban drift including the loss of young people as economic migrants.

The good news is that PECEN alumni are teaching their brothers, sisters – even their grandparents (!) - the techniques they have learned; techniques to do with preservation of their ecology, their culture, their social organisation and their economy.  Levels of self-reliance, self-confidence and responsibility-taking have shot up – especially among the women on the course.

PECEN has prepared a Concept Paper proposing to the government of The Gambia that a large-scale land use planning and permaculture analysis of the 27 kilometres within which the Gambian coastal villages fall, and applications for funding a PECEN wide ecovillage transition programme, should be made.

A well planned, intensive course, with a very good, well tested curriculum, and a grass roots socially orientated development programme is leading to large ambitions within a number of small-scale communities.

GEN knows this is the way forward and aims to spread its messages out across Africa.

Your programme sounds very complementary.  Should we talk?  Maurice Phillips.

From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 26 March 2016 09:05To: maurice@sandele.comSubject: [Teamworks] Stephanie commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

You can post a reply on Teamwo

Paye Banza (not verified)

"The EDE curriculum is wide ranging... GEN aims to spread its messages out across Africa."

YES to spreading message but let also SHARE for RECIPROCITY. Together, we are ahead of the time. That where AIDDE (Africa Intellectual Database Development and Excellence) comes in handy, please see our earlier contribution. The idea is to SHARE CANADA's quality scholar curriculum, YOURS with OTHERS around the world and vice versa. Everybody contributes with whatever they have, no matter how big or small it is, we all learn from each other's experience EMPOWERING youth trough "very good, well tested curriculum, and a grass roots socially orientated development programme", what AIDDE eLibrary Technology Platform stands for. The question is: How to ensure all access same quality education resources across for EQUALITY and EQUALITY of education and to grow equally in KNOWLEDGE, CREATE NEW ONES and DEVELOP that none is left behind? There is no dump idea here, everyone participates in with what matters most for their respective community and SHARE with others! Thus the vision-solution; #OneWOrldOneAcademicLibrary trough AIDDE concept for your evaluation. With courtesy ofhttp://www.fvtelibrary.com  /

Twitter: @FinalVision1

 

 

 

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

A brilliant way forward. Congratulations on an appropriate and really holistic approach! Wish the traditionalists and the wielders of power and jargon would listen and learn from you. Best wishes! Lal Manavado.  From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 26 March 2016 10:05To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Stephanie commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Juan Carlos Paez (not verified)

Muchas Gracias, me parece fuindamental que para esta discusión se consideren los diferentes tipos de desarrollo que desde América Latina se están planteando, como por ejemplo el referente al Buen Vivir. 

ConfidentialTry EndWar • from Canada

Yes please end the deportations it is painful to seres humanos. Ask us president to allow people to work at stampede meat where there are many Hispanics and enjoy a higher wage with benefits like Ron executive chef.

Ruzanna Tarverdyan • Founding President at The Geneva Consensus Foundation

We submit that the solutions for Sustainable development in the interconnected Global world- two multiple dimensional phenomenon, entail a significant paradigm shift towards systems analysis and matrix thinking to address inter-temporal effectiveness-efficiency-equity challenges for future generations.

Paye Banza (not verified)

Knowledge sharing is a universal challenge and it requires global solution approach; it does not a matter either the solution should be for ending poverty, reducing inequalities or protecting the planet. Everybody could agree that INOVATIVE EDUCATION is a determinant factor to empower human beings, raise human dignity and transform human character with pathological values such as greed, hate, killings and human right abuse to harmonious values such as peace, love, compassion, harmony, and innovative spirits. This will provide positive change to happen in communities and end poverty, hunger and human suffering due to wars. Innovative education will provide empowerment to the people on earth and also develop an effective policy to move forward human civilization, development, and industrialization. There has to be an identifiable same Quality Education Resources Delivery for All.    The above concept poses a major challenge and requires the most comprehensive inclusive solution approach. 

 

SDGs concerns need to be urgently addressed. However, the way they relate one event to another might change course of action that occurs. For instance, EDUCATION is a prerequisite to any successful solution for all SDGs targets. Therefore, providing a quality education for all becomes critical to moving forward with any other approach. Question:  How to ensure all children around the world access the same quality resources for education in order to provide equality for the growth of all children to have equal knowledge for development and industrialization of all countries in the world? There should not be any developing world and developed world. Civilization has no distinctions and divisions but rather embraces the beauty of inclusiveness, equality and justice. This has to be the basis of SDG's concerns and develop in a synchronized solution that will resonate among all member of state. This will insure reciprocity among all people in the world. Our suggestion is humble and sample to apply by mutual eLibrary (AIDDE) resources sharing platform technology and vision solution that will meet all the Educational agenda SDGs2030 expectations for quality and equality of education delivery for all. This platform is well developed that there is no need to delay its solution application! Let do it now, the intelligence and expertise are ready. This should not be only one way solution because at every development level, inclusion rules should prevail. Quality education for all should be the base commitment and active contribution creating effective solutions for a better framework for the each local community to get involve in local development. All the above solutions we have suggested together with the local people perspectives and realities should bring about the change that is needed to reflect in SDG sustainability solutions and also contain the solutions for the agenda for climate change. 

 

Shifting from traditional Education Resources to digital provides a lot of room to try an alternative solutions including #OneWorldOneAcademicLibrary . Ease on making resources widely equally available for all and significantly reduces papers dependency.  "The production of papers process consists of two main steps: pulping and bleaching. Pulping is the initial stage and the source of the most pollutant of this industry." The future of Education and Research is not in Static Library where students are in continuous fight for resources and impossible to have all updated resources in one place no matter the size of its physical infrastructure. "Collectively —policymakers, development partners, private sector visionaries, and citizens—must push for change and redouble our efforts to meet the expectations of today’s youth, so that they can take advantage of the opportunities that will come their way as economies grow. They cannot do so without access to high quality education, finance and technology". 

 

With Internet almost everywhere which implies Education anywhere and, given advantage of digital revolution era, makes it possible to deliver same quality education resources everywhere or at least on tablets using digital mobile library solution part of it where Internet connectivity is still a problem. This is why such a worldwide knowledge pool well designed with sharing rules would break through solutions providing same quality education material for all should boost research, free invention spirit and avoid repeats, PLAGIARISM and re-invention of the wheel. With above details in mind to secure quality education to everyone, improves lives of young women and men through better education and research through technology. Participant will acquire the necessary skills, knowledge, and wisdom to contribute in the capacity building of their various communities, villages, and nations and will be now equip to make informed decisions that are based upon democratic principles and also eradicates corruptions and, poverty in the long last achieving a truly and resulting EMPOWERMENT.

 

We have been ready, on duty for humanity whenever informative session might need to mark and place in context "One World One Academic Library" concept-vision for all. Courtesy of FvTech:  http://www.fvtelibrary.com/aboutus

Twitter: @FinalVision1

 

Rashidat. Hassan

As someone involved in women and youth empowerment, I and my colleague have often identified that one of the major problem of achieving inclusion and sustainable development among these section of the community is often the lack of trust on the part of intended beneficiaries in the system that is often used. This is particularly so among developing countries and minority groups. This problem is most times compounded by the general believe and sometimes unstated rules among development agencies whether, international, regional or national that selecting implementation partners must always be based on 'experience' and or past records. Unfortunately, often times what these partners have master is the act of showing achievements rather than actual achievements or results. And as the actual intended beneficiaries continue to see this or not see it in most cases, they become more disentagled from the scheme of things, so much that on the few occassion they are actually reached, the effect becomes almost insignificant.

In my own experience with our newly started project of Women Building Communities, and our youth skills acquisition project "If the Media were Mine" one of the first effort towards not leaving anyone behind in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals, is for development agencies to device a means of taking as partners, people, groups and organisations who are closer to the intended targets. Engage in a lot of direct community involvement in goals and agenda settings while giving opportunity for each community to develop its own approach within the wider scheme.

One other problem with women and youth development in most developed countries is not the lack of will power or ideas to develop, it is straight out inaccessibility of needed capital and funding. Unlike in most developed countries where there are well structured and simple process for citizens to access funds, the few available systems in most developing countries, particularly Africa, are shrowded in corruption or incompetent implementation practices. As a solution, while elsewhere in the world the approach to creating avenues for people to access development funds might be different, Africa at present requires a system that simultanously ensures a reorientation of value system while taking care of building people's trust and confidence in the care being showned through the SDGs. In other words, there is the need to borrow the fund accessibility process in the part of the world where they are working but with full awareness and deliberate approach of dealing with the peculiarities associated with the most impoverished parts of the world.

This is especially so with communities such as Nigeria and some other African countries where, poverty should never have been a major problem but for the issue of mismanagement of resources...

As a last point, during a series of women business meeting I and my colleagues hosted in the last couple of years, and this, in London, though among minority African black Muslim Women, the common statement we had from women was " of course, I know what I want to do, in fact I have done so and so, but I just dont have the funds, the resorces or capital to start fully, continue or take me to the next level, I am barely earning enough to sustain myself". 

Accessibility to funds and resources, we have realised is a key and common factor to ensuring Sustainable Development among minority groups and developing African countries.

 

Rashidat Hassan

CEO ICONNECTUK Ltd

Media Director/Consultant WOYEN UK

Research Student (Media and Film)

Stephanie (not verified)

I believe that sustainable community education needs to be taught in schools and inside communities themselves as part of social services. The SDG 11 enables us to create a cohesive curriculum that connects the community - the basic human neighborhood - to the global community. This enables every community resident to be a change agent in the world. Every community to believe in the dignity of their life and for the rest of us to appreciated the dignity in everyone else's.
Stephanie Tansey
CEIN

Stephanie (not verified)

I believe that sustainable community education needs to be taught in schools and inside communities themselves as part of social services. The SDG 11 enables us to create a cohesive curriculum that connects the community - the basic human neighborhood - to the global community. This enables every community resident to be a change agent in the world. Every community to believe in the dignity of their life and for the rest of us to appreciated the dignity in everyone else's.
Stephanie Tansey
CEIN

Stephanie (not verified)

I believe that sustainable community education needs to be taught in schools and inside communities themselves as part of social services. The SDG 11 enables us to create a cohesive curriculum that connects the community - the basic human neighborhood - to the global community. This enables every community resident to be a change agent in the world. Every community to believe in the dignity of their life and for the rest of us to appreciated the dignity in everyone else's.
Stephanie Tansey
CEIN

Stephanie (not verified)

I believe that sustainable community education needs to be taught in schools and inside communities themselves as part of social services. The SDG 11 enables us to create a cohesive curriculum that connects the community - the basic human neighborhood - to the global community. This enables every community resident to be a change agent in the world. Every community to believe in the dignity of their life and for the rest of us to appreciated the dignity in everyone else's.
Stephanie Tansey
CEIN

Stephanie (not verified)

I believe that sustainable community education needs to be taught in schools and inside communities themselves as part of social services. The SDG 11 enables us to create a cohesive curriculum that connects the community - the basic human neighborhood - to the global community. This enables every community resident to be a change agent in the world. Every community to believe in the dignity of their life and for the rest of us to appreciated the dignity in everyone else's.
Stephanie Tansey
CEIN

Paye Banza (not verified)

Well thought but still missing its traditional community SHARING value which makes everyone rely on each other's effort to commute further. Imagine a village where you share all on daily basis. No matter you have or not, everyone contribute with what they have! AIDDE makes it possible on different ground, EDUCATION, fitting in the missing puzzle. When education is concerned, SHARING RESOURCES becomes a cure to any struggle and inconstancy communities around the world have been suffering from. http://www.fvtelibrary.com/faq

-- Paye Banza, International Sales ManagerFVT (Future Vision Technology) - AIDDE Email: nurasoltech@gmail.com / sales@fvtelibrary.com Skype: NurasolTech Facebook: Paye Banza / Twitter: @FinalVision1 http://futuregentech.com / http://www.fvtelibrary.com

 

Stephanie (not verified)

I believe that sustainable community education needs to be taught in schools and inside communities themselves as part of social services. The SDG 11 enables us to create a cohesive curriculum that connects the community - the basic human neighborhood - to the global community. This enables every community resident to be a change agent in the world. Every community to believe in the dignity of their life and for the rest of us to appreciated the dignity in everyone else's.
Stephanie Tansey
CEIN

Stephanie (not verified)

I believe that sustainable community education needs to be taught in schools and inside communities themselves as part of social services. The SDG 11 enables us to create a cohesive curriculum that connects the community - the basic human neighborhood - to the global community. This enables every community resident to be a change agent in the world. Every community to believe in the dignity of their life and for the rest of us to appreciated the dignity in everyone else's.
Stephanie Tansey
CEIN

Marcotulio Humberto Cardona

Desarrollo Sostenible para todos las naciones, todos los pueblos, todas las razas, asi comos los ODS, objetios de desarrollo sostenible, fue aprobado y ratificado por todas las naciones, que ninguna queda fuera, que se toman en cuenta a toda las sociedad civil, movimientos sociales, ambientales, mujeres, jovenes y niños para su propio desarrollo y todos los pueblos del mundo, con presupuestos sociales, politicas publicas inclusivas, que se dismunye la probreza, la marginacion, la discriminacion, la violencia, que funciones la instituciones, fomentar la paz entre las naciones y las personas

Patricia M. O'Donnell (not verified)

The globally approved UNESCO Sustainable Development Goals- Goal 11, focused on inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable cities provides a core target for inclusive public spaces and many other aspects of human settlements. The shared legacy of urban heritage is expressed in public spaces: historic parks; waterfronts; green corridors; and traditional urban street patterns. This heritage together with recent public spaces and green design detailing in public spaces these cultural assets of public grounds offer a series of accessible spaces for the use and enjoyment of a diverse urban populace. To serve everyone, the diversity of urban culture must be welcomed. As public spaces are adaptable to varied uses for recreation that is social, healthful, and educational, traditional values can be accommodated in public spaces. Urban public spaces contribute to sustainability through all three pillars, economy, environment and society.

An important aspect of "Leaving no one behind" can be achieved by providing healthful, resilient public spaces in human settlements of all sizes. Inclusive public spaces are spatially accessible to all, with transparent decision making processes of changes offering community inputs and consensus building, and the benefits of public spaces are free open and democratic.

 

Another important point is that many cities 1/2 the space is not buildings, for example Washington DC 56% and Vienna Austria, 52%. In areas of poverty there are uniformly fewer green spaces and poorer quality transportation infrastructure, including parks, trees, parkways, streets, sidewalks, trails, canals,  and storm water management features. Informal settlements, noted by the World Bank as containing more than 1 billion people and continuing to grow, have no formal public spaces to provide shared healthful areas. 

 

My experience in the realm of urban public space indicates that good governance and effective partnerships are required to upgrade the urban heritage of public spaces and add new green, social and resilient spaces to cities.  Uplifting everyone in human settlements means improving public spaces of all types across all economic and demographic levels.

Patricia M. O'Donnell (not verified)

The globally approved UNESCO Sustainable Development Goals- Goal 11, focused on inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable cities provides a core target for inclusive public spaces and many other aspects of human settlements. The shared legacy of urban heritage is expressed in public spaces: historic parks; waterfronts; green corridors; and traditional urban street patterns. This heritage together with recent public spaces and green design detailing in public spaces these cultural assets of public grounds offer a series of accessible spaces for the use and enjoyment of a diverse urban populace. To serve everyone, the diversity of urban culture must be welcomed. As public spaces are adaptable to varied uses for recreation that is social, healthful, and educational, traditional values can be accommodated in public spaces. Urban public spaces contribute to sustainability through all three pillars, economy, environment and society.

An important aspect of "Leaving no one behind" can be achieved by providing healthful, resilient public spaces in human settlements of all sizes. Inclusive public spaces are spatially accessible to all, with transparent decision making processes of changes offering community inputs and consensus building, and the benefits of public spaces are free open and democratic.

 

Another important point is that many cities 1/2 the space is not buildings, for example Washington DC 56% and Vienna Austria, 52%. In areas of poverty there are uniformly fewer green spaces and poorer quality transportation infrastructure, including parks, trees, parkways, streets, sidewalks, trails, canals,  and storm water management features. Informal settlements, noted by the World Bank as containing more than 1 billion people and continuing to grow, have no formal public spaces to provide shared healthful areas. 

 

My experience in the realm of urban public space indicates that good governance and effective partnerships are required to upgrade the urban heritage of public spaces and add new green, social and resilient spaces to cities.  Uplifting everyone in human settlements means improving public spaces of all types across all economic and demographic levels.

Patricia M. O'Donnell (not verified)

The globally approved UNESCO Sustainable Development Goals- Goal 11, focused on inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable cities provides a core target for inclusive public spaces and many other aspects of human settlements. The shared legacy of urban heritage is expressed in public spaces: historic parks; waterfronts; green corridors; and traditional urban street patterns. This heritage together with recent public spaces and green design detailing in public spaces these cultural assets of public grounds offer a series of accessible spaces for the use and enjoyment of a diverse urban populace. To serve everyone, the diversity of urban culture must be welcomed. As public spaces are adaptable to varied uses for recreation that is social, healthful, and educational, traditional values can be accommodated in public spaces. Urban public spaces contribute to sustainability through all three pillars, economy, environment and society.

An important aspect of "Leaving no one behind" can be achieved by providing healthful, resilient public spaces in human settlements of all sizes. Inclusive public spaces are spatially accessible to all, with transparent decision making processes of changes offering community inputs and consensus building, and the benefits of public spaces are free open and democratic.

 

Another important point is that many cities 1/2 the space is not buildings, for example Washington DC 56% and Vienna Austria, 52%. In areas of poverty there are uniformly fewer green spaces and poorer quality transportation infrastructure, including parks, trees, parkways, streets, sidewalks, trails, canals,  and storm water management features. Informal settlements, noted by the World Bank as containing more than 1 billion people and continuing to grow, have no formal public spaces to provide shared healthful areas. 

 

My experience in the realm of urban public space indicates that good governance and effective partnerships are required to upgrade the urban heritage of public spaces and add new green, social and resilient spaces to cities.  Uplifting everyone in human settlements means improving public spaces of all types across all economic and demographic levels.

Patricia M. O'Donnell (not verified)

The globally approved UNESCO Sustainable Development Goals- Goal 11, focused on inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable cities provides a core target for inclusive public spaces and many other aspects of human settlements. The shared legacy of urban heritage is expressed in public spaces: historic parks; waterfronts; green corridors; and traditional urban street patterns. This heritage together with recent public spaces and green design detailing in public spaces these cultural assets of public grounds offer a series of accessible spaces for the use and enjoyment of a diverse urban populace. To serve everyone, the diversity of urban culture must be welcomed. As public spaces are adaptable to varied uses for recreation that is social, healthful, and educational, traditional values can be accommodated in public spaces. Urban public spaces contribute to sustainability through all three pillars, economy, environment and society.
An important aspect of "Leaving no one behind" can be achieved by providing healthful, resilient public spaces in human settlements of all sizes. Inclusive public spaces are spatially accessible to all, with transparent decision making processes of changes offering community inputs and consensus building, and the benefits of public spaces are free open and democratic.

Another important point is that many cities 1/2 the space is not buildings, for example Washington DC 56% and Vienna Austria, 52%. In areas of poverty there are uniformly fewer green spaces and poorer quality transportation infrastructure, including parks, trees, parkways, streets, sidewalks, trails, canals, and storm water management features. Informal settlements, noted by the World Bank as containing more than 1 billion people and continuing to grow, have no formal public spaces to provide shared healthful areas.

My experience in this field indicates that good governance and effective partnerships are required to upgrade the urban heritage of public spaces and add new green, social and resilient spaces to cities. Uplifting everyone in human settlements means improving public spaces of all types across all economic levels.

mario alberto rivera contreras (not verified)

A nivel internacional, ¿cuáles son los retos a garantizar la coherencia de las políticas para el desarrollo sostenible? ¿Cuáles son algunos ejemplos de las mejores prácticas y / o quiénes son los "líderes" de rastro la manera de mejorar la coherencia?

Uno de los grandes retos que tenemos frente a un mundo desigual está relacionado con los grupos y personas vulnerables tienen derecho a medidas especiales de protección e integración, distribución de los recursos, acceso a los servicios básicos y no discriminación. Se incluyen aquí aquellas personas o grupos en situación de pobreza, de riesgo ambiental, víctimas de la violencia, con discapacidades, migrantes forzados, refugiados, etc. y cualquier grupo en situación de desventaja respecto el resto. Mientras esta desventjas no puedan ser disminuídas, con políticas que se diseñen desde la perspectiva de derechos humanos será difícil pensar en inclusión. Necesitamos ser inclusivos en la elaboración de políticas y su implementación. Un aspecto sin duda que debemos considerar es una economía solidaria en las ciudades. Para ello, las ciudades tendrán que conseguir implicar al sector privado en programas sociales e iniciativas destinadas a los sectores vulnerables. Los medios de vida sostenibles que están auentes en la población excluida, requiere de una mirada de intrgralidad y de derechos humanos. desarrollar solidaridad e igualdad, así como promover sistemas fiscales progresivosque aseguren la redistribución y reduzcan la desigualdad.

Asela • from Sri Lanka

Interesting to see the e-discussion. Global Parliamentarians Forum for Evaluation (GPFE) https://globalparliamentarianforum.wordpress.com/ promotes National Evaluation Policies and systems at country level. GPFE works with parliamentarians, government representatives and VOPEs (Voluntary Organizations for Professional Evaluations) to promote enabling environment for evaluation including SDGs. We have conducted a global study on national evaluation policies and found out that only about 20 countries have formal NEPs. http://www.pfde.net/index.php/publications-resources/global-mapping-rep… Also we have documented case studies of NEPs from selected countries. http://www.pfde.net/index.php/publications-resources/2014-02-28-19-08-54 Also I would like to share the resource on "National evaluation policies for sustainable and equitable development" http://www.mymande.org/sites/default/files/files/NationalEvaluationPoli… In this year we have launched a webinar series called "Meet a parliamentarian" and also a video campaign with parliamentarians to promote evaluation of sustainable development https://parliamentariansforevaluationcampaign.wordpress.com/ Happy to share more on this platform. 

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Real evaluation. Who are competent to ascertain the success or failure of any 'development effort?' The obvious, reasonable answer is, those whose lives are directly affected by it. In other words,  the people of the area involved. Current 'evaluation mechanisms' resort to indirect methods, the basic assumption being, human responses can be accurately measured by indirect means as we do in sciences concerned with gnomic phenomena. It is a great pity that the unsoundness of the method has not been appreciated by its users. If one wants to know about a project, go and ask the local people, preferably in their own language. LM: From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 24 March 2016 06:51To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Asela evaluator from Sri Lanka commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Asheesh Kumar Pandey • Teaching cum Research Fellow at Institute of Engineering and Technology Lucknow India from India

Wish you all very happy Holi (Indian Festival). Terror is most seriois problem of world and mainly educated youth and young people diverted in this area. In a survey, people who are not engaged with family and social responcibility and unsatisfied with present living environment, likely to turn in wrong path. So it is most important to engage all thease type people in sustainable development to reduce terrorist problem.

john r bell (not verified)

Greetings, being new to the discussion I am curious as to where the issue of people living with disablities comes into play in the goal of sustainable developememt within this discussion.  My focus is based in Guatemala, where I have lived and worked for the last 23 years, developing sustainable programs for people living with disabilities.  In Guatemala, is is calculated that 14% of our over 14 million person population is living with a disability.

Zeru Fantaw

I have a reservation to talk about  the 2030 agenda for sustainable development while the world is shaking by chaos of war, corruption, dictatorship and many more. If we come to Africa, except few like senegal, ghana, south africa, Tanzania, to some extent Kenya the rest African leaders are staying in power till they go to grave and with out the will of the people, and sustainable development is the result of democratization,peace, good governance and so on, in addition to these wars induced by foreign super powers are going on in Middle east and else where , hence, for me it is premature to talk about the so called sustainable Dev't in an empty ground. Before that all stakeholders should do something for peace and democratization which are the ground for Sustainable Dev't

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

On African leaders remaining in power unto their grave One  may charitably describe their endeavour as sustained personal development. LM. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 24 March 2016 06:51To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Zeru Fantaw Child Protection Specialist from Ethiopia commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Karol Arámbula • from Mexico

How can the guiding principle of "Leave no one behind" be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts? (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states, etc.? 

It is essential to acknowledge that, despite the optimism engendered by the adoption of the 2030 Agenda, it is crucial to tackle the many and varied social, political, economic, cultural and structural crises that are creating inequality and greater risks for populations. Social exclusion, despite considerable progress achieved, must be eradicated through strong institution-building and reforms, as well as the empowerment of marginalized communities, especially those coming from the Global South. All social stakeholders must play an importat role of management, innovation and participation in sustainable development. Development at all times should be horizontal, inclusive and a self-managing process that makes communites be engaged, through the identification of their needs and the development of creative solutions. 

At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence? 

The achievement of the 2030 Agenda requires capacity-building and inclusiveness, as well as the creation of conditions that enable the fulfillment of individual potential closely linked to social environment. The 2030 Agenda must be translated into national and local development plans immediately via reforms and communication efforts in order to harmonize local and national development initiatives with global policies. Local efforts are essential for the success of the 2030 Agenda and must be constructed and adopted by all stakeholders, especially non-state actores. Institutional reforms alone cannot drive a transformative development agenda without other essential inputs such as material and financial resources, leadership, human capital and political accountability that recognize the concerns of communities and respond through coherent interventions. This requires ensuring a wider representation in decision-making processes and follow-up mechanisms for Civil Society Organizations at the global, regional and national levels, but especially at the local level. 

How can the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?

 Thorugh enabling the participation of all stakeholders in the sustainable development discussion. This should consider a system in which policies and frameworks are fair, clear, concise and democratically adopted for the successful implementation of the 2030 Agenda. This should include the establishment of stronger and more inclusive partnerships. The United Nations whould reflect the reality of today's world through the inclusion of efficient, effective, transparent and accountable mechanisms for discussions and negotiations.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ashwini Sathnur • Capacity Development Expert at United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) from India

How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.)?

Inclusive Development has a guiding principle and goal to achieve Inclusiveness i.e capturing the inputs of all persons leaving no one behind. Socio - economic progress achieves the norms of gaining employment and inclusive work culture of all persons including the specially abled persons. All the sectors could engage in creating innovations for Inclusive agenda in their domains. For eg.  Inclusive finance would generate financial inclusion of all the unbanked populations by utilizing ICT devices and Digital Financial Services.

 

 

At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?

At the international level, interoperability could be mentioned as one such challenge in Financial Inclusion. Creating enhanced knowledge and awareness of the ICT technology and related fields would enable bridging the skills gap between the educated and uneducated. Creating rural camps and workshops and increasing the literacy levels could enable the progress of the "Leave no one behind" policy.

 

How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?

The UN Development system could build more ICT enabled tools for enabling the purpose of achieving the 2030 Agenda. At the same time, projecting the built tools to the sectors which require them. This is basically for the purpose of supporting the achievement of the 2030 Agenda. Also enabling the integration of the sectors involved in the deployment of the tool. For eg. Inclusive finance would involve Financial, Telecommunications, Digital Communications, Education, Information Technology and Security sectors. Thus introducing the Digital Financial Services mechanism would require coordination and collaboration of the sectors mentioned above .

 

 

Suman A

Thank you for the opportunity to contribute to this important e-discussion. In the context of the 3 posed questions, I wish to bring to your august notice the  exemplar of the European Union's Policy Innovation (http://www2.geog.ucl.ac.uk/~bpage/files/EuropeanEnvironmentpart2.pdf ) - 'The EU Water Framework Directive'. The key elements of this policy innovation lay in multi stakeholder and bottom up engagement, intense negotiation ,well coordinated negotiation processes, well thought out drafting of the directive text and more importantly the  broad 'Principles' nature ( enabling versus prescrptive )  of the Directive.  Although protracted, the WFD sets the guidance and framework for individual EU countries interpretation and implementation. The WFD also, has another key advantage in terms of serving as a 'reference ' yardstick when individual EU nations earnestly implement the directive( to measure/monitor the progress of the implementation) using what can be called an Directive's alignment score card generation for individual EU countries. 

 

 

 

Another example that I may suggest in the context of the discussion, is using yet another 'water' sector example is the innovative application of the 'Global Water Partnership' toolbox  to measure/monitor the alignment of the India's national water mission to the principles of IWRM inherent in GWP toolbox (https://www.idfc.com/pdf/report/IIR-2011.pdf )- Chapter 26.  

 

The UN, therefore, could lay down the broader SD 2030 principles framework( agreeable to the negotiation parties) and provide an enabling support /assistance to nations to align their contextual policies / implementation to the agreed principles and use the agreed frames  to achieve both policy coherence as well as coordinated implementation for the 2030 agenda (using this intervening time ).

 Sincerely

Suman  

 

Oscar FIESTAS-TEJADA

Following my long experience in development, I am a convinced person that EDUCATION is the base for everything. We must do everything necessaire in the 2030 Agenda to facilitate, as much as possible, build and develop capacities. All the rest, like acces to information and knowledge, and - of course ! - DEVELOPMENT, will depend on EDUCATION.

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

A slight problem with your proposal. I notice a slight problem with your proposal, and that is, other things being equal, once we have a bunch of  educated people, how are you going to pay their work? Education requires monetary expenditure and so does employment. How about the appropriateness of the education involved? We will be in trouble if we have half a million young people educated in Nuclear Physics, a hundred thousand or so programmers, quarter million each of lawyers, estate agents, stock brokers, etc. LM. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 24 March 2016 11:59To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] HighTec IKM commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Paye Banza (not verified)

Great point! That where the current Education System comes to question, under-fire! The end result of Education should not be slavery or a paid work oriented! #OneWorlOneAcademicLibrary openly includes everyone and ensures all have mutual access, equally sharing same quality CANADIAN education resources WITH OTHERS AROUND THE WORLD irrespective of which country, boosts research, free INVENTION SPIRIT and avoid PLAGIARISM and re-invention of the wheel! All access same quality resources for EQUALITY of education and GROW EQUALLY IN KNOWLEDGE, create new ones and DEVELOP! Create about effective solution for communities local sustainable development, not imposed solutions but, make local you participate to harvest the maximum of their intellectual capabilities. At the end, PAID JOBS, WHO WILL PAY FOR THEIR JOBS, SHOULD GENERATE ITS OWN PAY ... will be the last thing to worry about. This can be done, TOGETHER, WE ARE AHEAD OF TIME, let not delay! The 2030 Agenda for Education, solution to any other issue can be TODAY instead! HOPE EVERY HUMAN BEING IS EDUCATED AND FACE A DIFFERENT MUSIC!  

With courtesy of FvTech: http://www.fvtelibrary.com/aboutus 

 

Rita Luthra

Please remove my e-mail from your mailing list

 

Thank You

 

 

Rita Luthra, MD

President

Women's Health and Education Center (WHEC)

NGO in Special Consultative Status with Economic and Social Council of the United Nations

Editor-in-Chief of e-Health Publication

http://www.WomensHealthSection.com

 

From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org] Sent: Tuesday, March 29, 2016 3:39 PMTo: rita@womenshealthsection.comSubject: [World We Want 2030] Paye Banza Sales Manager from Canada commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

 

Gleh Appleton

Dear Colleagues; 

 

I surely agree with the many concepts and ideas raised here thus far around answering the question "What do we do to ensure that we leave no one behind" in advancing this global agenda for sustainable development? 

I have a recommendation which is anchored around the concept of global citizenship and financing. The summary justification of my proposal is below, but I will share my full proposal only upon request.  

===========

Global poverty statistics indicate that 1 out of 7 people go to bed hungry every nigh and nearly ½ (over 3 billion people) of the world live on less than $2.50 a day.  Every day, almost 16,000 children (1 child in every 5 seconds) die from hunger-related causes and 925 million people do not have enough to eat with 98% living in developing countries. The World Bank analysis noted that  spike in global food prices (2008), the global economic recession (2009 & 2010) pushed about 100-150 million people into poverty globally. On the other hand, only 49% of children at secondary school age actually attend secondary school.

Within the above framework, three key consensuses have been reached amongst development actors globally:

•That though progress has been made in the last decade of the MDG, growth is uneven and many regions still remain underdeveloped and lagging behind the rest of the world in key development indicators;•That as global private wealth increases, inequality is increasing, indicating a global disparity between wealth creation and poverty reduction; and•That the speed and level of transformation required to enable the lagging regions catch up with the rest of the world in ending poverty cannot be achieved by “Doing business-as-usual” as articulated by the SDG/Agenda 2030; and that all, including the private sector, plays a key role in this new paradigm shift.

But consensus has not been reached on the fourth agenda; engendering a consolidated and game changing role of all citizens of the world to act. This includes developing a strategic global framework and platform that rally the world around achieving this common agenda as a catalytic injection into the current transformation process that would fast track the current pace and solidify the gains made instead of “Doing business as usual”.

However, the current global context (the global efforts around the SDGs localization and commitment to “Leave no one behind), in 2015, presents a set of unique opportunities in the critical engagement process to engage the world around a call for global action to end poverty.

Hence, I recommend Poverty Fund as a non-profit social company that will build its emphasis around accelerating the SDGs (Agenda 2030) implementation by mobilizing the world around specialized resource mobilization campaigns to end global poverty every where by 2030. 

I believe that at the heart of many requirements that must be set into place for achieving the SDGs, a robust system of global financing mechanism is critical. 

I am ready to share my full concept of how I think this can work only upon request. 

 

Gleh Appleton

gleh.appleton@one.un.org

+256771022861

 

Lanre Rotimi (not verified)

Dear e-Discussion Facilitator,

Further to points made in yesterday's Post,  as the Facilitators on the Three Themes are expected to send UNDP and UNDESA Report on e-Discussion 2016 Outcome to ECOSOC that are expected to focus on action-oriented recommendations for steps and measures to close remaining gaps, meet challenges and accelerate implementation, to be taken by Governments, relevant intergovernmental bodies, mechanisms and entities of the United Nations system and other stakeholders" please find attached Focused Points Paper 5.

We urge Stakeholders to please recognize that the detailed information that we have set out in UNDP and UNDESA e-Discussion 2016 Focused Points Paper Series, Papers 1 - 5 need to be taken together for Best Results.Best wishes,Lanre RotimiDirector GeneralInternational Society for Poverty Elimination /Economic Alliance Group andDirector NEHAP (New End Hunger and Poverty)

Swadeka Ahsun

How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development context (e.g least developed countries, middle-income countries, high income countries, fragile states etc)

SDG's concerns need to be addressed effectively, coherently.  The way they relate from one to another might change course of action that occurs.

The basis of SDG's concern is developing strategy that concern all member states efficiently, networking, collaborating, co-ordinating and working together.  Working side by side to understand the main key points, the main key SDG's importance to that country.

The importance of democratization, peace and good governance in relevant.  Effective partnership is essential.

 

At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy, coherence for sustainable development?  What are some examples of best practice?

There has been a critical time for gender equality and internationally women are constantly achieving new firsts, running multinational corporations, becoming head of state, exploring space and the underworld.

As conflicts and repression occurs, leading to social and cultural battle and to aggression and contempt. And the importance of working together for women's empowerment and equality is important. Gender Equality has been at the heart of the Global Goal for Sustainable Development, and those Goals are the beginning of what the Head of UN Women has described as ' a massive and relentless drive towards a world equality: a Planet 50-50 by 2030.

For example here in the United Kingdom play an active role in ensuring that gender equality is at the top of the international agenda, and had a good story to mention about progress towards gender equality. It has given high priority  in maximising women's life, there have been more women led businesses than before, have help to achieve the lowest ever gender pay gap and have double women's representation on boards of big companies.

The UK Government launched the new cross-government Violence Against Women and Girls strategy, which sets out ambitious plans for building on work to prevent violence, to support victims and to take action against perpetrators..  This include tackling the challenges facing women in the age of technology and social media. The Government has announced the extension of the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women.

 

How could the Un Development system provide co-ordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 agenda.

The UN should bring and build reforms to marginalised communities and societies. All stakeholders must play an important role of management, innovation and participation in sustainable development.

Working together in collaboration and partnership, for e.g a shared vision for the future, with the international partners about what works in the UK and elsewhere. Therefore, looking for fresh ieas, new ways of thinking, creative risk-taking, ways to raise girls and boys free from stifling stereotypes, ways in engaging gender solidarity, ways of unlocking the power and resourcefulness of women.  It has been over twenty years since the Beijing Declaration and Platform for action was agreed and yet people continue to be disadvantaged, abused and even been killed for simply being born female.  Therefore the government showed solidarity and determination against forces that are hindering progress: discrimination, regressive ideas and harmful social norms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adinda Ceelen

The multi-stakeholder Task Team on CSO Development Effectiveness and Enabling Environment (www.taskteamcso.com) believes that the guiding principle of ‘leave no one behind’ is about inclusive development – comprising invoice voice, inclusive action and inclusive results – and that this can be put into practice by ensuring multi-stakeholder engagement in the design, implementation and review of national level policies and plans for the 2030 Agenda.

Inclusive voice is concerned with ownership. As such, the Task Team recommends the establishment of institutionalized and inclusive spaces where the voices of various stakeholders (e.g. civil society, local governments and private sector actors amongst others) can be heard when designing, implementing and monitoring national-level development policies and plans for the 2030 Agenda. Noting that the principle of ‘leave no one behind’ applies particularly to poor and marginalized communities, the important role of civil society merits separate mention. Indeed, civil society has the capacity to reach, give a voice to and empower poor and marginalized populations that may experience systematic discrimination in development processes, thereby drawing attention to  particular issues that otherwise may have been ignored and helping ensure the inclusion of different stakeholder perspectives

Building on the 2030 Agenda’s call for collaborative partnership, inclusive action recognizes that different stakeholders have different and complementary roles to play in development. Governments can put inclusive action into practice at national level by engaging other stakeholders in implementation and review of the 2030 Agenda. Governments can do so meaningfully and effectively by establishing the aforementioned inclusive multi-stakeholder spaces for dialogue and engagement. In addition, for civil society (as an independent development actor) and other stakeholders to be able to contribute to realization of the 2030 Agenda – individually or through multi-stakeholder partnerships – they need an environment that is conducive to their engagement. As such, the operationalization of inclusive action also requires the establishment of an enabling environment. For civil society, such an enabling environment in law, policy and practice must be in line with internationally agreed rights. This is particularly relevant in light of major challenges civil society faces in many countries where the space in which they can operate is shrinking.

Finally, inclusiveness of results is about making sure that all segments of society – particularly the poorest and most marginalized populations – reap the benefits of results. Inclusiveness of results can be seen as the ultimate aim of the 2030 Agenda, which recognizes that ‘eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development’. Inclusive voice and inclusive action are crucial for the attainment of inclusive results. Never has it been more timely than it is now for inclusiveness in voice, actions and results together to help the global community progress toward what the UN Secretary General has called ‘a life of dignity for all’.

 * This input is for a large part based on the paper ‘Progress Since Busan on Inclusive Development’, prepared by Jacqueline Wood (Senior Policy Advisor with the Task Team Secretariat). The paper is available on teamworks (https://www.unteamworks.org/node/433519), the GPEDC website (http://effectivecooperation.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Inclusive-De…), and the Task Team website (https://taskteamcso.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/inclusive-development-h…). 

Paye Banza (not verified)

Practical solution for the most inclusive community.1. Provide same quality education to all (this would ensure we not spinning around issue making them even worse to multiply needs)  2. A supporting eLibrary for all should guarantee reciprocity, not just a one way communication channel. Should provide everyone opportunity to broadcast their own values) #OneWorldOneAcademicLibrary delivers solution in the aspect none has never expected, it is about action time; http://www.fvtelibrary.com/aboutus  3. Connectivity for all with satellite and combination of fibre connectivity and any other means.
4. Communication infrastructures including roads and internet backbones

Some people argue on the cost, very expensive but, trying the other way around, IGNORANCE is already turning to a catastrophe.

Any other approach not founded on a strong education structure is doomed to fail.
Otherwise, with current education crisis, population conditions around the world would continue sparking from acceptable to the worse.
 

Sylvia Beales • Head of Strategic Alliances at HelpAge International

The Stakeholder Group on Ageing believes that the heart of the implications of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is the commitment to leave no one behind. This is not just a slogan – it goes to the core of the human rights approach to development.

 

Leaving no One Behind means counting in all people, going beyond inclusion, enhancing contributions of all people and addressing inequality between people of all ages, counties and regions. It means  governments,  international actors,  NGOs and civil society must explore why some groups (such as women, girls, children, youth, older persons and people with disabilities) are routinely excluded at specific points in their lives and why certain people and social groups are routinely and systematically excluded over the course of their life.

 

It is good that the goals, targets and indicators set out in Agenda 2030 demonstrate a commitment to respond to demographic trends and an ageing population. Issues of ageing and older people are specified in the declaration, in targets;( Goal 2 – Hunger, Nutrition and Sustainable Agriculture (2.2) and Goal  11 – Cities and Human Settlements (11.2 and 11.7), that “age” and “all ages” are referenced throughout the framework and that implementation will rest on all goals and targets being measured by age disaggregated data amongst other variables.

 

Ageing cuts across all dimensions of Agenda 2030. During the life of the new framework the current number of 901 million women and men aged 60 and over worldwide will increase to 1.4 billion by 2030, or 16.5 per cent of the global population – up to three quarters of whom will live in developing countries. All regions are ageing fast. Over 23 per cent of the world’s women are already aged 50 and over, 44.6 per cent of people over 65 are likely to have disabilities, three quarters of NCDs occur in the over 60’s age group. Today’s youth are tomorrow’s older persons – we have the twin realities of the largest cohorts of older people and the largest cohorts of young people, with the youth bulge  transforming into the age bulge.

 

In agreeing to leave no one behind, the task for governments is to respond to all people, from cradle to grave, with the right mix of policies, underpinned by appropriate investments and data that are disaggregated by age and other variables. Risks across the life course can be tackled by universal policies and programmes which equalise both opportunities and outcomes[1], and  avoid the pitfalls of targeted programmes which often fail to reach many of those they are supposed to.. The inclusion of people of all ages means warmness of and action to tackle the intersection of exclusion and the cumulative impact of discrimination that can happen over a life time. For example, the low literacy that exists among older women because as girls they were not allowed to go school, seriously limits impacts their ability to obtain information, access services or take part in social, economic or political activities. In Mozambique, literacy rates are approximately 5% for older women, compared with 33% for women between 15 and 60.[i]   One in 4 older people in middle and low income countries do not yet receive a pension of any kind.  150 million people fall into poverty every year due to out of pocket health expenses.[2]

 

Goals 1 and 3 are explicit in their intention of eliminating poverty for all at all ages, and ensuring health and well being for all at all ages. Implementing  social protection floors which guarantee income security and access to basic services across the life course, together with  that of achieving universal health coverage, guaranteeing access to quality basic health care without risk of catastrophic out of pocket expenses, are essential as a concrete basis for leaving no one behind.  

 

.

 

 

 

[1] Human Development Report 2014

[2] Economists’ declaration on universal health coverage The Lancet Vol 386 Nov 21 2015

[i]  UNESCO UIS, Ageing Population (65+)Literacy Rates and Illiterate Population by Country and Territory, http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco

 

Margarita Starkeviciute

Would like to support notion that education policy in a broader sense shall not be forgotten and set up as a priority. It is important for young people to acquire the relevant social skills at colleges in addition to specialised knowledge. Therefore in setting public policy it is important to maintain a link between quality of higher education and competitiveness that determines future development of economy. 

Chris Murgatroyd

With respect to the third question, I would add as follows:

 

To reach the ambitious goals of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, there must be a broader understanding of development support. Crisis, fragility, conflict and protracted displacement are central development concerns. The human suffering is overwhelming. And the cost of violence, natural disaster and displacement can no longer be borne by existing systems.

 

The collective responsibility in the 2030 Agenda to reach the furthest behind first includes the 100 million of the most vulnerable people targeted by the humanitarian community – work must be integrated to bring together resources from across the development, human rights, humanitarian and peace and security pillars of the system.

 

Relief and recovery are not linear, and there is a need to work together across the UN Charter in crisis situations, to ensure that a country is back on a development pathway as soon as possible.   This means the UN needs to do better at addressing political blockages to development and ensuring support to SDG planning and implementation recognises and embeds a solid conflict analysis – the UNDG has adopted the Conflict and Development Analysis methodology as an agency neutral tool for just such a purpose. In addition, UN programming should be improved and augmented with a focus on inclusive and transparent governance, the establishment of the rule of law, reduction of violence, and addressing inequalities – in particular, in conflict settings.

 

In its own planning, the UN can focus on its leveraging role in delivering collective and joint outcomes, including by prioritising prevention, peacebuilding, preparedness and resilience building. In complex country situations which have humanitarian and development needs, the UN’s development and humanitarian planning efforts must be multi-year and conducted jointly. This is especially relevant for protracted crises, where too often humanitarian and development efforts have been approached in silos.

 

This approach needs to be piloted concretely through country implementation. The practical reality of putting in place genuine systemwide frameworks – and especially systemwide theories of change – needs to be tested.  We have some positive lessons to build on including the Global Focal Point for Rule of Law (UNDP-DPKO), the Joint Programmes which UNDP and DPA manage on conflict prevention, and electoral processes.

There is also a need to rethink the link between UN financing architecture and how the UN system plans across humanitarian, development and peacebuilding dimensions. Ideally, there should be one, coherent framework that can be financed as a comprehensive whole through multi-year commitments.  We can learn much from the progress of the Somali Compact, and the principles of peacebuilding and statebuilding promoted in the New Deal.

 

Donors also need to rethink coherence within their own financing architecture so that they can provide incentives for the UN system to work together across existing silos. This includes reformulating how “gap issues” such as solutions to protracted displacement should be financed as part of the Agenda 2030. 

 

An empowered leadership at the country level (Resident Coordinator/Humanitarian Coordinator), that oversees collective outcomes, including humanitarian, development and peacebuilding, is a prerequisite for a shift in the way that the system delivers the 2030 Agenda.  They should be able to call on and mobilise the capacities and resources across the system, to work together on joint products and services to deliver as one.

 

Many thanks.

Henry Nnadozie Ekwuruke • Executive Director and Chief Consultant at Development Generation Africa International from Nigeria

How can women be partners in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda? DGAI asked on #IWD2016. We got reply from UN Women: Step it up for gender equality. On March 8, we installed six(6) women in Nigeria as Champions of Gender Equality and Women Empowerment. We also empowered the as "Torchbearers of #SDGs

May our works not be in vain. One of the awardees is a leader of women in Agriculture at National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), Dr. (Mrs.) Nwanyieze Njoku - she want "consistency" with enabling rural women in agriculture get fertilizer and other suppliments." Another is Princess V. U. Anosike a woman champion in health at Ikwuano LGA, "women must be protected to give live births and provided with better opportunities." she said. Lady Cecilia Ekwuruke, my mother was also installed a "Champion." She will like local women traders protected and empowered to promote family futures" Another is Mrs. Chinwe V. Opara in ITF Awka, empowering young women through skill-based training and mentorship. Mrs. Temitope is the Operations Manager of GTBank in Umuahia, Nigeria. She is a 'little' afraid that gender equality is a dream too big. As a Young Champion, she accepted our challenge to mentor some three young girls going into entrepreneurship training supported by our organization as their "role model" We welcome the SDGs and celebrate with them! Prof. Mrs. Anozie encouraged women to speak up and thanked men for supporting them. She called 'silence' as death on the road to sustainability. Mrs. Ekwy Okezie-Ogbulafor is also our Torchbearer for sustainable development goals - they carry the lights we returned to Nigeria with from #UNGA70, she appreciates the work her bank - Heritage Bank is doing with young women!

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Henry, thank you for sharing the remarkable updates on empowering women and inspiring girls. I believe you will begin to see a viable difference, as this grows, and thrives. Please see my post and let me know if we can support you, with regard to virtual education, dialogue, civic engagement, in support of women and girls. Thank you for making a difference, thank you for being a steward of life in Nigeria! -Lisa

Paul Shaw (not verified)

 

ROAD MAP to effective implementation of Agenda 2030 in RURAL AFRICAN COMMUNITIES

                                                                                                      

 

“This is the people’s agenda, a plan of action for ending poverty in all its dimensions, irreversibly, everywhere, and leaving no one behind”  Ban Ki-Moon.

The adoption of the Agenda 2030 in September 2015 by the United Nations (UN), represented a firm commitment by the world leaders and UN member states to address the most challenging issues facing the world- poverty inequality and climate change.

 

Agenda 2030 is expected to influence the course of the history of humanity in the next fifteen years.  It is  a people’s focused agenda formed on the basis of ‘leave no one behind’  - the Goals will not be complete until all people have equal opportunities including the most marginalized, youth, women and children in society.

 

The implementation of the SDGs will require the participation of people from all sectors of society  - state, civil society, education and private sector. Civil Society Organisations have a critical role to play in implementation of  the agenda. Among other things, CSO’s can work with the state to integrate the SDGs with national development plans, formulating policies,  resource allocation and  monitoring and follow up. 

 

In the first phase of the implementation of the Agenda 2030, to make sure that the agenda takes root at a local level, we ask each African country’s government and its leaders the following questions:-.

 

      Will you develop a clear strategy on how the SDGs will be implemented?

      Will the process be inclusive and participatory?

      Will future spending reviews ensure a coherent cross-department SDGs delivery?

      Will a Government Minister be appointed for day-to-day responsibility of the SDGs?

      Will you allow and support progress to be independently reviewed by academia, business and civil society?

 

“We are resolved to free the human race within this generation from the tyranny of poverty and want”  SDG statement by world leaders.

Social Inclusion is a key tenet of Sustainable Development yet rural communities have been left behind in development terms through a complex mix of social, political, technological, economic and environmental factors - it will be very challenging to implement the SDGs in these communities. Just a few months into the start of the SDG implementation period there are questions about how to localise theses gaols to community level – how do you measure progress in these communities and how do you converge country-specific national development priorities and programs and Agenda 2063 and agenda 2030? This roadmap believes that if the communities themselves are made aware of Agenda 2030 along with national  development plans, they would be best placed to drive effective implementation of SDG development in their community.  This primary issue of empowerment needs to be addressed before anything else. How do you empower rural communities to drive  Agenda  2030?

The Network of African Youths for Development (NAYD) has members throughout Africa active in rural community development many of whom are youth leaders of Community Based Organisations (CBOs). Whilst an individual CBO’s scope of development is restricted to a small number of communities in each country, the NAYD network stretches to many locations throughout the continent.  This roadmap believes that encouraging CBOs to work together and share their networks with each other would substantially increase the impact in rural community development. With this in mind this roadmap has developed the following Mission:-

‘Our mission is to empower African rural communities  to drive the  implementation   UN Sustainable Development Goals through youth-led collaborative initiative  that informs effective  implementation , monitoring  and follow-up and, and advocacy campaigns”

The mission and will be achieved by the following objectives:-

      Building   Social movement by forming network of gender balanced, committed, and country focused teamsSupporting co-operation and partnerships in implementing SDGs in rural communities.

      Identifying community/country based SDG priorities according to agreed criteria and indicators

      Creating a platform on programme partnership on SDGs youth-led initiatives.

      Promoting and ensure capacity building through SDG programme mentorship for youth-led organisations and initiatives.

      Mobilizing resource for implementation of country activities

The actions required to achieve these objectives include:-

 

Popularising and localizing SDGs

 

·        Understand how well the rural communities understand the SDGs

·        Conduct community wide initiatives to create awareness

·        Translate SDGs into local languages

·        Map the SDGs into local experiences and activities that communities can relate to

·        Identify together with the rural communities what issue is a priority to them in relation to SDGs.

·        Use radio to reach as many people as possible in rural communities

 

Cooperation and Partnerships

·         Collaborate with stakeholders locally, regionally and globally

·         Ensure an open policy where input from all people at the community is valued

·         Encourage active participation by women in the rural communities

ICT for rural communities

·         Have a central office dedicated for each community, with solar panels and internet/mobile connections, to link all the communities to each other and to the world at large (Maybe have the office set up in existing CBOs already working with the rural communities

·         Train rural communities on technologies they can use to address local communities

·         Community-developed innovations to be encouraged and nurtured.

Capacity building

·         Breakdown SDGs into a language that speaks to the local communities

·         Train teams on proposal writing and grant applications

·         Train the trainers; equip the CBOs' youth leaders with skills that they can transfer to the rural communities

Mobilizing resources

·         Form partnerships with national organizations and global organizations

·         Train country teams on fundraising

·         Seek to collaborate with local and national governments in local projects

Monitoring and Evaluation

·         Use of mobile apps to monitor activities by the rural communities

·         Devise ways that communities can self-report (through community meetings) and hold each other accountable

We believe this roadmap will be successful because SDG development will be driven by the communities themselves,  a bottom-up approach empowered by youth-led teams of CBO’s, supported by local, national, regional, continental and global organizations. This IS the time for these communities to step up the ladder of prosperity, the time for them to be released from the cycles of poverty and hunger, the time when they will all have equal opportunities. By holding hands and working together this roadmap will work.            

 

“It always seems impossible until it's done.”  ― Nelson Mandela

 

 

 

Joseph Mugo Ikinya (not verified)

Achieving the sustainable development goals by 2030 will be a great achievement towards promoting equity and welfare of the human kind. Sustainable development goals aim at meeting the various humanitarian needs by use of the available resources or natural utilities

I wish to focus on what I can refer to as the chief sustainable goal which is QUALITY EDUCATION  or better stated as education for all. For many years  education has been considered good for income generation and hence the best weapon to fight poverty .For the purpose of this discussion I prefer not restrict myself to income generation through education based career as the only benefit of education. Education has other life improving benefits such as improving once self-esteem, expanding ones cognitive abilities and helping one understand the dynamics of the environment around you. Such skills enables people direct their thinking and everyday activities towards solution guided economic and social activities that assist in poverty reduction.

Education is one of the surest ways out of poverty. Reduced poverty means that most families can afford medicine and a balanced which directly relates to healthy population that is more resistant to diseases as a result of increased body immunity. Quality education equips learners with knowledge and skills which are vital to one them employment in formal sectors, this brings about increased production and hence economic growth. Employment is always accompanied by earnings that help in reduction of poverty level. Apart from employment, education also brings about spillover effect to the whole society this enlightenment   brings about social and cultural paradigm shift that is responsible for gender balance, responsible and sustainable of natural resources such as soil, water forests and energy. Conservation of natural resources can be achieved by education based innovation such as use of clean energy, green building and so on.

What about peace and justice? One of the major fueling civil and ethnic wars in Africa is competition for natural resources. Though many may argue that political and social manipulation alongside ethnic and religion diversity is what is behind these  crisis, but we need to ask ourselves what motivates this endless rivalry and hunger for power? One doesn’t need to struggle looking for an answer, its defiantly competition for natural resources. Its simple  civil and ethnic wars occur if conditions  exist to make them financially Politicians and other charismatic leaders take advantage of the poor and ignorant majority ( poverty and ignorance is has direct correlation with poor quality education ).These two factors create incentives to individuals to choose conflict (Hoeffler 2011) Quality education  can solve these problems by :enlightening the communities makes them less vulnerable to  being exploited by  their leaders to engage in violence, providing the communities with the power to demand accountability and  quitable use of the countries natural resources and providing alternatives for sources of utility currently provided by few limited resources  through research and innovations

In conclusion, most of the SDGs revolve around quality education. By investing in quality education to improve human capital most countries can achieve poverty reduction alongside most of the SDGs.

 

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Thank you for your valuable contribution: education in harmony with a thriving future. Please see my post and do let me know if there is any interest in our earth ethic education for universities. If we can be of support! Thank you for all you are doing!

Adriana Galvani • Assisant Professor at University of Bologna IT

Adriana Galvani • Assisant Professor at University of Bologna IT

Adriana Galvani

We know that one of the major subject of the Agenda 2030 is resilience, but the discussion argument I propose is the question of Harmony.

It is natural that men must live in harmony with nature and harmony with others. As far as men pull away from the natural world, the life becomes more difficult. Animals, trees, plants, flowers, all they, strictly depend on the soil. At the opposite, men are going even more far away from the substance of Earth, living in artificial conditions.

Natural conditions suppose a dissemination of people according to natural resources and spaces. That means a horizontal distribution on Earth. The enormously demographic increase, superior to the increase of every species, must then be settled in vertical arrangement, like in even greater and higher skyscrapers, or like chickens in high cages.

Now, this so named vertical set, creates psychological tensions, economic expenses and waste, even anxiety and tensions.

Looking beyond us, in the past, we can see the best historical periods were following the law of nature. The law of nature is a competition among living creatures in similar endowment conditions.

Progress has made human conditions more competitive and, at the same time, more fragile, subject to the load of technology, money, education, skills, competencies.

We think the only tool for social equity is, and should be, EDUCATION. Since education is too different among countries, it will be impossible to gain the same lifestyle conditions for everyone.

Education depends on governments; most of them do not fit out the right conditions, so individuals of poor countries are obliged to stay apart, even if they migrate towards evolved countries.

A supra-governmental organization is necessary to equalize the same opportunities for all, since education is seen as an expenditure, not a gain - which is in the future - by governments which do not care for such outflows.

Lack of education becomes a major impairment during migrations, since life is more difficult in unstable situations, and among stronger competitors.

In conclusion, to rich equality, men must be equal. Thy are born equal, but they became more and more unequal, for lack of tangible and intangible means, occasions and opportunities.

Dole, in itself, cannot solve substantial problems.

As substantial solutions it seems valuable, nowadays, the one child policy. This solution, so much criticized against China, is the only one which can equalize people, especially because poorest families have usually more children. The money and time disposability of parents must be split in several parts with more sons, in fact this was one of the reasons of the very poor conditions that brought to communism in China. There, even a small portion of kitchen garden had to be divided among heirs in the past.

Personally, I have always been against mononuclear families, but, today, I see the situation more intricate because open families, and I have seen so much misunderstanding and contrasts among brothers.

With this opinion, I am able to see a signal in the UN logos, or the logo where a small family is designed: two parents and one child. There is also a picture with two grandparents, two parents and one child.

Certainly, the one child policy has to be corrected, or should be proposed to societies which don’t see any differences among boys and girls.

I would specify that is probably only my opinion, or my vision, but I agree.

Our duty as humans, is to produce human being superior to us, who are already living.

Inevitably, that brings, once more, to the differences among different stages of cultural evolution.

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Adriana, you bring up many good points, thank you. Living in harmony with nature, while not violating 'do no harm' is the ultimate culture of peace society, however the core family looks like, as we know it will have a vast spectrum in any society. Tolerance for differences, not judging our brothers and or sisters in community, but providing assistance, help, resources, etc from a space of inclusivity, and worth for everyone. Stewards of Life! Thank you for being one, bless you, -Lisa

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

I agree with you on most points. May I point out that education it has been used in this forum is a contributor to the problem than one that alleviates it. However, if it is used in its appropriate civilised sense, i.e.,  directed towards enabling a person to adequately satisfy one's six fundamental needs in a way that does not harm others and our common environment, then it is a valuable asset. But, today, education serves as a production-line facility that turns out human raw materials into what economy requires. A bit shuddering reality. Moreover, the modern economy sets no legal limits to profit or to any acquisition of gain. Its backbone is competition as in any alley in a dangerous slum. Therefore, it would be the greatest obstacle to harmony man has ever invented.  Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 25 March 2016 00:51To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Adriana Galvani researcher from Italy commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Saranchimeg

As my opinion, the  principle of 'Leave no one behind' is  a good point, but it is unlikely to happen without sustained economic growth that is inclusive and sustainable in less developed countries and middle-income countries. Everyone says that every member of the society should participate development, while in real life, particular groups of the population, including poor people always left behind because they lack of possibility to find a job and participation in social life. Hence, we should ask questions that how do we know some people are behind? What factors are contributing to such a situation? How to measure and solve those factors?  

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Saranchimeg, thank you for what you address. If we support holistic approaches, like support for core family units, this assists in growing solutions, while also enabling selfcare and care for those particulary forgotten and/or left behind because burdens of life are too great of a weight. Which sadly, breaks the family first. Please see my post and do let me know if there is anything we can assist you with! Thank you for all you are doing in Mongolia!

Mustafa Khawaja

Achieving goal 16 is the key for others, it's the core of on how to regulate all aspects in the life<

john r bell (not verified)

"No one left behind" a nice concept but sadly as I have read so many of the contributions on this discussion, I wonder, what would a person living with a disability today, right now, think, ponder, or if they had a voice say?

The world bank and many others for that matter, keep us informed about "Disability" and here is what they tell us:

 

"One billion people, or 15 percent of the world’s population, experience some form of disability, and disability prevalence is higher for developing countries. One-fifth of the estimated global total, or between 110 million and 190 million people, experience significant disabilities.

Persons with disabilities, on average as a group, are more likely to experience adverse socioeconomic outcomes than persons without disabilities, such as less education, worse health outcomes, less employment, and higher poverty rates."

So for the 1 billion out there, what have we offered as hope and insight for the future, a few comments from me, and our friend in Japan,  maybe I missed a few? and many well drafted statements about so many things, "no one left behind", you know the saying we are judged as a society  by how we treat the most vulnerable of those amongst us, whether it be woman, children, the elderly, many of whom are living with a disability, have we given justice to them? I fear not.  March 25th 8:30 pm, just another day. There is a good book out there, "Nothing about us without us", check it out, take a step or a stumble into what the 1 billion might have to say   john  just another project guy trying to make the world a better place for all

Saranchimeg

Level of development varies in each country, so, one of the challenges would be identified indicators to  analyze and monitor SDG. For the successful implementation of SDG or Post 2015 agenda, we should be careful to select indicators and their measurement as measurable, available, relevant  and comparable within and between countries. For instance, how to assess or evaluate access to improved sanitation for nomadic people, especially nomads in mountainous or remote areas, so on. The UN and specialized agencies would present and negotiate with respective government under the SDG that what goals are the most important for the country, who who measure and report SDG implementation, how to compare with others and so one.

Carolina Beatriz Venegas Martinez • Academic Operations Manager at Northeastern University

 

The "leave no one behind" principle in terms of sustainability sounds ideal, but it would be very challenging to completely fulfill that goal. First of all, achieving sustainability in developing countries with high levels of poverty, violence, forced migration, low levels of education, few relevant research findings caused by very low investment in high quality research, among other deficiences,  is not an easy task. I think that the first front to work on is on education, and more specifically on high quality education. If our children are taught that the environment must be protected, that our actions have consequences, and that we are the only responsibles for what we have and will have as a planet, we would not have to "punish" them as adults as punishment does not teach a person accountability.

Education triggers change. Our youth and future generation of professionals should be empowered of their capabilities, and should be aware of what sustainability is, how it can be reached, and being able to change their minds to think outside of the box and deal with their local limitations but thinking globally. In this way we overcome developing countries barriers and can contribute to a real change.

There are many topics to be covered in terms of sustainability, and this could be achieved when technical education is integrated with social and community work. A very wise quote said by Benjamin Franklin reads: "Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn". Sustainability is a term that nowadays is still unclear -as a theory- for many people. However, when in practice, there are many ways to implement sustainable solutions for simple or complex problems. If our younger generations get involved in real problems where real and effective solutions are needed, we will be - for sure- ensuring that sustainability will be achieved and stop mattering where the problem is located.

Challenges in terms of sustainability are everywhere. Solutions will be more more complex than others, but at the end all go towards the same goal. When talking about sustainability we have to start thinking about environmental health, use of more resilient materials, sustainable use of resources, environmental remediation, access to drinking water, waste disposal and wastewater collection systems and treatment.

What we need is hands-on solutions. We cannot fall in the analysis paralysis that has been the most common end of many of our problems. Overthinking or overanalyzing the problem implies no decision or action taken; therefore, a waste of resources and making the problem bigger is the unevitable end. 

 

  

luiz gama • Permanent Representative at HOCUS PHOCUS HOLOS - economic institute of environment preservation from Brazil

To achieve sustainsbility, replace is the word to be considered. Replace oil and carbon burn industrial economic paradigm, because it is based in subtracting low entropy raw materials from the Earth, and burn it in large scale, is causing the planet to heat up. Now, one might be thinking, what does it matters to the subject? Well, i´ll tell, for example:

1. Global warming is the trigger catastrofic event to provoque climate change.

2. Climate change promotes agriculture break-down.

3, Lost economic bases of survival of 2 billion people.

4. Nowadays 300 milllion people are already into an exudus movement, specially at Syria to Europe.

5. This situation is worstened by the gun fire spread out, specially in Africa, and South America.

6. Dictators, and Human Whrights never walk together causing social environmental colapse.

Of course the African continent mostly fits under the discription above. Yes, we need big change. Thing big. Think change. Let take a look at the economical science.

The entirely economical theory was based in two wrong assumptions: first that the natural resources were so abundant, that it could be taken for free, second the theory was unable to present a consistent theory that demonstrate the unviability and a profound sense of ecological deficit that the oil burning capitalist productive system bring to the planet, as long as it might be big, but sensitive to the aggressiions commited at the Antropoceno period we are living.

As a torch of light, The Steady State Theory establishments are fundamental to bring up together the real conditions to make the change possible. In terms of international political economics to congregate a commonsense of togertherness among nations world wide, it it needed to motivate international financial capital into a set of new values, human perspective wise, it is need to motivate it into a set of new values with a new perspective of human kind, promoting hapiness instead of accumulation, maximizing leisure activities in the rich countries, and wheathfare state in the LDCs.

Productive work will have to be rethinked in a world where the production system has to be minimized into the essencial only and in a clean form only, to provide the poors with the survival means, considering the industrial job no longer an instrument of whealth distribution.

Recently, which means it´s not fully understand, the knolegment frontier has been spanded incorporating Thermodinamics and Entropy Lay into the field of Deep Ecology, adding new sights about ways of life, how everything we know is submitted to these laws. This theory, promotes the conditions to guide the global productive system to a new energy matrix, solar, renewable, accecible. Nowadays some economical authors e.g. Daly, Herman and Townsend, Kenneth enthusiast of this theory, shows us new path of individual behavior and how necessary it is to minimize consumption to reach everyone and finally "none is left behind" would have a chance, but, is it really possible?

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Thank you Luiz for sharing, do you have a link you would recommend for The Steady State Theory. I would like to read and study more about it. Thank you very much!

luiz gama • Permanent Representative at HOCUS PHOCUS HOLOS - economic institute of environment preservation from Brazil

Hello dear,

Well, let me recommend you a book about the subject, it is " Valuing the Earth" Daly, Herman and Townsend, Kenneth.  I hope you enjoy this book.

All the best!

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Dear Senhor Gama, I am reluctant to use the phrase, 'paradigme shift' put forward by Thomas Kuhn due to its epistemological unsoundness, we can replace it by using a one, a change in our values as you seem to propose. An aspect of modern economy we must never forget is that it imposes no limits on how much financial or other resources one may sequester for one's own purposes. This is perfectly legal, but the irony is that global resources are finite, which is self-evident truth. But, all the economists have blithely ignored this fact in their ponderous tomes. And the scientists must share part of the blame for the current state of affairs. Some have openly advocated that science can solve every difficulty under the sun, which simply shows how it is possible to know a great deal about a particular field, while remaining abjectly ignorant of the whole. Improvement of human lives is not impossible, if we remember that rights, liberty, freedom of speech, etc., did not, do not, and shall never have logical priority over access to food, adequate shelter and clothing, some health care, reasonable security, chance to procreate within limits, and some non-material satisfaction like a bit of dancing, music, etc. These are fundamental needs of every human, be he  classified primitive or sophisticated. And that is not all. Those who now boast about the liberties and affluence  their societies ennjoy, ought to take a look at their own history, not their ancient history, they need to go back just a couple of centuries to see horrors of child labour,Ddraconian laws. awful conditions in the slums that were around every industrial centre. In spite of this, they recommend the same path to the deprived of today, little realising that while it may enrich some, it will inevitably deprive many. What's more, its effects would be lot worse today, because  the world population has grown immensely since those times of yore. So, we need a new approach. We need to make economy the tool it ought to be, i.e., a tool that one uses to adequately satisfy one's six fundamental needs in a way that entails no harm  to other people and to our common environment. This is not hard to understand, unless one is blinded by unreasoning greed for power or money. This type of greed has been championed so long, many people seem to  display it like a Pavlovian reflex, which is gross insult to the double 'sapiens' bit with which we have labelled ourselves. No, I don't see how the modern economy can  be made rational. An attempt to reconcile it to what I have suggested would be like trying to reconcile the ancient Aristotelian cosmology with the Copernican model. I propose cooperation as the backbone of civilised economy, while competition is that of the present one. No, it does not promote grey mediocracy. In fact, that is the prerogative of modern economy turning the world into beings that dress in the same  fashion, eat the same stuff, listening to the same sort of er.. music, etc, etc. Cooperation does promote human creativity for it does not impose deadlines on invention. One creates or invents for one's own satisfaction, and not to beat someone else to the patent office. Julius Caesar is supposed to have said, "good reasons of force give place to better." Yes, it was easy for him, he had a sword to make sure they did. Greetings! Lal Manavado.  From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 25 March 2016 03:12To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] luiz gama Economist from Brazil commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Rob Wheeler

Carbon Farming can provide an effective coherent approach for implementing the SDGs

Many ecovillage communities have been experimenting with different means of carbon farming and have gone well beyond carbon neutral to become net negative carbon communities. These villages provide many examples and best practices for sequestering billions of tons of carbon and reversing global warming, while helping to achieve the SDGs. You can read about our success stories at: www.ecovillage.org/COP21.

 

While there’s no question that we need to reduce GHG emissions, over the last 25 years emissions have actually accelerated. In 2013 there were roughly 50 parts per million more carbon pollution in the atmosphere than in 1988. While we have to replace fossil-fuels with renewables, other measures are needed as well.

 

The alternative we propose is to net sequester – go beyond zero – at the home, village and regional scale. We have many tools for accomplishing this – carbon farming, agroforestry, ecosystem restoration, and biochar in everything from clothing to buildings.

 

Humanity has actually released far more carbon to the atmosphere from soil disruption, desertification, and deforestation since the beginning of agriculture than from fossil fuels. So now we  have the opportunity to reverse the process and rebuild and sequester megatons of carbon in our soils. 

 

The safest and most effective approach is to capture it with millions of species of green plants, animals, insects, fungi and micro-organisms, burying it deep in soils in carbon-rich molecules that are stable for centuries or longer. And because complex organic carbon molecules retain many times their weight in water, we can also restore vibrant life to billions of acres of parched, desertified areas that were once healthy forests or grasslands.

 

The result is that we can address multiple SDGs and targets at the same time, including that of doubling agricultural productivity, reducing hunger, restoring soil health while sequestering massive amounts of carbon in the soil, increasing access to clean water, increasing biodiversity, restoring natural water cycles, reducing poverty, and eliminating global warming.  

 

As years pass without strong global action on climate, the threat of the Earth’s temperatures rising by more than 2oC has become increasingly likely and alarming. The “emissions gap,” between what our governments are willing to do and what is required is estimated at 8 to 10 billion tons of CO2 in 2020 and 14 to 17 billion tons in 2030. 

An article on the Global Ecovillage Network COP21 website at http://ecovillage.org/node/5998 by Hans-Peter Schmidt entitled Humus or Famine states that deforestation and degradation release an estimated 4.3 to 5.5 Gt CO2eq per year, with agriculture producing 5.0 to 5.8 billion metric tons more. We’ve lost between 55 and 320 billion tons of carbon or roughly 25% to 75% of the original humus content. 

 

Healthy soil has humus levels between 3.5% and 6%. Our more intensively used soils are 2% or below. But when the Europeans arrived in the Amazon River basin centuries ago, the native peoples had built the Terra Preta soils to 10 - 15% resulting in incredibly rich farming communities - in a region with naturally low carbon soils.

 

We can achieve the same by closing organic cycles, applying organic matter (composts, green manure and mulch), mixed cropping, continuous soil cover, minimizing tillage, and applying biochar to our fields.

 

By increasing the carbon content of the soil to just 10% worldwide over the next 100 years we could sequester the equivalent of 900 billion tons of C02, reducing it by 110 ppm in the atmosphere, thus returning to pre-industrial levels.

 

Albert Bates states, in an article on the GEN COP21 website,  “We could sequester 1 gigaton of carbon annually by switching to carbon farming. And with biochar increase this to 4 to 10 PgC per year using biomass-to-energy pyrolysis reactors.” And then add tree planting, wetland restoration and bamboo stands. Reforestation, particularly at the edges of deserts, provides the largest available wedge to combat climate change, potentially contributing 80 GtC(PgC)/a.

 

These things are not only do-able, but are already being done in ecovillages around the world. We can sequester more greenhouse gases than we emit. We can go back to pre-industrial carbon levels while restoring ecosystem health and replenishing our depleted soils. All we have to do is plant trees, build terra preta soils, and organically store carbon in our planet’s terrasphere like the Indians did centuries ago. It is this type of novel approach to sustainable development and best practices that the international community needs to embrace in implementing the 2030 Agenda and striving to meet the ambitious Sustainable Development Goals. 

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Hi Rob, Nice to see your voice contributing in this forum, your experience in - beyond net zero - is invaluable! Thank you for sharing the many options available, in harmony with nature, ethics as examples of a thriving bio-diversity, while solving many of the current eco issues we are facing, locally and globally. Thank you!

Quentin Farmar-Bowers (not verified)

Hi RobCarbon farming.  Well there is not enough evidence that soil or vegetation carbon is outside the climate carbon cycle.  It may sound ok but carbon needs to be stored for a very long time perhaps thousands of years. As you will know bacteria and viruses metabolise carbon back out of these systems very fast once they are wet / in solution. So more research is needed Quentin Sent from my iPhoneQuentin Farmar-BowersOn 25 Mar 2016, at 1:47 PM, notification@unteamworks.org wrote:

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Definition of Carbon. Perhaps the misunderstanding is due the current inaccurate use of the term 'Carbon'. In its elemental form, it will not participate in the Carbon cycle owing to its chemical innertness. However, when a constitutent of animal or plant tissue, Carbon will indeed participate in the cycle, because then it is in a degradable state as some organic compound, for example, cellulose in the wood. Having said that, trapping Carbond dioxide as an insoluble carbonate, that of Calcium, is a better bet as it could sequester carbon for extended periods. But, this is of very limited practical value. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 26 March 2016 04:04To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Quentin Farmar-Bowers commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Etsuko Ueno • Director at Japanese Society for Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities(JSRPD)

I will introduce you one of the examples on how to achieve “Leave no one behind” in practices. This is the activities for implementing the issue of social inclusion of vulnerable people including persons with disabilities from our experiences. 

The 3rd Asia-Pacific CBR Congress was held in September 2015 by CBR Asia-Pacific Network, Japan NGO Network on Disabilities (JANNET) and Japanese Society for Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities (JSRPD).  The theme of the Congress is “Poverty Reduction through Community-based Inclusive Development (CBID) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) “. The Tokyo Declaration which was adopted at the closing ceremony mentioned CBID can contribute to the implementation of SDGs, especially in solving the issue of “No one left behind”.

SDGs has been incorporated in the discussion of setting the theme of the Congress  from the beginning. 

 

Two booklets are published wb hich are both CBID good practices; one is practices in Asia-Pacific, and the other is the practices in Japan. Those evidence-based cases show the approach for implementation of inclusion of vulnerable people in the society. One of them is twin-track approach which is seen in most of those cases. In those cases positive impacts are seen in persons with disabilities, their families. Those cases show CBID is useful developed countries including Japan as well. 

With the cooperation of Nippon Foundation, JSRPD is going to develop trainers’ training program for implementing CBID in Japan in 2016.

Please visit the website: JSRPD - English - CBID Practice.

Etsuko Ueno, Japanese Society for Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities (JSRPD)

 

 

john r bell (not verified)

Thank you for your comments,  it is certainly encouraging to see the leadership on the issues of disabilities coming out of Japan. Acknowledgement of the presence of persons living with a disability in our homes, communities, and countries is the first vital step to assessing how to best address the needs and inclusion of those amongst us ale. Most developing countries do that take those steps.  Sadly many 1st world countries do not either and treat the issue of disability as a disease, not as a challenge to go further in social change. In Guatemala the country statistics do not accurately reflect the %14 of the population living with a disability. In turn they choose to estimate a 4% stat, as do many other countries around the world. Until we reach a point in our societies to see the contributions that can be made by those with disabilities, we can not move forward.  John BellTransitions Foundation of Guatemalawww.transitionsfoundation.orgEmail: john@transitionsfoundation.orgLike and Follow us on FacebookOn Thu, Mar 24, 2016 at 10:46 PM, <notification@unteamworks.org> wrote:

You

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Etsuko, Thank you for sharing best practices that have measurable success, very much appreciated. And thank you for mentioning families, when it comes to the success of inclusivity of people with disabilities, if the core family unit is not supported, as well, the long-term success dwindles. Improving the quality of life, for core family units will do more to support forgotten people, than people realize. Thank you for all you are doing, in realizing this holistic success! -Lisa 

Arunaselam Rasappan (not verified)

My apologies for joining this discussion late but I must have missed the earlier notification about this forum.

I have several comments on the SDGs and the three questions but due to time constraints, am going to give my commnents generally and still try to address the three questions:

 

I think the slogan "Leave no one behind" is quite apt in terms of the desire and is a much needed strategic target for all our countries and especially the less developed countries.  In this context however, the question that is upmost in my mind is how are we going to achieve this global nice sounding goal?  We have been struggling with the MDGs for years and with some success though the success and effort level dont necessarily match. Given the 17 targets under the SDGs compared to the much small MDG targets, this is indeed a mammoth challenge...so the question to me is simple....what are we going to do differently under the SDGs to achieve the larger number of targets?  Do we have a complete list of what has gone wrong and what needs to be plugged under the SDGs to ensure the success of the SDGs? How can we effectively address/support/make a difference with the challenges being faced in the SDG implementing countries? Are we going to go through another long cylce of the "business as usual" approach utilized under the MDGs?

My humble opinion on this is that we should take a careful look at the way implementing countries are adopting and working on the SDGs.  I have worked in 30+ countries in the last 20 years and before that another 25 years in a developing country.  I dont see any development partner looking at the challenges within the country in a holistic manner.  Our approaches to address the challenges are compartmentalized and in many cases non-sustainable. The implementing countries adopt myriad systems and aproaches in implementing the MDG (and now the SDG) programs and projects but there is limited success. Teh situation is almost "chaotic" in some countries with the governments trying to strategically "maximise" the development aid that comes in.  In short, there is no integrated approach to the development intiiatives in the countries. 

Case in point is very obvious.  In many developing countries, there is no integration between the devleopment plannnig process and the budgetary process.  These countries are still practising traditional line-item incremental budgeting. The development budget and the operating budget dont necessarily talk to each other or are integrated.  Performance is typically directed at the projects under the development budget.  Parliamentary debates are more often than not focused on the projects under the development budget (which by the way only typically accounts for about 30% of the national budget).

There is minimal  integration, if at all, between the development initiatives, policies and human capital that drives policies. There is no proper M&E system or approaches that are linked systematically and in an MfDR compliant manner with the development initiative. I could go on and these are not textbook narrations but all drawn from real-life experiences over the years and sadly, even NOW.  The Paris Declaration on donor harmomization is non existent, especially within the implementing countries...look around us in these countries and you can see plenty of evidence to the effect.

 

Withou having to bore everyone with more such "horror" stories, let me come to a simple comment:  What are we going to do differently under the SDGs that will address the fundamental stumbling blocks under the MDGs and now?  I dont see new strategies to address these fundamental challenges being addressed (though perhaps they are there and of course I may not be fully aware of all the positive efforts that are gonig on out there).

My suggestion to the UNDP (and other developent partners) is to review the Paris Declaration and the Accra and Busan Declarations...the points made there are good and hit the nail but we have failed to see them through and are not practicing it.  The UNDP needs to help all SDG implementing countries adopt and utilize an integrated approach to development management (covering all components of the development cycle).  By working with the governments and "encouraging" them to adopt an integrated approach, the countries themselves would be able to get a better handle and better manage their development initiatives and to produce better development results.  Many countries need this assistance and support to guide them but yet be able to maintain their country-driven priorities and policies.

From our experience, we believe that an important UN development agency like the UNDP must lead the way to push for nd support this form of integrated approach.  The process is not that complicated nor expensive but yet will go a long way to engaging SDG implementing governments and guiding them on how to ensure the SDG targets are systematically planned for and achieved within the SDG period.

 

Am happy to discuss this further and/or to give further examples and cases to support what I'm suggesting.

 

ONce again, my apologies for the late entry and for my long winded comments.

 

Best regards

Aru Rasappan

President, Asia-Pacific Evaluation Association (APEA)

Senior Advisor, Center for Development & Research in Evaluation, International (Malaysia)

 

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Arunaselam,Thank you for your heart felt response. I believe you identified it poignantly: holistic approach!  Please see my post, we would be happy to discuss how we may be able to assist you to realizing your vision! -Lisa

Arunaselam Rasappan (not verified)

Thanks for reverting on this Lisa.  We are quite confident of the integrated approach to development and have proven this in Malaysia and several other countries in Asia and Africa. The integrated approach will help improve development results dramatically and at the same time address many of the development challenges in developing countries. AS I had alluded in my post, if only we look and take stock rationally but from within the country and from an inside perspective, we can solve the development challenges and poor performance with better outcomes than if we continue with current approaches and current systems. 

 

Am not sure if this is the right forum but am happy to provide more details on the integrated approach to development and how adoption of this integrated approach by governments and donors alike will help improve SDG results substantially.  I strongly believe that we need to approach the SDGs quite differently from the past practices if we wish to make better progress and results than the MDGs.

 

Another important point to consider:  developing countries dont have the luxury of time to move step by step though I know many countries and development partners are prescribing this approach.  We need to assist them proacively and positively with new systems and tools to make the transition and produce better development results much faster.

 

Regards

Aru Rasappan

 

Roberto Borrero (not verified)

 How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.)?For Indigenous Peoples, full, effective and meaningful participation is key. States have already affirmed this in the Rio+20 outcome document “The Future We Want”. Paragraph 49 specifically recognizes: “the importance of the participation of indigenous peoples in the achievement of sustainable development” and “the importance of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in the context of global, regional, national and sub-national implementation of sustainable development strategies.”  At the international level, what are challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practice and/or who are the "trail blazers" leading the way to improved coherence?The Inclusion of Indigenous Peoples in the Global and National indicators will help ensure policy coherence and the commitment of States to recognize the special situations of Indigenous Peoples, which is articulated in the outcome document of recent World Conference on Indigenous Peoples. At paragraph 37, for example, States affirm that “...indigenous peoples have the right to determine and develop priorities and strategies for exercising their right to development. In this regard, we commit ourselves to giving due consideration to all the rights of indigenous peoples in the elaboration of the post-2015 development agenda” How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?UN development system can work with the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues and the Inter-Agency Support Group as well as the States' "Group of Friends of Indigenous Peoples" to bring the concerns of Indigenous Peoples, in particular, to the forefront of the 2030 Agenda. The Post 2015 Development Agenda should not pave the way to the further marginalization of Indigenous Peoples, but rather seize this unique opportunity to remedy past shortcomings and historic injustices based on inequality. This can only be achieved with the full and effective participation of Indigenous Peoples in the development, monitoring, and evaluation of post-2015 development agenda and the political will of States to respect and implement our rights. The UN system cannot remain neutral in this instance as it is obligated to present these realities to States seeking advice and technical expertise. The SDGs and post-2030 development agenda aspire to “leave no one behind,” however, if the current trends continue to render us invisible; there is little hope that this process will deliver positive changes to the estimated 370 million Indigenous Peoples around the world. 

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Thank you Roberto, for your articulate response on the subject of inclusivity of Indigenous voices, which (in many cases) have many thousand year history as a tribe or clan, and their vote/voices not being included in these dialogues, in the past, is a result of what we have seen in the beginning years of the UN. With cross collaberation, inclusivity and dialogue, forums, even events and celebration, honoring the cultures of peace they contribute to the world family, is unique and vital. There is vast wisdom and unique contributions, even in innovation and technology, which if shared, without a financial goal but a cultural shared experience, makes all the difference. Thank you for your beautiful work, your contribution is vital!

john r bell (not verified)

It is encouraging to see the issue of Indigenous Peoples brought to the table.  If you then place Indigenous Peoples, living with a disability into the discussion, you will have see the challenge of how to include these millions of our world population. It is easy to consider the discussion topics as a goal for those that are best suited to be involved in such change and high hopes.  Although,  this will not truly affect all, it will leave many behind, just as is the status quo today. Truly the challenge is to identify all classes of people, as to understand, who you don't want to leave behind. After 40 years in the field of higher education, advocacy, and direct service development in the third world, most national and international development programs ie: UNDP, USAID...have not addressed the concept on inclusiveness into their scope and mission. Much of the work is left to smaller NGO's, without access to medium to larger funding from these and other international development organizations.  NGO's are left to fend for themselves, seeking small support from local entities and reaching out to individuals and civic groups in the 1st world for funding support. The issue with this type of program development and service model, is that the number and range of services is restricted to the small amounts of funds available, so we in turn leave many behind.John BellTransitions Foundation of Guatemalawww.transitionsfoundation.orgEmail: john@transitionsfoundation.orgLike and Follow us on FacebookOn Thu, Mar 24, 2016 at 11:46 PM, <notification@unteamworks.org> wrote:

You c

Guadalupe

Consideramo  la agenda 2030 como un enorme reto,un gran sueño que dificilmente sera una realidad en su totalidad para muchos paises en especial de America Latina.

No dejar Nadie atras implica apertura,involucramiento y crear espacios y oportunidades de participacion de forma equitativa en especial para Mujeres viviendo con VIH,como miembras de la Comunidad Internacional de Mujeres viviendo con VIH (ICW Latina) Capitulo El Salvador mantenemos nuestro lema "Nada Para Nosotras , sin Nosotras" ,  la mujeres viviendo con VIH esperamos a nivel regional unir esfuerzos  en el desarrollo de esta agenda, participar activamente y aportar hacia el logro de las metas en cada uno de los paises. Estamos impulsando nuestra campaña " Mas Paz  Menos sida" como una estrategia para detener el avance de la epidemia por VIH. Aun falta mucho por hacer en relacion al empoderamiento de las mujeres,la desigualdades entre los generos y romper el vinculo existente entre violencia contra la mujer y VIH.  

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Gracias Guadalupe,Sí más inclusividad, la empatía a las personas con necesidades especiales, la capacitación, la invitación a participar, contribuir y celebrar sus contribuciones y regalos únicos.Gracias por todo lo que está haciendo para las mujeres con conciencia del VIH, la educación, y en última instancia la reducción! ¡Salud!

Yogesh Sharma (not verified)

We think the topic should be covered and taught at the grassroot level. Schools and colleges need to partake in the discussion and idea. Develpoed countries and citizens of these countries need to be more emphatic and sensitive towards the needs of the underrdeveloped and undeveloped countries. 'leave No one Behind' can see success only if wwe all truly understand and accept the concept. It can work only if we truly beleive this as this is workable and has the capacity to be successful.

We can think of acheiving a sustainable community only  if everyone works together.  Communities need to be accountable for other communities and people. we need to make sure that our community become sustainable, safe, prosperous, collaborative, connected to nature, community and to the global SDG 2030 goals.   Education in schools and in the community and in colleges can become that agent. What we think we are missing in the world right at this moment is Moral values.The kids need to be taught moral values at the school level. we need to become Spiritual if not religious. We need to see 'GOD' in evry other human being. Compassion, kindness and empathy are the values that the communities are built on and sustained.everyone helps..physically, emotionally or spiritually but helps. Imagine a place like that!Sharing whatever we have got with our fellow brothers and sisters will get us there. 

 

Yogesh Sharma

President, Human Rights Snarakshan Sansthaa

India

Lisa Clapier • CEO & Founder at UnifyEvolution.info

Stewards of Life, yes Yogesh! Thank you!

Innately children know these values, as adults we either affirm them 'sustain them' or teach them through modeling, that they do not matter, a cost we are all discovering is to great. Universities are the leverage point we feel, as well, as they are adults, bright, not yet programmed by (hopefully) tragedies of life, and are voting age.

 

Thank you for the value you are bringing to this world!

adam suliman Abaker

I agree with comments 'leave No one Behind' should be taught at the all community levels. households, Schools and colleges need to participate in the discussion and idea.

To acheive  'leave No one Behind' we have to work together.  Communities need to be accountable for other communities and people. Education in schools and in the community and in colleges can become that agent. What we think we are missing in the world right at this moment is Moral values.The kids need to be taught moral values at the school level. we need to become Spiritual if not religious. Compassion, kindness and empathy are the values that the communities are built on and sustained.everyone helps..physically, emotionally or spiritually but helps. Imagine a place like that!Sharing whatever we have got with our fellow brothers and sisters will get us there. In addition transparency.

GEORGES RADJOU (not verified)

Friends,

I am delighted to participate to the teawork. I have read post of others expressing their needs. They are quite right, actually. They are very good posts. I am not going to return on them (except if any question arose). My specific viewpoint is about Post 2015 SDG scope. I think, the most striking point according to BIRD group is tomorrow future of Sustainable Development and how we/interantional community will be able to scope/scale up a giant task (Herculean nearly) in order to materialize the UN goals in various action agenda (2015). I imagine in a postred document (see attachement) that it could happen, if we look at paradigm change and what UNSECGEN Excellency Ban K-moon said about Climate Changes and the Post 2015 SDGs which are both the different sides of the same reality. Please, open my document, as I gave the essential -I think- of what I saw as paramount, which are the taskforce  and the innovation. Thanks. Georges Radjou.

Anupa

In context of "leaving no one behind" women specially in the rural areas are left behind. I come from Nepal, after initiation of MDG there has been plenty of projects and programs which claim to focus on women health and agendas. Despite enormous amount of money being spent girls and women are still among the vulnerable population for violence, exploitation socially and economically, poor health and intergenerational cycle of violence. I think in the past women and girls have only been treated as receipient. Their active role, engagement and empowerment is often ignored by the superfcial projects being ran. No amount of projects will work until and unless we address the root cause of the problem that is social and economical deprivation of women.  

The two possible way out for this is 1) Education: It has been prime focus in MDG too however during the course of MDG the primary enrolment of girls and boy both were high. But in case of secondary education the drop out of girls are extremely high. This is the very time we can prevent early marriage, early pregnancy and other complications ariving along with it. Educating girls is often taken as costly task  and an investment of no return . We need to change this perception by proper initiative tfnancial or social to encourage them to be at school.

2) Economic Empowerment: Programs that enhances or generates a source of income for women will be the effective way for women empowerment. Women have proven to be exceptionally well in "Community forest development " in Nepal. I believe So if given chance they can learn well and show great managerial skill. If they have the economic development they will better manage their family child health and their own health too. Vocational training on utilizing their won community resource to earn a living is most.

Anupa

In context of "leaving no one behind" women specially in the rural areas are left behind. I come from Nepal, after initiation of MDG there has been plenty of projects and programs which claim to focus on women health and agendas. Despite enormous amount of money being spent girls and women are still among the vulnerable population for violence, exploitation socially and economically, poor health and intergenerational cycle of violence. I think in the past women and girls have only been treated as receipient. Their active role, engagement and empowerment is often ignored by the superfcial projects being ran. No amount of projects will work until and unless we address the root cause of the problem that is social and economical deprivation of women.  

The two possible way out for this is 1) Education: It has been prime focus in MDG too however during the course of MDG the primary enrolment of girls and boy both were high. But in case of secondary education the drop out of girls are extremely high. This is the very time we can prevent early marriage, early pregnancy and other complications ariving along with it. Educating girls is often taken as costly task  and an investment of no return . We need to change this perception by proper initiative tfnancial or social to encourage them to be at school.

2) Economic Empowerment: Programs that enhances or generates a source of income for women will be the effective way for women empowerment. Women have proven to be exceptionally well in "Community forest development " in Nepal. I believe So if given chance they can learn well and show great managerial skill. If they have the economic development they will better manage their family child health and their own health too. Vocational training on utilizing their won community resource to earn a living is most.

Mustafa Khawaja

You are right in regard the education and empowermentBut always resources are main obstacle this bring goal 16 at the front again

Paye Banza (not verified)

Hello!

You have Resources Solution thrugh SHARING you could wish plese visit us for more effective and inclive approach. Here is a vision with AIDDE to overcome education resources issue and a participative way to harvest every other community effort through reciprocity without leaving anyone behind.

http://www.fvtelibrary.com/aboutus 

 

Paye Banza (not verified)

Well done!

We are in for solution against QUALITY EDUCATION RESOURCES access SEGREGATION! That has caused poor intellectual harvest in developing countries particularly. We believe that a well balanced and bi-bilateral knowledge pool for reciprocity in SHARING, such as  One World One Academic Library concept we suggest to your appreciation ensures better NO-ONE IS LEFT UNATTENDED for education resources dispatch, itself based of any auto-determination, development, empowerment, gender equality, HEALTH, you name it. AIDDE eLibrary Technology Platform empowers communities through education and research, aims to bring all education institutions together with no matter on what they have, vital for the whole and a better adjustment to changes at all communities levels. For instance, children in any remote community SHARING same quality education resources with CANADA, the WORLD and vice versa without any geographic boundaries, all have same opportunity to grow equally in knowledge, create new ones and develop, EMPOWERS INDIVIDUALS, boosts research, frees invention spirit and avoid PLAGIARISM and re-invention of the wheel and allow development of effective solutions that matters and well adapted to local communities culture and realities for an easy implementation impacting local development sustainability, a true International Knowledge Incubator with the courtesy of;  http://www.fvtelibrary.com/faq / Quality education and research  unfortunately, yet hindering progress in many places in the world where YOUTH are in constant move out communities toward solution instead of EMPOWERING them to tackle issues where they are. The lake of references and unevenly available in unidimensional direction or just none to supporting communities building with self-empowerment orientations in mind has caused deregulation in many remote communities! Some people argue our approach sounds expensive but, trying the opposite, the ignorance  leaving communities situation the way it is, might cost even more expensive, heading already to a catastrophe. There is a will, should be a way, AIDDE spells out all above concerns and comes up with the most comprehensive and inclusive communities building solution to sustain development trough education with full local participation. This might surprise you on how emancipated remote education system would play major role in addressing not only their local development concerns but also with global influence.

http://www.fvtelibrary.com      /     Twitter: @FinalVision1

 

Paul Shaw (not verified)

How do you empower African Rural communities with the SDGs? NAYD is currently forming teams of CBO's for every country in Africa to do this - please read our proposed roadmap, for your comments 

maurice phillips (not verified)

Maurice Philllips:  Director of Sandele Eco-Retreat and Learning Centre, The Gambia and a passionate Global Ecovillage Network devotee.

 

This post is an attempt at a general answer to the three questions posed by the moderator.

“Moving from commitments to results is the UN call”.  “The UN is not an implementing agency” said an earlier post. Correct.  It is for governments and civil society to implement the policies proposed at the UN.

However, the biggest challenge for all societies is that governments are not always so good at implementation, primarily being policy making bodies themselves and typically do not have the resources nor infrastructure needed to implement programmes at the local level.  

Governments have made commitments.  Implementation should be the role taken by communities themselves.  But how?  Communities are not generally empowered to implement policies even though they may be utterly committed to them.

The Global Ecovillage Network (GEN) is an implementing organisation that developed independently of government.  We have pioneered many of the best practices needed for creating a resilient and sustainable community.  GEN supports grass roots action at community level and promotes localised solutions to global challenges. Challenges that deeply affect the lives and livelihoods of the poorest urban and rural communities.   (See: www.ecovillage.org)

GEN is a world-wide organisation that is relatively small without a lot of financial resources; but it has big ambitions.  GEN wants to tackle “the PIG”.  The PIG is the “policy implementation gap” that bedevils organisations throughout the world.  Politicians, CEOs (and managers with big responsibilities in multi-national organisations) hand out policies but rely on the middle and lower ranks to implement them.  It rarely works well, especially in the least developed countries.

Why?  Mostly because of the lack of genuine involvement at grass roots level in the evolution of the policies.  

Another factor that makes the PIG so powerful is that policies developed at international and national level come in “one size fits all” packages.  The SDGs, however, are remarkable in being written in simple language and concern challenges that are universal – albeit is different amounts around the world.

GEN has a major, key policy of its own.  It is that change should be managed by the people it will affect.  GEN achieves this policy by empowering people at grass roots level to be more self-reliant, to hang on to their culture, to generate their own livelihoods, to clean up their environment, and to take care of nature.

GEN is a non-religious, ethical organisation that preaches and practises accountability and transparency and, particularly, emphasises the connectedness that exists between all people. 

A critical fact is that GEN is minute in a world of the very big organisations that pull the strings of power; but yet we include experts, best practices and success stories that are un-paralleled in terms of their integration, comprehensiveness and effectiveness.  Unfortunately however, GEN, like many other civil society organizations and networks, lacks sufficient infrastructure and resources to be able to deliver its services at scale.  That is why GEN is calling on the policy makers to fill in the gap in the middle of the PIG – but not by filling it themselves.  In Africa a move is afoot to call upon governments to adopt GEN type activities by facilitating grass roots action through collaboration between local communities, NGOs and the international donor organisations.  Government, big and small, has two vital roles to play.  First, to decentralise implementation of SDG type policies to NGOs and community groups.  Secondly, to facilitate implementation without direct involvement.

Is this cloud cuckoo land?  Could it ever work?  GEN is holding a strategy meeting at the world famous Sekem ecovillage in Egypt (see: www.sekem.com) in mid-April at which these questions will be posed.  The meeting is called to coincide with a meeting of AMCEN, the Environment Ministers from around Africa.  The Ministers are being invited to visit Sekem and to tour this incredibly successful bio-dynamic farm and ecovillage community, so that a pan-African approach to ecovillage development – and therefore grass roots community development -  can be considered. As we go forward with this project and ecovillage development programme we hope that the international community will take note of and support its many benefits and successes.

Sonia Quiroga • Associate Professor at Universidad de Alcalá from Spain

I agree with many comments that major efforts should been made on education. However I would like to point that global issues are still not enogh considered. Economic globalization is ongoing but we have little or no progress in globalization in human rights or human care. I know UNEP make huge efforts on this but more support is needed from developed countries on leading this task. For this in my opinion we need to educate/concienciate population in developed countries to understand that world problemas are also their problems, and not only because all of us should care about others but also because globalization make that all of us are directly related (migrations, wars, terrorist atacks, unestability are some of the consecuences of income inequalities and unfear world in my opinion).

So we need to put the focus on global issues more than local in my opinion.

ADRIANO CIANI (not verified)

I think that to implment the SDG 2014-2030 all around the world we need:

-To  launch a big communications campain abou the relevance of the Document "Transforming Our World: the Agenda for Sustainable Dvelopment t0 2030";

-To promote in all the world the diffusion ed use of the broad band and the ICT tools suitable  to spread a best practices;

-Implemting a New Model of Governence of Territory as Territorial Contract Management with the streghtening of the Local Communities.

Paye Banza (not verified)

Adriamo, you raised important points, without quality education equally accessible and available for all, there is no other way to harvest local communities contributions, vital for relevant sustainable solutions. Otherwise we might all be passing around as we used to, fatigability! 

1. "launch a big communications campain abou the relevance of the Document" should be a result from every other community mutual SHARING no matter how big or small they are. Everyone has something to contribute and generating local expertise on issues they face with transforming and effective locally oriented solutions. This implies a QUALIT EDUCATION ACROSS to generate capacities:

 http://www.fvtelibrary.com/aboutus 

2.  "promote in all the world the diffusion ed use of the broad band and the ICT tools" Internet everywhere, Education anywhere! If there is a will, #OneWorldOneAcademicLibrary would stay an refferance of INCLUSIVITY around the world. No excuses today that some areas of the planet should continue suffering from poor education due to lake of quality resources mutigating research and knowledge groth. Where internet access will be still a challenge, with mobile eLibrary program on Tablets, we are still able to deliver quality education resources not only in one direction but also promoting local works and inventions for reciprocity. Everyone join to contribute with what they have. SHARING QUALITY RESOURCES WOULD ENSURE EQUALITY OF EDUCATION, EMPORMENT AND ALLOW ALL TO GROW EQUALLY IN KNOWLEDGE AND DEVELOP. BOOST RESEARCH, NO PLAGIARISM AND RE-INVENTION OF THE WHEEL, CREATE EFFECTIVE SOLUTIONS AND NEW KNOWLEDGES FOR RESPECTIVE COMMUNITIES SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.

3. "New Model of Governence of Territory as Territorial Contract Management", to whatever extend the concept would be applied, a participative way of solving problems would encouraged in association with local expertise created, education is the starting point. It is very important that local communities contribute in solutions swit beeter for their living standards another reason why global education approach with equal sharing opportunity for all would be appropriate. Twitter: @FinalVision1

http:/www.fvtelibrary.com 

 

 

Katherine D. Firmeza

Dear Colleagues:

I am thankful to those who developed the technolgy for us to communicate and listen freely via this ediscussion.

It may seem frivolous to suggest a visual Results Framework map consisting of all SDGs considering all these technical discussions.  A visual or maybe a logical/results frame would provide various stakeholders and actors the perspective wherein all contributors are vital in climbing the ladder towards better wellbeing for all.

Our pitch is people, planet, prosperity, peace etc.  A visual showing that wellbeing is dependent on a healthy planet.  Or prosperity without peace will only result to displaced people, whom will increase the number of "people left behind."

There  are many actors who would contribute in achieving the SDGs, however we may not see how interrelated and how co-dependednt we are to each other if we do an enumeration of goals and its associated indicators.  A results frame would make every player conscious that their progress without the other essential factors would not be able to attain improved wellbeing.

In the Philippines, the Cabinet Cluster on CC Adapatation and Mitigation is requesting that the National Economic and Development Authority provide guidance on how to integrate the SDG, Sendai and Paris Agreement in national and local plans.  This is not only the among the three (3) agreements, there are other equally improtant agreements that would be included in national and local plans.

If we  take a look into the Transforming our World or the 17 SDG graphics, it would be more helpful if the interrelationships among the goals will be well understood by all.  The way to climb the ladder to achieve better wellbeing is important as it will foster more partnerships among development actors since they are not the only actor, they are dependent to results from partners to climb up the ladder towards graduating households from poverty.

An inforgraphic is a powerful tool.  If we have a better grasp and understand the logic, then maybe we increase our chances of solving our development challenges. 

Thank you for the time and have a good one.

 

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

A splendid idea, but the result ... Your suggestion for an infograph that could display the SDG's and their dependence on the well-being of our environment including controls on human population, and how those 17 odd goals are inter-dependent, is a fine idea. But, even a cursory glance at the goals would reveal to you that they have been  identified reductively, and as a result, they have to be removed from their current locations to  logical places. I have suggested such clustering in my very first contribution to this forum, and it has been beautifully ignored. You see, you can't just chuck in environment  as a bit of goal on food, when it is the environment that makes food production possible. And when some health issue crops  in more than half a dozen places, it is easy to seat  logical cohesion is lacking here. Without that, all you can achieve is an infograph with goals with curiously distorted shapes fitted onto a network with many holes. Sorry to have to call the spade a spade. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 25 March 2016 16:01To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Katherine D. Firmeza Senior Coordinator, Climate Change Commission from Philippines commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Chanzo Greenidge • from Canada

To leave no-one behind, we must consider the population that has been left out completely from the development agenda: the 'educated' middle and upper classes of the North. As they are assumed to be 'developed', there has been little effort to address their emotional and knowledge deficits, and their assumptions about the meaning of development and progress.   

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Not to mention their .... Very gtrue! Not to mention their amazing aesthetic poverty, culinary ignorance, penchant for low priced larger, etc. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 25 March 2016 16:01To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Chanzo Greenidge https://www.linkedin.com/in/chanzogreenidge from Canada commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

john r bell (not verified)

Thanks for all the comments, for those of us in the field, we garner helpful information from disccusions from well informed and intention folk like yourselves.  Last comment on the issues related to disabilites on this discussion.  According to the WHO:

Developing Countries

Quantitative research on the socioeconomic status of persons with disabilities in developing countries, while small, has recently grown. As with developed countries, descriptive data suggest that persons with disabilities are at a disadvantage in educational attainment and labor market outcomes. The majority of studies find that persons with disability have lower employment rates and lower educational attainment than persons without disability. People with disabilities and their families often incur additional costs to achieve a standard of living equivalent to that of non-disabled people. This additional spending may go towards health care services, assistive devices, costlier transportation options, heating, laundry services, special diets, or personal assistance.

 

Work and Employment

Across the world, people with disabilities are entrepreneurs and self- employed workers, farmers and factory workers, doctors and teachers, shop assistants and bus drivers, artists, and computer technicians. Almost all jobs can be performed by someone with a disability, and given the right environment; most people with disabilities can be productive. But as documented by several studies, both in developed and developing countries, working age persons with disabilities experience significantly lower employment rates and much higher unemployment rates than persons without disabilities. Lower rates of labour market participation are one of the important pathways through which disability may lead to poverty. (And of course being left behind)

Priya Kanayson (not verified)

The transformative nature of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a landmark achievement for the United Nations and broader development system, and the guiding principle of ‘Leave no one behind’ is a call to enact policies and programmes that truly reach everyone. As the Agenda emphasises, national context will dictate how the goals and targets are to be reached within each country, but respect for human rights, equality, and inclusion must be paramount and at the centre of all policies.

 Achieving all SDGs will require transformative multisectoral and multistakeholder approaches. Interlinkages across the 17 SDGs and 169 targets should be supported by crosscutting policies and programmes, and implemented through multisectoral partnerships. Additionally, as outlined in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, increased domestic resource mobilisation must be complemented by continued international development assistance, particularly in least developed countries and fragile states.

 For health, which is a precursor and outcome of achieving many of the targets in the 2030 Agenda, it is crucial that governments and multilaterals do not interpret and operationalise targets as vertical, siloed health programs. Rather, the objective should be to build and strengthen integrated health systems in order to reduce costs, improve efficiency, and achieve better outcomes. For example, the relationship between non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and food and nutrition security, climate change, and sustainable urbanisation, among other issues must be drawn out and acted upon to secure development gains with multiple, mutual benefits.

 The welcome addition of achieving universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030 as a target in the Agenda can aid this transition towards an integrated approach, particularly at the primary healthcare level, as well as a focus on financial risk protection from health care expenditures. Existing service delivery platforms for related health issues, such as for HIV/AIDS, TB, and maternal health, can and should be used to introduce risk assessment, early diagnosis and management of NCDs.

 At the global level, the new universal, sustainable development agenda requires an international community and a UN system that is “fit for purpose”. For health, the leadership and stewardship role of WHO will remain paramount. However, the current Ebola epidemic has highlighted the need for significant reforms and strengthening of WHO, including fundamental changes in its financing, and its agility to engage with non-state actors (i.e. NGOs, and private sector). Sectoral cooperation – both multisectoral and intersectoral – is the cornerstone of political response, and only through such cooperation will countries begin to witness progress towards achieving the SDGs.

 A challenge for the UN system to achieve results in health and NCDs will be to “deliver as one”, a mantra regularly repeated but much less often attained. The grouping of global institutions – sometimes referred to as the H8- and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) can play a complementary and supportive role to WHO. A promising example of coordinated global governance is the recently formed UN Inter-Agency Task Force on NCDs (IATF), which convenes a range of UN agencies to support the NCD response at global and country levels. The UN development system must be fit for purpose to support the needs of countries as they adapt the global goals and targets into national and regional development plans, as each country will be operating within its own situational context. A responsive system is essential for supporting and guiding countries if implementation is to be successful.

 Finally, sustainable financing and achieving the means of implementation as set forth in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda is required for achievement of the SDGs. Though a strong focus on increased domestic resource mobilisation is important, continued international assistance is crucial for many low- and middle-income countries and fragile states.  

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Can we really fight the rise of NCD's? Let us look at the real world as it is. The so-called NCD's affect living people throughout the world. Why? It is generally agreed that there are two main causes, viz., nutritional imbalance and insufficeint physical activity relative to the amount of digestible food intake. Why do these two things happen? Is some malevelent force compel its victims to eat inappropriate food, or to stay sedentary? Obviously, this is more a problem of faulty individual judgement than an issue to be resolved by an institutionalised global push, except in one area, which happens to be a taboo in the modern money theology. People eat and drink not just what they can  afford, but rather what it is 'in' or 'cool' or 'easy' to consume. Sales figures for industrial human feed, 'junk food' and 'junk drink' throughout the world will confirm this. This is a 'trend' in every 'emerging economy'. People believe the above items are 'in' 'cool' or 'easy' to consume, because advertisements designed to influence  them are everywhere. Those advertisements are drawn up by experts at mind management, a discipline founded and most effectively practised by the late Dr. Joseph Goebbels, Hitler's famous Reichsminister für Propaganda. He must be proud of his successors for their most effective subtle touch. What's more, it's perfectly legal! What national or international body can compete with advertising industry to change people's beliefs and attitudes? Let us be realistic. And look at the trade agreements that allows multinationals the manufacture and sell NCD promoting commestables of a sort even in the poorest countries. The currently held notion of development focuses so much on technology, which in Europe and US brought about a drastic decline in physical activity. And now, the less developed nations strive to get on that very same band wagon with international blessing. The greatest hindrance  anti-NCD people and the promoters of SDG's face is their refusal to see the reality, viz., inclusion of modern economy as it is will inevitably bring in serious self-contradictions into  whatever plan they may design. Lal Manavado.    From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 25 March 2016 16:01To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Priya Kanayson NCD Alliance - a civil society alliance of over 2000 organisations united in the fight against noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and impl...

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Nathalie GARCIA

Les Objectifs de développement Durable constituent un formidable espoir pour l'avenir, dans un contexte global in-sécurisé et in-sécurisant pour une majorité de personnes. "Ne laisser personne derrière". Plus qu'un objectif, c'est une valeur à partager comme socle d'une nouvelle culture mondiale... Cet objectif, "Ne laisser personne derrière", nécessite une véritable appréhension et une appropriation par les  citoyens de son sens, relié aux enjeux planétaires actuels, sociaux, environnementaux et économiques, et à ceux de la Gouvernance. Sans cette étape, il nous semble difficile de bénéficier d'une mobilisation citoyenne à la hauteur des enjeux.

L'Education Citoyenne aux Objectifs de développement Durable (ECIDD), nous semble être une piste prioritaire, pour diffuser les savoirs liés à la complexité des éléments exposés en quelques mots ci dessus. Nous parlons ici d'éducation au sens large, pour enfants, adolescents, et adultes.

Plusieurs outils d'ECIDD pourrait être créés par les services appropriés de l'ONU, et diffusés vers ces différents publics suivants différents canaux. Cet élément est important pour éviter la perte d'informations, et malheureusement de sens. Nous militons depuis plus de dix ans, en France pour les programme et actions de l'ONU (Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement, Stand Up, etc.) par la diffusion d'informations Grand Public et l'interpellation des acteurs politiques.  Nous constatons, encore aujourd'hui, une méconnaissance largement majoritaire des programme évoqués, et des origines réelles du Développement Durable, tant dans les secteurs publics que privés ou associatifs. "Ne laisser personne derrière" nécessite d'accompagner le développement d'une culture mondiale structurée autour des apports et travaux et objectifs de l'ONU, sans être pollué par des détournements souvent mercantiles qui font perdre le concept et les objectifs de leur sens.

Par exemple,  une action ECIDD pourrait, oserions nous dire devrait, être promulguée dans toutes les écoles d'état, et affiliées par les Collectivités, en programmes obligatoires progressifs suivant les âges, pour accompagner les générations futures dans leur développement de compétences qui quittent les instances averties, pour devenir citoyennes. La formation ECIDD des personnels d'états, et des élus locaux, peut également être proposée. Il s'agit dans les deux cas, d'un engagement de chaque état.

Il ne s'agit bien sur pas ici de détailler toutes sortes d'actions concrètes, ni d'une détailler les intérêts sociétaux, mais de présenter une idée : l'ECIDD. Education citoyenne aux Objectifs de développement Durable. Un programme porté par l'ONU en soutien auprès des états, des collectivités et de la société civile, pour la diffusion des Objectifs de développement Durable, et la mobilisation citoyenne autour de ce formidable espoir.

 

 

 

Nathalie GARCIA

Pour "Ne laisser personne derrière" nécessite le développement d'une culture commune de Coopération, comme valeur partagée. Cet objectif est ambitieux, au regard de nombreux indicateurs sociaux, mais il semble avant indispensable d'afficher et mettre en place des actions en faveur d'un soutien inconditionnel à la coopération : éducation, création et développement de coopératives, création de nouveaux statuts coopératifs pour s'adapter aux évolutions sociétales (circuits courts, productions locales mutualisées, etc.) , sensibilisation grand public, réseaux mondiaux de partage d'expérience, etc.

Cette action vise en priorité les états et les collectivités, et peut concerner tous les pays, mais sa coordination, et la conception et diffusion de méthodes et contenus, devrait être coordonnée par l'ONU, pour favoriser le développement d'une culture commune.

Eskil Ullberg (not verified)

Moving from “more of the same” to “more of the new” incentives may be needed for a policy of truly sustained development

 

Markets in ideas, experimental institutional learning and incentive to take on, and manage, risk for firms and nations.

 

Focusing on the heart of economic development – technology – my comments are related to growth in productivity enhancing technology, using the patent system as a trade system.  This approach builds on a very fundamental human characteristic of creativity to boost productivity, and an institution of property rights 300 years older than economics as a science, started in 1474. Doing “more of the same” cannot sustain development as the marginal gains to productivity are diminishing over time when technology is scaled up. Doing “more of the new”, by contrast, adds new humanly devised technical solutions to development problems, growing the base of technology of the economic system, increasing returns on nature, thus potentially feeding, housing, and helping more people with less resource use.

 

This approach to implement several of the SGDs (most relevant may be goal 9 and target 9.5, encouraging innovation but also goal 8, 10; 4, 5; 6,7 and others as technology development ties into most of the goals.) in short: (1) creates a market in ideas, (2) requires institutional learning for global access by all firm sizes and (3) demands policies of risk taking – not risk avoidance – in order to produce the new for sustained development to be operational. In economic terms: the incentives have to be such that more private firms – everywhere – choose to take on the higher risks of developing the “new” rather than sticking to the lower risks of “more”. To this end risk-reducing institutional arrangements may be key.

 

(For a background note on this topic please consult www.tradeinideas.com, chapter 1 and www.internationalizationandcompetitiveness.com, chapter 6.)

 

My comments will be structured after the three areas (questions) suggested by the moderator.

 

1. Principle of leaving no one behind

 

Markets in ideas – human capital formation transformed into economic development through the patent system.

 

There is a lot of emphasis on education in its own rights, but that does not necessarily lead to development, as the now more educated people have to have equal opportunity to jobs – an “open access society” is needed (Ref. D. North). This means that an internal process of opening the labor markets to the “non-elite” of all societies, in particularly the poor, the young and women is a prerequisite for sustained development (this appears to have been a problem for long but has received high attention in the last decade and century).

 

Such human capital formation needs to be transformed into economic development through trade and markets in new technical ideas – creating productivity – are established through the patent system. The patent system gives the inventor two rights: the right to exclusively use the idea, in exchange for disclosing this previously secretly held invention (a trade secret) to the world, moving the known state of the art forward for all to build on, creating a competition in new technology; and the right to trade or license the idea, creating a market with today global reach. Such markets thus allow local inventors to exchange with the world with promise of returns well beyond the local market. As almost all inventions are motivated by local needs, the all important solutions needed in developing nations can be known to the world and in return create incentives for such a transformation.

 

This indicates a much stronger focus on property rights and contracts to facilitate such transactions.  Remembering that sustained development only can come from a flow of new ideas to solve new and old problems, access to such a market appears central if we are to leave no one behind, and allow all nations to benefit from their human creativity in a sustained way.

 

 

2. Policy coherence for sustained development

 

Sustained development – something we probably have never had over longer periods in history  (ref. to D. North) – requires further institutional learning. There is no rulebook – only examples in kind where almost “everything matters”. Today we think science, technology, innovation and culture are important factors. However, what we know from history, is that “institutions matter, because rules matter and rules matter because incentives matter” (ref. to V. Smith).  It thus appear to be a wise choice to focus on furthering the development of institutions, now focusing on sustained development. However, how important is coherence in this? Institutional learning can best come about through competing initiatives, experimenting with new institutional initiatives at national and international levels where the trading parties learn what really works on the ground. Then, what works could form the basis for coherence. It has not and cannot and been orchestrated from a centrally planned body. The global rules we try to enforce must simply be an acceptance of what has been proven to work – not ideologically driven. Such pragmatism and experience-based learning can only be sped up by further experimenting. The key issue in experimenting is then allowing for international flexibility on certain fronts, to learn faster. When asked this question in 2013 the head of WIPO, a central body in the patent systems, insisted that one aught not to go for global harmonization but for a more competitive approach with different ideas.  That may one day lead to more common rules but they need to be tried out first. This is also most institutional economists view. This was also the conclusion of the people negotiating the first and current international patent system in 1883: harmonization of law was prohibitive and basic principles were chosen.

 

My proposal here is that the principle of competition between systems at rules levels (what is patentable, etc.) could lead to a faster learning regarding which institution we aught to have that promotes sustained development than any other approach. When it comes to procedures however, that could easily be streamlined with today’s information technology. After all, the institutions aught to reduce risk in our coordinated trade and collaboration for all firms and nations and practical experience allows for analysis and thus evidence based policy to be developed.

 

Creating incentives to take such risks must then be matched with a policy of encouraging risk taking, through an institutional frameworks that reduces risks overall. (North again). Focusing on reducing risk in trade between nations – irrespective of size or level of development – would there fore be a policy that may further a more competitive environment in terms of initiatives, creating enthusiasm and spurring initiatives among many nations.

 

3. Providing coordinated and integrated support

 

A key problem appears to be risk-taking. Shifting the incentives toward invention of the new is clearly a more risky undertaking than copying others. The support for the above process may be clearly in the convening power of many UN institutions.

 

The incentives to manage these higher business, entrepreneurial and financial risks then come into focus. Management of risk - it’s all about expanding the taking and managing of risk – and reducing uncertainty in new ideas then may benefit greatly from a coordinated and integrated support promoting the institutional development. The institutions thus reduce uncertainty so that firms interacting with each other can take on higher risks in inventing new ideas.

 

A global dialogue – part of the ECOSOC AMR 2017 and high-level policy meetings – on what are at play for firms developing new technical ideas and engaging in transactions base on patents would be extremely useful. This question is thus interdisciplinary in nature (including but not only a patent system issue) much can be done by addressing support to better managing the business risks involved so much better, that incentives to shift towards sustainable risk taking in “more of the new”.

 

 

March 25, 2016

 

Eskil Ullberg, PhD

 

eskil@ullberg.biz

 

 

Jacqueline Wood

The multi-stakeholder Task Team on CSO Development Effectiveness and Enabling Environment (www.taskteamcso.com) believes that the guiding principle of ‘leave no one behind’ is about inclusive development – comprising inclusive voice, inclusive action and inclusive results – and that this approach can be put into practice in different development contexts by ensuring multi-stakeholder engagement in the design, implementation and review of national level policies and plans for the 2030 Agenda.

Inclusive voice is concerned with access and building ownership. As such, the Task Team recommends the establishment of institutionalized and inclusive spaces where the voices of various stakeholders (e.g. poor and excluded groups, civil society, local governments and private sector actors amongst others) can be heard when designing, implementing and monitoring national-level development policies and plans for the 2030 Agenda. Noting that the principle of ‘leave no one behind’ applies particularly to poor and marginalized individuals, groups and communities, the important role of civil society merits separate mention. Indeed, civil society has the capacity to reach, empower and increase the voice of poor and marginalized populations that may experience systematic exclusion and discrimination in development processes, thereby drawing attention to particular issues that otherwise may have been ignored. Civil society therefore has a key role in helping to ensure the inclusion of different stakeholder perspectives, raising awareness of national-level plans, and holding governments and development partners to account for their commitments.

Building on the 2030 Agenda’s call for collaborative partnerships, inclusive action recognizes that different stakeholders have different and complementary roles to play in the implementation of inclusive policies and programmes. Governments can put inclusive action into practice at national level by engaging other stakeholders in implementation, monitoring and review of the 2030 Agenda. Governments can do so meaningfully and effectively by establishing the aforementioned inclusive multi-stakeholder spaces for dialogue and engagement. In addition, for civil society (as an independent development actor) and other stakeholders to be able to contribute to realization of the 2030 Agenda – individually or through multi-stakeholder partnerships – they need an environment that is conducive to their engagement. As such, the operationalization of inclusive action also requires the establishment of an enabling environment. For civil society, such an enabling environment in law, policy and practice must be in line with internationally agreed rights. This is particularly relevant in light of major challenges civil society faces in many countries where the space in which they can operate is shrinking.

Finally, inclusiveness of results is about making sure that all segments of society – particularly the poorest and most marginalized populations – reap the benefits of progress and results. Inclusiveness of results can be seen as the ultimate aim of the 2030 Agenda, which recognizes that ‘eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development’. Inclusive voice and inclusive action are crucial for the attainment of inclusive results. Never has it been more timely than it is now for taking a collaborative and integrated approach towards inclusion in voice, actions and results to help the global community progress toward what the UN Secretary General has called ‘a life of dignity for all’.

 * This input is in large part based on the paper ‘Progress Since Busan on Inclusive Development’, prepared by Jacqueline Wood (Senior Policy Advisor with the Task Team Secretariat). The paper is available on teamworks (https://www.unteamworks.org/node/433519), the GPEDC website (http://effectivecooperation.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/In… ), and the Task Team website (https://taskteamcso.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/inclusive-development-h…)

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Is this really possible? True, inclusiveness entails that everybody should be on board. Unfortunately,  those who are on board want to get to their destination in different ways, and some of them are contradictory. Some have different destinations! A picture that springs to mind by Dionysus,  is that of old Noah listening to how and where all his passengers wished to go, and trying to plot a course! Lal Manavado.  From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 26 March 2016 00:04To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Task Team on CSO Development Effectiveness and Enabling Environment commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Hüseyin Mahir FİSUNOGLU

I would like to share my point of view in general development issues. Many of these views can be applied to Turkey as well as to similar countries.2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development should be concentrated on more eleviation of poverty. We should understand the relationship between sustainable development and poverty. Turkey has a delibarate success on reducing the number of most poor in the country. Poors measured 1 USD a day or 2,3 USD a day has significantly decline. This, however, is not enough for Turkey and for the countries in the same line. Probably, we should concentrate more on education, education, and education again. Governments should spent more effort to eliminate barriers to education. For this, there are good examples in the world. (Turkey is one of them. In the 1930s and 1940s where the number of theachers and the number of schools are limited, and the number of rural villages around 40 thousands, Turkey has developed a very clever system, called as "The Village Institutions". These Institutions, each also a school, collected young people from villages, provide them both theoretical and practical education, an education necessary for these young people. Indeed, these young people have become teachers and appointed to villages. During their education in the Institutions, they have learned evrtyhing from agriculture to animal husbandr, from music to theatre, and, of course, the theoriries of teaching. When they appointed to remote villages, some of them first constructed school buildings, and teach and trained not only students but also village people on the modern agricultural techniques. More than 15 years, when these Institutions remained in the educational system, more than 17 thousands teachers educated and trained at almost 15 Institutions).This unique experience of Turkey has almost well- documented. It could be worked on and adopted for other countries. (The same copncept could be adopted for a different manner for urban regions).The Village Institutions model is maximum utilization of existing scarse resources, in this case the number of teachers who have educated and trained the young people. The graduates of the Institutions have made a significant contribution to Turkey's rural development issues and that they have become successful. The graduates are retired know, they are not in active life, but each year they come together and remember the date that the Instituions opened officially in April. The Institutions did not give them only a profession otherwise most of them could live as a small peasants in remore and poor villages, but also sprit and inspiration of having a part of national identity and having a part of development.Mahir Fisunoglu; Ph.D., Cukurova University Department of Economics, Adana, Turkey

Bernard Lutete

Dear Moderator and all the wonderful Team,

Your inputs are really useful.

In the context of "Leaving no one behind", and in order to add a little comment and inderline some important points to take in consideration for a well implementation and success of the SDGs Agenda 2030, I would state thise:

- We need to take and promote strong initiatives for sustaining a good education for our children, to set and work strongly in order to make the free primary school and girl school as universal Rights and binding policy for all. To work in order to make it reality, without exception, with a particular attention to less developped and developing countries

- We need to set strong and monitored programs and projects in order to empower women, to promote equal work opportunities between men and women

- We need to work and set Participative, Economic Empowering programs and projects in order to support strong and sustainable development from communities based which will then boost and activate national and international developments by impulsion principle.

- We need to set and promote strong programs, projects and all good initiatives on Climate Change and Environment Issues, with a particular attentions to ensure the funding availability to communities based, CSOs, NGOs, Social Development actors, capable to support  national and world development Backbones, ensure to support and prioritize Sustainable Agriculture, Renewable Energy initiatives from national level first by the international community, the when well done nationally, that will be translated internationally quite and easily and automatically.

- We need to ensure we are not forgetting to set strong ways and simple process of financing development of less developed and developing countries, in order to help them joining the emergence rank and ensure inclusive development.

And for closing, we have to ensure that ECOSOC which is the main and strong leading Structure in United Nations, together with Security Council and others UN instances, are really playing a strong  and important role for pushing member states, putting them in front of their responsabilities of offering to their peoples, good governance, Human Rights Respect, Rightd of Development and so on, the list is not exhaustive, then only after that we will not working for nothing with weak governments and institutions which will  not be able to help the achievement of our 2030 SDGs. The International Community has to push in order to ensure inclusive development, installation of Participatory Democracy, Respect of Constitutions and so on, all around the World.

Thank you

Maik Duennbier (not verified)

Thanks for the opportunity to contribute to this E-discussion. It's a privilege for me to contribute answers on behalf of IOGT International.

Concerning question 1: How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts...?

Children are at great risk of being left behind. They are often the most vulnerable and most marginalized and often lack the power and resources to have a say in matters that concern their well-being. The Agenda 2030 is crucial for the children of the world. To ensure that children are not left behind, decision-makers on all levels - global, regional, national, local - need to make a concerted and coherent effort to follow the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The CRC stipulates in Art. 3 the Best Interest principle, compelling signatories to give consideration to the BEST INTEREST of children when making public policy decisions. Children's best interest might not always prevail, when considered relative to other interests, but children's best interest needs to be given due consideration. We are convinced that employing this approach to working with the Agenda 2030 will ensure that children are not left behind.

Concerning question 2: At the international level, what are the challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development?

We see two challenges: One is to emply a comprehesive, multi-sectorial, horizontal approach across different policy areas. The other one is to address cross-cutting risk factors coherently, for sustainable outcomes across different SDGs.

For example, alcohol use is a major obstacle to development. It's a risk factor for non-communicable diseases. It's a risk factor for infectious diseases such as HIV/ Aids and tuberculosis. It's a risk factor for gender-based violence. It often can drain household finances and thus be a barrier for kids' education. It fuels ill-health and poverty and can lock entire families and communities in the vicious cycle of marginalization, deprivation and poverty.

Evidence shows that alcohol harm puts a burden on 12 out of the 17 SDGs. Alcohol is a cross-cutting risk factor with regard to achieving the Agenda 2030.

Addressing cross-cutting risk factors such as alcohol harm is a massive challenge to achieving policy coherence. On the flipside, there is tremendous potential in tackling cross-cutting risk factors with evidence-based, whole-of-population policy measures. Alcohol policy, particularaly the so called three best buys, carry potential to help achieve targets under 12 out of 17 SDGs. Working from this perspective, rooted in a whole-of-government approach with the understanding of the potential of alcohol policy measures, would mean a great deal in terms of fostering policy coherence and for actually helping achieve the ambitios goals.

Concerning question 3: How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the Agenda 2030?

The UN system should show leadership with regard to fostering collaboration across different UN agencies and programs and different policy areas. The UN Interagency Task Force on NCDs is an outstanding best practice. Also the joint program of WHO and UNDP is a brilliant and innovative approach to tackling a paramount obstacle to sustainable development: alcohol harm fueling the epidemics of intimate partner violence and infectious diseases.

Through these institutionalized programs and approaches, the UN system offers leadership, coordination and generates momentum.

Robert Ruitenbeek • Managing Director / Owner at iNVENTUR! from Netherlands

Dear All,

The principles of sustainable development is a principle of action concerning the whole of humanity and is officially accepted by virtually all decision makers in business and politics. This principle states:

We Humans must move towards the adoption of a lifestyle that can continue indefinitely

In this context we all are developing countries and therefore, through all available institutions, as one species we need to commit, engage & act upon the Sustainable Development Goals 2030 programme.

We Humans need to start right now (re-)educating and mobilizing all peoples in understanding and acting upon the SDG 2030 goals.

So far governments, as they are influenced by large economic entities (i.e. multinationals), have demonstrated to be ineffective (i.e. lack the economic leverage) in really taking the socio-economic-environmental changes forward.

If governments can't and multinationals won't then it's up to us! Now we need to understand that we Humans are the largest socio-economic-environmental entity involved and that we therefore do have the leverage!

Thus, the framework the DESA/UNDP/ECOSOC is looking for should, as opposed to top-down, be organized bottom-up and people-centric!

 

Moving forward to a sustainable lifestyle can be achieved through the following initial approach

1) Educate peoples worldwide on: a.  understanding, acknowledging and acting upon the ‘Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities’ and the ‘Earth Charter’

b. The urgency to commit, engage & act upon the 2030 SDG’s using data from the Global Footprint Network 2016 accounts,  University of Oxford (PNAS) report ‘Analysis and valuation of the health and climate change cobenefits of dietary change’ and 350.org

c. Improving their bio-footprint (how to live, eat, dwell, work, leisure & travel in a sustainable fashion!) d. Availability of clean technologies for energy, water & transport (Solar, Wind, Tidal, Combined Wind/Water condensation turbines) e. Environmentally Sustainable Farming (without pesticides, herbicides & GMO) f. How to mobilize the socio-economic-environmental influence & Leverage peoples have e. Making choices which will influence nations and industries into sustainability (live, eat, dwell, work, leisure & travel green!)  2) Facilitate (local) governments in changing priorities to: a. Improve availability & accessibility of online knowledge infrastructures & education: b. Reduce bio-footprint through honest (people before profit) information on how to live, eat, dwell, work, leisure & travel accordingly c. Increasingly tax unsustainable products, services & industries (e.g. fast-food, fossil fuels) d. Subsidize natural healthy sustainable products, services & industries  (e.g. natural plant based food, electric engines)  e. Improve & accelerate availability & accessibility of clean technologies for energy, water & transport 3) Encourage nations & other macro-economic entities into becoming people-centric by: a. Turning the unsustainable Profit-before-People premise into an actual sustainable People-before-Profit premise in adherence with Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and ISO 26000 principles b. Adapting monetary systems & economics to support the People-before-Profit premise c. Setting up and applying (inter)national law against any form of (continued) profit-centric exploitation of earth’s resources, animals & peoples d. Supporting industries in understanding their environmental impact & related costs, adapting their business models from a People-before-Profit premise and rendering their products & services sustainable 4) Communicating using modern mobile web techniques we might just pull it off to get the programme forward in a faster pace and in a timely fashion in regard to the TWW2030 goals. For instance: >> DESA/UNDP/ECOSOC could first build an mobile TWW2030 Educational app containing the basics on environmental sustainability!  Secondly one could build an TWW2030 Operations app using the indicator framework for gathering input on Development Goal specific progress. Make deals with international TelCo’s and ISP’s on delivering this apps for free. Promote the availability through an international media campaign (go viral on the web). <<

 

With this approach we address the following challenges   

- To better the World as targeted by this UN body we Humans need to better ourselves!!

- We need to focus on restoring the balance from social, economic, environmental and systemic perspectives in favor off all nations and all peoples

- As long as 50 percent of global wealth is owned by 3 percent of the global population no real shift in balance is to be expected

- As long as 70 percent of all cereals are shipped and used as food for livestock for western markets no real shift in balance is to be expected

- As long as we allow meat/dairy industry and corporates to eradicate forests and erode more than 50 percent of globally available arable land no real shift in balance is to be expected

- As long as we allow corporates and financial institutions, macro-economic entities bigger than nations, to lobby for and dictate (buy) governmental policies on every aspect of our life no real shift in balance is to be expected

- As long as we allow capital, commercial propaganda to have preference over the wellbeing of Human Kind no real shift in balance is to be expected

- As long as we think that developing nations should do so using western nations as a template no real shift in balance is to be expected

- To have ended poverty, reduced inequalities significantly and reached a level of global sustainability within 15 years we need to start acting today

- Stop eating meat and help rebalance the availability of cereals to end famine- Stop eating dairy products and help rebalance the availability of water- Start eating plant based and help rebalance the availability of arable land for farming- Go vegan, use energy from sustainable sources, drive electric, reuse and end Global Warming

Better yourself and help restore a really healthy, save and sustainable global society!

 

Restoring the social-economic-environmental balance paves the way for final implementation of the Strategic Development Goals

 

Environmental Sustainability can be achieved mainly by implementing SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production) wich in itself implements SDG 13 (Climate Action) as a result of worldwide dietary adaptions (developed countries), and SDG 2 (Hunger) as cereals formerly used as livestock feed comes available for human consumption, and SDG 14 (Life Below Water) and SDG 15 (Life on Land) resulting from a dramatic reduction in animal waste and related greenhouse gases.

Economic Sustainability can be achieved by reinventing our monetary and economic systems based on the people-before-profit premise. This is the one people-centric foundation for SDG’s 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure), SDG 8 (Decent work and Sustainable Growth), SDG 4 (Quality Education), SDG 10 (Reduced Inequalities) and SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy).

Social Sustainability (SDG’s 6, 3, 5, 1, 11, 16) results from successfully implementing Environmental Sustainability and Economic Sustainability.

 

luiz gama • Permanent Representative at HOCUS PHOCUS HOLOS - economic institute of environment preservation from Brazil

Hello Mister.

The Development word has it´s roots in the basis of human behavior, that in order to acchieve any progress by using new methodos, must abandon old manners, and welcome good news, so one has to develop from and old, welcoming the new but without threatening the consumption of future generations. But those generations are already threatened! So, develop of any kind would be rational? that  This aspect has been closely looked by the recently developed theory of the Steady State, when no more accumulation of anykind will be capitalistic´s goal, nevertheless competition and market still coexist, productive system will have to be minimized, because the atmosfhere, climate and heat dissipation encounter by the laws of thermodinamics, especially the second one, along with the Entropy law, ever since in the Antropoceno Antropological Period, man have been burning oil, coil or wood for granted, and as any process doent create energy at all, but transform it into another state of energy, in a greater entropy state, and heat. Along those 4oo years de productive system has been saturating vital resoucers, that will be in the center of the arguments agains any development of any kind, unless those not related to accumulation process, i.g. Health, Education, Leisure Activities, in a world with a different sense of common whealth and perfect distribuition function.

 

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Can't agree with ou more! You hit the nail on the head! We all need to develop the way of life you describe in your contribution. So, we can divide the people into two groups;  Those who are under-developed affluent because there way leads to suffering for billions of others, and ruin of our habitat, and those under-developed because they cannot adequately meet their fundamental needs, but are eager to imitate the ways of the affluent to be like them. And those who ought to know better, but encourage the deprived to become rich under-developed. Why? Perhaps, they want to drag as many people as possible into the path that leads to something worse than a nuclear winter so that the responsibility for it may be shared. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 26 March 2016 02:04To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Robert Ruitenbeek IT Consultant from Netherlands commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

luiz gama • Permanent Representative at HOCUS PHOCUS HOLOS - economic institute of environment preservation from Brazil

Leave none behind,is a nice image, it expresses lot of humankind essence, forming groups, cooperating to survive, overcaming the obstacles with team work, intelligence, and communication such as to perform the Saga we are part of , and now we see ourselves, in a corner of the history of the planet, when seven billion people on the face of it, a finite planet, with one and only specie, that had become rational and soberana, comanding transformations that have been changing the face of it, called the Antropoceno period: The climate, the athmosphere, entirely biomas, oceans currents, in such a way that all of those problems are related, and living none behind, sometimes means understand the transformations that the microclimate is performing, and causing harm to the family agriculture,for example, breaking down the means of survival of an entirely society, putting them on the run, so they are gone, now as refugees...listen! This transformation i have been checking is called Desertification, and in African continent, it is expanding the area associated for decades, specially the last one, when a fast pace of spreadness, evolved towards Syrian region, affecting the the climate to change, but certainly in a predicted way, by usage of complex softwares,, and it´s consequences minimized, but unfurtunelly nothing was done!

According to the intrinsics aspects of the Steady State Theory, where it is fully recomended that the economical basis wich creates sustainbility of a specific society has to be preserved, and if it´s regular basis is under threat, one must look for new horizonts in therms of envoy other values, for example, in Africa, we were suggesting a Bamboo School, which was conceived to deal with people from different cultures, since the diversity of tribals, languages, cultures, were massive! So, once the school could deal with diversity problem by requesting diferents ways of dealing with that plant, that has as chracteristic, be universal use and present in the entirely planet, retaining lots of values, it has utilizations in clothing, civil engeneering, arts, instruments, decorationg, so on...i decided that this was the immediate iniciative to aggregate people that had passed severe traumas from misery, lost their parents, child abuse, so on. We are prepared to deal with. The school certainly will leavy none behind, and as it´s expands, it includes more and more people, tribal people.

And here is the best my atitude, put together my experience of 27 years working for Univercity Gama Filho, in Rio de Janeiro, as member of Board of Trustees, but also as a college teacher, long distance learning adviser, and economist. but now i decide to step out of, and lets go! I would like to form a workteam, find a path towards funds, make it happens.

Carol Bangura • Senior Development Officer at Schools Without Borders, Inc.

Thank you for the opportunity to contribute to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications. The guiding principle Leave no one behind is a reminder that we must not forget the most vulnerable amongst us, the children. This principle can be put into practice within the 2030 agenda in the context of children orphaned by the 2014 outbreak in Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia. Declarations marking the end of the outbreak in each continue can serve as a call for healing for the children impacted by the trauma related to the disease directly and indirectly. Education and psychosocial support is needed for the children, specifically the girls to decrease their vulnerability for gender based violence and change their life trajectory. Providing such care is in line with SDG 5. Over a decade after the civil war that affected the three countries ended, the war orphans are still in need of assistance. We cannot allow the Ebola orphans to experience a similar fate.

At the international level, the challenges are ensuring funding for post Ebola recovery efforts are equitable and geared towards the girls. An example of a trail blazer is the Ebola Orphan’s Project, a Schools Without Borders program that empowers girls affected directly and indirectly by Ebola in Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia. The project is cost effective and provides new books and guided reading workshops to girls. The UN development system can provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda by ensuring the orphans are not left behind. Ensuring that the plight of these vulnerable children is not forgotten and that adequate and equitable funding is allotted for their care.

Thank you,

Carol Bangura

Rob Wheeler

Leaving No One Behind

 

Most of those that face extreme poverty live in rural communities and areas or impoverished urban settlements. They typically face multiple challenges such as lacking access to clean water and basic sanitation, electricity and ICT; depleted soils and a degraded natural environment; lack of good jobs and right livelihood opportunities; etc. In rural areas they tend to depend upon subsistence agriculture for food and income and are highly susceptible to droughts and other climate disturbances. 

 

If we are truly to ensure that we leave no one behind, then we must provide the resources needed for planning and implementation processes at the local level and for small, informal and rural communities or villages. Implementation must take place in a cross-sectoral fully integrated manner. 

 

The international community and nation states must invest in such things as restoring the natural environment; increasing soil health and agricultural productivity thru agro-forestry and agroecology; restoring natural water cycles and creating water retention landscapes; and adopting natural building processes using local materials, etc. Given that 90% of waste water flows back into the watershed untreated in the developing world, and the money is not available for “modern” forms of waste treatment, we must invest in biological waste treatment and processes - which makes sense anyway as they can recover valuable nutrients that are needed to enhance and sustain agricultural productivity and soil health. Carbon farming and use of biochar is essential to sequester carbon and reduces the unwanted impacts coming from climate change. 

 

Again community based processes are needed to carry out such activities in an effective and integrated manner; and they should be integrated with national plans to implement them at the local to national scale and level. However the international community, United Nations, and its Member States need to support this as well to ensure that it can be scaled up as needed around the world. 

 

Rob Wheeler

GEN UN Representative

1-717-264-0957

skype: robineagle333

rob.wheeler@ecovillage.org

Rob Wheeler

Ensuring Policy Coherence and UN Support for Achieving the SDGs

 

If we want to ensure that there is policy coherence at the international, national, and at other levels of governance it is essential that the United Nations develop guidelines for implementing the SDGs at the National and Local level. These guidelines should include such things as: 

 

  • Integrating planning and implementation both horizontally and vertically (thus across all goals, sectors, and issue areas and across all levels of the society and government)

 

  • Adopting comprehensive national and state legislation for implementing the SDGs and 2030 agenda, based on the findings and input from Local, Regional and National Sustainability Councils and participatory multi-stakeholder processes 

 

  • Establishment of an administrative and coordinating office within the executive or administrative branch of government

 

  • Ensuring that government ministers are fully engaged in the process, along with the leaders from the business community and leading civil society organizations

 

  • Establishment of multi-stakeholder cross-sectoral working groups or task forces

 

  • Including the participation of the academic community and educational institutions in the planning and implementation processes - and particularly to participation of students at all levels in an age appropriate manner in these processes. 

 

  • Basing the local and national planning and implementation processes on the Rio Principles

 

  • Establishing sustainable development and the achievement of the SDGs as a basic operating principle of governance at all levels of government

 

The implementation processes must be based upon such pre-requisites for creating a sustainable society and economy as: transitioning rapidly to a zero waste, circular economy and extended producer responsibility; restoration of the natural environment; biological waste treatment and processes; restoring natural water cycles and soil health; adoption of renewable energy; eliminating toxic substances; etc. 

 

The guidelines and review processes must look into the extent to which each of the things mentioned above is being incorporated and done at a local, regional and national level. 

 

How the UN development system could provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda

 

For each of the SDGs a UN agency should be tasked with managing or overseeing the work being done on that Goal and the accompanying Targets and Indicators. Each managing agency or division within DESA would be mandated to support the development of partnership initiatives to aid in implementation for that Goal area. An agency or also should be designated to coordinate and support partnerships that are multi-sectoral in nature and that address multiple targets and goals as well. 

 

Each of the UN agencies should also be mandated and authorized to designate a contact person/office or liaison to support the development of partnership initiatives, particularly those that focus on the mandates of said agency. Each UN agency should be tasked with considering, supporting and participating in those multi-stakeholder partnership initiatives that include a focus and that are oriented towards fulfilling the mandates of that agency and the relevant SDGs and their related targets - and particularly those that include the substantial participation of civil society organizations or are being organized by civil society organizations. 

 

Finally, resources must be made available through UN agencies to support capacity building and development (particularly for civil society and civil society organizations) such as was supposed to be included through  UNDP’s thematic trust funds after WSSD in 2002 before they were phased out. 

 

Rob Wheeler

GEN UN Representative

1-717-264-0957

skype: robineagle333

rob.wheeler@ecovillage.org

Gary Chan

A Simplistic View or Implementation as an Empirical Process

I wish to consider what may seem a simplistic view, only for the purpose of clarity and to reduce the over-intellectualisation of programs and their development and implementation.

Relativity

The concept of leaving no-one behind, is relative.

It may assume that "advancement" is only the domain of the highly educated, the highly technically innovative, and the highly "developed" countries and population.

This is not to say that advancement is 'bad' overall, but the view must be taken from many perspectives.

However, if we take the goal of leaving no-one's health or well-being to diminish or not to advance, as the principal ambition, then the actions that support this individual goal will be comprehensive in range, but nuanced to the particular situation.

This suite of actions would include education, medical support, preventative measures in health, technology (requiring clarification as to suitability), measures for peace, environment management, biodiversity, climate, understanding of futures, and more.

At the very core of this is education, at every level, but to include necessarily, the education of the 'advanced' in understanding what impacts there are on development.

A Difficulty in Embracing Advancement

In the simplest of examples, advancement in technological practices often displace local and Indigenous knowledge, and indeed may limit the progress of those communities by taking away identity, and the models of sustainability that may have been practised for generations.

Even in this example, we have seen many situations (and still concurrent) of the impact on these communities, in displacement, mental well-being, and ultimately, life expectancy. Indeed, the unceasing progression of technical implementation is likely undermining the opportunities of many of the SDGs.

Again, there needs to be a broader understanding and an education process for those who are designing policies and implementing technological "advancements" on a global scale.

A View That Is Hard To Dismiss

In a somewhat facetious view, and on an even simpler example, "technology" is now able to reproduce systems that can take light from the sun, convert it to energy, that can be used to develop products that provide fuel for living beings. Plants have been doing this for quite a while, but human intervention is diminishing the sustainability of many plant systems (ecologies).

We are also now developing "technologies" and smart systems to make better use of sunlight much to compensate for the increased energy demand upon which the developed world is increasingly dependant. This includes the design in social and commercial management systems for people to operate in active work and services to make use of daylight.

In contrast, some of the most marginalised people are Indigenous peoples in advanced economies, where health prospects and outcomes in many cases are continuing to diminish.

Basic Needs

It would seem that the world has the capability to ensure that every living being can benefit from medicine and good health practices, whilst also having the capabilities to deliver education and technologies (at every level), and a system of roles whereby acceptance, understanding and sharing are eminently possible.

The question of why even the most basic needs of those in disadvantage or those disengaged or at the margins are consistently undermet or unmet, is not one of capability or capacity, but rather of will.

Implementation

In implementing and delivering actions that meet the SDGs, all actors on this stage must be educated as to what the basic needs required for each nuanced situation, and all actors must be represented in undertaking the processes of access, understanding and delivery.

This necessitates the engagement and empowerment of those in disadvantage, disengagement and at the margins, in knowing the full extent of what is possible and how they may be involved in the processes of development that would suit there demographic.

Similarly, those who are in a position of influencing national, regional and global policy and impacts, must also commit to undertake a process of education in order to understand the real impact of their decisions, and how best to apply acquired knowledge to nuanced situations.

The danger is that the top-down approach will still be adopted, with those at the 'top' being unaware of who is being left behind. Worse still, is that those who are left behind are considered only as an economic statistic.

Access to Knowledge, Empowerment of the Individual

There is nothing unequivocal about this statement.

  1. The conversation around the processes and outcomes of the SDGs and indeed, of the advancement of the individual at every level, and in every circumstance, must be enhanced. In particular, in the 'advanced' world, these conversations are most often secondary to other agendas. 
  2. Individuals must have access to information as to what is possible, what the processes can be to achieve progress, and an understanding of what the impacts may well be of implementation (including heritage, culture, identity, and individuality), for implementation to be considered to be successful.
  3. Generations and populations must be able to have access to education systems and content that embrace both nuance and diversity, within local, regional and global contexts.
  4. Processes that produce global engagement must be facilitated; direct representation of those most disadvantaged must be included, with agreement to engage by understanding and accepting both nuance and diversity. 

To achieve the implementation goals of the SDGs, each of these points must be considered.

Paye Banza (not verified)

Practically, the disparity is most due to declining Education support due to lake of research for personal development. Providing the minimum for one to stand make himself useful for his community. We thought  of a village SHARING way directly applied to EDUCATION RESOURCES availability to all; #OneWorldOneAcademicLibrary for fair bilateral dispatch! All share same quality education resources that none is left behind. Otherwise, how do you ensure a child in Burundi or Botswana etch ... and CANADA, USA, BRASIL ... access same quality education resources to grow equally in knowledge, empower youth to create relevant and effective solution for their respective communities? OFFLINE feature of delivering education resources eases on the process, no excuses to leave one behind in this digital era revolution. Regardless geographic location none is discriminated against knowledge acquisition to GROW EQUALLY in KNOWLEDGE, CREATE NEW ONES and DEVELOP. Local contribution for sustainable education for development value the same as developing countries ones would. Courtesy of http://www.fvtelibrary.com/faq 

Twitter: @FinalVision1  

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Environment  management? As you insist on simplification, may I point out environment management sounds very much like  treating our environment  like some commercial venture to be managed with a view to unlimited profit. Besides, it assumes that humans are it managers? Short of using the Bible, there is no way to justify such a belief, after all, we are just as a part of our habitat as any other living thing that inhabits it. Our much vaunted reason certainly does not entitle us to that previledge as even a cursory look around what we have so far done to it will loundly proclaim in ringing tones. So, let us simply learn to live in harmony with our environment, and drop biblical terms like 'mastering nature', 'taming it', 'exploiting it', etc. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 26 March 2016 12:06To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Gary Chan from Australia commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Humphrey Tonkin (not verified)

Talk of two-way communication and of reaching everyone really doesn't mean much if we cannot engage people in their languages.  It is all too easy to formulate our plans in English, but not at all easy to get feedback from people who either don't understand English or understand it too poorly to formulate a response.  Globalization only extends so far: it does not extend as far as many of the people whom we wish to engage in dialogue.  Here is a brief position paper that my organization recently put together on the neglect of the linguistic dimension to the SDGs...

The SDGs must embrace civil society as well as governments.

The seventeen Sustainable Development Goals recently adopted by the United Nations build on, and go beyond, the Millennium Development Goals, the focus of the UN’s development efforts in the period 2000-2015.  At the time of the launch of the MDGs the representatives of the Member-States made it clear that their successful completion would depend not only on the efforts of governments but also on the efforts of those whom the governments serve – the ordinary citizens who must hold their governments accountable, and the various organizations of civil society which can both provide help in ways that governments cannot and also put pressure on governments to fulfil their commitments.

 

The SDGs are for everyone everywhere.

This outreach to civil society that proved increasingly necessary as the fifteen years of the MDGs proceeded was given particular emphasis in the planning and formulation of the recently announced SDGs for the period 2015-2030.  Civil society, especially in the form of nongovernmental organisations, was involved from the beginning. “This 2030 agenda is for everyone everywhere,” remarked Helen Clark, Administrator of the UN Development Program and former Prime Minister of New Zealand, in a recent meeting on the SDGs.  The SDGs, added Erna Solberg, Prime Minister of Norway, constitute “the largest development dialogue the world has ever seen.” “It is important to listen to the voices of the people,” remarked Phan Binh Minh, the Deputy Prime Minister of Viet-Nam, in that same meeting.

 

The SDGs must involve dialogue as well as monologue, listening as well as talking.

In short, as these political leaders suggerst, we are looking at an effort that involves everyone – in a dialogue, a two-way conversation, on development – and a dialogue in which it is important to listen to the voices of the people rather than dictate solutions to them in the one-sided, top-down development process that in the past was all too common in international development circles and also at the national level. 

 

The dimension of language is largely missing from the SDGs.

Yet, while the talk is of dialogue, and of listening as well as talking, somehow this does not translate into an awareness of language itself.  It is striking that the dimension of language is barely mentioned in most discussions of the SDGs, and not at all in the seventeen goals themselves.  The “dialogue” to which Prime Minister Solberg refers is conducted overwhelmingly in English, and to a lesser degree in other major languages.  Yet the people at whom so many of the goals are directed – particularly those dealing with such fields as poverty, education, and literacy – often do not speak the language or languages of the policymakers.  Often they belong to language minorities with little voice in their own countries, and certainly not in the wider world.  As Suzanne Romaine, of Oxford University, puts it, citing Clinton Robinson, “Use of local languages is inseparable from participatory development. Local people will not own development until they can discuss it among themselves and with outsiders without the barrier of someone else’s language.”

 

Are we listening?

Yet are we listening to these voices?  Are their governments listening?  Are the NGOs listening?  As the editors of the journal Reconsidering Development recently stated, “International development exists inside language; we do not have international development without language” – but is the dialogue truly a two-way dialogue?

 

Language lies at the very core of human communication.

When, a couple of years ago, the Canadian scholar Mark Fettes examined the eighteen “think pieces” put out by the United Nations System Task Team in the early stages of formulating the SDGs, he was startled to find that this “group of senior experts from over 50 UN entities and international organizations appointed by the Secretary-General” mentioned language only a total of four times in the entire length of all eighteen documents, and then only in connection with other “indicators of diversity, inequality or discrimination,” never as a factor in its own right.  Yet language choice and language use have a direct effect on the efficacy of political engagement, on the effectiveness of education, on legal processes, on human rights.  Language is a major factor in the inclusion or exclusion of particular populations, and sadly is often used as an instrument of discrimination and disempowerment.  It seems odd that people of goodwill (and we have no doubt about the goodwill of our UN colleagues in the field of development) should accord so little attention to the linguistic processes that lie at the very core of human communication.

 

The United Nations must pay greater attention to language in development.

The Universal Esperanto Association, an NGO associated with both the Economic and Social Council and the Department of Public Information at the United Nations, is interested not only in the promotion of the International Language Esperanto but also in the elimination of all forms of discrimination, including linguistic discrimination, and in the advancement of all basic human rights, including linguistic rights.  It is one of only a very few NGOs concerned with issues of language.  It is pursuing a two-part strategy in connection with the Sustainable Development Goals.  First, it is using its worldwide network of Esperanto speakers to advance the SDGs and urging the members of this network to intervene with their governments in support of the SDGs.  Second, it is urging the United Nations in the strongest possible terms to pay greater attention to language issues and to recognize that effective communication and inclusive language policies go hand in hand.

 

Translating words into action involves attention to language.

In a recent article, Kathy Calvin, president and CEO of the United Nations Foundation, and R. Venkataramanan of the Tata Trusts, pointed out that “We are in a new era of development that recognizes the need for fresh approaches and engagement from all sectors. These lessons can help the international community move beyond traditional models and strengthen public-private partnerships so we can translate our next set of global goals from words to lasting change.” The authors’ choice of metaphors merits a second look: they talk of translating global goals from words to lasting change. Such translation will not be realised if we do not listen to the languages of those we wish to include, nor will words produce lasting change unless the words are their words as well as ours, and the lasting change a result of change on the part of all.

Humphrey Tonkin

UN representative, Universal Esperanto Association

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

A terrific point, Prof. Tomkins!  I am very happy to see your contribution which addresses a general problem so succintly. In some of my remarks, I have touched on this point with reference to its importance in a specific field, planning education  and elearning for instance. Political leaders often say the obvious, but the inspired mien they can easily assume when saying such, and the context, make the general public hope for the best even when their reason warns them against such maivate.  Yes, when would they ever learn? Small local civil society units seem to offer the only rational means towards a somewhat improved future for the deprived. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 27 March 2016 03:12To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Humphrey Tonkin Professor from United States commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

galma t. arcilla (not verified)

THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: SCOPE AND IMPLICATIONS
How can the guiding principle of “Leave no one behind” be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states, etc.)?

The common and universal agenda to eliminate poverty, to promote global peace, and to sustain prosperity via planetary protection and preservation is an ambitious objective. This is view of the differing levels of development among participating member States. This disparity in human and natural resources, the unequal conditions for sustained economic development, and the disproportionate capacities of developing and underdeveloped countries to absorb and sustain the impact of the soon-coming economic development pose great challenge to the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations.

The principle of “leaving no one behind” is rhetoric for humanitarian intervention among less- and least-developed countries. The quest for global sustainable development by the year 2030 requires redistribution of wealth among participating countries. This redistribution of wealth – technological, natural, and commercial should be judicious and equitable such that a standard benchmark of development is attained by all member States. This means a global economic integration wherein the flow of goods, the protection of raw and natural resources, the peaceful conditions for a sustained commercial growth are to be put in place and then sustained for lasting prosperity and eradication of poverty.

This sustainable development agenda is supposed to be achieved by 2030. This translates to the adoption of common global economic policies and the implementation of national priorities attuned and aligned to this global agenda. The present inequalities of member economies must be solved and be eliminated. The present national predicaments of under- and least-developed countries must be transformed and remodeled such that preconditions for the elimination of poverty, eradication of diseases, elimination of social equality and the promotion of dignity among women and vulnerable sectors of society are achieved. World peace is attainable only where there is commitment among member countries to eliminate external aggression and engagement to war. This could be done initially by eliminating threats to national extinction – global disarmaments and the resolution of insurgency and ideological conflicts that often lead to property destruction, loss of lives, hunger, diseases, and retrogression of economic growth. Peace is thus understood as the absence of war and the cessation of hostilities that lead to intra- and international conflicts.

At the international level, what are the challenges to ensuring policy coherence for sustainable development? What are some examples of best practices and/or who are the “trail blazers” leading the way to improved coherence?

The challenges to ensuring policy coherence are basically rooted on the refusal to abide with or the non-compliance of member States to the principles and commitments of Agenda 2030. In such cases, the enforcement of the prior commitment of member States to the UN Resolution adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 27 July 2012, otherwise known as the Rio de Janeiro Manifesto for The Future We Want, is in order. The applicable commitments or affirmations demanding enforcements are the following:

23. We reaffirm the importance of supporting developing countries in their efforts to eradicate poverty and promote empowerment of the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including removing barriers to opportunity, enhancing productive capacity, developing sustainable agriculture and promoting full and productive employment and decent work for all, complemented by effective social policies, including social protection floors, with a view to achieving the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals.

. .

26. States are strongly urged to refrain from promulgating and applying any unilateral economic, financial or trade measures not in accordance with international law and the Charter that impede the full achievement of economic and social development, particularly in developing countries.

27. We reiterate our commitment, expressed in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, the 2005 World Summit Outcome and the outcome document of the High-level Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly on the Millennium Development Goals of 2010, to take further effective measures and actions, in conformity with international law, to remove the obstacles to the full realization of the right of self-determination of peoples living under colonial and foreign occupation, which continue to adversely affect their economic and social development as well as their environment, are incompatible with the dignity and worth of the human person and must be combated and eliminated.

Economic integration could only be advanced and coherence be monitored if member States are found to be compliant and observing faithfully these foregoing affirmations. While it is true that member countries have different capacities and diverging priorities, but without solid and firm commitments towards global sustainable development, developing countries and fragile states will be left behind in this global quest. Barriers to progress have to be eliminated, and the hindrances to the adoption and implementation of the 2030 Agenda be first identified, then resolved, and be eradicated completely. Unless the international policy roadmaps are not adopted and shared, policy coherence will never rise beyond national boundaries.

The experiences of the European Nation, from its initial creation as the European Economic Council until its full economic and administrative integration as the European Union could serve as the model for economic integration and development. The UN Agenda 2030 could very well evaluate the faults, the failings, and the flaws of the European Union in order for the United Nations to come up with an improved and perfected system of governance and economic redistribution among its member economies. Aside from the success of the European Union, there is no regional body of member-countries that could come close to their experience in implementing a more successful integration of economies and putting them under one administrative control and supervision.

How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?

The 2030 is thus a utopian agenda crafted by the United Nations to protect the interest of the most vulnerable economies today. Within fifteen years, the necessary technological and commercial infrastructure must first be put in place, before a nationwide transformation in policies and economic priorities are implemented. This means that global standards for doing intra- and international commerce must first be implemented and using recent technological advancements as monitoring systems for compliance, monitoring and evaluation. A common technological roadmap must first be installed before any administrative policies are implemented. Without a system of effective monitoring of compliance to these provisions and affirmation of the 2030 Agenda, the United Nations vision will remain an illusion.

Moreover, the engagement of civil societies that are accredited by the United Nations shall serve as “international police” to monitor, report, and ensure compliance of and among member-economies. This is most true among fragile states and developing countries where the issue of political divisions cause much economic regression, proliferation of graft and corrupt practices, and inequality among people in their sovereign nations. An effective system of check-and-balance or of responsibility and accountability must be put in place as a matter of implementation and monitoring of sustained compliance. National transformation must be monitored and evaluated to eliminate defects and flaws that hinder sustained economic growth and the protection of human rights.

THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: NATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION

How can the SDGs be effectively mainstreamed into relevant national sustainable development policies and programmes, while preserving countries’ policy space to pursue national priorities? How can the UN development system best support this?

National sustainable development policies and programmes must be fine tuned or realigned to the global policies and programmes of the United Nations 2030 Agenda. Since member States have already signed their decisions to support and made affirmations to implement the provisions of the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations, independent national policies and programmes that veer away from the directions of this Agenda shall be discouraged, or be encouraged on a short-term basis. This depends on the impact on the respective national development efforts of member countries.

Without firm and resolute commitment to implement the objectives of the UN 2030 Agenda, the envisioned global and societal transformations by 2030 will never materialize. But taking into consideration the present commitments and priorities of other lesser developed and developing economies, there shall deadlines and timelines when the pursuit of this global Agenda be pursued faithfully by these member countries.

Members of the UN system that are stationed or in-residence to these member-countries should employ the participation and engagement of civil societies and private organizations to hasten the implementation of this global UN Agenda. Since most developing countries are heavily politicized when it comes to crafting national and international policies, there must be a system of accountability wherein these member-countries are going to mainstream the global UN Agenda in their respective government operations. Civil societies and private organizations could likewise serve as conduits of national development by the United Nations, instead of merely relying on mainstream government to implement national developmental efforts. Sensitive infrastructures that do not infringe on national security issues could be implemented by non-government organizations and other private organizations for faster socio-economic transformation of developing and underdeveloped economies. In this manner, affirmation of human rights and the promotion of national security remain secure in the hands of the government. However, on a deeper analysis, poverty is another form of human rights violation. If there are means to eliminate instances of poverty and social depravities, the State is duty bound to ensure that the welfare and the social and moral well-being of its citizens are met and protected. Hence, there should be no barriers in the employment of civil societies and other private organization in meeting the needs – public and private – of the people.

Meanwhile, the technical and technological infrastructure of the global network for mainstreaming and monitoring compliance of member countries must be put in place parallel to the development efforts of underprivileged economies. The global infrastructure on trade and commerce, communication, and transportation must be facilitated earlier while mainstreaming of global policies are being elaborated and in the process of adoption by member countries.

Climate change and other economic hindrances to sustainable development must be eliminated where these factors continue to ravage less- or least-developed countries. High-income economies should extend all necessary assistance to speed up the transformation processes for these lagging economies. Otherwise, the agreed 15-year timeframe might proved too short and too idealistic if there is no intervention extended among lagging economies. The principle of “leaving no one behind” must be initiated even at the earliest stage of adoption by member-countries. Otherwise, these lagging economies might be hampered by too much poverty and too much politics in adopting and implementing these UN 2030 Agenda for sustainable development.

What are the key areas for making progress on and building national and sub-national capacities for sustainable development, and how do they differ across country contexts (e.g., least developed countries, middle income countries, high-income countries, countries in situations of fragility, etc.)? When and how can partnerships effectively contribute to capacity building and sustainable development?

The UNDESA and the UNDP should guide and assist participating countries in formulating monitoring forms wherein the Key Result Areas (17 Sustainable Development Goals) are given timelines for adoption and implementation of these goals, including the identification of implementing agencies, resources needed, and the desired results at a certain evaluation period. A monitoring and evaluation matrix of adoption and development should be submitted by member-countries to the implementing body/ies of the United Nations. These government matrices of implementation should be the bases also for fund infusion and other means of assistance whereby substantial success is achieved by least developed and developing economies. As no unilateral program of national government that runs inconsistent with the 2030 Agenda will be allowed, monitoring of government agencies in charge of implementing UN Agenda provisions shall be held accountable for timely and effective implementation of these goals.

UN financial institutions shall review and extend financial assistance to all development efforts of member-countries as reflected in their respective medium-term development plans. These National Medium Term Development Plans shall serve as the member-country’s commitment to adopt and implement the UN Agenda for 2030. Through this national socio-economic plan, strategic financing of development, strategic partnership in the implementation of these high-impact or relevant policies, programmes and projects are implemented effectively and without delays. The civil society partners of the United Nations shall ensure that their respective governments are moving along the lines of Agenda 2030. These alternative service mechanisms shall submit to the UN their reports and observations on the successful or failed implementation of these funded programs and projects.

A system of accountability is thus put in place, whereby the UN is assured of credible monitoring results while national governments measure their success or failure based on their targeted National Medium Term Development Plans. In reality, these national Medium Term Development Plans could incorporate Regional or Global Sustainable Development Goals aligned to the objectives of the 2030 UN Agenda. Among the Key Result Areas to be compared, monitored, and synchronized for global sustainable development are the following:

§ Stable and sustainable macro-economy of every member-nation
§ Industry and services sectors made globally competitive and innovative
§ Agricultural and fisheries modernization
§ National infrastructure development
§ Energy self-sufficiency and conservation
§ National Information and Communications Technology deployment and competitiveness
§ National social infrastructure to ensure poverty alleviation
§ Financial capability and resiliency of member-nations
§ Good governance and adherence to the rule of law
§ Social development – health, nutrition, and population management
§ Education, training and skills improvement
§ Housing and shelter provision and protection
§ Peace and security issues of the nation and people
§ Conservation of natural resources and environmental protection
§ Climate change mitigation and adaptation

What steps are necessary to ensure that all stakeholders, including the government, private sector and civil society can readily exchange information and experiences? How can “peer exchange” be established and nurtured?

National governments and UN representatives should form a multi-sectoral bodies that will monitor the progress of adoption and the success of implementing projects and programs that would eliminate poverty in and among member-countries. The services of the resident UN bodies and accredited UN none-government organizations should be recognized and be given a hand in monitoring and implementing the relevant provisions of the 2030 UN Agenda. This is without prejudice to the monitoring of issues contributing to the failure or lack of compliance among participating countries.

“Peer exchange” or the exchange of files and information among participants to monitor, review, and revise certain policies and protocols in the implementation of these SDGs should be established early. “Benchmarking” of progress and development must be closely monitored by the UN and with the participation of host national economies to ensure transparency and honesty in adopting the sustainable goals of the UN 2030 Agenda. Through the ICT infrastructure of national government, the monitoring body of the UN should be connected to this governmental communication infrastructure such that systematic guidance and reviews of programs and projects under monitoring are kept within the allowable limits of success or failure in implementation.

THE 2030 AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: FOLLOW UP AND REVIEW

What are the key components of a comprehensive national review process? What capacities will need to be strengthened at the national level in order to conduct the necessary reviews? How can accountability and transparency of the review process be supported?

The United Nations should provide common guidelines with common Key Result Areas (KRAs) for implementation and monitoring and with indicators on how effective or efficient did these countries implement these KRAs. The UN 2030 Agenda Oversight Committee should establish benchmarks indicating compliance and non-compliance, strengths and weaknesses, deficiencies and sufficiency of national development programs in the context of their recent economic status. Each member country shall adopt the United Nations common standards for labor, socio-economic and environmental programs. As universal access to funding is made available to finance development and to uproot underdevelopment, a common financing platform for all member-countries should be put in place.

The UN Oversight Committee should impose further common and coordinated efforts to monitor the status and the stability of member-nations at the macro- and micro-economic levels. This is to ensure that there will be compliance and common understanding of the UN 2030 Agenda in fostering comprehensive and sustainable means of funding development for all member-nations. These efforts should be based on common and global financial regulations applicable and imposable among recipient countries. This common regulation would thus regulate also the illicit flow of funding from sources not otherwise approved by the UN Oversight Committee.

Each country shall submit for review, implementation, and monitoring their respective National Medium Term Development Plans that take into account the present status of national development program and economic projections. These national development plans must be fine tuned, aligned and synchronized, and then be closely monitored by the UN Oversight Committee to ensure faithful compliance with the common platform. For those poor and underdeveloped economies, How can they be restructured economically to catch up with their developed counterparts must be given extra attention by the UN Oversight Committee. If poverty elimination is to be eliminated by 2030, then debt structuring, sustainable economic growth and unprecedented industrialization efforts must be put in place in order for these least developed countries (LDCs) to move on the economic ladder.

In the same vein, technology transfer from developed economies must also be done and must include all least developed countries (in the technology loop of the UN Agenda. Sane thing is true for scientific advancements that are now being enjoyed by the modern societies. Upgrading of social, technological, and economical status by and among these LDCs must be the main priorities of the UN 2030 Agenda. Redistribution of wealth, technology, scientific researches and development, as well resiliency of environmental conditions to combat global challenges of climate change must be put in place also, with urgency, among these LDCs and fragile economies.

The UN 2030 Agenda Oversight Committee must also demand fine tuning of national development efforts with the goals and objectives of the UN 2030 Agenda. The respective national Medium Term Development Plans of member-countries should reflect the overall visions and strategies of implementation by the UN Oversight Committee. These developmental demands could also be incorporated or form part of the over-all Regional or Global Sustainable Development Agenda that is aligned to the objectives of the 2030 UN Agenda. Among the Key Result Areas to be compared, monitored, and synchronized for global sustainable development are the following:

§ Stable and sustainable macro-economy of every member-nation
§ Industry and services sectors made globally competitive and innovative
§ Agricultural and fisheries modernization
§ National infrastructure development
§ Energy self-sufficiency and conservation
§ National Information and Communications Technology deployment and competitiveness
§ National social infrastructure to ensure poverty alleviation
§ Financial capability and resiliency of member-nations
§ Good governance and adherence to the rule of law
§ Social development – health, nutrition, and population management
§ Education, training and skills improvement
§ Housing and shelter provision and protection
§ Peace and security issues of the nation and people
§ Conservation of natural resources and environmental protection
§ Climate change mitigation and adaptation

From macro level, the implementation and adoption of the UN 2030 Agenda should be monitored down to the micro level to ensure compliance to the common developmental platform of the 2030 Agenda. National accountability should pass through the lens of the Regional Councils and ultimately to the Global Council of the UN 2030 Agenda. However, at the National level, there should be a composite team from the UN Global, Regional, and National Levels that would monitor and follow up compliances and adoptions of these global sustainable development agenda.

How can the follow-up and review at the regional and global level – including through a strong High-level Political Forum under the auspices of the ECOSOC and the newly created ECOSOC-Forum on Financing for Development – facilitate the achievement of the SDGs?

The ECOSOC Forum shall serve as the main avenue to discuss, evaluate, and address developmental concerns by member-countries, based on reports from the national, regional, and global levels of the UN 2030 Agenda Committee. The SDGs shall serve as the baseline developmental efforts of all member-nations and the implementation of which shall be coursed through national governments, with the ready assistance of the regional UN bodies to urgently and immediately address brewing issues of non-compliance or incapacities of fragile economies on the adoption and implementation of these SDGs.

A third and objective monitoring and evaluation efforts should be given by civil society groups or non-government organizations accredited by the UN ECOSOC to participate and monitor the implementation of these SDGs. A “whole of nation” approach that includes the presence and participation of NGOs and civil society groups in the Political Forum should be encouraged. This all-level system of monitoring and implementation of SDGs at the national and regional levels could be given immediate attention and solution by the Committee on global implementation.

Financing and economic regulation concerns are thus easily addressed and resolved to the minutest satisfaction of the global committees. Trade and economic barriers that differ among nations are either eliminated or eased up to allow the smooth flow of goods and commerce in every regional bodies, as well as to the global synchronization of all member countries.

What steps need to be taken to put in place the evidence base (i.e., established, new and emerging sources of data and monitoring capacities) to help track progress on the 2030 Agenda and inform decision-making where course correction is needed?

Global implementation of SDGs require the establishment of a global communication infrastructure that would hasten decision-making processes in addressing inequality of wealth and natural resources and disparity in national capacities of member countries. A “Third Force” a community of non-government organizations should be tapped and be connected to the global communications system to monitor implementation of these global SDGs. This “Third Force” shall facilitate national adoption and the elimination of barriers in implementing business and social processes outside of the ambit of bureaucratic systems. A regional, national, and sub-national communication infrastructure should be established such that facilitation of compliance and elimination of negative factors are easily addressed. This global communication facility should keep track of all levels of adoption and implementation. It should include a global network of organizations that are not subject to bureaucratic restraints that would impinge national sovereignty.

A global benchmarking system is thus a necessity to establish an “evidence-based” monitoring system. This would help global mangers determine the accountability and responsibility of member-nations as they implement the global SDGs. In this manner, fine tuning and aligning of national policies are tracked and re-oriented to keep pace with the growth of other member-nations. A global compliance index is thus secured and put in place, plus a global accountability map is formulated ensuring that no one is left behind in the sustainable development agenda of the UN 2030.

Ethan McLaughlin (not verified)

Okay so in order to adaquatly approach answering the large question of how to implement 2030, I will be approaching it by answering each question one by one. 

So firstly in order to truly understand and appreciate how best to find some kind of universal approach of implementation across the many different types of countries which occuppy this earth we inhabit, its important to appreciate how diverse the world is. As such implementation in order for  it to be successful each country needs guidelines to judge and shape their policies around. The issue is however that one set of guidlines on how a government must implement the agenda will not work and would in fact be rather counter productive. I think first and foremost because their are roughly 18 different target some which needs greater focus in certain regions in the world than others. As such their needs to be a greater appreciation of the usefulness of regional multilateral organisations like  the EU like the African Union, in there ability to be able to shape there own regional agenda based on their values, and their  peoples belives of goverance. This is also very useful because of  the fact fragile states in those particular regions are more likely to be influnced by their region than an organisation like the UN, who it could see or judge the mandate to be against its interest.  

 

Now looking at the second section if we are talking about trail brazlers, or best practise to ensure policy coherance I think this very much relates to my previous point. In order to allow for policy coherance there needs to be greater focus  on the success a regionally based agenda can have.

 

 

Ethan McLaughlin (not verified)

Okay so in order to adaquatly approach answering the large question of how to implement 2030, I will be approaching it by answering each question one by one. 

So firstly in order to truly understand and appreciate how best to find some kind of universal approach of implementation across the many different types of countries which occuppy this earth we inhabit, its important to appreciate how diverse the world is. As such implementation in order for  it to be successful each country needs guidelines to judge and shape their policies around. The issue is however that one set of guidlines on how a government must implement the agenda will not work and would in fact be rather counter productive. I think first and foremost because their are roughly 18 different target some which needs greater focus in certain regions in the world than others. As such their needs to be a greater appreciation of the usefulness of regional multilateral organisations like  the EU like the African Union, in there ability to be able to shape there own regional agenda based on their values, and their  peoples belives of goverance. This is also very useful because of  the fact fragile states in those particular regions are more likely to be influnced by their region than an organisation like the UN, who it could see or judge the mandate to be against its interest.  

 

Now looking at the second section if we are talking about trail brazlers, or best practise to ensure policy coherance I think this very much relates to my previous point. In order to allow for policy coherance there needs to be greater focus  on the success a regionally based agenda can have.

 

 

Paye Banza (not verified)

As far as EDUCATION, base of any development, is concerned, we suggest moving forward based on what is available to improve and where there is none, in most area in developing countries, start from scratch; http://www.fvtelibrary.com/aboutus . The DIGITAL revolution era and Internet have made it easy to deliver same quality education contents that none is left behind and resources are available anywhere at any time needed! INTERNET CONNECTIVITY should be a concern, OFFLINE feature of the Platform all to deliver resources pre-loaded on TABLETS and updated any time needed! It is easy than ever to dispatch quality education resources for mutual sharing of same quality material and cooperate on research projects to ensure reciprocity.

 #OneWorldOneAcademicLibrary allows all to SHARE same quality education resources starting from Canadian education institutions resources, boost research, frees invention spirit and avoid PLAGIARISM and re-invention of the wheel, gives a chance for all to grow equally in Knowledge, create new ones and develop! In addition, all communities, regardless geographic locations have same opportunity to do and manage their own to SHARE SELECTIVELY with the world while creating and developing effective solutions should fit better address respective local need to sustain development and climate change initiatives. Every community shapes its own Local, National, Continental or international agenda based on what they believe, their values with option share with others what they want, such an empowering enough to expect local competency and knowledge harvest from initiatives people made, believe and trust in.

Twitter: @FinalVision1

 

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

A very questionable thesis indeed. This notion of education seems to be unteble because it does not take into account some elementary facts, viz., functiona and total illiteracy, global linguistic variation which is a cultural right of peoples, levels of individual capacities for learning , and the crux, what should enable one to undertake? Is the answer the kind of work most popular today? Ah, it is that aspect of economy that has brought about the current misery and suffering. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 28 March 2016 19:29To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Paye Banza Sales Manager from Canada commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Robert Ruitenbeek • Managing Director / Owner at iNVENTUR! from Netherlands

Dear All,

In addition to previous post I strongly advise to read the attached analysis on the interrelationships between Sustainable Development Targets and dietary change and reflect on how these insights effect the (to be localized) SDG priorities and approach.

Kind regards,

Robert

 

Dr. Dennis Anderson

In order to achieve a sustainable future for all, we must recognize that today’s more than 50% of world population is young people under the age of 35 years old and many of them do not have a real future due to the lack of education, employment and upward social mobility.  Until we address this core issue, we cannot build a sustainable future for all.  The current poverty, global migration, terrorism and wars will only exacerbate any efforts to focus on sustainable development. 

Paye Banza (not verified)

EDUCATION IS THE FOUNDATION FOR ALL!

To help YOUTH better, we need to associate and listen to them. For EDUCATION, over 83% of them have shown their learning motivation; DIGITAL ORIENTED. The future of education and research for them is not STATIC where they are in continuous fight for resources and never enough for all despite the space and even if not financially justified, impossible to have all up to date references in a static library! That where One World One Academic Library approach comes in handy. All access same quality resources for equality of education and grow equally in knowledge, create new ones and develop. Sharing feature part of it starting with Canadian quality education reources with others around the world guarantees reciprocity and OFFLINE feature insure there is enough resources delivered to remote areas where there is no connectivity. Students and researches continue reading OFFLINE anywhere at their own ease and convenience. Courtesy of http://www.fvtelibrary.com/faq

Twitter: @FinalVision1  

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Very true, but .... Your observation is very true, but it would be salutory to remember that with the current global population growth with decreasing job availability owing to 'labour saving' inventions, sequestration of global financial resources in few hands, and  increasing degradation of  our environment, which in the final analysis, is the source of all our material resources, we face the impossible, unless the notion of 'develpment' is redefined in a way compatible with civilised behaviour, and active steps are taken to reduce world population. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 29 March 2016 05:29To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Dr. Dennis Anderson professor, e-government expert, chairman from United States commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

TCHARBUAHBOKENGO NFINN

Hhhv Federation of Environmental and Ecological Diversity for Agricultural Revampment and Human Rights ( FEEDAR & HR ) 

 

P.O.Box 321 KUMBA Meme SWR Cameroon. 

 

Email : feedar97@yahoo.com, feedar.hr@gmail.com, feedarsecretariat@yahoo.com 

 

Means of implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals Agenda 2030

 

NATIONAL LEVEL. 

 

Partnerships between Governments and Civil Society. 

 

The National means of implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals Agenda 2030 requires that both governments and the non governments work together in a more stronger partnerships to reach the entire 17 Goals by 2030 and beyond.  It has been proven that the government's can not do all the works of a country alone that is why the civil society is very critical to achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals Agenda. I must first of all commend government ministries for their commitment to try to reach everyone in the geographical cycles. In the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals many were left out and many mistakes made.I think it is time informed decisions bring all on the platform so that no one is left behind.

 

The government's should consider working in strong collaboration with the Civil Society sector. That is to provide a non competitive grants to every Civil Society Organization recognised by the competent administrative authority.This running budget will assist Civil Society increase their capacities to reach their objectives and goals.  This would equally assist the Civil Society to extend their tentacles to secure other funding from other sources and create synergies and partnerships to implement the 17 Goals implementation. The civil society will provide report activities that explains how the budget support was used. This would be evaluated and progress monitored.

 

The various government ministries to work with the civil society organizations to reach out to everyone, impacting every social group. For example Ministry of Education , not only provides schools to communities but making sure the schools have the necessary basic necessities like enough school Teachers, Benches, rooms, space, library, Canteen, Drinking Water, Toilets and a first aid kit,  A School Bus or any Transportation services. And also constant supplies of learning materials like chalks , writing materials where necessary. 

 

B)  Partnerships Among Civil Society Organizations 

 

One of the most important aspects to meet the Agenda 2030 is the partnerships among the civil society groups. Providing a platform for effective approaching Civil Society issues and an environment of effective participation would achieve greatly the Sustainable Development Goals Agenda 2030. This is by involving the women, youths , students, unemployed, disabled, 

 

C) Other stakeholders including Business and Banks

 

Many little Businesses face a critical challenge of the inability to secure Loans and benefits from Banks. It therefore very important for financial institutions to laveraging opportunities for all and not only for the rich.

 

On  Regional Level (CENTRAL AFRICAN REGION ) csoscaregion@gmail.com,  csocaregion@googlegroups.com 

 

 

Thesame national approach above appliies to all countries in the region , however though the region is considered to be one of the richest in the world in terms of Natural and Mineral Resources it is still the poorest in terms of socio - economic and political paradigm. The standard of living is very poor among the majority of the population,  social security is completely off the table,  security is threatened daily as Conflicts,  Terrorism, Wars, Crime, Corruption and lack of democratic reforms on the rise, outward migration and internally displaced persons.

 

The formation of a civil society body that would enhance partnerships and efforts to the Agenda 2030 is what is fundamental in the region. In this light the Coalition of Civil Society Organizations in the Central African Region  (CSOSCAR) has created. The Coalition will increase coordination,  participation,  engagement,  implementation and monitoring progress of the 17 Goals in all countries and put in place decency where necessary. 

 

As a regional institution it will create new partnerships , merge with other regional bodies to the effective implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals Agenda 2030.

 

It will equally source funding,  interven in Humanitarian Crisis and in other emergency and would be able to  providing a regional reporting mechanism on the progress of the 2030 Agenda in all countries. 

 

Paul Shaw (not verified)

Thanks for your comments above. The #NAYDSDSGs initiative will have youth-led, gender balanced rural community development acitivists teams in all countries in Africa with the mission to empower rural communities with the SDGs. I have posted the roadmap to this group in a previous post. The concept note for the workshop is attached.  We are working with regional and continental organisations to progress this. My email is paul@geovision.co.uk.

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Helping the poor in Dollar terms; is this the way to go? I wholeheartely agree with  your intention, but have difficulties with the yardstick you have chosen. On paper, increased income may seem to indicate an alleviation of poverty. But, if the cost of living of the poor has risen in step, one has not achieved much. Nor yet the poor have to live under appalling conditions. I think the poor will consider a reduction in their food items as a real boon, when higher wages entail higher food prices. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 26 March 2016 00:04To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Hüseyin Mahir FİSUNOGLU commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Yo

John Lawrence

One contribution in this discussion stood out to me, from Cameroun, Federation of Environmental and Ecological Diversity for Agricultural Revampment and Human Rights ( FEEDAR & HR ) 

 as follows:

Many little businesses face a critical challenge of the inability to secure Loans and benefits from Banks. It therefore very important for financial institutions to leveraging opportunities for all and not only for the rich.

Small business is not only the present, but the future of sustainable development, yet there is very little in this discussion that I have seen on the private sector and its contribution to sustainable human progress.... even the current movement towards corporate social responsibility (CSR) seems targeted mostly towards large multinational enterprises.. furthermore, economic theory specifies `growth' as a necessary condition for societal advancement, speaking  hardly at all about better, more efficient management and utilization of existing resources... the SDGs required extensive participation of stakeholders in their designation and definition... they will also need universal commitment  to their achievement, and that includes business at all levels...how can we elicit commercial interest, locally, in this quest?

Mohamed Elsayed • Programme Specialist at UNDP

How can the guiding principle of 'Leave no one behind' be put into practice in implementing the 2030 Agenda in different development contexts (e.g. least developed countries, middle-income countries, high-income countries, fragile states etc.)?
The guiding principle of 'leave no one behind' is a very important principle for global partnership to achieve the SDGs. The experience of "Goal 8" of the MDGs tells us how wrong the development cooperation was shaped previously. Simply because it was mainly baed. on the assumption that high income countries flow of aid to least developed was the formula to enhance economic growth and eradicate poverty. Obviously, it appears from a glance that nothing wrong about this assumption, but the benefit could have be better achieved if partnership principles were set around an important guidance: "leave no one behind". This. Principle emphasizes a strong sense of cooperative partnership rather that one direction flow of benefits. In fact. This. Principle demonstrates that as far as the high income countries have much to provide to the least developed ones, on the other hand, benefits are also expected from the latter to the former. This mutual benefit philosophy should guide development partnership for achieving the SDGs.

Previously- in the period before and after the MDGs launch- always, it was the high income countries that provide the sole support to the least developed. In this respect, least developed countries were defined by where they are located geographically. Today, 'least developed populations' migrate from their traditional locations and reside in many middle and high income countries. The burden on middle and high income countries is therefore growing, given the challenges of economic recession and unemployment and other social aspects that are linked to integration.

The challenges facing least developed countries have proved to be extending to other middle and high income countries. Truly, conflict in many parts of the worlds, and particularly in Syria and Iraq; consequently led to displacement of massive numbers of people who overburden some high and middle income countries. As well, natural disasters such as climate change that hit the living mechanisms of societies in least developed countries, making them unable to cope and survive in their lands; and eventually fleeing to other locations, particularly middle and high income countries where they hope for better life. This is a migration issue!

Therefore, migration should really be an important factor in catalyzing the global partnership for achieving the SDGs. Migration in todays world is never a simple question with a simple answer; it is a serious and threatening issue with its political social, cultural and economic implications. Understanding the parts of the equation in migration, its impact on both migrating and migrated to communities requires deep analysis. The philosophy and programmatic architecture of development partnership should take a form that benefit all in the SDGs era. Technical cooperation among countries is an example we need to bring in designing development support and reshaping partnership in the coming fifteen years. Mechanisms for integration private sector in the development dividends is crucial. Involving the private sector, meaningfully, is the name of the game in order "not to leave anyone behind". With the significant growth of private sector social responsibility activism, much can be achieved if such great potential articulated properly.

Dr. Timothy Barker (not verified)

For me the real problem is one of needing to persuade our historically imbued institutional instruments to adapt to allow such multidimensional issues as these to be fairly, democratically explored. See shamblaba DOT org DOT uk for a socio-technological prototype. Sadly, there are individuals and groups who become adept at manipulating those in 'authority' with the result of policy becoming skewed in favour of those who 'shout the loudest' or perhaps those who are funded the most? Everybody deserves a voice - "leave no one behind" - yet how should we achieve this? Not everyone has access to these technologies, for instance (as I am sure we're all aware). Can we reply upon the status quo to adapt **in time** for this is a time critical mission? Can those with 'power' relinquish it so that a more representative version of a global narrative emerges FROM THE GROUND UP? I like education in this regard. So what I am proposing is a kind of meta narrative where all these various influences are right and proper, that's indisputable - there are a lot of valid issues being explored here, for example - but its the mechanisms, the instruments of bringing about change that really need to be addressed in a sensitive and considered manner. If not enacted accordingly then structural change will fail and we (or our ancestors) will still be 'sitting around' discussing these same issues well into the next century, at least. To sum, I personally don't have all the answers but I have a whole host of questions that are not being asked - I would like to see those 'meta', principally structural questions answered please?

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Other things being equal ... At the risk of sounding theoretical, which I am not, other things being equal,  the main issue Dr. Barker raises seems to be the inability/unwillingness of government institutions to make their policies congruent on six fundamental areas, viz., nutrition, education in its broadest sense, health, security in its widest sense, sustainable human procreation, and what I have called our non-material needs like aesthetic satisfaction, leisure activities, etc. It is amazing that those in authority seems unable to appreciate that energy, water supplies, economic persuits, etc., are simply secondary or even teritiary means required to satisfy the above six fundamental needs.  It is incredible that most participants here appear to believe that job creation and economy as ends in themselves! So, in formulation of congruent policies,  agricultural policy ought to be in harmony with health policy as well as the policy on environment. Likewise, the economic policy should be congruent with health and environment policies. If the trade policy allows the imports of unhealthy food, it would obviously undercut what one attempts to achieve by  the health policy, and so on. The vital importance of  a healthy environment as a whole, not just global warming,  does not seem to have sunk into the minds of those who are in a position to do something positive about environmental regeneration, not just stop further abuse of it. It would be salutory for anyone to read some 19th century travellers' comments on the Brazilean rain forest, Indonesian archipelago, Africa etc. They lamment  that none has cleared up the forests and 'developed' the areas so that they may support millions more! Now, most of those areas have undergone 'development', and they can hardly support a flock of hardy goats. Reductive thought has given to economy  a role akin to that enjoyed by religions in the middle ages. So, anyone who questions its importance and wishes to  place it in its proper place, would be treated the same way as every  heretic was during those good old days but with one little difference. Instead of an honest auto de fe (it is unfair to call it in Portuguese as it is often done), the heretic will be simply ignored, perhaps, this is the way democracy displays its torarance. Now, to my next point; Hunger and ill health require immediate action, while the other needs require sustained long-term efforts. These require financial, intellectual, and other material resources. However, an inordinate portion of world's total real financial and material resources,  are sequestered in comparatively few private hands, and as such will not be forthcoming unless they can profit from it. What would enable them to profit by it entails engaging in the same type of economic activity, which together with greed and selfishness has brought about the human misery we  observe today.  This seems to be the way the majority want to take, I never thought that there would ever be any proponents of Catch-22 as a development strategy. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 04 April 2016 12:21To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Dr. Timothy Barker from United Kingdom commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Paye Banza (not verified)

The Quality of Education only could ensure all are equal and NONE IS LEFT BEHIND! There is growing concerns behind Quality Education Resources DIVIDE same as DIGITAL DIVIDE worries are! Shouls get same awereness, we are in for humble contribution with a practical approach boosting solidarity around education through mutual SHARING!

Quality Education consist of up to date Library and Research. “The technology allows students to do research and to develop critical thinking” #OneWorldOneAcademicLibrary for Mutual Quality Education Resources sharing with CANADA and the WORLD to close the GAP. All grow equally in knowledge and Develop.

ATTENTION!!!

 STUDENTS AND RESEARCHERS should make a difference between SEARCH (on a search engine like GOOGLE etc ...) and RESEARCH! While one WASTES time with irrelevant and inappropriate materials in most cases the other with TRUE RESEARCH, keeps you 100% on task. AIDDE platform is not a search engine!https://twitter.com/FinalVision1/status/716326784938209282 

Courtesy of http://www.fvtelibrary.com

 

KIm Davis • CHairman at Living Lab Montreal

Thank you for this great opportunity to participate in this e-discussion. Unfortunately I heard about this opportunity late in the process, but better late than never!Regarding question 3 ("How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?"), here are some thoughts. First, on governance and the issue of agreeing on what constitutes sustainability in a more operational way.  Then, on whether an overarching strategic framework can help in this regard.GovernanceVisionUpdate the WCED “short” sustainability definition (1987) to reflect current scientific & strategic aspects, in order to help organizations focus & line up strategic plans & actions.RationaleGlobal efforts to mitigate the mounting pressure on all ecosystems increase as societies acquire a deeper understanding of "eco-interdependence". In order to focus such efforts towards creating durable societies, while reducing ongoing contributions to social-ecological unsustainability, the sustainability definition used in institutional documents would benefit from becoming more operational.Starting Questions    What constitutes a precise & operational definition of sustainability—our goal?    How far are we from that goal?    How can we close the gap to our goal?StrategyIt is widely acknowledged in management that objectives too loosely defined are of little help in reaching intended results, while they may foster many unintended consequences. Empirical evidence suggests meaningful objectives criteria, such as the ones encapsulated in the SMARTER mnemonic: Specific – Measurable – Attainable – Relevant – Tangible – Engaging – Rewarding...The current WCED definition of sustainability satisfies several of those criteria, while being short of the ones stressing preciseness. Emphasizing awareness over concerted action has been successful, since sustainability issues are widely discussed. Current times call for the strategy's next phase in strengthening concerted actions while keeping awareness level high. To do so, it is proposed to renew the definition of sustainability used by large institutional bodies.Example ProcessOne possibility of a model process calls for stakeholders to transparently    - update the objective criteria used to grade a sustainability definition,    - compare the major existing definitions according to those criteria,    - debate the final choices at COP22/23,    - announce the chosen definition at the end of the COP.Overarching FrameworkSee documentAgain thank you for this opportunity, and I look forward to share and exchange views with all stakeholders. Take care...

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Dear Mr. Davis, I would like to touch upon one aspect of your contibution, and it is one on which I have commented extensively in this and other related fora. Your question,   "What constitutes a precise & operational definition of sustainability,our goal?" As I have taken part in this set of discussions since 2013, I can say with certainty, that we are very far from it. It is not a question of lack of ability or desire to change the current state of affairs, but rather a case of not seeing the wood for trees with a dash of the desire to fight for one's favourite cause rather than general good of the deprived. Having said that,  our first challenge is to identify what constitutes a general sustainable goal which will subsume a certain justifiable set of sub-goals. It is their adequate achievement that requires to be sustainable. The general goal I have proposed time after time is obvious to the point of being trivial, viz., enabling a not unlimited global population to continue to lead a life of contentment with reference to their chosen cultural norms in a manner that does not entail any harm to others and to our shared environment. In my view, attainning this superordinate goal requires an adequate satisfaction of six goals it logically subsumes, viz., need for education in its broadest sense, nutrition, security in its widest sense, health, and a set of non-material goals such as aesthetic satisfaction, entertainment,etc. Let me add that the satisfaction one experiences on achieving something, be it the discovery of a new sub-atomic particle or on acquiring a new skill,  or on partaking a good meal or a glass are some other examples of non-material goals every man is capable of appreciating.  I have called the above man's six fundamental needs. For the sake of brevity, I shall not give you here their epistemological justification. Where I differ from the current approaches, is I keep this hierarchy of goals as what we should strive to render sustainable, whereas the present efforts of the UN is aimed at making a curious blend of some whole of partial fundamental goals, and the needs they subsume as its target of sustainability. It is this category error that will make UN sustainable goals less than optimal even if they are attainable. The possibility of achieving our six fundamental needs,  depends on the possibility of adequately satisfying the needs each of them subsumes. Some of those subsumed needs may be shared by two or more  of the fundamental needs. For instance,  getting to school, hospital, etc., may depend on having access to some mechanical transport. If analysed carefully, it would be clear that need for irrigation, energy, money, etc., are important, but are certainly valueless except insofar as the goal of possessing them is necessary in order to attain a higher goal that subsumes them. The UN approach has failed to take this logical fact into account.  Your next question,   "How far are we from that goal?" gives one cause for concern. As far as I can see, we are rather far from reachinfg it, and what is very unfortunate is that there does not seem to be a mechanism to re-define the SDGs so that they may fit into a holistic framework, while allowing individual nations and areas within them to concentrate on what is most important for them. Holism and flexibility have not received the attention they deserve. Finally, we come to what I feel like the impossible, viz., "How can we close the gap to our goal?"The difficulty lies in our general failure to appreciate the following: 1. The possibility of our continued adequate satisfaction of our six fundamental needs, depends on the well-being of our environment, for the mineral and biological resources we need for our existence are derived from it and they are finite. 2. The availability of those resources  depends on the adequate running of many inter-related natural cycles governed by gnomic and biological laws, which manifest themselves as 'ecosystem services'. 3. Their adequate running depends on the equilibrium between mineral uptake by the lving (water, oxygen,etc) and the return to nature of the taken up material, and this in turn, depends on the equilibrium among all the living species. 4. The equilibrium among the living has a qualitative and a quantitative component. The former represents bio-diversity, while the latter indicates the population of each individual species. H. sapiens cannot justifiably claim to be exempt from this by referring to some supernatural entity. So, unless strict human population control with a view to its gradual reduction is undertaken, it would be futile to talk about sustainability in a meaningful way. No politician will dare say this let alone act on it, even though most of them are skilled exponents in creating monsters out of mosquitoes. Even if we live up to the scientific name we have humourously given ourselves, and agree on a tenable definition of sustainability, attaining it runs into a major difficulty nobody seems to be willing to name even though it is rather obvious. Let us consider the following: 1. Achievement of SDGs, whatever they are, requires material and financial resources in addition to the relevant knowledge and skills. 1. Current economy is driven by the desire to gain, and there are no limits on what one may legally gain or acquire. 2. Desire for continued gain generates 'the need' for increased demand whether it is rational or not. This manifests itself as increased economic activity, which according to the dogma embeded in the mind of many a 'developer' is desirable! 3. This has already  dramatically reduced  the available ecosystem services leading to drought, flooding, climate change, etc, whose nutritional, health and security implications are serious. 4. Current economy not only generates 'wealth', but it also generates social inequity and severe environmental degradation that has already begun to threaten life in many previously salubrious areas. 5. Going back to 1 above,  great deal of world's material and financial resources are sequestered in private hands, even when jovial lawyers jocosely attribute their ownership to some abstract  but legal entities such as 'companies', 'coporations', etc. 6. Those private owners of resources will not 'invest' their resources in SDGs, unless they can make a profit, which will only exacerbate the current environmental ills for theirs is the Aristotelian approach to economy, viz., everything revolves around me. 7. Hence, even if we agree on all else, there does not seem to be  enough resources to get on with it. One likes to be optimistic, but the desire to be realistic compels one to be otherwise. Lal Manavado. 

John Lawrence

Dear Moderators,I am still getting emailed contributions to this very informative discussion, so am offering the following post in case you have not yet closed the `list'.Today a small team of Columbia University (SIPA) grad students are presenting their findings from six months of study (and two field missions) with UNDP Jakarta and the Government of Indonesia on assessing the characteristics of a multi-stakeholder approach to monitoring SDG achievement at national to local levels. Their conclusions and recommendations are being considered as groundbreaking since they deal with a new arena in this key south Asian nation, with implications for sustainable development in the region and beyond. Anyone interested in a copy of the complete report (due Mid May 2016) can go to the Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs site and search for `Multi-Stakeholder Participation for Sustainable Development Goals in Indonesia' or email me at jeslawrence@att.net.Kind regards, John  

John E.S. Lawrence PhD,Adjunct Professor, School of International & Public AffairsColumbia University, New York, 2002-16and former Principal Adviser and Deputy DirectorSocial Development Division, Bureau of Development PolicyUnited Nations Development Program.<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />


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Posted on: Action Research on Disability, Livelihood and PovertyNew comment on Discussion The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications by Lal Manavado : RE: [World We Want 2030] KIm Davis "Chair, Board of Directors" f

Dear Mr. Davis,   I would like to touch upon one aspect of your contibution, and it is one on which I have commented extensively in this and other related fora.   Your question,   "What constitutes a precise & operational definition of sustainability,our goal?"   As I have taken part in this set of discussions since 2013, I can say with certainty, that we are very far from it. It is not a question of lack of ability or desire to change the current state of affairs, but rather a case of not seeing the wood for trees with a dash of the desire to fight for one's favourite cause rather than general good of the deprived.   Having said that,  our first challenge is to identify what constitutes a general sustainable goal which will subsume a certain justifiable set of sub-goals. It is their adequate achievement that requires to be sustainable.   The general goal I have proposed time after time is obvious to the point of being trivial, viz., enabling a not unlimited global population to continue to lead a life of contentment with reference to their chosen cultural norms in a manner that does not entail any harm to others and to our shared environment.   In my view, attainning this superordinate goal requires an adequate satisfaction of six goals it logically subsumes, viz., need for education in its broadest sense, nutrition, security in its widest sense, health, and a set of non-material goals such as aesthetic satisfaction, entertainment,etc. Let me add that the satisfaction one experiences on achieving something, be it the discovery of a new sub-atomic particle or on acquiring a new skill,  or on partaking a good meal or a glass are some other examples of non-material goals every man is capable of appreciating.    I have called the above man's six fundamental needs. For the sake of brevity, I shall not give you here their epistemological justification. Where I differ from the current approaches, is I keep this hierarchy of goals as what we should strive to render sustainable, whereas the present efforts of the UN is aimed at making a curious blend of some whole of partial fundamental goals, and the needs they subsume as its target of sustainability. It is this category error that will make UN sustainable goals less than optimal even if they are attainable.   The possibility of achieving our six fundamental needs,  depends on the possibility of adequately satisfying the needs each of them subsumes. Some of those subsumed needs may be shared by two or more  of the fundamental needs. For instance,  getting to school, hospital, etc., may depend on having access to some mechanical transport. If analysed carefully, it would be clear that need for irrigation, energy, money, etc., are important, but are certainly valueless except insofar as the goal of possessing them is necessary in order to attain a higher goal that subsumes them. The UN approach has failed to take this logical fact into account.    

Your next question,   "How far are we from that goal?" gives one cause for concern. As far as I can see, we are rather far from reachinfg it, and what is very unfortunate is that there does not seem to be a mechanism to re-define the SDGs so that they may fit into a holistic framework, while allowing individual nations and areas within them to concentrate on what is most important for them. Holism and flexibility have not received the attention they deserve.

 Finally, we come to what I feel like the impossible, viz., "How can we close the gap to our goal?" The difficulty lies in our general failure to appreciate the following:   1. The possibility of our continued adequate satisfaction of our six fundamental needs, depends on the well-being of our environment, for the mineral and biological resources we need for our existence are derived from it and they are finite.   2. The availability of those resources  depends on the adequate running of many inter-related natural cycles governed by gnomic and biological laws, which manifest themselves as 'ecosystem services'.   3. Their adequate running depends on the equilibrium between mineral uptake by the lving (water, oxygen,etc) and the return to nature of the taken up material, and this in turn, depends on the equilibrium among all the living species.   4. The equilibrium among the living has a qualitative and a quantitative component. The former represents bio-diversity, while the latter indicates the population of each individual species. H. sapiens cannot justifiably claim to be exempt from this by referring to some supernatural entity.   So, unless strict human population control with a view to its gradual reduction is undertaken, it would be futile to talk about sustainability in a meaningful way. No politician will dare say this let alone act on it, even though most of them are skilled exponents in creating monsters out of mosquitoes.   Even if we live up to the scientific name we have humourously given ourselves, and agree on a tenable definition of sustainability, attaining it runs into a major difficulty nobody seems to be willing to name even though it is rather obvious. Let us consider the following:   1. Achievement of SDGs, whatever they are, requires material and financial resources in addition to the relevant knowledge and skills.   1. Current economy is driven by the desire to gain, and there are no limits on what one may legally gain or acquire.   2. Desire for continued gain generates 'the need' for increased demand whether it is rational or not. This manifests itself as increased economic activity, which according to the dogma embeded in the mind of many a 'developer' is desirable!   3. This has already  dramatically reduced  the available ecosystem services leading to drought, flooding, climate change, etc, whose nutritional, health and security implications are serious.   4. Current economy not only generates 'wealth', but it also generates social inequity and severe environmental degradation that has already begun to threaten life in many previously salubrious areas.   5. Going back to 1 above,  great deal of world's material and financial resources are sequestered in private hands, even when jovial lawyers jocosely attribute their ownership to some abstract  but legal entities such as 'companies', 'coporations', etc.   6. Those private owners of resources will not 'invest' their resources in SDGs, unless they can make a profit, which will only exacerbate the current environmental ills for theirs is the Aristotelian approach to economy, viz., everything revolves around me.   7. Hence, even if we agree on all else, there does not seem to be  enough resources to get on with it.   One likes to be optimistic, but the desire to be realistic compels one to be otherwise.   Lal Manavado.  

29 Apr 2016 [ read more ] [ reply ]

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Dr. Timothy Barker (not verified)

Dear Lal,

Thank you so much for your thoughtful comments. I largely agree with your theses. However, since the UN is a kind of 'democratic' organisation and certainly seems to be adopting these 'participative' (online) mechanisms could you perhaps tell me how you resolve the conflict between one persons (albeit notable) ideas and those of the larger community? By way of explanation I am currently thinking this is the crux of why so many different elements are attempted to be represented in the 2030, etc. initiatives of the UN rather than a synthesised, overall, 'holistic' view...

Cheers, Tim.

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Dear Tim,  I think everybody agrees that mankind has seldom faced such a complex bunch of threats to its well-being as it does today. Now, we also agree that something ought to be done at least to mitigate the ills of the world. Here, we face the age-old problem; what problems shall we address and how? Shall we deal with those that affect largest number of people, or those whose 'advocates' are most vociferous? And to make matters worse, once a set of problems have been agreed upon, then the arguments begin anew about what solutions to use. Here, one bids farewell to holism and relevance without even knowing it! For instance, advocating IT solutions to rural populations where the literacy rate is very low.  Let me ask you a simple question,  could one possibly have resorted to democratic debate in order to ascertain the respective merits of  Aristotelian and the Copernican notions of the Solar system five centuries ago? The church has the power then and ...  It seems I offer no solution but scepticism ad infinitum. No, not quite. I suggested a logical re-arrangement of the so-called SDGs in the order of their real importance to live huan beings. Their importance is to be determined with reference to how necessary they are for one to lead a life of reasonable contentment. For instance, despite its lack of prestige, no rational person can maintain that a rural subsistence-farmer leads less contented life than a young man in a city slum with a 'smart phone'. Those people are there for us to go and ask what they need most, but we do not. Rather, most contributors look at people through their  'theory telescopes' and recommend solutions prescribed by their pet 'theories' I use the word theory only to describe a hypothesis concerning  a gnomic phenomenon, not human behaviour. So, the diversity of opinions synthesised are hardly representative. I know, it is impractical to canvass the views of everybody whose situation is pitiful or dire, but, there is a way forward, it does not sound like the  big cliches of 'development', but it is as close as one can get to those who really need help, viz., small local cooperatives whose freedom of action can be guaranteed in some way. At a higher level, I have suggested policy congruence at all levels, beginning at the international one. Please consider how difficult it would be to make the current 'trade treaties' consistent with national efforts to conserve and regenerate the environment, promote health, expand national labour-intensive agriculture and  industry and  so on. All this is obvious, but how far have we come even at the international level towards policy congruence? Then, how credible are we when we advocate national policy congruence, which is precluded by the existing unfair treaties? No, democracy is more or less effective at local level, but as you go higher up the scale, the number of 'ifs' necessary for its more or less adequate functioning proliferate to what seems to be unrealistic levels. Of course, I must add, in my humble opinion. A somewhat rambling answer, I fear, but,  let it stand. Cheers! Lal.    From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 03 May 2016 08:57To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Dr. Timothy Barker maker from United Kingdom commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

maurice phillips (not verified)

Hello Lal,

 

I would be interested to receive your “revision”/prioritising of the SDGs.

 

I, and many  others , are members of the Global Ecovillage Network (GEN) a NGO that is the umbrella organisation facilitating the development of ecovillages worldwide.  This is a very bottom-up approach to dealing with the SGDs.  In the work being done in The Gambia, West Africa, we consider that we are covering 10 of the 17 SDGs in the work we are doing with 11 coastal villages.  It would be interesting to see whether our list coincides with your own ideas.

 

I look forward to g=hearing from you,

 

Maurice Phillips,

Chair of the Sandele Foundation.

 

From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org] Sent: 03 May 2016 12:00To: maurice@sandele.comSubject: [Teamworks] Lal Manavado commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

 

You can

Paye Banza (not verified)

As long as EDUCATION is concerned, no need to delay and wait for SDGs2030 AGENDA, let do it now! #OneWorldOneAcademicLibray for all to share spells up every requirement. Further around us, PAPER FREE EDUCATION coming your way sooner than anticipated? Newfoundland already closing over 50 Static Library Centres, more seving to invest in what matters and ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY!https://twitter.com/FinalVision1/status/727201165759254528Fortunately, DIGITAL based solution#OneWorldOneAcademicLibrary to tackle Quality Education Resources DIVIDE in a way that NONE IS LEFT BEHIND! No internet, no problem, the OFFLINE feature of it allows resources delivery pre-loaded on FvTech Smart Tablets ( http://www.fvtelibrary.com ). If there is a will the hole world would have quality education now, no need to wait for 2030 time!

Paye Banza (not verified)

As long as EDUCATION is concerned, no need to delay and wait for SDGs2030 AGENDA, let do it now! #OneWorldOneAcademicLibray for all to share spells up every requirement. Further around us, PAPER FREE EDUCATION coming your way sooner than anticipated? Newfoundland already closing over 50 Static Library Centres, more seving to invest in what matters and ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY!https://twitter.com/FinalVision1/status/727201165759254528Fortunately, DIGITAL based solution#OneWorldOneAcademicLibrary to tackle Quality Education Resources DIVIDE in a way that NONE IS LEFT BEHIND! No internet, no problem, the OFFLINE feature of it allows resources delivery pre-loaded on FvTech Smart Tablets ( http://www.fvtelibrary.com ). If there is a will the hole world would have quality education now, no need to wait for 2030 time!

Dr.Amb.Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua • President and Founder of Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation at Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation from Nigeria

Dear Maurice,Kindly highlight the 10 SDGs out the 17SDGs that your Organization is working on in Gambia so i will able to comment may be we share common ground.Thank you.Yours sincerely.Dr Asabe. Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua Foundation (ASYARF)www.asabeshehuyaraduafoundation.orgwww.asyarf.orginfo@asyarf.orgSkype: asyarf1On Tue, May 3, 2016 at 4:04 PM, <notification@unteamworks.org> wrote:

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maurice phillips (not verified)

Dear Dr Asabe,

 

Here is the list of SDGs that are inherent to ecovillage development and on which we are already or beginning to work in the Gambia.  In saying this I am representing an organisation called The People’s Coast Ecovillage Network(PECEN)  – a group of some 65 “eco champions” from  9 villages adjacent to each other on the Atlantic Coast of The Gambia (6 villages) and the Casamance, southern Senegal (3 villages).  All PECEN members have completed the Ecovillage Design Education (EDE) course certified by Gaia Education.

 

PECEN is at a very early stage but our vision is to launch a major land use planning/permaculture study so  that, in addition to the other SDG objectives, issues of coastal erosion, sea level rise, climate change adaptation and mitigation can all be tackled over the coming years.  We have declared 2016 to be “the Year of the Forest”.  This season the action will be modest but we plan to build it up as an activity that will engage all the schools, the village Development Committees and so on.

 

The Alkalos of the 9 villages (together with the Alkalos from two non-coastal villages) have signed an Accord agreeing to the transitioning of the villages into ecovillages and to becoming members of the Global Ecovillage Network (GEN).

 

Our SDG list is attached above.

 

Regards,

 

Maurice.:

 

 

From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org] Sent: 03 May 2016 22:06To: maurice@sandele.comSubject: [Teamworks] Dr.Amb.Asabe Shehu Yar'Adua commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

 

You can post a repl

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Hello, Maurice! Thank you for your request, and I shall get down to it and put it on Monday. Lal Manavado. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 03 May 2016 17:03To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] maurice phillips commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Hello, Maurice! Here's my view. Sorry about the delay. Afraid it's not as 'traditionally structured' as is common. Cheers! Lal. 

Arranging the SDGs in a Logically Coherent Array<?xml:namespace prefix = o ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:office" />

 

Before we begin, I would like to emphasise that despite its tone, this discussion is totally free of metaphysical speculation, and it is strictly secular. Somewhat technical terms are used here, not to give it any academic pretentions, but to ensure its clarity and precision.

 

First, let me ask the obvious; why should we bother about achieving the SDG’s, or any ‘development goal’ for that matter? I think most of us would agree if one said that it is because it is worthwhile to do so. In other words, the achievement of them has a certain value. This notion of value provides the sole rational justification of one’s attempts to attain SDGs within a certain time.

 

Next, another question; to whom is their achievement really worthwhile? Is it to the politicians, administrators, myriads of experts involved, or is it to those billions known to suffer diverse deprivations, or even all of us? Here, irony and sarcasm could have a field day, but, let us be serious. Then, it becomes clear that the achievement of those goals has some value to all of those, but its justifiable value to each group is different.

 

We will leave the politicians and other professional agents and move on to the last two groups. Obviously, achievement of some SDGs is very important the deprived, which its importance for the others is less in the short term. Moreover, their value to these two groups has different origins. I will touch upon the latter at the end of this discussion.

 

What we have to ascertain now is what sound reasons we can put forward to justify attributing a value to the attainment of SDGs.  This would immediately beg the question, if one could justify the value given to SDGs, do they all have an equal value? I postulate that they do not, and the origin of its value would enable us to array each SDG in its appropriate niche in a hierarchy of goals, whose origin is common to living species including man. Do please remember, I promised to be strictly secular.

 

It would be reasonable to suggest that all our reasonable value attributions to objects or events would have to be with reference to the degree to which those could enable us to continue to live, or to enhance the quality of our lives. An extreme illustration to justify this postulate would be the richest specimen in the universe and all his gold, totally isolated on a tiny barren island will perish in a few days. There, wealth has no value to him as a living being.  When dead, value is an academic notion to him.

 

This contrived example underlines two important points; first., the goal of sustaining a life of adequate quality has the only epistemologically defensible fundamental value, and the second, all other justifiable values are attributed to objects or events in proportion to what degree they are needed to enable us to attain that goal. That is why the gold in the above example is valueless to that man in real terms while even a can of brackish water and a bag of junk food would prove priceless.

 

 Let me pre-empt the objections now rolling towards me. The example is unrealistic one might say. Is it? There are starving homeless throughout Asia, Africa, and even in affluent parts of Europe. In some continents, their numbers run into millions. In one way, their situation is worse,  because they  can see around them others having what we all need while they only have a scavenger’s access to a few of those things, and at least some of them can still think and feel as humans do.

 

Man must adequately satisfy six fundamental needs in order to sustain a life of acceptable quality. They are nutrition, health, education in its real sense (not jobber training or the joke of ‘paperless education’), security in its widest sense (security from climatic changes, varieties of robbery, violence, etc), balanced procreation (not only with respect to personal reasons but also environmental ones), and finally, what I have called a set of non-material needs, which includes aesthetic satisfaction, entertainment, etc.

 

Now, we have a culture and location independent measure of poverty totally free from monetary relativism that is irrelevant to the poor. Poverty represents one’s inability to meet one or more of our common fundamental needs. Both a starving beggar and an oafish millionaire are poor, but we often are rightly more concerned about the hunger than lack of culture owing to the greater value of nutrition in order to sustain life.

 

Although important to our quality of life, the non-material goal set is not vital to sustain life somewhat above the brute level.  Meanwhile, it is difficult to give a justifiable priority to nutrition, health, education or security, while the value of balanced procreation depends on what value we may justifiably attribute to the continuation of the human species. Most justifications offered here, either stray into the realm of religion, or some sort of scientific determinism that is epistemologically unsound.

 

After this ground work, let us consider some obvious facts. Today, no human is born with any innate knowledge of how to sustain a life of adequate quality, nor possesses the skills needed for the purpose. This knowledge and skills are acquired through education. Here, the quality of life is determined with reference to the individual’s cultural norms. These in turn, are learned, in other words, acquired by education. Please note these include everything from learning to walk up-right to splitting atoms.

 

The first steps of this education has been paperless since the emergence of the human race, for they including learning to talk, what to eat, how to do so in a socially acceptable manner, etc. Thus, education in its proper sense, embraces the whole spectrum of human activities within a given cultural framework. Its modern truncation into a means of enabling one to secure ‘well-paid job’ has not only perverted its purpose, but has also championed destructive competition that has lead to social inequity and environmental disaster.

 

Having thus established the importance of real education, let us move onto security. No other human concern seems to be shrouded in so much reductive fog. The irony though is that it is a quite simple issue, if you do not let the trees prevent you from seeing the forest. I think there will be general agreement on that having security entails having freedom to undertake what one believes to be worthwhile and freedom to keep what one believes to be of value. In both instances, value is ascertained with reference to a cultural framework.

 

I will not touch on insecurity arising from natural causes as they are well known. True, lack of security could deny one of both freedoms, viz., freedom of action and possession. Denial of both could be brutal and include violence, it may be more subtle, or even legal as permission to gain unlimited wealth in a world with finite resources. In some cases, such denial may cause physical pain and injury and/or varying degrees of mental distress.

 

So, let us look at threats to one’s security arising from one’s own species. In the beginning, the threats from others like those from wild beasts, in clemencies of the weather, etc., far exceeded those from one’s fellows, for otherwise species would have become extinct. Therefore, let us look closely  at the strategy man evolved to mitigate the threats to the individual from the other people. If it is to succeed, it should enable the greatest possible number of people to have the two freedoms described above.

 

The only possible way of achieving this seems to be moving towards peaceful co-existence of peoples. This requires undertaking steps to thwart anyone from hindering or preventing a person engaging in adequately satisfying one’s fundamental needs, or from acquiring  what belongs to a person except by a fair exchange of values. Now, it is easy to see that by varying numbers of who acquires something of value and from whom, we can subsume under this head, a wide variety of denials ranging from armed conflict and arbitrary requisitions to petty burglary. Unfortunately, current thought appears to emphasise ‘one’s person and possessions’ as the sole concern of security.

 

The question is, how to attain these two goals? At its emergence, survival of humans as a species with a limited foraging range, seems to have been dependent on deprecating competition for personal gain in favour of social cooperation.  Until fairly recently, this cooperative behaviour has been observed in isolated communities in the Philippines, South Africa, etc. However, to ensure this desirable behaviour, the early communities resorted to taboos and similar social norms. Later on, they evolved in ethical codes anchored in some religion. Still later, legal codes embodying varying degrees of justice emerged, but they are of recent vintage when compared with the length of human history.

 

This rather condensed analysis allows us to subsume every form of discrimination as a violation of one’s security for it lessens one’s ability to meet one’s fundamental needs adequately. As human societies evolved and grew in complexity with respect to how our fundamental needs are satisfied, the onus of ensuring security gradually passed into some institution of increasing size that finally ended a national government.

 

This evolution of ‘security guarantee’ has two dimensions; The first is who shall guarantee it, and secondly, how. Most seem to believe that a group chosen by the people is best, and as to how, it is believed that this is best achieved by the chosen government acting in accordance with a set of norms that specify the ways and means it may legitimately employ. Very often however, not much emphasis is placed on adequate law enforcement even though good governance in print is legion.

 

Now, let us look at SDGs relevant to security:

 

SDG 16 Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels                      

 

I have covered this goal above, including government and the supreme importance of adequate law enforcement. Let me add here that corruption and nepotism and other forms of favouritism are threats to security, because they deprive the public of common material resources, in other words, thievery, while they deprive the better qualified people of their opportunities, and thereby reducing their ability to secure the means of satisfying their fundamental needs adequately.

 

SDG 10           Reduce inequality within and among countries        

                                  

At first glance, this appears a noble idea. But, the crux is, what is meant by ‘inequality’ here? If it is related to economic status, it will not belong here. However, if it is concerned with equality before the law, it is at home here. Surely, we are thinking about some sort of intellectual or a biological equality. No, equality of opportunity among countries is an ideal when it comes to economics, while within a country, it is governed by a country’s law and how well it is enforced, and what public resources are at its disposal.

 

SDG 5  Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls                

 

It should be obvious that the SDG 16 subsumes both SDG 10 and SDG 5, thus turning the listing superfluous albeit ‘politically very correct’.  Moreover, it will require three separate expensive efforts, instead of one carefully designed single plan that could be inclusive, logical and less expensive. After all, ‘all’ in SDG 16 includes both men and women.

 

After this brief look at security, let me move onto education. There I am delighted to see:

SDG 4            Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all                                                

 

Health is our next fundamental goal, and here we encounter confusion again:

 

SDG 3            Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Obviously, this subsumes the curative and preventive health services including the so-called health promotion. Of course, it is a multi-faceted task, where several different entities have to engage in coordinated activities. Obviously, this goal includes sanitation as a major component of prevention, which is for some curious reason included in the goal below.

 

SDG 6            Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all                                                          

As for water management, it includes both drinking water supply as well as that required by agricultural irrigation. The former has both nutritional and health implications, while the latter is a sub-goal of nutrition as will be described below.

 

Jumping to nutrition, it is proposed to address inequities there by:

 

SDG 2 End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

 

Of course, there is a link between nutrition and health. However, its non-scientific components govern the degree to which nutrition affects health. These include the nature of education, what is allowed by trade laws and even more importantly, how adequately they are enforced, tenets of economy in practise, access to appropriate technology and infra-structure to mention the most important.

 

 

I will take up human procreation later on. Let us take a brief look at what I have termed the set of non-material needs. Right to culture is a phrase often bandied about with unseemly vim and vigour. If the achievement of SDGs is supposed to be a universal goal, I find it difficult to see how it may be fully reconciled with this right to culture. Of course, all cultures change, but, unlike in the days of Roman empire, is it justifiable to impose it down from above? If so, it is hard to understand many modern complaints about cultural destruction during colonial times.

 

I have noticed a tendency to advocate ‘teaching English’ to everybody including illiterate or semi-literate populations so that they may gain access to the latest technology. I am not competent to speak of cultures other than those of Europe and their extensions in the Americas, Australia and New-Zealand. Leaving aside English, the literary treasures created at least in 10 European languages are well-known. National poverty has nothing to do with it as one can easily see in the cases like Ruben Dario (Nicaragua), Gabriella Mistral (in a remote part of Chile) clearly shows. I am sure this applies to many other countries, and it is sad to see that no real efforts are made to improve local language competence even in many parts of Europe. It Aesthetic satisfaction is not vital to sustain life, but it does certainly raises it above the level man lived during early stone age.

 

Because the discussion in this forum has been more or less anthropocentri

Dr. Timothy Barker (not verified)

Dear Lal and everyone,

Thanks again for your thoughts Lal. Whilst I like most of your ideas I find myself obligated to point out that you may be demonstrating the effectiveness of your own argument regarding the most vociferous being most noticed in these 'global conversations'. I totally agree that this is an unfortunate state of affairs especially when those with most funding are able to effectively usurp more 'democratic' practices. That said, there are many conceptual issues yet to be grappled with regarding those current democratic practices. However, we then have to ask what alternatives are historically available and I for one do not necessarily always like the idea of autocracy either though it all depends upon the current societal circumstances as to which could be accused of being the most effective, perhaps. I actually believe in a kind of unity for which I am still formulating a 'theory'. I personally do not like divisive systems and would preferably have a society in agreement rather than divided by class, ideology, gender or anything else for that matter. I do not think complexity is to be feared but should be embraced - and its study comes with a wealth of tools to help us in this quest. So, to summarise (maybe) please do positively continue this dialogue rather than abide by the deadline imposed by the organisers. I do believe dialogue is the answer to overcoming obstacles which impede progress of the development of a new (set of) system(s)...

Cheers,

Tim.

Lal Manavado • Senior Advisor at undefined from Norway

Dear Tim and Maurice, First, a word to Maurice. I am awfully sorry I could not post my arrangement of SDG's on Monday as promised. To use a hackneyed excuse, too many things cropped up during past few days. I shall get back to you as soon as I can. Now a few comments to Tim. Let me present to you an others who might be interested a new law: Manavado's Law: The intensity of criticism of country X's human right violations by any democratic country Y is inversely proportional to the extent of their economic relationship, while the fullsomeness of their mutual praise is directly proportional to the magnitude of their latter relationship. -LM. Perhaps, a mathematician with nothing better to do may work out a usable mathematical formula that embodies my law in it. I am sorry if I came out as vociferous, and if I did, I might add it is in support of all deprived in one way or the other. In my next submission, I'll try to give reasons for my unhappiness about the way SDG's have been chosen purely both on methodological and pragmatic grounds. I agree with you that adverserial forms of government as in both UK and USA are undesirable for a variety of reasons, the most glaring being it is easy to turn the government into a travesty of democracy. The question you seem to grapple with, how to render democracy what it purports to be, when the ability of the governed to chose a government on reasonable grounds has never been adequate. It is not just a question of having the ability to think critically when voting, but indifference as well, the so-called voter lethargy. Well, even old Plato was quite aware of it, but only comrade Machiavelli dared to suggest a pragmatic solution. Bit cynical, one might say, but old Nick has to work with what he got. Best of luck with your work! Lal. From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org]Sent: 05 May 2016 17:21To: Lal ManavadoSubject: [World We Want 2030] Dr. Timothy Barker Founder from United Kingdom commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

Patricia M. O'Donnell (not verified)

Dear Kim Davis, Thank you for this interesting and thoughtful sustainability response.

I always begin with the Bruntland Commission definition, 1987, in Our Common Future noting the three pillars of Sustainability as Society-Economy-Environment, which indicates the need for integration and the required recognition of intertwined and interconnected response. To these, as a heritage and culture professional, I add an overlay of culture and heritage as the basis for and underlying framework of human actions toward sustainability. This integration of culture and heritage permeating the Sustainability aspect of Society-Economy- Environment provides a holistic platform for considerations of actions and for measuring performance.

To address the broader question “How could the UN development system provide coordinated and integrated support for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda?" -- the first response is found in SDGs Goal 17- Partnerships, encouraging collaboration across multiple platforms. The direction that the UN SDGs website has taken is encouraging as it is multi-faceted- for example reaching out to youth through educational tools and inviting partnerships. It has been pointed out through the process that actions happen at the local level. A powerful potential tool is a peer to peer organization at the human settlement level where cities and towns can learn from each other.  

 

Best Regards,

Patricia M. O'Donnell, FASLA, AICP, IFLA, ICOMOS, Principal

Heritage Landscapes LLC, Preservation Landscape Architects & Planners

Charlotte VT 05445 Norwalk CT 06850

New email: odonnell@heritagelandscapes.com

office 802.425.4330

www.heritagelandscapes.com

 

From: notification@unteamworks.org [mailto:notification@unteamworks.org] Sent: Thursday, April 28, 2016 10:04 PMTo: odonnell@heritagelandscapes.comSubject: [Teamworks] KIm Davis "Chair, Board of Directors" from Canada commented on the Discussion "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: scope and implications"

 

You